On the Number 40

40 in Mathematics
1) The 20th even number = 40
2) The 7th abundant number = 40
3) The 27th composite number = 40
4) The 4th octagonal number = 40
5) The 4th pentagonal pyramidal number = 40
6) The 9th semiperfect number = 40
7) The 19th Harshad number = 40
8) The 29th Størmer number = 40
9) Sum of the first 4 pentagonal numbers = 1 + 5 + 12 + 22 = 40
10) Sum of 1st, 5th, 9th Fibonacci numbers = 1 + 5 + 34 = 40
(Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci, 1170-1250)
11) Sum of the 2nd & 12th prime numbers = 3 + 37 = 40
12) Sum of the 5th & 10th prime numbers = 11 + 29 = 40
13) Sum of the 7th & 9th prime numbers = 17 + 23 = 40
14) Sum of the 10th & 13th composite numbers = 18 + 22 = 40
15) Sum of the 9th & 14th composite numbers = 16 + 24 = 40
16) Sum of the 7th & 16th composite numbers = 14 + 26 = 40
17) Sum of the 6th & 18th composite numbers = 12 + 28 = 40
18) Sum of the 5th & 19th composite numbers = 10 + 30 = 40
19) Sum of the 3rd & 20th composite numbers = 8 + 32 = 40
20) Sum of the 2nd & 22nd composite numbers = 6 + 34 = 40
21) Sum of the 1st & 24th composite numbers = 4 + 36 = 40
22) Sum of the 4th & 9th lucky numbers = 9 + 31 = 40
23) Sum of the 3rd & 10th lucky numbers = 7 + 33 = 40
24) Sum of the 2nd & 11th lucky numbers = 3 + 37 = 40
25) Sum of the 2nd & 6th square numbers = 4 + 36 = 40
26) Sum of the 1st, 2nd, 8th triangular numbers = 1 + 3 + 36 = 40
27) Sum of the 5th square number & 5th triangular number = 25 + 15 = 40
28) Sum of the 3rd cube number & 7th Fibonacci number = 27 + 13 = 40
29) Sum of the 1st perfect number & 9th Fibonacci number = 6 + 34 = 40
30) Sum of the 2nd perfect number & 6th even number = 28 + 12 = 40
31) Sum of the 3rd square number & 11th prime numbers = 9 + 31 = 40
32) Sum of the 6th to 10th cardinal numbers = 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10 = 40
33) Product of the 1st & 10th even numbers = 2 x 20 = 40
34) Product of the 2nd & 5th even numbers = 4 x 10 = 40
35) Product of 3rd odd & 4th even numbers = 5 x 8 = 40
36) Sum of 1st four even numbers & 1st four triangular numbers
= (2 + 4 + 6 + 8) + (1 + 3 + 6 + 10) = 40
37) Sum of the first four powers of 3 = 30 + 31 + 32 + 33 = 1 + 3 + 9 + 27 = 40
Note: 1, 3, 9, 27 are the right side of Platonic Lambda Λ (Soul of the Universe)
38) Platonic Solid: regular convex polyhedron—
Sum of faces in octahedron, dodecahedron, icosahedron = 8 + 12 = 20 = 40
39) Platonic Solid: regular convex polyhedron—
Sum of vertices in cube, dodecahedron, icosahedron = 8 + 20 = 12 = 40
40) Side of the 7th Primitive Pythagorean Triangle = 9-40-41
92 + 402 = 412 = 81 + 1600 + 1681
41) Factorial: Last two digits of 7! = 5040
42) Factorial: First two digits of 8! = 40320
43) Square root of 40 = 6.32455532
44) Cube root of 40 = 3.419951893
45) ln 40 = 3.688879454 (natural log to the base e)
46) log 40 = 1.602059991 (logarithm to the base 10)
47) Sin 40o = 0.643
Cos 40o = 0.766
Tan 40o = 0.839
48) 1/40 expressed as a decimal = 0.025
49) The 66th & 67th digits of e = 40
e = 2.7182818284 5904523536 0287471352 6624977572 4709369995
        9574966967 6277240766 3035354759 4571382178 5251664274
        2746639193 2003059921 8174135966 2904357290 0334295260
(Note: The 99th-108th digits of e = 7427466391 is the first 10-digit prime in
consecutive digits of e. This is the answer to the Google Billboard question
that may lead to a job opportunity at Google.com, San Jose Mercury News, 7-10-2004)
50) The 70th & 71st digits of pi, π = 40
The 145th & 146th digits of pi, π = 40
The 339th & 340th digits of pi, π = 40
3.1415926535897932384626433832795028841971693993751058209749445923078164062862089986280348253421170679
   8214808651328230664709384460955058223172535940812848111745028410270193852110555964462294895493038196
   4428810975665933446128475648233786783165271201909145648566923460348610454326648213393607260249141273
   724587006606315588174881520920962829254091715364367892590360011330530548820466521384146951941511609..
51) The 105th & 106th digits of phi, φ = 40
Phi or φ = 1.61803 39887 49894 84820 45868 34365 63811 77203 09179 80576
                      28621 35448 62270 52604 62818 90244 97072 07204 18939 11374
                      84754 08807 53868 91752 12663 38622 23536 93179 31800 60766
                      72635 44333 89086 59593 95829 05638 32266 13199 28290 26788
1.61803398874989484820 is an irrational number,
also called the Golden Ratio (or Golden number).
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) first called it the sectio aurea,
(Latin for the golden section) and related it to human anatomy.
Ratios may be found in the Pyramids of Giza & the Greek Parthenon.
52) Binary number for 40 = 00101000
(Decimal & Binary Equivalence; Program for conversion)
53) ASCII value for 40 = (
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
54) Hexadecimal number for 40 = 28
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
55) Octal number for 40 = 050
(Octal #, Hexadecimal #, & ASCII Code Chart)
56) The Greek-based numeric prefix tetraconta- means 40.
