On the Number 55

55 in Mathematics
1) The 27th odd number = 55
2) The 10th triangular number = 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, 36, 45, 55
Sum of the first 10 numbers: 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+10 = 55
3) The 10th Fibonacci number = 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55
(Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci, 1170-1250)
4) The 5th Pyramidal number = 1, 5, 14, 30, 55
5) The 5th Heptagonal number = 1, 7, 18, 34, 55, 81, 112
6) The 4th Centered Nonagonal number = 1, 10, 28, 55, 91, 136, 190, 253, 325, 406, 496, 595, 703, 820, 946
7) The 4th Kaprekar number = 1, 9, 45, 55, 99, 297, 703, 999, 2223, 2728
8) The 5th Square Pyramidal number = 1, 5, 14, 30, 55, 91, 140, 204, 285, 385, 506, 650, 819
9) Sum of the first 5 square numbers = 1 + 4 + 9 + 16 + 25 = 55
10) Sum of the 8 factors of 36 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 6 + 9 + 12 + 18 = 55
11) The 19th Semiprime number = 4, 6, 9, 10, 14, 15, 21, 22, 25, 26, 33, 34, 35, 38, 39, 46, 49, 51, 55
(Product of the 3rd & 5th prime numbers = 5 x 11 = 55)
12) Sum of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th triangular numbers = 3 + 6 + 10 + 15 + 21 = 55
13) Sum of the 1st and 16th prime numbers = 2 + 53 = 55
14) Sum of the 13th odd and 15th even numbers = 25 + 30 = 55
Sum of the 5th square and 5th abundant numbers = 25 + 30 = 55
Sum of the 15th composite and 15th even numbers = 25 + 30 = 55
15) Sum of the 11th and 23rd composite numbers = 20 + 35 = 55
Sum of the 10th even and 18th odd numbers = 20 + 35 = 55
16) Sum of the 8th & 9th Fibonacci numbers = 21 + 34 = 55
Sum of the 12th & 22nd composite numbers = 21 + 34 = 55
17) Sum of the 13th and 21st composite numbers = 22 + 33 = 55
Sum of the 11th even and 10th lucky numbers = 22 + 33 = 55
18) Sum of the 3rd even & 33rd composite number = 6 + 49 = 55
Sum of the 1st perfect number and 7th square number = 6 + 49 = 55
19) Sum of the 14th odd and 14th even numbers = 27 + 28 = 55
Sum of the 3rd cube & 2nd perfect number = 27 + 28 = 55
20) Sum of the 8th and 27th composite numbers = 15 + 40 = 55
Sum of the 6th lucky number & 5th abundant number = 15 + 40 = 55
21) Sum of the 4th and 9th triangular numbers = 10 + 45 = 55
Sum of the 5th and 30th composite numbers = 10 + 45 = 55
22) Sum of the 1st, 2nd and 14th lucky numbers = 1 + 3 + 51 = 55
Sum of the 2nd, 4th and 12th lucky numbers = 3 + 9 + 43 = 55
Sum of the 2nd, 6th and 11th lucky numbers = 3 + 15 + 37 = 55
Sum of the 3rd, 6th and 10th lucky numbers = 7 + 15 + 33 = 55
Sum of the 2nd, 7th and 9th lucky numbers = 3 + 21 + 31 = 55
Sum of the 4th, 7th and 8th lucky numbers = 9 + 21 + 25 = 55
23) Difference of the 8th and 3rd square numbers = 64 - 9 = 55
24) Difference of the 10th square & 9th triangular numbers = 100 - 45 = 55
25) Difference of the 23rd lucky number & 22nd even number = 99 - 44 = 55
26) 55 appears as the first two digits of the 4th pair of amicable numbers: 5020 and 5564
27) 55 appears as the last two digits of the 14th pair of amicable numbers: 100,485 and 124,155
28) Square of 55 = 3025
29) Square root of 55 = 7.416198487
30) Cube root of 55 = 3.802952461
31) ln 55 = 4.007333185 (natural log to the base e)
32) log 55 = 1.74036269 (logarithm to the base 10)
33) Sin 55o = 0.819152044
Cos 55o = 0.573576436
Tan 55o = 1.428148007
34) 1/55 expressed as a decimal = 0.018181818
35) 55 appears as the 3rd & 4th digits in the 5th perfect number: 33550336
55 appears as the 6th & 7th digits in the 9th perfect number:
2658455991569831744654692615953842176 (First 15 perfect numbers)
36) The 130th & 131st digits of pi, π = 55
The 177th & 178th digits of pi, π = 55
The 178th & 179th digits of pi, π = 55
37) The 768th & 769th digits of phi, φ = 55
The 769th & 770th digits of phi, φ = 55
38) The 301st & 302nd digits of e = 55
The 411th & 412th digits of e = 55

e = 2.7182818284 5904523536 0287471352 6624977572 4709369995
        9574966967 6277240766 3035354759 4571382178 5251664274
        2746639193 2003059921 8174135966 2904357290 0334295260
        5956307381 3232862794 3490763233 8298807531 9525101901

(Note: The 99th-108th digits of e = 7427466391 is the first 10-digit prime in
consecutive digits of e. This is the answer to the Google Billboard question
that may lead to a job opportunity at Google.com, San Jose Mercury News, 7-10-2004)
39) The 55th digit of pi, π = 9
The 55th digit of phi, φ = 1
The 55th digit of e = 9
40) Binary number for 55 = 110111
(Decimal & Binary Equivalence; Program for conversion)
41) ASCII value for 55 = 7
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
42) Hexadecimal number for 55 = 37
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
43) Octal number for 55 = 067
(Octal #, Hexadecimal #, & ASCII Code Chart)
44) The Greek-based numeric prefix pentapentaconta- means 55.
45) The Latin-based numeric prefix quinquinquaginta- means 55.
46) The noun and adjective quinquinquagintennary means a group of 55 or a period of 55 years.
47) The noun & adjective quinquinquagintennial means lasting 55 years or 55th anniversary.
48) The noun and adjective quinquinquagintennium means a period of 55 years.
49) LV is the Roman numeral for 55.
50) Wu Shí Wu is the Chinese ideograph for 55.
51) is the Babylonian number for 55.
Georges Ifrah, From One to Zero: A Universal History of Numbers,
Penguin Books, New York (1987), p. 326
52) The Hebrew letters Nun (50) meaning fish and He (5)
meaning window add up to the numerical value of 55.
Together they mean "eminence" or "excellency".
(Hebrew Alphabet, Hebrew Gematria)
53) 55 in different languages:
Dutch: vijftig-vijf, French: cinquante-cinq, German: fünfzig-fünf, Hungarian: ötven-öt,
Italian: cinquanta-cinque, Spanish: cincuenta-cinco, Swahili: hamsini-tano, Swedish: femtio-fem

55 in Science
54) Atomic Number of Cesium (Cs) = 55 (55 protons & 55 electrons)
Cesium is a silvery gold metal, soft, and ductile. It is the most electropositive
and most alkaline element. Cesium, gallium, and mercury are the only three metals
that are liquid at or around room temperature. Cesium is used in photoelectric cells,
vacuum tubes, and infrared lamps. The cesium clock is used as a standard
in measuring time. Its accuracy is one second in 30,000 years.
The cesium atomic clock is based on the frequency corresponding to hyperfine
structure transition in the atoms of cesium nuclides Cs-133.
(K. Diem & C. Lentner, Scientific Tables, Ciba-Geigy, Basle, 1970, p. 207)
55) Atomic Weight of Iron (Fe) = 55.845 (26 protons & 26 electrons)
Iron is a lustrous metal with greyish tinge. It has important magnetic properties.
Iron is a relatively abundant element in the universe. It is found in the sun and many
types of stars in considerable quantity. Iron nuclei are very stable. Iron is a vital
constituent of plant and animal life, and is the key component of haemoglobin.
The inner Core of the Earth is molten iron, 3000 miles deep, 1500 miles across,
spinning 100,000 times faster than the movements of the Earth's tectonic plates.
56) Inorganic & organic compounds whose molecular weight = 55:
Potassium amide KNH2O = 55.12
Ethyl isocyanide C2H5-NC = 55.08
57) Organic compounds whose melting point = -55oC:
Amyl amine, CH3(CH2)4NH2, MP = -55oC
Naphthyl iso-syanate (β), C10H7-N=CO, MP = -55oC
Pinene (α) (dl), C10H16, MP = -55oC
— Norbert A. Lange, Handbook of Chemistry, Sandusky, Ohio (1952)
58) Compounds whose melting point = 55oC:
Phosphoric acid, hypo, H4P2O6, MP = 55oC
Azo toluene (2,2'), CH3-C6H4N=)2, MP = 55oC
Azo toluene (3,3'), CH3-C6H4N=)2, MP = 54-55oC
Bromo dimethylaniline (p), Br-C6H3(NO2)2, MP = 55oC
Chloro p-cresol (o), CH3-C6H3(OH)Cl, MP = 55oC
Chloro tribromomethane, Cl-CBr3, MP = 55oC
Dibromo phenol (2,6), Br2C6H3-OH, MP = 55-56oC
Diethoxy quinazline (2,4), C12H14O2N2, MP = 55oC
Dimethyl quinone (2,3), (CH3)2C6H2O2, MP = 55oC
Dinitro thymol (2,4), (NO2)2C6H(CH3)-(OH)C3H7, MP = 55oC
Ethyl iso-cyanide, C2H5-NCr, MP = 55.08oC
Methyl naphthyl ketone (β), CH3-CO-C10H7, MP = 55-56oC
Naphyl iso-cyante (β), C10H7-N=CO, MP = 55-56oC
Octyl bromide (n), CH3(CH2)6(CH2Br, MP = 55oC
Pyrogallol dimethyl ether (1,3,2), (CH3O)2C6H3-OH, MP = 55-56oC
Xylylene dichloride (o), C6H4(CH2Cl2, MP = 55oC
— Norbert A. Lange, Handbook of Chemistry, Sandusky, Ohio (1952)
59) The 55th amino acid in the 141-residue alpha-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Valine (V)
The 55th amino acid in the 146-residue beta-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Methionine (M)
Single-Letter Amino Acid Code
Alpha-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
VLSPADKTNVKAAWGKVGAHAGEYGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHFDLSH
GSAQVKGHGKKVADALTNAVAHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVNFKL
LSHCLLVTLAAHLPAEFTPAVHASLDKFLASVSTVLTSKYR
Beta-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
VHLTPEEKSAVTALWGKVNVDEVGGEALGRLLVVYPWTQRFFESFGDLST
PDAVMGNPKVKAHGKKVLGAFSDGLAHLDNLKGTFATLSELHCDKLHVDP
ENFRLLGNVLVCVLAHHFGKEFTPPVQAAYQKVVAGVANALAHKYH
60) The 55th amino acid in the 153-residue sequence of sperm whale myoglobin
is Methionine (M). It is next to Glutamic Acid-54 and Lysine-56.
[A.B. Edmundson, Nature 205, 883-887 (1965)]
61) The 55th amino acid in the 124-residue enzyme Bovine Ribonuclease
is Glutamine (Q). It is next to Valine-54 and Alanine-56
[C. H. W. Hirs, S. Moore, and W. H. Stein, J. Biol. Chem. 235, 633 (1960)]
62) Arthropod Peptide Hormone: Penaeus japonicus: eyestalk peptide No. 34
Sequence: SLFDP SCTGV FDRQL LRRLG RVCDD CFNVF REPNV ATECR SNCYN NPV-R QCMAY
Length: 55 amino acids (including the unknown one)
[W.J. Yang, et. al., Penaeus japonicus. Aquaculture 135, 205-212 (1995)]
63) One of the most important proteins involved in the replication of HIV is the nucleocapsid
protein (NC). Consisting of only 55 amino acids, NC is a small nucleic acid
binding protein. It is highly basic, and contains two zinc finger motifs.
[Elisa Padilla, Department of Chemistry, The College of William and Mary]
64) The RNA-binding and antitermination capacity of SacY resides in the 55 amino acids
at the N-terminal [SacY(1-55)]. The crystal structure at 2 A resolution shows that SacY(1-55)
forms a dimer in the crystal, in accordance with the NMR solution structure.
[Herman van Tilbeurgh, et. al., The EMBO Journal, 16, 5030-5036 (1997)]
65) Heparin binding to VEGF165 has been localized to the C-terminal 55 residues.
The structure of the 55-residue heparin-binding domain of VEGF165
has been solved using data from 2D & 3D heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy.
[Wayne Fairbrother, et. al. Poster #233, ENC Conference, 1998]
66) β-sheet Conformational Parameters in 29 proteins:
Proline (Pro): Pβ = 0.55
[Table V (p. 66) of P.Y. Chou & G.D. Fasman,
Advances in Enzymology 47, 45-148 (1978)]
67) β-turn frequency in 29 proteins:
Lysine (Lys): f(i) = 0.055
Methionine (Met): f(i+3) = 0.055
[from Table VIII (p. 71) of P.Y. Chou & G.D. Fasman,
Advances in Enzymology 47, 45-148 (1978)]
68) M55 is a large globular cluster galaxy
(about 19', roughly 2/3 of the Moon's apparent diameter). It was discovered
on June 16, 1752, by Abbe Nicholas Louis de la Caille, when he was observing
in South Africa. Charles Messier found it and cataloged it on July 24, 1778,
after having looked in vain as early as 1764. This is a consequence of this
object's southern declination. As it is about 17,300 light years distant,
this diameter corresponds to a linear of about 100 light years.
69) NGC 55 is a type SBm galaxy in the constellation Sculptor (Image)
70) Asteroid 55 Pandora
55 Pandora is a large and very bright Main belt asteroid. Orbital period 4.58 years.
It was discovered by G. Searle on September 10, 1858. It was named after Pandora
the woman in Greek mythology. Diameter = 66.7 km. Rotation period = 4.804 hours.
71) On February 9, 1986, Halley's Comet made its closest approach to the sun (perihelion)
"at a distance of only about 55 million miles."
[Science News, Vol. 129, (January 11, 1986), p. 20]
72) The velocity of Halley's comet at perihelion is 55 kilometers per second.
(Donald K. Yeomans, The Comet Halley Handbook, NASA, May 15, 1983, p. 20]
73) A 44-gallon drum (known as a 55-gallon drum in the United States,
is a cylindrical container (drum) with a nominal capacity of 44 imperial gallons,
55 U.S. gallons or 205 litres. The drums are commonly used for transporting
oils and fuels, but can be used for storing various chemicals as well.
74) T-55 tank series was the Soviet Union's front-line main battle tank
from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day,
especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. This is the most-produced
tank series in history. Length = 6.45 meters; Width = 3.27 meters; Height = 2.4 m.;
Road speed: 48-50 km/hr; Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Maria Callas Rose
75) Maria Callas Rose
      aka Miss All American Beauty
      Hybrid Tea
        (Chrysler Imperial x Karl Herbst)
        Hybridized France, 1965
        by Meilland
        Strong pink/fuchsia