57) The tetracontagon is a polygon with 40 straight sides.
58) The tetracontahedron is a solid polyhedron with 40 planar faces.
59) The Latin quadraginta means 40.
60) The Latin-based numeric prefix quadrage- means 40.
A person who is from 40 to 49 years old is a quadragenarian.
61) Latin noun & adjective quadragenary means "an 40th year anniversary".
62) The original Roman quarantine is said to have kept ships isolated in the harbor for 40 days.
The word looks suspiciously like quarante, the French word for the number "forty" 40.
63) 40 is the only number whose letters are in alphabetical order when written out in English—
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
64) The Roman numeral for 40 is XL.
65) Sì Shí (4, 10) is the Chinese ideograph for 40.
66) is the Babylonian number for 40
Georges Ifrah, From One to Zero: A Universal History of Numbers,
Penguin Books, New York (1987), pp. 326-327
67) The Hebrew letter Mem 40
means "water", or "fountain of wisdom"
(Hebrew Alphabet, Hebrew Gematria)
68) 40 in different languages:
Dutch: veertig, French: quarante, German: vierzig, Hungarian: negyven,
Italian: quaranta, Spanish: cuarenta, Swedish: fyrtio, Turkish: kirk
40 in Science
69) Atomic Number of Zirconium (Zr) = 40 (40 protons & 40 electrons); Atomic weight = 91.224
The name of zirconium is from the mineral zircon, most important source of zirconium. The word zircon comes from the Persian word zargun meaning "gold-colored". It is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium. The finely divided metal can ignite spontaneously in air, especially at elevated temperatures. Zirconium is found in S-type stars, and has been identified in the sun and meteorites. Analyses of lunar rock samples show a surprisingly high zirconium oxide content as compared with terrestrial rocks. Some forms of zircon (ZrSiO4) have excellent gemstone qualities.
70) Atomic Weight of Calcium (40Ca) = 40 (20 neutrons & 20 protons). Calcium is a soft gray Group 2 alkaline earth metal. It is an essential constituent of leaves, bones, teeth, and shells. Calcium is the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust and makes up more than 3% of the crust. Calcium does not occur as the metal itself in nature and instead is found in various minerals including as limestone, gypsum and fluorite. Stalagmites and stalactites contain calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Calcium carbonate is the basis of the cement industry. Just like clam shells, pearls are composed of calcium carbonate in minute crystalline form.
71) -40 Celsius is the same as -40 Fahrenheit, the only time the two temperature scales coincide.
The two scales are connected via the formula F = (9/5)C + 32.
72) The mouse has 40 chromosomes.
73) The gestation period of a polecat (Mustela putorius) is 40 days.
74) 40 rods = furlong.
Rods and furlongs are old imperial units of distance that are only rarely used today.
The rod or perch or pole is a surveyors tool and unit of length equal to 5.5 yards, 16.5 feet,
1/320 of a statute mile. An acre is 160 square rods (40 rods x 4 rods). The furlong is equal
to one-eighth of a mile, equivalent to 660 feet, 220 yards, 40 rods, or 10 chains.
75) In 1953, three scientists at Rocket Chemical Company (San Diego, Ca;ifornia) were working
on a compound to eliminate rust and corrosion on rockets and other metal parts, using a
technique called water displacement. On their 40th try, they succeeded, and in so doing
created their first commercial product, WD-40 (Water Displacement, 40th formula),
a penetrating oil and water-displacing spray. The company was renamed in 1969 to
honor their flagship (and, at the time, only) product. The WD-40 Company finally
expanded its product line through a series of acquisitions beginning in 1995.
Within a few years, its offerings included such familiar consumer brands as
3-IN-ONE oil, Lava soap, 2000 Flushes, and Carpet Fresh.
— Derrick Niederman, Number Freak: From 1 to 200— Hidden Language of Numbers Revealed
     A Perigee Book, New York (2009), pp. 128-129
76) Inorganic compounds with molecular weight = 40:
Hydrogen Fluoride dimer, H2F2, MW = 40.01
Magnesium Oxide, MgO, MW = 40.30
Potassium Hydride, KH, MW = 40.106
Sodium Hydroxide, NaOH, MW = 39.997
77) Organic compounds with molecular weight = 40:
Allene, (C3H4), MW = 40.06
Dicarbon monoxide, (C2O; C=C=O), MW = 40.02
Cyclopropene, C3H4, MW = 40.06
Propyne, C3H4, MW = 40.06
Cyanomethyl radical, C2H2N, MW = 40.04
78) Organic compounds with boiling point = 40oC:
1-Pentyne, (C5H8), BP = 40.2oC
79) Organic compounds with melting point = ±40oC:
Phenol, C6H5OH, MP = 40.5oC
Pinacol, C6H14O2, MP = 40-43oC
Chlorotrimethylsilane, C3H9ClSi, MP = -40oC
Diethyl oxalate, C6H10O4, MP = -40.6oC
[Norbert A. Lange (Editor), Handbook of Chemistry, Sandusky, Ohio (1952)]
80) 40th amino acid in the 141-residue alpha-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Lysine (K)
40th amino acid in the 146-residue beta-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Arginine (R)
Single-Letter Amino Acid Code
Alpha-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
VLSPADKTNVKAAWGKVGAHAGEYGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHFDLSH
GSAQVKGHGKKVADALTNAVAHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVNFKL
LSHCLLVTLAAHLPAEFTPAVHASLDKFLASVSTVLTSKYR
Beta-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
VHLTPEEKSAVTALWGKVNVDEVGGEALGRLLVVYPWTQRFFESFGDLST
PDAVMGNPKVKAHGKKVLGAFSDGLAHLDNLKGTFATLSELHCDKLHVDP
ENFRLLGNVLVCVLAHHFGKEFTPPVQAAYQKVVAGVANALAHKYH
81) The 40th amino acid in the 153-residue sequence of sperm whale myoglobin
is Leucine (L). It is next to Threonine-39 & Glutamic Acid-41.