      55 petals
76) Michelangelo Rose
      Hybrid Tea
        Large buttery-yellow;
        sweet lemon fragrance
        Bred in France, 1997
        by Meilland

      55 petals

Michelangelo Rose

White Success Rose
77) White Success Rose
      Hybrid Tea
        (Bridal Pink x Seedling)
        Bred by Robert Jelly, 1985
        Large, white bloom with slight
        lime centre; heat tolerant
        Scented of jasmine

      55 petals
78) Uncle Joe Rose
      aka El Toro
      Hybrid Tea
        [(Mirandy x Charles Mallerin)
        x seedling]; Dark red;
        Double blooms; strong fragrance;
        Hybridized USA, by Kern, 1972

      55 petals

Uncle Joe Rose

55 in Mythology & History
79) 55 Symbolism: According to mystics: fortunate in money matters,
high-minded, noted for good deeds. Physical weak spots: head, liver,
and right arm. According to the Cabala: dominating, piousness.
Gertrude Jobes, Dictionary of Mythology, Folklore and Symbols
     Scarecrow Press, New York, 1962, Part 1, p. 566
80) The number 55 is symbolised as "The Sword"
signifying energy and triumph. It denotes mental penetration
which pierces the darkness of ignorance as a sharp sword pierces a dense body.
(Isidore Kozminsky, Numbers: Their Meaning and Magic, Rider, London, 1912, p. 51)
81) EL is an ancient Semitic title for God. In Assyrian-Babylonian mythology,
the great trinity Anu (sky), Bel (light), and Ea (sea) emanated from EL.
EL was used by the Phoenicians for the high-one. Elohim is the plural form of EL.
The Hebrews associated EL or Elohim with a sun-deity absorbed by Yaw (Jah or Jehovah)
In Hebrew poetry EL appears as First Cause, God, Mighty One, principle or beginning of all things.
In Cabala, EL is a name of Chesed, the 4th Sephira. EL is Celtic for angel.
As a word root, EL appears in Bethel, Daniel, Eli, Elijah, eel, and electricity.
(Gertrude Jobes, Dictionary of Mythology, Folklore and Symbols, Scarecrow Press, NY, 1962, p. 497)
Note: Epsilon is the 5th letter of the Greek alphabet, E
Lambda is the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet, L
Product of the 3rd & 5th prime numbers: 5 x 11 = 55 = EL
82) An Emerald wedding anniversary celebrates 55 years of marriage.
83) The 55th day of the year = February 24
(Birthday of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, 2/24/1463-11/17/1494, Italian philosopher)
84) 55 B.C.— Rome makes Pompey and Crassus consuls.
The Senate extends Caesar's command in Gaul another 5 years,
and it gives Crassus command of Syria and Pompey command of two
Hispanic provinces. Crassus leaves for the east; Pompey remains at Rome.
James Trager (Ed.), The People's Chronology (1979), p. 32
85) 55 A.D.De Materia Medica by Greek botanist Pedanios Dioscorides details
the properties of some 600 medicinal plants. Dioscorides has served as a military
surgeon in Nero's army. He describes animal products for which he claims dietic
or medicinal value, and his text will remain an authoritative guide for 1500 years.
James Trager (Ed.), The People's Chronology (1979), p. 37
86) 55 delegates attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia (1787)
and 39 signed the United States Constitution.
87) In 1900, an Austrian, Johann Hurlinger walked on his hands from Vienna to Paris,
travelling the 870 miles in 55 days, in 10-hr daily strolls (averaging 1.58 miles/hr).
88) Marilyn Monroe's "Happy Birthday Mr. President" dress
was assigned Lot #55 at the Christie's Auction on October 27, 1999.
It sold for a record price for a dress— $1,267,500.
The Christie's Catalog cover shows Marilyn
in the "55" Platonic Lambda pose.
According to Plato (Timaeus 35b), the Soul of the Universe was created
from the Lambda series (1 + 2 + 4 + 8) and (1 + 3 + 9 + 27) = 15 + 40 = 55.
Essay on "Dante & Marilyn"
89) There are 111 Articles of the United Nations Charter
signed in San Francisco on June 26, 1945.
Article 55 of the United Nations Charter (Chapter IX):
With a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary
for peaceful and friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle
of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, the United Nations shall promote:
a. higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic
    and social progress and development;
b. solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems;
    and international cultural and educational cooperation; and
c. universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms
    for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.
90) At Age 55:
George Washington (1732-1799) develops his Mt. Vernon estate of 3250 acres
    in Virginia. He presides over the Constitutional Convention (1787).
    He would become the 1st President of the United States at age 57.
Alessandro Volta (1745-1827) invents the voltaic pile (1800), a forerunner
    of the electric battery, which produced a steady electric current.
Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) win relection as 16th U.S. President (1864).
    At 56, the Civil War ends but he's assassinated six days later (4-15-1865).
Charles Dickens (1812-1870) makes his second tour of the U.S. (1867-68).
    He wrote the last of his Christmas stories, No Thoroughfare (1867).
Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) unifies the German states (1871).
    a new German emperor. He becomes first Chancellor and served until 1890 under
Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) dies on May 15, 1886.
    Her sister is amazed to find a locked box containing over 1000 poems.
John Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) creates four giant corporations over
    the next ten years (1892-1902), by process of mergers and rationalization—
    General Electric, American Telephone & Telegraph, International Harvester, and U.S. Steel.
Alfred Adler (1870-1937) was the first to use the term "inferiority complex" (1925).
Field Marshall Bernard Law Montgomery (1887-1976) aka "Monty" commands the Allied Forces
    to victory over Erwin Rommel at the Battle of El Alamein, North Africa (Oct. 1942)
T. S. Eliot (1886-1965), completes the last of his Four Quartets (1943).
    These four long poems were begun at age 46, each in 5 sections
    and associated with the four elements, the last one with fire.
Mao Tse-tung (1893-1976) forms the People's Republic of China (1949).
    after his Communist forces defeated the Kuomintang in the Chinese Civil War.
Buster Keaton (1895-1966) comes out of retirement (1950)
    for a guest appearance in Sunset Boulevard starring Gloria Swanson.
Roman Jakobson (1896-1982), Russian linguist publishes
    with others Preliminaries to Speech Analysis (1952) while at Harvard University.
Sidney Bechet (1897-1959), New Orleans jazz saxophonist
    & clarinetist, composed Petite Fleur (1952)
Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980) directs Rear Window (1954)
    a suspenser thriller starring Grace Kelly and Jimmy Stewart.
George Cukor (1899-1983) directs A Star Is Born (1954), a musical
    starring Judy Garland and James Mason. Judy lost the Best Actress Oscar to Grace Kelly.
Vincente Minnelli (1903-1986) directs Gigi (1958) winning nine
    Academy Awards, including Best Picture & Best Director. In the same year,
    he also directs The Reluctant Debutante & Some Came Running (1958).
Cary Grant (1904-1986) stars in North by Northwest (1959),
    a thriller co-starring Eva Marie Saint and directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
John Huston (1906-1987) directs The Misfits (1961)
    starring Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe, Montgomery Clift and Eli Wallach.
Rachel Carson (1907-1964) published Silent Spring (1962),
    a leading book in the revival of ecological awareness. She dies two years later.
Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973), becomes 36th U.S. President
    after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas on Nov. 22, 1963.
Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) is elected the 33rd California Governor (1966).
    He would become the 40th U.S. President at age 69 (1980).
Don Siegel (1912-1991) directs Coogan's Bluff (1968)
    starring Clint Eastwood, who would star later in Dirty Harry (1971).
Michelangelo Antonioni (born 1912) directs Blow-Up (1967)
    starring David Hemmings, Vanessa Redgrave, Sarah Miles.
    The film won the Palme d'Or at the 1967 Cannes Film Festival.
Richard Nixon (1913-1994) is elected the 37th U.S. President (1968).
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (born Dec. 11, 1918), completes volume 2
    of The Gulag Archipelago (1974), and is expelled from the Soviet Union.
Bobby Riggs (1918-1995) challenges Margaret Court (age 31)
    to a tennis match (1973) which he wins 6-2, 6-1. He loses the "Battle of the Sexes"
    match against Billie Jean King (age 29) at the Houston Astrodome 6-3, 6-3.
Alex Haley (1921-1992), publishes Roots: The Saga of an American Family
    (1976) which he began at age 43. He would win the Pulitzer Prize for the book (1977).
Roger Bonham Smith (born 1925) becomes CEO of General Motors (1981).
Grant Tinker (born 1925) becomes CEO of NBC (1981).
[Sources: World Almanac Book of Who (1980); Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), pp. 377-381; Wikipedia]
91) Stanford Bronze Plaque 55 is on the ground 59 yards to the right of Stanford University's Memorial Church. The plaque is to the left of the archway between Buildings 60 (Archaelogy) and 70 (Buddhist Studies). The plaque is dedicated to the Class of 1955. The first graduating class at Stanford was 1892. In 1980, Stanford Provost Don Kennedy strolled around the Inner Quad and calculated that it would take 512 years for the bronze class plaques embedded in the walkways to circle the entire area ending with the Class of 2403. Footnotes on '55 is a book by Stanford's Class of 1955 in the University Archives (#7050.955) (Photo by PYC, July 2006)

55 in Geography
92) Cities located at 55o latitude:
Grande Prairie, Alberta, Canada: 55o 11' N latitude & 118o 53' W longitude
Copenhagen, Denmark: 55o 41' N latitude & 20o 30' E longitude
Moscow, Russia: 55o 46' N latitude & 37o 40' E longitude
Novosibirsk, Russia: 55o 04' N latitude & 82o 55' E longitude
Omsk, Russia: 55o 00' N latitude & 73o 22' E longitude
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK: 55o 55' N latitude & 3o 11' E longitude
Glasgow, Scotland, UK: 55o 52' N latitude & 4o 17' E longitude
93) Cities located at 55o longitude:
Dubai, United Arab Emirates: 25o 13' N latitude & 55o 17' E longitude
Paramaribo, Surinam: 5o 49' N latitude & 55o 9' W longitude
94) On February 14, 1963 NASA launches the first of a series of Syncom communications satellites
into near-geosynchronous orbit, following procedures developed by Harold Rosen of Hughes Aircraft.
In July 1963, Syncom 2 is placed over the Atlantic Ocean and Brazil at 55o longitude
to demonstrate the feasibility of geosynchronous satellite communications. It successfully
transmits voice, teletype, facsimile, and data between a ground station in Lakehurst,
New Jersey, and the USNS Kingsport while the ship is off the coast of Africa.
95) 55 is used as a code for international direct dial phone calls to Brazil
96) E-55 is the North-South European Highway from Helsingborg, Sweden
to Kalamáta, Greece where it joins with E65. The route is 3305 km (389 miles)
long and passes through Denmark, Germany, Czech Republic (Prague),
Austria (Linz, Salzburg), Italy (Ravenna, Rimini), and Greece.
97) US Highway 55
was a north-south United States highway. When the route was commissioned in 1926,
its northern terminus was in Minneapolis, MN at an intersection with U.S. Highway 12,
just before the Mississippi River. Its southern terminus was in Dubuque, Iowa at an
intersection with U.S. Highway 61. In 1934, US 55 was decommissioned.
98) California State Route 55 or the Costa Mesa Freeway
(or Newport Freeway or Double-Nickels) is an 18 mile (30 km)
long north-south highway in Orange County, CA running between
Newport Beach and Anaheim at State Route 91. It opened in 1985. (Map)
99) West Virginia State Route 55 is two lane road
that connects U.S. Highway 19 at Muddlety,
West Virginia to Virginia State Highway 55
at the Virginia state line 6 miles east
of Wardensville, West Virginia.
It runs east-west for most of its route.
100) King's Highway 55
ran for 6.5 km (4 miles)
in Southern Ontario, Canada
from 1937-1961.
Southern Terminus:
Hwy 53 junction in Hamilton;
Northern Terminus:
QEW junction in Hamilton
101) 55 miles per hour speed limit: In 1973, the federal government mandated the 55-mph speed limit at the behest of President Nixon, who proposed it as a way to conserve fuel during the Arab oil embargo. States, which had always set the speed limits on their highways, suddenly found they had lost their authority. In November, 1995, President Clinton signed a $6-billion transportation bill that ended the Federal 55-mph speed limit, and gave that authority back to the states, allowing them to set their own speed limits.
102) MP55 Trains made their last run in Paris, France
on January 30, 1999. (Photos)
103) Bus 55 of the Valley Transit Authority (VTA) in the Bay Area, California
goes from De Anza College, Cupertino to Great America in Santa Clara.
The trip which passes through Sunnyvale takes about an hour. (Map)
104) 55th Street is a local Brooklyn subway station in New York City's BMT West End Line.
It is located on New Utrecht Avenue at intersection of 13th Ave. and 55th Street
It was opened on June 24, 1916. It is between the 50th Street & 62nd Street stations.
NYC Subway Map; 55th Street Station Photos;
105) St. Regis Hotel is located in a 1904 Beaux Arts landmark in mid-town Manhattan, at 5th Avenue & 55th Street.
The 222 guest rooms and 92 suites are furnished in a luxurious style.
The 3,400 square foot Presidential Suite costs USD $12,000
Address: 2 East 55th Street, New York, NY 10022
106) The Peninsula New York is a luxury hotel in the 23-story, 1905 landmark building.
It reopened on November 1, 1998, following a US$ 45 million renovation.
Many of the hotel's original Beaux Arts architectural features, designed by
Hiss and Weekes, have been retained throughout. The hotel features 185 spacious
and luxurious guest rooms and 54 suites, decorated in a classic, contemporary style
with art nouveau accents. Peninsula Suite Three Bedrooms costs USD $ 17,950
Address: 700 Fifth Avenue at 55th Street, New York, NY 10019
107) Mid-range hotels located on 55th Street, New York City:
The Blakely Hotel, 136 West 55th Street, New York, NY 10019
Shoreham Hotel, 33 West 55th Street, New York, NY 10019
108) East 55th Street, New York City has 47 buildings, including:
Marymount University Dormitory (48 floors), 919 Third Avenue (54), Plaza 400 Apartments (52),
Finland House (38), Sony Tower (37), Marine Midland Bank Bldg (32), Corning Glass Works Bldg (28).
109) West 55th Street, New York City has 34 buildings.
City Spire Center (75 floors), RIHGA Royal (54), Random House Tower (52), Burlington House (50),
Clinton Towers Apts (39), MGM Building (35), Capitol-EMI Building (34), Mutual of New York (27).
110) Torre Mayor has 55 floors, and is 228 meters (748 feet) high.
It is one of the tallest buildings in Latin America.
Address: Paseo de la Reforma #505, Mexico City, Mexico
111) 21st Century Tower has 55 floors, and is 269 meters (883 feet) high.
It was the world's tallest building when it was completed in 2003,
but later the Eureka Tower in Melbourne, Australia and the Q1 tower
in Australia's Gold Coast bumped it to its 3rd place.
Address: Sheikh Zayed Road, Dubai DU, United Arab Emirates
112) PBCOM Tower in Makati, Philippines has 55 floors, and is 259 meters (848 feet) high.
It is tallest building in the Philippines, completed in 2000.
Address: 6795 Ayala Avenue (corner V.A. Rufino St.), Makati City, Philippines
113) Menara Telekom is the headquarters of Telekom Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur.
It is 310 meters (1017 feet) high, has 55 floors, and shaped to represent
a sprouting "bamboo shoot". It is located along the Federal Highway & Jalan Pantai Baru.
It was designed Hijjas Kasturi Associates and built in 2001 by PECD Berhad. Construction
started in 1998. A unique feature of the tower is its 22 open skygardens alternating
every three floors. Tenants include DaimlerChrysler, Hapag-Lloyd, Unilever, Henkel Malaysia.
114) Palms Casino Resort has 55 floors. It is the newest hotel
in Las Vegas with an amazing view of the entire strip. It is entirely made of glass,
even the floor you walk on. You can see 55 floors below you, an amazing feeling.
Address: 4321 West Flamingo Road, Las Vegas, Nevada 89103
115) 55 floor buildings in the United States:
IDS Tower, Minneapolis (1974), 55 floors, 241 meters (792 feet)
1100 Louisiana, Houston (1980), 55 floors, 230 meters (756 feet)
Washington Mutual Tower, Seattle (1988), 55 floors, 235 meters (772 feet)
Bell Atlantic Tower, Philadelphia (1990), 55 floors, 225 meters (739 feet)
Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta (1992), 55 floors, 320 meters (1050 feet)
Wachovia Financial Center, Miami (1984), 55 floors, 233 meters (764 feet)
200 tallest buildings in the world
116) 55 floor buildings in People's Republic of China:
Tomorrow Square, Shanghai (2003), 55 floors, 285 meters (934 feet)
Maxdo Centre, Shanghai (2002), 55 floors, 241 meters (792 feet)
Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta (1992), 55 floors, 312 meters (1023 feet)
Time Warner Center, NYC (2003), 55 floors, 229 meters (750 feet)
117) Osaka WTC Building also known as the WTC Cosmo Tower is the second-tallest building in Japan.
The 55-story building rises 840 feet (256 meters) and is topped by a skylobby.
The observation deck is in an inverted pyramid at the top of the structure.
A transparent elevator can take passengers from ground level to the top in 80 seconds.
118) Other 55 floor buildings in Japan:
Shinjuku Mitsui Building, Tokyo (1974), 55 floors, 225 meters (738 feet)
Shinjuku Park Tower (1994), 55 floors, 233 meters (764 feet)
119) The Nicollet on the Mall in Minneapolis has 55 floors. It is 200 meters (656 feet) high
with spire, 188 meters (617 feet) high to the roof.
120) The Rialto Towers is the second tallest reinforced concrete building and the tallest
office building or skyscraper in the Southern Hemisphere, when measured to its roof.
It has 63 floors (+ 3 basement floors) and is 251 meters (824 feet) high.
The Melbourne Observation Deck opened to the public on July 19, 1994
and is located on the 55th floor of the South Tower, at 234 meters.
Views of up to 60 km (37 miles) can be had on a clear day.
Address: 525 Collins Street, Melbourne, Australia.
121) 55 East Washington Street, Chicago, Illinois 60602 is the address
of the Pittsfield Building. Completed in 1927, it has 38 floors,
and is 557 feet (170 meters) high. Declared a Chicago Landmark on Nov. 6, 2002.
122) 55 Broadway, aka One Exchange Plaze in New York City
is an office building completed in 1982 by Fox & Fowle Architects.
It is in the Financial District. Papoos Restaurant shares the same address.
123) 55 Broad Street in New York City
is the location of Digital Sandbox. Just steps away from the New York Stock Exchange,
the Digital Sandbox is New York's premiere "Wired for hire" Conference and Event Center.
Digital Sandbox is the site that established New York's Silicon Alley and defined
the fully wired commercial infrastructure of the web as we know it today.
Address: 55 Broad Street, New York, NY 10004
124) 55 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10003 is the address of:
American Book Company
Cardoza Women's Law Journal
Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law Gallery
Francis Greenburger & Sanford J. Greenburger Associates (writing group)
Yeshiva University Women's Organzation
125) 55 Broadway in London was designed by Charles Holden and built between 1927–29.
It was built as a new headquarters building for the London Electric Railway Company (LER),
the main forerunner of London Underground. It is now the organisation's headquarters.
126) 55 rue de Bretagne is the address of Les Chineurs, a restaurant in Paris (chef Gilbert Luszezinski)
127) Building 55 is the Music Adminstration Building on the Evanston Campus
at 711 Elgin Road, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
128) 55o is a wine storage club located in Napa Valley, California.
With a locker at 55o, collectors can take advantage of today's prices
and availability, build reserves, purchase futures, plus have the added benefit of years
of proper aging. It is generally agreed that temperatures from 55o to 59o
allow wines to develop more slowly. Higher temperature will age wine prematurely,
devaluing and shortening a wine's lifespan. The cellar at 55o
is under constant temperature control with relative humidity of 60%-70%.
Low-intensity lighting is used to ensure optimal aging conditions.
Address: 1210 Church St., St. Helena, CA 94574
(web site: http://www.fiftyfivedegrees.com)