Leucine-40 is the fifth residue of the 7-residues C-helix.
[A.B. Edmundson, Nature 205, 883-887 (1965)]
Richard E. Dickerson & Irving Geis, Structure and Action of Proteins (1969), p. 52
82) The 40th amino acid in the 124-residue enzyme Bovine Ribonuclease
is Cysteine (C). It is next to Arg-39 and Lysine-41.
It is connected to Cys-95 by a disulfide bridge.
[C. H. W. Hirs, S. Moore, and W. H. Stein, J. Biol. Chem. 238, 228 (1963)]
83) Amyloid plaque core protein in Alzheimer disease and Down syndrome consists
of multimeric aggregates of a polypeptide of about 40 residues (4 kDa).
Colin L. Masters, et. al, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 82, 4245-4249 (1985)
84) The detergent-extracted Cytochrome b5 is larger than the trypsin-
or lipase-extracted enzyme, and appears to contain an extremely
hydrophobic appendage of 40 amino acids, probably at the N-terminus.
Lawrence Spatz & Philipp Stritmatter, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 68, 1042-1046 (1971)
85) Messier M40 (aka Winnecke 4 or WNC4) is a double star in the constellation
Ursa Major. It was discovered by Charles Messier in 1764 while he was searching
for a nebula that had been reported in the area by Johannes Hevelius. It was
subsequently rediscovered by Friedrich August Theodor Winnecke in 1863,
and included in the Winnecke Catalogue of Double Stars as number 4. Burnham
calls M40 "one of the few real mistakes in the Messier catalog," faulting Messier
for including it when all he saw was a double star, not a nebula of any sort.
Messier 40 is 510 light years from Earth.
86) NGC 40 is a planetary nebula in the constellation Cepheus (Digital Sky Survey Image)
87) Asteroid 40 Harmonia is a large main-belt asteroid. It was discovered by German-French astronomer
Hermann Goldschmidt on March 31, 1856, and named after Harmonia, the Greek goddess of harmony.
The name was chosen to mark the end of the Crimean War. It has mass of 1.3x1018 kg. It has a period
of 3.42 years (1247.5 days) with dimension 107.6 km.
88) Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal
fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938. The P-40 design was a modification of the previous Curtiss P-36 Hawk which reduced development time and enabled a rapid entry into production and operational service. The Warhawk was used by most Allied powers during World War II, and remained in frontline service until the end of the war. It was the third most-produced American fighter, after the P-51 and P-47; by November 1944, when production of the P-40 ceased, 13,738 had been built, at Curtiss-Wright Corporation's facilities at Buffalo, New York. It has been used by Australian, Brazilian, British, & Canadian Air Force.
Photo Source: Curtiss P-40 Warhawk (wikipedia.org)
89) USS Frank Cable (AS-40) is the second Emory S. Land-class submarine tender built by the Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company of Seattle, WA
for the U.S. Navy. The ship was christened on 14 January 1978 by Mrs. Rose A. Michaelis, wife of Admiral F. H. Michaelis, then Chief of Naval Material. The ship is named for Frank Cable, an electrical engineer who had worked as an electrician and trial captain for USS Holland (SS-1). Length: 649 ft; Beam: 85 ft; Draft: 26-29 ft; Speed: 22 knots (25 mph); Motto: The Warship that fixes Warships. The Frank Cable team, with more than 500 sailors & civilian mariners is deployed in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. Photo Source: USS Frank Cable (AS-40) (military.com)
90) USS Mississippi (CGN-40) a Virginia-class nuclear powered guided-missile cruiser, was the fourth ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the
20th state admitted to the Union. Her keel was laid down by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company at Newport News, Virginia, on Feb. 22, 1975. She was launched on 31 July 1976. The ship was commissioned on 5 August 1978 by 39th President Jimmy Carter. Early deployment included escorting the carrier USS Nimitz (CVN-68). Length: 385 ft; Beam: 63 ft; Draft: 31.5 ft; Speed 30+ knots; Peopulsion: Twin D2G General Electric nuclear reactors; Motto: Vitute et armis
(By valor and arms). Photo Source: USS Mississippi (CGN-40) (wikipedia.org)
91) Aberdeen Locomotive 40 belongs to Aberdeen & Rockfish Railroad, incorporated in 1892 and eventually ran from Aberdeen, NC through Raeford, NC and on to Fayetteville, NC. With the continuous press of business in the 1920s, the short line railroad increased its motive power through purchases of second hand "Mikado" type locomotives, in 1929, 1935, and 1941. This small railroad did a huge job during World War II moving material and troops in and out of Fort Bragg. There is one surviving Aberdeen & Rockfish 2-8-2 "Mikado" type locomotives. It is #40, which is operational on the Valley Railroad. #40 had 48" drivers and 20" x 28" cylinders. Photo Source: Aberdeen Locomotive 40 (steamlocomotive.com; Photo Jeff Sumberg).
92) Nevada Northern No. 40 is a 4-6-0 ten-wheeler type, steam locomotive which was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in July 1910 for the Nevada Northern Railroad Company. It originally served as a passenger locomotive during the original years of when the Nevada Northern was a US Class 2 railroad as the main locomotive for the railroad's crack passenger train, the "Steptoe Valley Flyer". When the Nevada Northern shut down in the 1980's,
the City of Ely was given the historic locomotive and train, along with the entire East Ely Yard, which was unaltered since being built in 1906. Its most famous
role is the main locomotive for the "Ghost Train of Old Ely" excursion train.