55 in Sports and Games
129) Baseball's 55th All-Star Game was played at
Candlestick Park, San Francisco, on July 10, 1984.
On this 50th anniversary of Carl Hubbell's five consecutive strikeouts,
two pitchers combined to break Hubbell's record with six back-to-back whiffs.
Hubbell, who threw out the first ball, also saw an All-Star 9-inning record
set with 21 total strikeouts (11 by National League pitchers, 10 by American).
In the 4th inning, Fernando Valenzuela mowed down Dave Winfield, Reggie Jackson,
and George Brett. In the 5th inning, 19-year old rookie Dwight Gooden struck out
Lance Parrish, Chet Lemon, and Alvin Davis. American League pitcher Bill Caudill
struck out Tim Raines, Ryne Sandberg, and Keith Hernandez in the 7th inning.
The NL All-Stars defeated the AL All-Stars 3-1 with homers by Gary Carter and
Dale Murphy. The lone AL run came on a homer by George Brett in the 2nd inning.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 269
(The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 2768)
130) Baseball's 55th World Series (1958): New York Yankees defeats Milwaukee Braves 4-3.
After four games, Milwaukee held a 3-1 Series lead, but the Yankees won the final three
games to avenge their loss to the Braves a year before. In Game 1, Warren Spahn beats
Whitey Ford & Ryne Duren 4-3 in 10 innings. In Game 2 Lew Burdett beats Bob Turley 13-5.
In Game 3 Don Larsen & Ryne Duren combined for a 4-0 shutout of the Braves. In Game 4,
Spahn beats Whitey Ford on a 2-hit shutout 3-0. In Game 5, Bob Turley beats Burdett on
a 7-0 shutout. In Game 6, Spahn loses 4-3 in 10 innings. In Game 7, Bob Turley in relief
of Don Larsen in the 3rd beats Lew Burdett 6-2 on Bill Skowron's 3-run homer in the 8th.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 350
(The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 2683)
131) Ed Delahanty (1899), Gee Walker (1936), and Lance Berkman (2001),
are ranked in 18th place with most doubles in a single season with 55 doubles.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 2302
(The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 33)
132) Mordecai Brown and Steve Carlton are ranked in 14th place lifetime with 55 shutouts.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 2287
(The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 46)
133) Joe DiMaggio's 55th consecutive hit-game occurred on July 15, 1941
when he got a single & double with 2 RBI off Eddie Smith of the Chicago White Sox.
He got 55 RBIs and scored 56 runs during the 56-game hitting streak.
134) Rickey Henderson had his 55th stolen base (home plate)
against Dennis Lamp of the Chicago White Sox on June 8, 1982
when he set the season stolen base record of 130 in 1982.
135) Orel Hershiser wore uniform #55
as pitcher of the Los Angeles Dodgers (1983-1993).
He won the league's Cy Young Award and was named male athlete
of the year by the Associated Press in 1988, when he led the NL
in victories with a 23-8 record, in complete games with 15,
in shutouts with 8, and in innings pitched with 267.
In 1989, he set a major-league record with 59 consecutive
scoreless innings, led the league in innings pitched for
the third consecutive year, and posted a 2.31 ERA.
In 1995, Hershiser joined the Cleveland Indians as a free agent.
He had a fine 16-6 record to help the Indians get into the playoffs,
and he was named MVP of the American League Championship
Series, in which he had two victories and an ERA of 1.29.
136) Kevin Appier wore uniform #55
as pitcher of the Kansas City Royals (1969-1996).
He also pitched for the Oakland Athletics (1999-2000),
New York Mets (2001), and Anaheim Angels (2002-2003).
Lifetime: W-L 169-137, ERA = 3.74, Strikeouts = 1994
In 1992 and posted a 15-8 record with the league's
second-best ERA (2.46) for a team that only went 72-90.
His best year was 1993, W-L 18-8, leading the AL in ERA (2.56),
and finishing third in the Cy Young Award balloting.
In 1995, he made his only all-star team.
137) Shawn Estes wore uniform #55
as pitcher of the San Francisco Giants (1996-2001).
He also pitched for NY Mets (2002), Cincinnati Reds (2002),
Chicago Cubs (2003), Colorado Rockies (2004),
Arizona Diamondbacks (2005), San Diego Padres (2006).
Lifetime: W-L 99-89, ERA = 4.71, Strikeouts = 1187
His best year was 1997 with San Francisco, W-L 19-5,
with an ERA 3.18 and 181 strikeouts.
In 1997, he made his only all-star team.
138) Mark Redman wore uniform #55
as pitcher of the Minnesota Twins (1999-2001)
Oakland Athletics (2004)
Pittsburgh Pirates (2005).
He wore other numbers, pitching for
Detroit Tigers (2001-2002)
Florida Marlins (2003), and
Kansas City Royals (2006)
Lifetime: W-L 53-66, ERA = 4.47, Strikeouts = 624
His best year was 2003 with Florida Marlins, W-L 14-9,
with an ERA 3.59 and 151 strikeouts.
139) Joe Blanton wears uniform #55
as pitcher of the Oakland Athletics (2004-2006)
Lifetime: W-L 23-21,
ERA = 4.01, Strikeouts = 193
He won three games in a row
in July 2006, defeating
Boston & Detroit on the road,
and Toronto Blue Jays at home.
140) Other Baseball Uniform #55 worn by:
Bob Grim, pitcher, New York Yankees (1954-1958)
Billy Hunter, coach, Baltimore Orioles (1964-1977)
Bobby Veale, pitcher, Boston Red Sox (1972-1974)
— Jack Looney, Now Batting, Number...
     The Mystique, Superstition, and Lore of Baseball Uniform Numbers

     Black Dog & Levinthal Publishers, New York, 2006
141) 55 Statistics in Ichiro Suzuki's Hitting & Fielding
Ichiro Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners possesses perhaps the best
throwing arm in all of baseball, and from his right field position
he has gunned down 55 runners on the bases. Suzuki has committed
only 12 errors in 5.5 years, giving him a fielding average of .994.
Suzuki's latest hitting streak reached 18 games on June 18, 2006.
Suzuki is hitting .451 over the past month (55 hits in 122 at bats).
In 2004, when Ichiro Suzuki broke George Sisler's 84-years old
single season 257 hits record with 262 hits, he recorded
55 hits in both the months of April and June 2004.
The Sporting News (May 21, 2001) article "Fast times. (Seattle Mariners,
leadoff hitter Ichiro Suzuki)" reports: "He is so fast from home to first
that 15 of his first 55 hits were ground balls that didn't leave the infield.
142) Already the major league leader in several offensive categories,
the Boston Red Sox scored 45 runs and collected 55 hits in
the three-game series against the Florida Marlins, winning twice.
(USA Today, June 29, 2003)
143) Wilt Chamberlain holds the record for
the most rebounds in a NBA game with 55
Philadelphia 76ers vs. Boston Celtics, Nov. 24, 1950.
(Bill Russell of Boston is 2nd & 3rd with 51 & 49 rebounds)
The Official NBA Encyclopedia, 3rd Ed. (2000), p. 862
144) Highest field goal percentage in a 2-game playoff series in the NBA
is .555 New York Knicks vs. Cleveland Cavaliers(1978)
The Official NBA Encyclopedia, 3rd Ed. (2000), p. 871
145) The second most points scored in a NBA finals game is 55 by
Rick Barry, San Francisco vs. Philadelphia, April 18, 1967
Michael Jordan, Chicago vs. Phoenix, June 16, 1993
(1st: Elgin Baylor, 61, LA at Boston, 4/14/62; 3rd: Jerry West, 53, LA vs. Boston, 4/23/69)
The Official NBA Encyclopedia, 3rd Ed. (2000), p. 876
146) Most steals made by a team in a NBA finals 4-game series
is 55 by Golden State vs. Wahington (1975)
The Official NBA Encyclopedia, 3rd Ed. (2000), p. 880
147) Fewest rebounds made by both teams in a NBA finals game
is 55 by Chicago (22) at Utah (33) on June 14, 1998
The Official NBA Encyclopedia, 3rd Ed. (2000), p. 882
148) Clint Benedict is ranked 17th lifetime with 55 shutouts
for goalies in the National Hockey League.
All-Time Shutouts Leaders:
(1st: Terry Sawchuk, 103; 2nd: George Hainsworth, 94; 3rd: Glenn Hall, 84)
149) Racing Car #55
in the 9-17-2005:
360 Supermodifieds
Harvest Classic Madera Speedway,
Madera, California.
Fred Clement now races Ledgend car's
and is 2005 champion in his division.
150) 55th Wimbledon Men's Tennis:
Fred Perry beats Gottfried von Cramm (6-2, 6-4, 6-4) on July 5, 1935 (Photo)
151) 55th Wimbledon Women's Tennis:
Louise Brough beat Doris Hart (6-3, 8-6) on July 3, 1948.
152) 55th Kentucky Derby was won by Clyde Van Dusen in 2:10.8
with Jockey Linus McAtee aboard (May 18, 1929).
153) 55th Preakness Stakes was won by Dr. Freeland in 2:01.6
with Jockey Louis Schaefer aboard (May 10, 1929).
154) 55th Belmont Stakes was won by Zev in 2:19
with Jockey Earl Sande aboard (June 9, 1923).
All Triple Crown Winners 1867-2006
155) 55th U.S. Golf Open: Jack Fleck shoots a 287
at Olympic Country Club, San Francisco (June 19, 1955)
156) 55th Boston Marathon: Shigeki Tanaka of Japan wins in 2:27:45 (April 19, 1951)
157) Olympics Gold in 400-Meter Hurdles:
1908 Charles Bacon, United States, 55.0 seconds
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 866
158) Olympics Gold in Discus Throw:
1952 Sim Iness, United States, 55.03 meters (180'6")
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 868
159) Olympics Gold in Swimming 100-Meter Freestyle:
1956 Jon Henricks, Australia, 55.4 seconds
1960 John devitt, Australia, 55.2 seconds
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 870
160) Olympics Gold in Swimming 100-Meter Backstroke:
1976 John Naber, United States, 55.49 seconds
1984 Rick Carey, United States, 55.79 seconds
1988 Daichi Suzuki, Japan, 55.05 seconds
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 870
161) Olympics Gold in Swimming 100-Meter Butterfly:
1968 Doug Russell, United States, 55.9 seconds
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 871
162) The ZOOB 55 Building Set
is a construction toy for kids age 6+.
It features 55 fun pieces & instructions
to build 13 different creations,
including a raptor and a robot!
There are 5 different styles
of ZOOB pieces that snap,
click and pop together in
20 different ways to build
amazing, colorful creations.
163) The Double-Nine Set of Dominoes has 55 dominoes
instead of the normal set of 28 domino tiles.

55 in Collectibles & Postage Stamps
164) There are 200 cards in Wings: Friend or Foe (Topps 1952)
Card #55 is "Comet— British Jet Transport"
165) There are 160 cards in World on Wheels (Topps 1953)
Card #55 is "U.S. Army— 2.5 Ton Truck"
166) Card #55 of Flags of the World: West Germany (Topps 1956)
167) There are 64 cards in Firefighters (Bowman, 1952)
Card #55 is "Modern Triple Combination"
168) There are 100 Marvel Value Stamps
issued 1974-1976 in Marvel Comic Books.
Stamp #55 comes from the
right-hand side of a two-page splash (p.3)
Fantastic Four #144
with art by Rich Buckler.
Comic Issues containing this stamp:
Conan the Barbarian #43, October 1974, p. 19
Giant-Size Dracula #5, June 1975
Man-Thing #6, June 1974, p. 19 (yellow wall)
169) 1855 Seated Liberty Dollar was designed by James Barton Longacre (1784-1869). He was the fourth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1844 until his death. He succeeded Christian Gobrecht in the position as Chief Engraver upon Gobrecht's death. Longacre is probably best known for designing the Indian Head cent, but was also responsible for the designs of the Shield nickel, Flying Eagle cent, two-cent piece, nickel three-cent piece, two different $1 gold pieces, a $3 gold piece, and the first $20 double eagle. Longacre is famous for the flourish in his "5" engraving in the coins, especially the 1855 Seated Liberty Dollar. Mintage: 26,000 At the Heritage Numismatic Auction Inc. auction of July 28, 2005, San Francisco, 1855-D Coronet, Slanting 55, Large Mint mark half eagle, NGC MS-64, sold for $38,812.50.
170) 1855 Indian Gold Dollar was designed by James Barton Longacre (1784-1869). Obverse was an inexact copy of the $3 head: "narrow Indian Princess head," in higher relief than usual (a blunder), statutory inscription replacing stars. Actually, this head did not represent any Native American; it was another of Longacre's numerous copies of the Venus Accrouple, or "Crouching Venus," a Roman marble in one of the Philadelphia museums. Longacre used this head in over a dozen different contexts, altering headdress according to fancy. For reverse, Longacre copied the device originally chosen for the $3 coin but more familiar on the Flying Eagle cents: a wreath of corn, cotton, maple, and possibly tobacco leaves enclosing value and date. Dies were completely hubbed except for dates and mintmarks, which had to be entered by hand as usual. Treasury Secretary Guthrie approved the design on Aug 18, 1854 and coinage began the next day. 1855 Gold Dollar Mintage: 758,269. July 25, 2003 American Numismatic Rarities Auction: $34,500.
171) 1955 Lincoln Cent Penny with "Double Die Obverse"
This extremely popular Mint error was created when a working obverse die rotated between impressions from a working hub. Mated with a normal reverse die, this doubled obverse die produced an unknown number of P-mint Cents during the late summer of 1955. According to then-Chief Coiner of the Philadelphia Mint Sydney C. Engel, the number of double die obverse coins struck from this die is somewhere between 20,000 and 24,000 pieces. Since these Cents had already been mixed with normal 1955 examples, Engel decided to allow their release lest he run the risk of destroying upward of 10 million coins in an effort to prevent the release of this error. The first 1955 Doubled Die Cents were discovered in Massachusetts a few months after their delivery. Although not instantly popular among collectors, the ''55 Doubled Die has since developed into one of the most eagerly sought U.S. Mint errors of the 20th century. It had a winning bid of $40,000 at the Bowers & Merena Auctions on December 9, 2005.
172) 55¢ Postage Stamps of the United States: (Scott Catalogue # cited)
Alice Hamilton
Scott #2940
55¢
Green
(issued July 11, 1999)
1995-1999
regular issues
#2933-2943 (9)
Justin S. Morrill
Scott #2941
55¢
Black
(issued July 17, 1999)
1995-1999
regular issues
#2933-2943 (9)
Cherub
Scott #2958
55¢
Multicolored
(issued May 12, 1995)
Love issue: Cherubs from
Raphael's Sistine Madonna
#2957-2958 (2)
Allegory Eagle
Scott #3471
55¢
Multicolored
(issued Feb. 22, 2001)
Serpentine Die cut
Swans
Scott #3124
55¢
Multicolored
(issued Feb. 4, 1997)
Love issue
#3123-31248 (2)
Self-adhesive in
Booklet pane of 20
Other U.S. 55¢ Love Stamps:
Scott #3275 Victorian Heart
(issued Jan. 28, 1999)
Self-adhesive
Booklet Pane of 20
Scott #3499 Rose
Aug. 11, 1763
Love Letter by
Abigail Smith (Adams)
(issued Feb. 14, 2001)
173) Postage Stamps with Scott Catalogue #55:
Note: Stamps were downloaded & resized in same proportion as originals.
Some stamps were retouched in Adobe Photoshop for centering or perforations.

Australia #55
10 shilling
Kangaroo on Map
Bright pink & gray
Issued 1917
Set of 11 values
2 pence-10 shillings
(Scott #45-55)
Canada #55
6 cents
Queen Victoria
Jubilee Issue
Yellow brown
Issued
June 19, 1897
Set of 11 values
(Scott #50-60)
Egypt #55
10 milliemes
Colossal of Thebes
Dark blue
Issued
Jan. 8, 1914
Set of 10 values
(Scott #50-59)
France #55
55 centimes
Ceres
Bistre on rose
Issued 1873
174) Postage Stamps with 55 denomination:
Note: Stamps were downloaded & resized in same proportion as originals.
Some stamps were retouched in Adobe Photoshop for centering or perforations.

Egypt #729—
55 milliemes
Pharaonic Dress
from Temple decorations
Light green yellow
& sepia
Issued Jan. 2, 1968
Set of 3 values
issued for Post Day
(Scott #728-730)
Egypt #725—
55 milliemes
UNESCO
Apse showing
Christ in glory,
Madonna & Saints,
Coptic museum
Deep blue
Issued Oct. 24, 1967
Set of 3 values
(Scott #724-725, C117)
Finland B49—
50+5 pennia
Stag
Green
Issued
Jan. 2, 1942
Set of 5 values
Ashland
Coat of Arms
(Scott #B49-53)
Finland #B54—
50+5 pennia
Laplander
Green
Issued
Jan. 6, 1943
Set of 4 values
Lapland
Coat of Arms
(Scott #B54-B57)
France B67—
55 centimes
Winged Victory
of Samothrace
Red
Issued
August 1937
Surtax of
1.65 franc
for the benefit
of the Louvre Museum
Set of 2 values
(Scott #B66-B67)
France #B354—
45+10 centimes
Honoré Daumier
Chocolate &
dark green
Issued
May 20, 1961
Set of 6 values
Famous Men
(Scott #B350-355)
Italy 534—
55 lire
Perseus
by Cellini
Blue
Issued May 22, 1950
to commemorate 5th
UNESCO Conference
Set of 2 values
(Scott #)533-534
Italy #536—
55 lire
Italian Cathedrals
Blue
Issued May 29, 1950
to commemorate
Holy Year
Set of 2 values
(Scott #535-536)
Norway #201A—
55 øre
Lion rampant
Coat of Arms
Orange
March 10, 1947
bullseye cancel
Issued 1946
Set of 21 values
(Scott #157-202A)
Japan #C19;
55 yen
Plane & Mt. Tsurugi-dake
Bright blue
Issued
Feb. 11, 1952
Set of 6 values
(Scott #C19-C24)
Romania #1066—
55 bani
Flax
Bright ultramarine
Issued
Nov. 10, 1955
Set of 4 values
Various Plants
(Scott #1064-1067)
Romania #1648—
55 bani
Michelangelo
Bright ultramarine
Issued
Nov. 10, 1955
Set of 4 values
Famous Mern
(Scott #1643-1648
Romania #930—
55 bani
Apuseni Mountains Costume
Violet blue
Issued 1953
Set of 5 values
Romanian Folk Arts
(Scott #928-931)
Romania #1608—
55 bani
Hariclea Darclée
as Tosca
Carmine rose
Portrait in dark brown
Issued Jan. 20, 1964
Set of 9 values
Opera singers
(Scott #1605-1613)
Romania #1246-1247—
55 bani
Woman & Man
from Muntenia
Gray
Issued 1958
Set of 12 values
Regional costumes
(Scott #1240-1251)
Romania #1264—
55 bani
Friedrich Handel
Brown
Issued
April 25, 1959
Set of 5 values
Cultural anniversaries
(Scott #1264-1268)
Romania #1344—
55 bani
Daniel Defoe
Dull brown violet
Issued 1960
to honor great
cultural anniversaries
Set of 9 values
(Scott #1340-1348)
Romania #1429—
55 bani
Red deer
Multicolored
Issued
July 1961
Animals & hunting
Set of 10 values
(Scott #1425-1434)
Romania #1439—
55 bani
Peasant playing guitar
Multicolored
Issued 1961
Set of 6 values
Peasants playing
musical instruments
(Scott #1436-1441)
Romania #1398—
55 bani
Woman cutting grapes
Emerald & buff
Issued
Dec. 20, 1960
Set of 7 values
Wine growing regions
(Scott #1395-1401)
Romania #1537—
55 bani
Farm woman & cornfield
Bister brown
Issued Mar. 21, 1963
Set of 6 values
Freedom from Hunger
(Scott #1534-1539)
Austria #2741—
55 cent
Herbert von Karajan
Grey
Issued
Nov. 4, 2005
10th Anniversary of
Herbert von Karajan Centrum
(Stanley Gibbons #2741)
Romania #C88—
55 bani
Sputnik IV flying into space
Deep blue
Issued 1960
to commemorate the
launching of Sputnik IV
May 15, 1960
Tunisia #C26—
55 millimes
Butcher Bird
Black & light blue
Issued 1965
Birds of Tunisia
Set of 8 values
(Scott #C25-C32)
Tunisia #C27—
55 millimes
Cream-colored Courser
Multicolored
Issued 1966
Birds of Tunisia
Set of 8 values
(Scott #C25-C32)
Vatican #481—
55 lire
Japanese
Virgin & Child
by Domoto,
Osaka Cathedral
Brown & multicolored
March 16, 1970
Set of 5 values
EXPO '70 Exhibition
(Scott #479-483)
Romania #1826—
55 bani
Folk dancers of Maramaros
Bright blue green
Issued April 4, 1966
Set of 6 values
Romanian
folk dancers
(Scott #1824-1829)
Vatican City #506—
55 lire
Madonna & Child
by Carlo Crevelli
Gray & multicolored
Issued
March 26, 1971
Set of 5 values
Madonna & Child
Paintings
(Scott #504-508)
Vatican City #510—
55 lire
Portrait of St. Dominic
by Fra Angelico
Multicolored
Issued May 25, 1971
Set of 4 values
800th anniversary of
St. Dominic's birth,
founder of Dominicans
(Scott #509-512)
175)