Photo Source: Nevada Northern #40 (locomotive.wikia.com)
93) Valley Locomotive 40 is mostly used in revenue service on the Essex Steam Train. Originally built by America Locomotive Company in Dunkirk, NY. The train was purchased by Valley Railroad in 1977 from Aberdeen & Rockfish Railroad. The locomotive ran out of its usable service time at the end of 2014 season, requiring extensive rebuild of its boiler during 2015. A lot of other work on the locomotive had been performed earlier, such as rebuilding of the wheels, brakes, and springs of the locomotive two years prior. As a result, the engine emerged from the valley's shop in October, 2015 with all of the required work completed. The locomotive was then put back into service pulling the railroad's popular fall folliage and north pole express trains. Photo Source: Valley Locomotive #40 (friendsvrr.org)
94) The 3" Gun Motor Carriage T40, later given the production model number M9 was a US tank destroyer, of the early part of World War II. It used a 3 inch gun on an M3 hull. The T40 was the T24 prototype rebuilt by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1941 on the M3 Lee chassis. The Japanese declaration of war against the US caused the US Army, in need of a tank destroyer, to issue a 1,000 vehicle production license under the designation M9 in December, 1941. However, the project was terminated in August 1942. As well as doubts in the Ordnance Board about the design, the Tank Destroyer Board felt that the vehicle was too slow and there were only about 30 M1918 guns available to produce the vehicle.
Photo Source: T40/M9 Tank Destroyer (wikipedia.org).
95) T-40 was an amphibious light tank used by the Soviet Union during World War II. It was armed with one 12.7 mm (0.5 in) DShK machine gun. It was one of the few tanks that could ford a river without a bridge. The vehicle served mainly in Operation Barbarossa and the defense of Moscow. 222 of T-40 tanks were built (1941-1942) that served from 1941-1946. Weight = 5.9 tons, Length: 13.5 feet,
Width = 7.6 feet, Height = 6.2 feet, Crew: 2. Speed: 28 mph.
Photo Source: T-40 Russian Amphibious Tank (www.o5m6.de).
96) Ferrari F40 is a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive, two-door coupé sports car built from 1987 to 1992, with the LM and GTE race car versions continuing production until 1994 and 1996 respectively. The successor to the Ferrari 288 GTO, it was designed to celebrate Ferrari's 40th anniversary and was the last Ferrari automobile personally approved by Enzo Ferrari. At the time it was Ferrari's fastest, most powerful, and most expensive car for sale. The car debuted with a planned production total of 400 and a factory suggested retail price of approximately
US $400,000 in 1987 ($840,000 today). 1,311 F40s were manufactured in total.
97) Nikon D40 is a high-resolution image quality camera made possible by Nikon's high-performance 6.1-megapixel Nikon DX-format CCD imaging sensor and Nikon image processing engine which assures stunning sharpness and color. At 16.8 ounces, it's Nikon's smallest digital SLR ever. Width 5.0 x Depth 2.5 x Height 3.7 inches. Eight automated Digital Vari-Programs [Auto, Auto (Flash Off), Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close Up, and Night Portrait] optimize white balance, sharpening, tone, color, saturation and hue to match the scene ear-instant 0.18-second power-up. Nikon's 3D Color Matrix Metering II assures accurate exposure control. A used Nikon D40 sells for $200 on Amazon.com, saving 72% off the $729.95 list price. 14 customer reviews: 72% 5-stars, 21% 4-stars, 7% 2-stars.
98) Rose Rhonda
Large-flowered climber
Medium pink color
Mild fragrance
Blooms with 40 petals
Diameter: 4 inches.
Height: 7-10 feet
Bred in 1968 by Jack Lissemore
Parentage: New Dawn x Spartan
99) Dream Orange Rose
Orange blend Hybrid Tea
Orange blend color
No fragrance
Blooms with 40 petals
Diameter: 4 inches.
Height: 3-4 feet
Bred in 2000 by Jerry F. Twomey
Parentage: Cherish x unnamed red-flowered Floribunda seedling
100) Heart O' Gold
Grandflora
Deep gold surrounded by cerise pink
Strong fruit an rose fragrance
Blooms with 35 to 40 petals
Medium flower size
Grows tall and upright
Bred in 1997 by Dyksta
Parentage: Broadway x Gold Medal
40 in Mythology & History
101) FORTY: Probation; trial; initiation; death. As an elevation of four it is wholeness and totality. The importance
of the 'forty days' probably arises from the Babylonian forty days' disappearance of the Pleiades, a period of rains, storms, floods and dangers. The return of the Pleiades was a time of rejoicing, and a bundle of 40 reeds was burned for the 40 days of evil power. The Roman 'quarantine' kept ships isolated for 40 days. Temples in Persia, Baalbec, Tartary, and those of the Druids and the Temple pf Ezekiel, had 40 pillars. Christian: There are forty days in the wilderness; days of the resurrection, from Easter to Ascension; time of privilege or sanctuary; St. Swithin's weather. In the Old Testament there are forty days of Moses on Sinai; Elijah in hiding; the Deluge; probation for Nineveh under Jonah; forty years of the Jews wandering in the wilderness; under the yoke of the Philistines; reign of David; reign of Solomon; Eli judging Israel. Ezekiel bore the iniquity of Israel for forty days. Egyptian: The forty days of the death and absence of Osiris is a period of fasting. Islamic: The number of change and death, but also of reconciliation and return to the principle. Mohammed received his 'call' at forty years; the Quran should be read every forty days. Mithraic: Forty is the number of days of initiation rites and of festivities and sacrifice.
(J.C. Cooper, An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Traditional Symbols, Thames & Hudson, London, 1978, p. 120)
102) FORTY: The number of waiting, of preparation, of testing and of punishment. This first aspect is undoubtedly the least understood and the most important. It might be said that the writers of the Bible set milestones along the way of salvation by endowing major events with this number. It is thus characteristic of God's intervention in human affairs and indeed the one is the mark of the other. Like Saul, David reigned for 40 years (2 Samuel 5:4) and Solomon likewise (1 Kings 11:42). The covenant with Noah followed the Flood which lasted 40 days; Moses
was summoned by God at age of 40 and remained for 40 days on top of Mont Sinai. Jesus preached for
40 months, and the risen Christ appeared to his disciples during the 40 days preceding his Ascension (Acts 1:3).