55¢ Grocery Coupons: Why so many 55¢ coupons? Check your Sunday newspaper coupons section. You'll find more 55¢ coupons than 50¢ coupons. Is it because 55¢ is more eye-catching than 50¢? Perhaps some Madison Avenue advertising executives who started this trend know the answer. (Coupons-1; Coupons-2; Cupons-3). Possible connection to Platonic Lambda's 55— soul of the universe?

55 in Books & Quotes
176) Quotes on 55:
"That's fifty-five year ago."
William Shakespeare (1564-1616), II King Henry IV, III.2.210 (1599)
Marvin Spevack, Harvard Concordance to Shakespeare (1973), p. 411

"Fifty-five must seem as old as the hills to a young girl like you."
Angus Wilson (1913-1991), Anglo-Saxon Attitudes (1956)

"I paid one thousand two hundred twenty-seven dollars and fifty-five cents"
Bob Dylan (born 1941), Sitting on a Barbed-Wired Fence (1970)
Lyrics, 1962-1985 Knopf, New York (1985), p. 153
177) Fifty-Five Years Old, and other Stories about Teachers
by Charles William Bardeen (1847-1924)
C.W. Bardeen, Syracuse, 1904, 216 pp.
These stories appeared in the successive monthly issues
of the School bulletin from January to June, 1904.
[Stanford: 371.1B245 (Education Library)]
178) Fifty-Five Years of Active Ministerial Life
by Daniel Kumler Flickinger (1824-1911)
United Brethern Publishing House, Dayton, Ohio, 1907, 207 pp.
[Stanford: BV3625.S5.F58.1907]
179) Flying Fifty-Five is a novel by Edgar Wallace (1875-1932)
Longmans, London, 1922, 184 pp.
The story of horse racing with heroes and villains was made into a film
The Flying Fifty-Five (1924) directed by A. E. Coleby
180) Fifty-Five Men by Fred Rodell, (1907-1980),
The Telegraph Press, Harrisburg, New York, 1936, 277 pp.
The story of the Constitutional Convention comes straight from
the day-to-day notes James Madison took at that convention.
[Stanford: 342.732.R687 (SAL3)]
181) Fifty-Five Years at Oxford, an Unconventional Autobiography
by George Beardoe Grundy (1861-1948),
Methuen & Co., London, 1945, 243 pp.
[Stanford: 942.57.G889 (SAL3)]
182) Fifty-Five Colorful Years; the Story of Paint in America
by Ernest T. Trigg (1877-1957), Pequot Press, Stonington, CT, 1954, 307 pp.
[Stanford: HD9660.P253U675.1954]
183) My Fifty-Five Ways to Lower Your Golf Score
by Jack Nicklaus (1877-1957, Simon & Schuster, NY, 1985, 125 pp.
Original edition 1964, illustrated by Francis Golden.
[Biblio.com; Milpitas Library: 796.352NICKLAUS]
The classic instruction book that has sold more
than 100,000 copies— now reissued with a new cover.
In this ever-popular instructional, Jack Nicklaus
offers concise explanations of his winning
techniques, and takes readers through all
of the essentials of improving their game.
184) Picasso, Fifty-Five Years of His Graphic Work
by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973),
Intro & Selection by Bernhard Geiser,
Biography & Documentation by Hans Bolliger
Abrams, New York, 1965, 177 pp.
[Stanford: NE650.P62.G3513 (Art)]
185) Fifty-Five Books Printed before 1525, Representing the Works of England's First Printers
by Paul Mellon (1907-1999),
An exhibition from the collection of Paul Mellon,
January 17-March 3, 1968
Grolier Club, New York, 1968, 62 pp.
[Stanford: Z240.M4 (Special Collections)]
186) 55 Days: the Fall of South Vietnam
by Alan Dawson (b. 1942), Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 366 pp.
[Stanford: DS557.7.D39]
187) Fifty-Five Years in Five Acts: My Life in Opera
by Astrid Varnay (b. 1918) with Donald Arthur,
Northeastern University Press, Boston, 2000, 363 pp.
[Stanford: ML420.V29.A3.2000 (Music)]
188) 55 Flower Designs: for Cross-Stitch, Canvaswork and Crewel Embroidery
by Jane Greenoff and Sue Hawkins
HarperPerennial, New York, 1995, 142 pp.
The authors' aim is to encourage stitchers to expand their repertoire of techniques
and to use them to create a variety of projects, from simple greeting cards to an
ambitious rug incorporating many of the floral designs featured in the book. Designs
charted for cross stitch or needlepoint can easily be interpreted in crewel embroidery
by tracing their outlines, with each technique giving identical designs a different
appearance. Experienced and novice stitchers will enjoy these floral designs, all of
which are charted with color photos and drawings as well as step-by-step instructions.
189) The Essential 55: An Award-Winning Educator's Rules
for Discovering the Successful Student in Every Child

by Ron Clark
Hyperion, New York, 2003, 196 pp.
Ron Clark's Essential 55 rules were created to help him control his first class
in rural North Carolina where the students had little interest in lessons, and the parents
believed school was extended day care. Some of the rules: Respect other ideas and opinions.
Say thank you within three seconds of receiving something. Do not talk in a movie theater.
When you win, do not brag; when you lose, do not show anger. Be the best person you can be.
Make eye contact. Perform random acts of kindness. Stand up for what you believe in.
190) José Saramago's novel The Cave (2002) features the Center, a vast multistoried shopping mall
whose catalog runs to 55 volumes of 1,500 pages each, an entertainment complex
offering Disneyland versions of virtual reality, and apartments, a hospital,
a crematory and administrative headquarters.
191) The April 2005 issue of Vogue
features "The Shape Issue"
It has Drew Barrymore
with a lion on the cover:
"Beauty & The Beast".
Also featured on the
cover is the article
"55 Swimsuits for
Every Shape & Size".
192) Bollingen Series 55 is Éloges and Other Poems
by Saint-John Perse, translated from the French by Louise Varèse
Pantheon Books, New York, 1956, 181 pp. [Stanford: PQ2623.E386 E4 ]
193) Volume 55 of Time Magazine (1st issue: March 3, 1923)
runs from Jan. 2, 1950, LV, No. 1
(Cover: Winston Churchill)
to June 26, 1950, LV, No. 26
(Cover: Pablo Picasso)
King Phumiphon of Siam on Time cover, Vol. LV, No. 14 (April 3, 1950)
Ted Williams on Time cover, Vol. LV, No. 15 (April 10, 1950)
Betty Hutton on Time cover, Vol. LV, No. 17 (April 24, 1950)
194) Volume 55 of Life Magazine (1st issue: Nov. 23, 1936)
runs from July 5, 1963, LV, No. 1 (Cover: Ceremony for Paul VI)
to Dec. 20, 1963, LV, No. 26 (Cover: Hollywood Magic: The Movies)
Sandy Koufax on Life cover, Vol. LV, No. 5 (August 2, 1963)
John F. Kennedy Assassination on Life cover, Vol. LV, No. 22 (Nov. 29, 1963)
John F. Kennedy's Funeral on Life cover, Vol. LV, No. 23 (Dec. 6, 1963)
John F. Kennedy Memorial Edition on Life cover, Vol. LV, No. 24 (Dec. 14, 1963)
195) Volume 55 of the Dictionary of Literary Biography
is titled "Victorian Prose Writers Before 1867"
Edited by William B. Thesing, Gale Research, Detroit, 1987
The 28 entries include: Walter Bahehot, Richard F. Burton, Thomas Carlyle,
Charles Dickens, Benjamin Disraeli, George Eliot, Thomas B. Macaulay, John Stuart Mill,
John Henry Newman, John Ruskin, William Makepeace Thackeray, and Queen Victoria.

55 in Art, Music, Film
196) Woodblock Print 55
of 100 Views of Edo (1856-1858)
by Japanese painter & printmaker
Ando Hiroshige (1797-1858) is titled
"Azuma Bridge and the Komagata Hall"
showing a night scene with boats in the river,
banner waving in the rain, and a bird in flight.
197) Suprematism No. 55
(Spherical Evolution of a Plane)
by Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935)
very strong oil painting (26-7/8"x19")
involving curved forms.
Kawamura Memorial Museum
of Modern Art, Sakura, Japan
198) Krishna Print #55 shows
"Lord Krishna with His devotees in a boat on the Yamuna River"
from the Krishna Darshan Art Gallery featuring 122 paintings of Lord Krishna.
199) Night Intersection is an oil painting (1959)
by the American artist Charmion Von Wiegand (1899-1983)
at Smithsonian's Hirshhorn Museum. It is #55 out of 55 records.
200) Johann Sebastian Bach's Church Cantata #55 was written Nov. 17, 1726.
(Ich armer Mensch, ich Sündenknecht) Trinity XXII;
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 1 (1980), p. 820]
201) Joseph Haydn's Symphony #55 in E flat "The Schoolmaster" (1774),
2 oboes, basson, 2 horns, and strings
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 8 (1980), p. 372]
202) George Frederic Handel's Keyboard #55 Chaconne in C major (with 49 variations)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 8 (1980), p. 133]
203) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's K55 is Trio in E major for violin, cello, piano
However, this composition along with K55-60 are consider spurious.
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 12 (1980), p. 743]
204) Beethoven's Opus #55 is Symphony #3 in E flat major "Eroica"
(Composed 1803, Dedicated to Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitz
First performance: April 7, 1805; Published in Vienna 1806)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 2 (1980), p. 394]
Notes on "Eroica"; Midi files of Beethoven's 9 Symphonies
205) Franz Schubert's D #55 (W. Dürr, 1978), Male voices
(Composed April 21, 1813; Published 1892)
"Selig durch die Liebe" (Schiller text)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 16 (1980), p. 781]
206) Felix Mendelssohn's Opus #55 is "Antigone", Stage Music based on Sophocles text.
(Composed Oct. 10, 1841, Published Vienna, 1841; Performed Potsdam, Oct. 28, 1841)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 12 (1980), p. 152]
207) Frederic Chopin's Opus #55 is Piano Solo:
Two Nocturnes, F, F#, 1830-31 (Leipzig 1833)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 4 (1980), p. 308]
208) Robert Schumann's Opus #55 is "Fünf Lieder"
(composed 1846; published 1847)
1. Das hochlandmädchen, 2. Zahnweh, 3. Mich zieht es nach dem Dörfchen hin,
4. Die alte, gute Zeit, 5. Hochlandbursch (text: Robert Burns, trans. Gerhard)
Dimitris Sgouros MP3
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 16 (1980), p. 856]
209) Johannes Brahms' Opus #55 is Accompanied Choral Works
(Composed 1870-71); Triumphlied, Baritone, 8 voices & orchestra
Song of Triumph for Eight-part Chorus and Orchestra
"Halleluja! Halleluja!" (Book of Revelations, XIX)
Published 1872, first performed Karlsruhe, June 5, 1872
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 3 (1980), p. 178]
210) Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky's Opus #55 is Orchestral Suite #3 in G major,
arranged for piano in 4 hands (1885)
(composed April-July 31, 1884; published 1885;
first performance: St. Petersburg, Jan. 24, 1885)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 18 (1980), p. 630]
211) Jean Sibelius's Opus #55 is Orchestral music: Öinen ratsastus ja auringonnousu
[Nightride and Sunrise], tone poem. Composed November 1908
("When that I was and a little tiny boy"); Dedicated to Mrs. Alexander Siloti
First performed January 23, 1909 by Alexander Siloti, St. Petersburg.
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 17 (1980), p. 287]
212) Sergey Prokofiev's Opus #55 is Piano Concerto #5 in G major (1931-1932)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 15 (1980), p. 299]
213) 55 gallon oil drum music: In the 1940's, during WW II, American bases in Trinidad
created great demand for oil which resulted in an abundance of 55 gallon drums.
The early pioneers began cutting the oil drums discarded by the oil refineries, producing
a new source of music that was no longer just rhythmical noise. They discovered that when
the flat tops of these oil drums were indented to make shallow cavities of various sizes,
they were no longer just crude percussion instruments, but could increase the musical range
by placement of more notes producing different musical tones. In 1946, Ellie Manette created
the first steeldrum in its concave form, made from a steel 55 gallon oil drum.
214) Marissa Nadler (born April 5, 1981) is an American folk musician
and balladeer with American Gothic leanings (Web site).
In her album The Saga of Mayflower May (Eclipse Records 2005)
is a song Fifty Five Falls. Lyrics from 1st & 3rd stanzas:
I say to the day
We'll drop down to die
With fifty five falls
And seventy skies
And I say to the day
Weigh this bag that I brang
With Mayflower May and a monocle dime

Oh, I had a friend
The ship sailed away
'Twas fifty five falls
Of golden to stay
215) Zhane was an American R&B/hip hop soul group, best known for their 1993 hit "Hey, Mr. D.J."
In their song "Request Line" from their album Saturday Night (1997),
the number 55 occurs in the telephone number to the D.J.
Lyrics from 1st & last stanzas:
DJ please
Pick up your phone
I'm on the request line

Baby, baby, ba-ba baby, baby
Dialing five fifty-five zero four and twenty-nine
I'll be ringing it all night
I'm calling ya
Oh baby put me through
Put me on so I can grove
Dialing five, and fifty-five, I'm calling
Dialing five and fifty-five
Zero four and twenty-nine
I'm calling on your line
I'm calling, I'm calling
Dialing five and fifty-five zero four and twenty-nine
Five, five, and fifty-five
(Request line)
Oh, ah ha (Baby)
216) Mr. & Mrs. '55 (1955)
is a 157-minutes B&W Indian film directed by Guru Dutt.
Plot: A young, naive heiress, in custody of a martinet and
flamingly feminist aunt is forced into a marriage.
Cast: Madhubala, Guru Dutt, Lalita Pawar, Johnny Walker
217) 55 Days at Peking (1963)
is a 150-minutes color film directed by Nicholas Ray,
an historical account of the Boxer Rebellion in 1900s China.
Screenplay by Bernard Gordon; Original Music by Dimitri Tiomkin
Cast: Charlton Heston, Ava Gardner, David Niven, Flora Robson
A full-scale 60-acre replication of Peking 1900 (sewers and all)
was built in the plains outside Madrid, Spain for the filming.
Leonard Maltin (Ed.), Movie & Video Guide (2002), Signet Book, NY, 2001, pp. 448-449
218) Shanghai 55 Beonji (1965)
is a 115-minutes B&W South Korean film directed by Young Nam Ko.
Plot: In order to steal some top secret documents from the
occupying Japanese army, an agent seduces the general's daughter.
Cast: No-shik Park, Ji-mi Kim, Yeong-gyun Shin
219) 55 Degrees North (2004)
is a 60-minutes color British TV series (14 episodes)
directed by Roberto Bangura & Andy DeEmmony.
Plot: A London detective moves to Newcastle
after blowing the whistle on a corrupt colleague.
Cast: Don Gilet, Dervla Kirwan, Andrew Dunn, George Harris
220) CinemaScope 55 was a large-format version of CinemaScope
introduced in 1955, which used a negative size of 55.625 mm. It was introduced by 20th Century Fox for their Rodgers & Hammerstein films, "The King and I" and "Carousel". The film frames were eight perforations high and yielded a projected aspect ratio of 2.55:1. The process was discontinued as it was too impractical for theaters to re-tool for 55 mm prints. Hence, no CinemaScope 55 production was ever shown theatrically. (History of CinemaScope 55 with posters of Carousel & King and I)
221) 55th Motion Picture Academy Awards (Oscars) in 1982:
Best Picture: Gandhi, Best Director: Richard Attenborough , Gandhi
Best Actor: Ben Kingsley, Gandhi
Best Actress: Meryl Streep, Sophie's Choice
Supporting Actor: Louis Gossett, Jr., An Officer and a Gentleman
Supporting Actress: Jessica Lange, Tootsie
The World Almanac and Book of Facts (2006), p. 296

55th Ranking in Lists
222) 98.5WNCX, Cleveland's Classic Rock radio station has ranked the Top 98 LP albums
Bob Seeger's Night Moves (1977) was selected as the 55th Greatest LP.
(#1. Pink Floyd, "Dark Side of the Moon", #2. "Led Zepplin 4", #3. Beatles, "White Album")
223) Rolling Stone Magazine's poll of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time
has named The Kingsmen's Louie Louie (1963) as the 55th Greatest Song.
(#1. Bob Dylan "Like a Rolling Stone", #2. Rolling Stones "Satisfaction", #3. John Lennon "Imagine")
224) In the KDFC 2006 Top #100 Classical All-Star Music Poll,
Tchaikovsky's Serenade for Strings was selected as the 55th most popular musical piece
(Musical Piece #54: Massenet, Meditation from Thais; #56: Faure, Pavane)
(Top pieces: Beethoven's Symphony #9, Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto #2, Beethoven's Symphony #6 Pastoral;
Top composers: Beethoven, Mozart, Bach; Top performers: Yo Yo Ma, Itzhak Perlman, James Galway)
225) Robert Wise's The Sound of Music (1965) was selected
as the 55th best film in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (1998).
A woman (Julie Andrews) leaves an Austrian convent to become
a governess to a Naval officer widower (Christopher Plummer).
226) The Lady Eve (1941) was selected as the 55th funniest film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Laughs (2000).
Directed by Preston Sturges, the film starred Henry Fonda & Barbara Stanwyck.
227) Wait Till Dark (1967) was selected as the 55th best thriller film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills (2001).
Directed by Terence Young, the film starred Audrey Hepburn,
Alan Arkin, Richard Crenna, and Efrem Zimbalist Jr.
228) Reds (1981) was selected as the 55th best love stories film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Passions (2002). Directed by Warren Beatty,
the film starred Warren Beatty, Diane Keaton, Jack Nicholson.
A radical American journalist becomes involved with the Communist revolution
in Russia and hopes to bring its spirit and idealism to the United States.
229) "Flash Dance... What a Feeling" from the film Flash Dance (1983)
was selected as the 55th best song in AFI 100 Years... 100 Songs (2004).
Music & Lyrics: Giorgio Moroder & Keith Forsey.
Directed by Adrian Lyne, the film starred Jennifer Beals & Michael Nouri.
Songs performed by Irene Cara.
230) "La-dee-da, la-dee-da" from the film Annie Hall (1977)
was selected as the 55th greatest movie quotes
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes (2005).
Directed by Woody Allen, the film starred Woody Allen, Diane Keaton, Carol Kane.
231) The Defiant Ones (1958) was selected as the 55th most inspiring film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers (2006). Directed by Stanley Kramer,
the film starred Tony Curtis, Sidney Poitier, Theodore Bikel.
Two escaped convicts chained together, white and black,
must learn to get along in order to elude capture.
232) In the book Sporting News Selects Baseball's 100 Greatest Players (1998),
George Brett of the Kansas City Royals was ranked the 55th best baseball player of all time.
(#1 Babe Ruth; #2 Willie Mays; #3 Ty Cobb; #4 Walter Johnson)
233) In the book Sporting News Selects Football's 100 Greatest Players (1999),
Art Shell of the Oakland Raiders was ranked the 55th best football player of all time.
(#1 Jim Brown; #2 Jerry Rice; #3 Joe Montana; #4 Lawrence Taylor)
234) In the book 1,000 Years, 1,000 People: Ranking the Men and Women Who Shaped the Millennium
by Agnes Hooper Gottlieb, Henry Gottlieb, Barbar Bowers, Brent Bowers (1998),
Alexander Fleming was ranked the 55th most influential person of the millennium 1001-2000.
(#1 Johannes Gutenberg; #2 Columbus; #3 Martin Luther; #4 Galileo)
235) Hawaii State Public Library System was ranked as the 55th largest library (3,077,276 volumes)
in a listing of "The 100 Largest Libraries in the United States" (1999).
(#1 Library of Congress; #2 Harvard University;
#3 New York Public Library; #4 Yale University)
2003 Listing: 55th largest: Cuyahoga County Public Library (3,465,469 volumes)
(#1 Library of Congress; #2 Harvard University; #3 Boston Public Library; #4 Yale University)
236) In Martin Seymour-Smith's book The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written:
The History of Thought from Ancient Times to Today
(1998),
Samuel Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language (1755)
was listed as the 55th book in chronological order
among the 100 most influential books in the history of thought.
237) In Henry Miller's The Books in My Life (1969), Peter Kropotkin's
Mutual Aid was listed as the 55th book in author alphabetical order
among the 100 most influential books that Henry Miller has read.
238) In The Internet Top 100 Science Fiction/Fantasy List (July 6, 2003)
The Foundation Trilogy by Isaac Asimov was ranked as the 55th most popular book.
(#1 George R. Martin, A Song of Ice & Fire; #2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Lord of the Rings; #3 Lois M. Bujold, Vorkosigan Series)
239) Pusan, South Korea was ranked as the 55th most populous city (4,239,000)
in Top 100 Cities of the World— ranked by population.
(#1 Tokyo, Japan; #2 Mexico City, Mexico; #3 Mumbai, India; #4 Sáo Paulo, Brazil)
240) Yemen was ranked as the 55th most populous country (17,521,085)
in Top 100 Countries of the World— ranked by population.
(#1 China; #2 India; #3 United States; #4 Indonesia; #5 Brazil)
241) "Out" was ranked as the 55th most used English word
in The First 100 Most Commonly Used English Words from
The Reading Teacher's Book of Lists (4th Ed., 2000)
by Edward Bernard Fry, Jacqueline E. Kress, & Dona Lee Fountoukidis
(#1 the, #2 of, #3 and, #4 a, #5 to, #6 in, #7 is, #8 you, #9 that, #10 it)
In a survey of The 500 Most Commonly Used Words in English
"if" was ranked as the 55th most commonly used English word.
242) In The Modern Library 100 Best Novels (2003).
Board's List 55th best novel: Jack Kerouac's On the Road
(#1 James Joyce, Ulysses; #2 F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby)
Reader's List 55th best novel: Anthony Burgess's A Clockwork Orange
(#1 Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged; #2 L. Ron Hubbard, Dianetics)
243) In The Modern Library 100 Best Nonfiction (2003).
Board's List 55th best nonfiction: William Styron's Darkness Visible
(#1 Henry Adams, Education of Henry Adams; #2 William James, Varieties of Religious Experience)
Reader's List 55th best nonfiction: Frank Kermode's The Sense of an Ending
(#1 Ayn Rand, Virtue of Selfishness; #2 Ayn Rand, The Fountainhead)
244) 55th best-loved novel is Vikram Seth's A Suitable Boy
in BBC's Big Read: Top 100 (April 2003).
(#1 JRR Tolkien, Lord of the Rings; #2 Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice)
245) 55th most popular book downloaded
is Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's A Study in Scarlet
in Project Gutenberg's Top 100 (8-4-2006).
(#1 Notebooks of Leonardo; #2 Arthur Conan Doyle, Adventures of Sherlock Holmes;
#3 Joseph Devlin, How to Speak and Write Correctly; #4 Vatsyayana, Kamasutra)
246) Saudi Arabia was ranked as the 55th country favored by tourists
with 827,000 visitors in Tourist Arrivals
(#1 France; #2 United States; #3 Spain; #4 Italy; #5 Hungary)
George Thomas Kurian, The Illustrated Book of World Rankings,
Sharpe Reference, Armonk, NY, 1997, p. 211
247) The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States
public corporations as measured by gross revenue.
In 2006, the 55th Ranking was Caterpillar
with revenue of $36,339 million
(#54: Motorola; #56: Archer Daniels Midland)
(#1 Exxon Mobil; #2 Wal-Mart Stores; #3 General Motors; #4 Chevron; #5 Ford Motors)
248) NPR was ranked as the 55th most popular web site
in Web 100: Top 100 by web100.com
(#1 CNET; #2 Shutterfly; #3 ESPN.com; #4 National Geographic Online)