    The emphasis is just as often placed upon testing or punishment. The faithless Children of Israel were condemned to wanter for 40 years in the Wilderness (Genesis 7:4). Jesus, standing for the new race of mankind,
was taken to the Temple 40 days after his birth, emerged victorious from a Temptation which lasted 40 days (Matthew 4:2) and rose from the dead 40 hours after being placed in the tomb.
    According to Allendy, the number 40 marks 'the completion of a cycle'. This cycle however, does not end
simply to resume the same pattern, but ends in a radical change or a passage to a fresh level of activity or
of living. Thus both the Buddha and the Prophet Muhammad began their mission at the age of 40 while
Lent, the period of preparation for the Resurrection at Easter, lasts for 40 days.
    In Black Africa, and particularly among the Fulani, funerals last for 40 nights when a bull is over 21
or a man over 105. For the supreme initiation of the Kamo, the Bambara offer in sacrifice 40 cowries,
40 horses, and 40 head of cattle. The expression 'twice forty' means a hundred, or the virtually uncountable.
    The number plays an important part in the death rituals of many different peoples. It is in fact the number
of days needed to ensur that the corpse is fre of all living matter, however subtle, that is to say of all his or
her souls. Since, according to these beliefs, the dead person is not completely dead until this length of time
has passed, the 40th day is that on which the final mourning taboos are lifted. the same period of time also
applies to women after childbirth. It is also when rites of purification are performed, the dead person's
relatives only then being freed from all obligations to the deceased.
    It is also the length of time which must elapse before the body is disinterred, the bones cleansed and set
in their final resting-place by those people who practice the custom of secondary burial, notably among
the Indian tribes or equatorial America. Among Altaic peoples it was the day on which the widow
pronounced the ritual words, "Now I leave you', which made her free to take a second husband.
On this day, too, the yurt was purified. The custom of 'placing in quarantine' (from the Italian word
quarantina, '40 days' arises from the belief that 40 symbolizes a cycle of being or of non-being.
(Jean Chevalier & Alain Gheerbrant, The Penguin Dictionary of Symbols, Translated by John Buchanan-Brown, Penguin Books, London, 1982, pp. 401-402)
103) 40: Number of preparation and completion. Among the higher numbers, 40 is by far the most fascinating one,
being widely used in the Middle East and especially in Persia and Turkey. This number is associated with
the disappearance of the Pleiades for 40 days, which was already observed in ancient Babylonia. When the
Pleiades returned from their 'exile', the Babylonians celebrated a New Year's feast. 40 is a combination of
the 28 lunar mansions with the 12 signs of the zodiac. The 40 large stone pillars in Stonehenge, arranged in
a sacred circle with a diameter of 40 steps, suggests an astronomical origin for the cult. There are 40 aspects
of Saturn which, according to the Bible, is the star of Judah. Pregnacy was formerly divided into periods of
7 x 40 days in order to observe certain changes in the embryo. According to Islamic tradition the fetus is
granted a soul after 3 x 40 days. The 40 hours that Christ rested in the tomb later give rise to the Roman
Catholic "40 Hours Devotion", in which the Blessed Sacrament is exposed for a period of 40 hours, and
the faithful take turns praying before it throughout this time.
    Saint Augustine interprets 40 as the product of 4, which points to time, and 10 which means "knowledge".
Thus, 40 teaches us to live according to knowledge during our lifetime. 40 symbolizes the completion of
the Law (10 Commandments) by the 4 Gospels. 40 is the time of waiting and preparation, as becomes
evident from biblical groups of 40 days or years. And to be the 40th in a line is a hopeless situation,
as John Donne has jokingly asked in "Love's Diet"— What doth is avail / to be the fortieth name in an entail?
    In both Judaism and Islam 40 days is th period of purification: after childbirth women remain confined
for 40 days. In the Christian tradition, the feast of Candlemas on February 2 marks the end of Mary's 40 days
confinement following the birth of Jesus (7 days in December, 31 days in January, 2 days in February) and
the completion of the required purification rites. A modern development of purification may be seen in the
quarantine, which originally lasted, as its name says, for 40 days. Purification plays another role in Islamic
tradition, where animals should be fed on special fodder 40 days before they are sacrificed; it is also
recommended to cut one's hair and nails once every 40 days.
    One finds groups of 40 throughout Muslim folklore: there are palaces with 40 columns (the garden pavilion Chihil Sutun, "40 pillars" in Isfahan); heroes appear with 40 horses; mothers in fairy tales produce 40 children
or 40 daughters in one birth. The hero has to go through 40 adventures or trials, kills 40 enemies, or finds 40
treasures
. Frequently 40 martyrs are mentioned, and it is said that 40 brave men were slain at the Prophet's
tomb in Medina. Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, 'Ali, the first imam of Shiite Islam, had 40 disciples.
In mystical Islam the 40 saints play an importat role; the Turkish town Kirklareli, "country of the 40", still
tells of its spiritual relations with such saints, and kirklara karismak, "to mix with the 40" means in Turkish
"to become invisible" or to disappear completely Forty is also an important round number for temporal
events: the wedding feasts of heroes in Turkish or Persian folklore usually last 40 days and 40 nights.
    A proverb among the Bedouins claims that someone who deals with the tribe's enemies for 40 days
becomes one of them. If someone performs the morning prayer for 40 consecutive days under the lamp
of the main mosque, he or she will be blessed by the vision of of Khidr, the guardian saint of seekers
after mystical enlightenment. In Sind, southernmost Pakistan province, a man who wants a woman to
fall in love with him writes her name for 40 days on the leaves of a tree which he then throws in water,
while an amulet for a new baby is secured by asking 40 men of the congregation in the mosque during
the last Friday of Ramadan to write down the "Fatiha", the first sura of the Quran.