55 in the Bible
249) 55th word of the King James Version of the Bible's Old Testament Genesis = light
1: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2: And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
    And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3: And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
4: And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

Genesis I.1-4 (1611)
250) 55 occurs in the Bible 3 times, once as part of other numbers:
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign,
and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem.
And his mother's name was Hephzibah.

II Kings, 21.21
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign,
and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:

II Chronicles, 33.1
The children of Adin, six hundred fifty and five.Nehemiah, 7.20
The Complete Concordance to the Bible (New King James Version)
Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN (1983), p. 300
251) In the 55th Psalm, David complains of his fearful case:
Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication.
And I said, Oh that I had wings like a dove! for then would I fly away, and be at rest.
Lo, then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilderness.
As for me, I will call upon God; and the Lord shall sve me.
Evening and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud; and he shall hear my voice.
But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction:
bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but will trust in thee.

Psalms 55.1, 55.6-7, 55.16-17, 55.23 (1023 B.C.)
252) In Isaiah Chapter 55, The prophet calls to faith and repentance:
Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near.
For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the Lord.
For as the heavens are higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.
For ye shall go out with joy, and he led forth with peace: the mountains
    and the hills shall break forth before you into singing,
    and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.

Isaiah 55.6, 8-9, 12 (712 B.C.)
253) Verse 55 of Genesis Chapter 24
And her brother and her mother said, Let the damsel abide
with us a few days, at the least ten; after that she shall go.
.
Genesis, 24.55 (1857 B.C.)
254) Verse 55 of Genesis Chapter 31:
And early in the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his sons and his daughters,
and blessed them: and Laban departed, and returned unto his place.

Genesis, 31.55 (1747 B.C.)
255) Verse 55 of Genesis Chapter 41:
And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread:
and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do.

Genesis, 41.55 (1715 B.C.)
256) Verse 55 of Leviticus Chapter 13:
And the priest shall look on the plague, after that it is washed: and, behold,
if the plague have not changed his colour, and the plague be not spread; it is unclean;
thou shalt burn it in the fire; it is fret inward, whether it be bare within or without.

Leviticus, 13.55 (1490 B.C.)
257) Verse 55 of I. Kings Chapter 8:
And he stood, and blessed all the congregation of Israel with a loud voice, saying,
I. Kings, 8.55 (1004 B.C.)
258) Verse 55 of Psalms Chapter 78:
He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance
by line, and made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents.

Psalms, 78.55 (1490 B.C.)
259) Verse 55 of Psalms Chapter 119:
I have remembered thy name, O LORD, in the night, and have kept thy law.
Psalms, 119.55 (1490 B.C.)
260) Verse 55 of Jeremiah Chapter 51:
Because the LORD hath spoiled Babylon, and destroyed out of her the great voice;
when her waves do roar like great waters, a noise of their voice is uttered:

Jeremiah, 51.55 (595 B.C.)
261) Verse 55 of Lamentations Chapter 3:
I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon.
Lamentations, 3.55 (588 B.C.)
262) Verse 55 of Matthew Chapter 13:
Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary?
and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?

Matthew, 13.55 (31 A.D.)
263) Verse 55 of Matthew Chapter 27:
And many women were there beholding afar off,
which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him:

Matthew, 27.55 (33 A.D.)
264) Verse 55 of Mark Chapter 14.
And the chief priests and all the council sought for
witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none.

Mark, 14.55 (33 A.D.)
265) Verse 55 of Luke Chapter 8:
And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat.
Luke, 8.55 (31 A.D.)
266) Verse 55 of Luke Chapter 9:
But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of..
Luke, 9.55 (32 A.D.)
267) 55th Saying of Gospel of Thomas:
Jesus said, "Whoever does not hate father and mother cannot be my disciple,
and whoever does not hate brothers and sisters, and carry the cross
as I do, will not be worthy of me."

Gospel of Thomas, Saying 55 (114 sayings of Jesus)
(translated by Stephen Patterson & Marvin Meyer, 1992)
Elaine Pagels, Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas (2003), p. 234
268) The Valley of Burning Fire in the 55th Book of Enoch:
1. And after that the Head of Days repented and said:
'In vain have I destroyed all who dwell on the earth.'
2. And He sware by His great name: 'Henceforth I will not do so
to all who dwell on the earth, and I will set a sign in the heaven:
and this shall be a pledge of good faith between Me and them for ever, so long
as heaven is above the earth. And this is in accordance with My command.'
3. When I have desired to take hold of them by the hand of the angels on the
day of tribulation and pain because of this, I will cause My chastisement
and My wrath to abide upon them, saith God, the Lord of Spirits.
4. Ye mighty kings who dwell on the earth, ye shall have to behold Mine
Elect One, how he sits on the throne of glory and judges Azâzêl, and all
his associates, and all his hosts in the name of the Lord of Spirits.'
Book of Enoch 55.1-4 (circa 105 BC-64 BC)
translated by R. H. Charles, SPCK, London, 1962, pp. 72-73
269) Chapter 55 in the First Book of Pistis Sophia (circa 150 A.D.):
Jesus continued again with the discourse, he said to his disciples: "It happened now after
these things I entered into the Chaos, shining exceedingly, in order that I might take away
the light of that lion-faced power... It happened now when they oppressed the Sophia, she cried
out to the height, she cried out to me, that I should help her... she cried out to me, saying thus:
1. 'O Light, forget not my song of praise.
5. They planned to take away my power because I sang praise to thee, O Light.
    And they hated me because I loved thee.
17. They loved to come down to the Chaos; may they be within it, and not be
     brought forth from this time hence. They did not want
     the place of righteousness as dwelling place, and they
     will not be taken to it from this time forth.
21. But thou, O Light, have compassion on me, on account of the mystery
    of thy name; and save me in the beneficence of thy mercy.
26. Help me according to thy compassion.'
Now at this time, he whose spirit is eager, let him come forward and say
the interpretation of the twelfth repentance of the Pistis Sophia."
Pistis Sophia, Chapter 55
(Translated by Violet MacDermott, Edited by Carl Schmidt,
Nag Hammadi Studies, IX: Pistis Sophia, E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1978, pp. 209-215)
270) In Chapter 55 of The Aquarian Gospel, Jesus passes the seventh brotherhood test,
and in the purple room of the temple receives the seventh,
the highest degree, THE CHRIST. He leaves the temple a conqueror.
  1. The work of Jesus in the Chamber of the Dead was done,
      and in the temple purple room he stood before the hierophant,
  4. And then he said to Jesus, Brother, man, most excellent of men,
      in all the temple tests you have won out.
  6. Upon your brow I place this diadem, and in the Great Lodge
      of the heavens and earth you are THE CHRIST.
  7. This is your Passover rite. You are a neophyte no more; but now a master mind.
  8. Now, man can do no more; but God himself will speak,
      and will confirm your title and degree.
10. And while the hierophant yet spoke the temple bells rang out;
      a pure white dove descended from above and sat on Jesus' head.
11. And then a voice that shook the very temple said,
      THIS IS THE CHRIST; and every living creature said, AMEN.
12. The great doors of the temple swung ajar;
      the Logos journeyed on his way a conqueror.

The Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ, Chapter 55
Transcribed from the Akashic Records by Levi H. Dowling
DeVorss & Co., Santa Monica, CA, 1908, Reset 1964, pp. 96-97

On the Number 55: Section 2— Philosophy, Religion & Poetry

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