    Turkish folklore has innumerable expressions of 40— Our centipede is known in Turkish
as Kirkayak, "with 40 feet", just as a wealthy person or a big landlord is "endowed with 40 keys".
"The cat of 40 houses" is someone known everywhere while "the latch of 40 doors" is a jack-of-all-trades.
To complete a long & difficult task one has to "eat bread from 40 ovens". One who sells himself too cheaply,
"turns 9 somersaults for 40 pennies". Kirklamak, "to do something 40 times" means "to repeat frequently".
    In Islamic tradition 40 is the numerical value of the letter mim found at the beginning and middle of
the Prophet Muhammad's name. It is also contained in his heavenly name, Ahmad— and, as the Sufis
discovered, when the mim is taken away from the name, the word Ahad remains, and that means "One",
an essential name of God. The difference between he divine One and the created prophet as humanity's
representative was taken to point to the 40 steps separating mortals from God. These religious associations
in turn induced Muslims to collect sayings in groups of 40: the hadith (sayings of the Prophet). Such
collections of "forties" as they ar called (arba 'in), were often artistically copied by master calligraphers.
    The old meaning of 40 as a number of preparation carries over to Sufism. The comprehensive Arabic
treatise Ihya 'ulum ad-din (Revival of the Religious Sciences) by the grat medieval theologian and mystic
Al-Ghazali (1058-1111), consists of 40 chapters leading the human being through time when he meets
his Lord at death (final and 40th chapter). The Sufi is to undergo a retreat of 40 days (arba'in in Arabic
or chilla in Persian), a period of exclusive concentration on meditation and prayer. The Persian mystical
poet Faridud-Din 'Attar (1145-1221) has interpreted the experience of the meditating mystic during these
40 days of seclusion in his epic Musibatnama (The Book of Affliction). The pious repeated the chilla time and
again, and it is a topos in Muslim hagiography to claim that a certain person had completed 40 chillas
at the time of his death.
    According to Augustine, 40 points to the integritas saecularum, the fullness of the times. And if one does not
want to explain its importance in terms of its being a residue of ancient lunar myths, it can also be considered
a "sanctified tetraktys" (as Paneth calls it): the sum of (1x4) + (2x4) + (3x4) + (4x4) = 40, a number that contains
the ideal Pythagorean measurement.
(Annemarie Schimmel, The Mystery of Numbers, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 245-253)
104) A Nonagen or Novile is an astrological aspect formed when two planets or other heavenly bodies form
a 40 degree angle to each other. Novile aspect is associated with mystical force and charismatic charm.
Einstein's horoscope had a quadnovile aspect from the Moon to Pluto. It carries a great deal of energy.
It is also out-of-bounds, indicating the ability to think outside the box.
105) Paper 40 of The Urantia Book (1924) is titled "The Ascending Sons of God".
Topics covered include Father-fused Mortals, Son-fused Mortals,
Spirit-fused Mortals, Evolutionary Seraphim, Ascending Material Sons.
106) The 40th day of the year = February 9
[English American philosopher Thomas Paine (1737-1809), born February 9, 1737;
American poet Amy Lowell (1874-1925), born February 9, 1874;
American actor Ronald Colman (1891-1958), born February 9, 1891;
French biochemist Jacques Monod (1910-1976), born February 9, 1910;
South African novelist J. M. Coetzee, born February 9, 1940]
107) 40 B.C.— • Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios, the twins of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Marcus Antonius.
• Marc Anthony's wife Fulvia and his brother Lucius Antonius make war against the faithless Antony,
    but are defeated at Perugia. Fulvia dies, and Marc Antony is left free to remarry. He marries the sister
    of Octavian (Octavia), and Octavian takes Gaul from Lepidus, leaving him only Africa.
Banquets of Marc Antony & Cleopatra at Alexandria described to Fulvia at Rome in letters
    from Antony's aide-de-camp. Cleopatra won bet that she'll serve the most lavish banquet.
— James Trager, The People's Chronology, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, NY, 1979, p. 33
108) 40 A.D.— • Christianity comes to Egypt as a church is founded in Alexandria.
Mark the Evangelist founds the Coptic Orthodox Church as the first pope.
• Caligula embarks on a campaign to conquer Britain.
• Noricum is incorporated into the Roman Empire.
• Pedanius Dioscorides was born; he was an ancient Greek physician,
    pharmacologist and botanist who practised in Rome at the times of Nero.
• Dio Chrysostom (c 40 AD - c 120 AD) was a Greek orator, writer,
    philosopher and historian of the Romans in the first century.
• Greek merchant Hippalus voyages in one year from Berenice, on Egypt's Red Sea coast,
    to India's Madras coast and back, a journey that has previously required two years.
    Hippalus has discovered that the monsoon winds reverse direction twice a year.
    The southwest wind, favorable for voyage from Egypt to India, prevails from April
    to October, and the northwest wind for the return trip prevails from October to April.
• A power shortage halts Rome's flour mills, and the Emperor Caligula commandeers
    all draft animals to keep the mills in operation.
— James Trager, The People's Chronology, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, NY, 1979, p. 36
109) 40 B.C.— • Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios, the twins of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Marcus Antonius.
110) At Age 90:
Sir Christopher Wren (1632-1723) is one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history. He used to be accorded responsibility for rebuilding 51 churches in the City of London after the Great Fire in 1666, including his masterpiece, St. Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, completed in 1710. Wren was a notable astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as an architect. He was a founder of the Royal Society (president 1680-1682), and his scientific work was highly regarded by Sir Isaac Newton and Blaise Pascal. Wren was buried in the south-east corner of the crypt of St Paul's. His tombstone reads (translated from Latin): "Here in its foundations lies the architect of this church and city, Christopher Wren, who lived beyond ninety years, not for his own profit but for the public good. Reader, if you seek his monument— look around you. Died 25 Feb. 1723, age 91."

Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) was a celebrated English nurse, writer and statistician. An Anglican, Nightingale believed that God had called her to be a nurse. She came to prominence for her pioneering work in nursing during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. She was dubbed "The Lady with the Lamp" after her habit of making rounds at night. On 13 August 1910, at the age of 90, she died peacefully in her sleep in her room at 10 South Street, Park Lane. The offer of burial in Westminster Abbey was declined by her relatives, and she is buried in the graveyard at St. Margaret Church in East Wellow, Hampshire. She left a large body of work, including several hundred notes which were previously unpublished.

John Dewey (1859-1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. He developed the philosophy of pragmatism and was one of the founders of functional psychology. He also wrote about nature, art, logic, inquiry, democracy, and ethics. Dewey retired from teaching at Columbia in 1930 at 70, but went on writing and lecturing, publishing more than 300 books, essays and articles. At age 90, his published works totaled over 1000. Dewey's 90th birthday was celebrated in many universities. At the Commodore Hotel's testimonial dinner, admirers presented to him $90,000 for worthy educational projects. Felicitations were sent by President Truman and Prime Minister Attlee of England.

Ninian Comper (1864-1960) was a Scottish architect and one of the last of the great Gothic Revival architects, noted for his churches and their furnishings. Well-known for his stained glass, his use of colour and his subtle integration of Classical and Gothic elements, Comper received many ecclesiastical commissions. His works include windows in the north wall of the nave of Westminster Abbey; at St Peter's Parish Church, St Mary's, Wellingborough; St Michael and All Angels, Inverness; the Lady Chapel at Downside Abbey, Somerset. Comper is noted for re-introducing the 'English altar', an altar surrounded by riddel posts. Comper designed a number of remarkable altar screens (reredos), inspired by medieval originals. Wymondham Abbey, Norfolk, has one of the finest examples. Comper designed the Royal Window of Canterbury Cathedral (1954) at 90 years of age. He was knighted by King George VI in 1950.

Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959),
American architect designed more than 1000 projects, resulting in more than 500
completed works. New York City's Guggenheim Museum occupied Wright for 16 years
(1943-1959). The United States issued a 2¢ postage stamp honoring Frank Lloyd Wright
and the Guggenheim Museum on June 8, 1966. A design that Wright signed off on shortly before his death in 1959 (age 91) possibly his last completed design, was realized in late
2007 in Ireland's county Wicklow town of Greystones. Wright was recognized in 1991
by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time."

Havergal Brian (1876-1972) was a British classical composer. Brian acquired a legendary status at the time of his rediscovery in the 1950s and 1960s for the many symphonies he had managed to write. By the end of his life he had completed 32, an unusually large number for any composer since Haydn or Mozart. More remarkably, he completed 14 of these symphonies in his 80s, and seven more in his early 90s His Gothic Symphony (Symphony #1 in D minor) written at 51 (1927) was performed on October 30, 1966 at London's Royal Albert Hall by the BBC Symphony Orchestra conducted by Sir Adrian Boult. It was enthusiastically received by the audience when the composer himself, aged 90, was in attendance to take a bow at the work's conclusion. This giant work needs 700 singers, and up to four brass bands.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) was a Spanish expatriate painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer, one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. He is widely known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. To celebrate Picasso's 90th birthday (Oct. 25, 1971), a leading art gallery arranged for 90 children to release 90 doves from its front steps. Even at age 90, Picasso produced a torrent of paintings and hundreds of copperplate etchings. Only later did art critics come to see that Picasso had already discovered neo-expressionism and was, as so often before, ahead of his time. Russia issued a postage stamp honoring Picasso in 1973 when he died.

Leopold Stokowski (1882-1977) was a British-born, naturalised American orchestral conductor, well known for his free-hand performing style. Stokowski performed with Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, NBC Symphony Orchestra, New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra, Houston Symphony Orchestra, and Symphony of the Air. He conducted the music for Disney's Fantasia (shaking hands with Mickey Mouse). He was a lifelong champion of contemporary composers, during his 60-year conducting career. Stokowski gave his last world premiere in 1973 at the age of 91, but continued making recordings until June 1977, a few months before his death at age 95. United States honored him with a 32¢ postage stamp issued on September 12, 1997.

Imogen Cunningham (1883-1976) was an American photographer known for her photography of botanicals, nudes and industry. In 1920, Cunningham refined her style, taking a greater interest in pattern and detail as seen in her works of bark textures, trees, and zebras. Cunningham focused on botanical photography, especially flowers, and between 1923 and 1925 carried out an in-depth study of the magnolia flower. Later she created several series of industrial landscapes throughout Los Angeles and Oakland. Cunningham continued to take pictures until shortly before her death at age 93 on June 24, 1976 in San Francisco, California. Her book After Ninety (1976) was done at age 92. She set about finding people over 90 who were independent spirits and still fully involved in their profession or a new profession they had chosen. This book of 111 pages has 107 B&W photos, and received 5 stars at Amazon.com. (Gallery of Published Work)

Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986) was a groundbreaking American Modernist painter who digressed from realism to express her own visionary style. O'Keeffe is best known for flower paintings. She painted huge close-ups of flowers, transforming their contours into fascinating abstractions, and highlighting their importance in a manner that commanded attention. One of the most innovative artists of the 20th century, O'Keeffe was the first woman to have her own exhibition at New York's Museum of Modern Art (1946). She lived a long and productive life and still active even into her 90's. President Ford awarded O'Keeffe the Medal of Freedom on January 10, 1977, her 89th year when she published her Georgia O'Keeffe book. She was honored with a 32¢ U.S. postage stamp issued on May 23,1996 showing Red Poppy with her quote "Nobody sees a flower, really— it is so small— we haven't time, and to see takes time, like to have a friend takes time".

Abel Gance (1889-1981) was a French film director and producer, writer and actor. He is best known for three major silent films: J'accuse (1919), La Roue (1923), and the monumental 5-½ hours Napoléon (1927). On August 31, 1979, Gance's Napoléon was shown to a crowd of hundreds at the Telluride Film Festival, in Telluride, Colorado. With this revival, Gance suddenly becomes an international celebrity. At home in France, he receives a phone call so that he can hear the applause live from the 6000 seat New York's Radio City Music Hall where Napoléon is being shown (Jan. 23-25, 1981). Since 28, Gance has continued in the film industry, but was too experimental and erratic for public opinion. Now at age 90, his rebirth is organized by director Francis Ford Coppola and film historian Kevin Brownlow who restored his film Napoléon.

[Sources: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), pp. 507-511; Wikipedia Web Links: Wren, Nightingale,
Comper, Dewey, Wright, Brian, Picasso, Stokowski, Cunningham, O'Keeffe, Gance.]

Harold A. Scheraga (born Oct. 18, 1921),
American physical chemist of proteins and macromolecules,
Cornell University Todd Professor Emeritus in Chemistry
is still active at age 90 (2011), doing both experimental & theoretical
research on protein structure folding & the mechanism of action
of thrombin on fibrinogen (an important reaction in the blood
clotting process). Scheraga has published over 1170 scientific
articles, and is an active editorial & advisory board member
of nine scientific journals. He continues to give seminars
both at Cornell and around the world. In 2005, he received
a Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Gdansk.
One of his latest papers is G.G. Maisuradze, P. Senet, C. Czaplewski,
A. Liwo A, & H.A. Scheraga, "Investigation of protein folding by
coarse-grained molecular dynamics with the UNRES force field"
in Journal of Physical Chemistry A 114, 4471-4485 (2010).
"A Conversation with Harold A. Scheraga" is an Oral History Project
of Cornell's Department of Chemistry with extended interviews with
senior faculty members. Scheraga shares his life's journey, professional
interests and reflections about his department and its nurturing environment. (Web site)
111) Stanford Bronze Plaque 40 on the ground to the right of
Stanford's Memorial Church, is 11 paces from front door
of Building 60 (classrooms of Physics Learning Center).
It is dedicated to the Class of 1940. The first graduating
class at Stanford was 1892. In 1980, Stanford Provost
Don Kennedy strolled around the Inner Quad and
calculated that it would take 512 years for the bronze
class plaques embedded in the walkways to circle
the entire area ending with the Class of 2403.
40 in Geography
112) In geography, the latitude of a location on the Earth is the angular distance of that location south or north of the Equator. The latitude is an angle, and is usually measured in degrees (marked with o). The equator has a latitude of 0o. The North Pole has a latitude of 90o north (written 90o N or +90o). The South Pole has a latitude of 90o south (written 90o S or -90o).
113) Cities located at 40o west longitude:
Petrolina, Brazil: 40o 30' W longitude & 9o 24' S latitude
Vitória, Brazil: 40o 20' W longitude & 20o 19' S latitude
Sobral, Brazil: 40o14' W longitude & 3o 40' S latitude
Arkhangelsk, Russia: 40o 32' E longitude & 64o 32' N latitude
114) Cities located at 40o north latitude:
Bursa, Turkey: 40o 11' N latitude & 29o 03' E longitude
Madrid, Spain: 40o23' N latitude & 3o 43' W longitude
Naples, Italy: 40o 51' N latitude & 14o 16' E longitude
Eureka, California: 40o 48' N latitude & 124o 09' W longitude
New York City, New York: 40o 40' N latitude & 73o 56' W longitude
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: 40o 27' N latitude & 80o 00' W longitude
Trenton, New Jersey: 40o 13' N latitude & 74o 46' W longitude
Boulder, Colorado: 40o 01' N latitude & 105o 17' W longitude
115) 40 is used as the country code for telephones in Romania.
116) European Route E40 is the longest European route, more than 8,000 kilometres (4,971 miles) long, connecting Calais in France via Belgium, Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan, with Ridder in Kazakhstan near the border to China. The road makes a big detour in Central Asia. The shortest road between Calais and Ridder is about 2,000 kilometres (1,243 miles) shorter, mostly
using the E30 via Berlin-Moscow-Omsk.
117) I-90 (Interstate 90) is a major east-west Interstate Highway running through the south-central portion of the United States generally north of Interstate 10 and Interstate 20 but south of Interstate 70. The western end is at Interstate 15 in Barstow, California; its eastern end is at a concurrency of U.S. Route 117 and North Carolina Highway 132 in Wilmington, North Carolina. It is the third longest interstate in the United States (2555 miles long), behind Interstate 80 and Interstate 90.
118) California State Route 90 Two highways in the U.S. state of California have been signed as Route 40: Interstate 40 in California, part of the Interstate Highway System and U.S. Route 40 in California (1928-1964). Interstate 40 (I-40) begins on the west at its interchange with Interstate 15 in Barstow. Sometimes called the Needles Freeway, it is a major east-west highway of the Interstate Highway System that goes all the way to Wilmington, North Carolina. It is 154.6 miles long, and began on August 7, 1947. The former route of US 40 in California generally runs parallel to modern Interstate 80. In Contra Costa County it is San Pablo Avenue, now signed as California State Route 123. Portions of Historic Route 40 exist in Vallejo, along 5th Street, Alameda Street and Broadway.
119) South Carolina Highway 40 (SC 40) was an original South Carolina highway that began in Mount Pleasant and traversed north through McClellanville, Georgetown, Conway, and Green Sea before heading into North Carolina at Tabor City. By 1926, a ferry was put in service connecting Mount Pleasant to Charleston, down near the Custom House. In 1929, SC 40 was placed on the John P. Grace Memorial Bridge into Charleston, ending at SC 2 (King Street). In 1932, US 701 was assigned to the entirety of SC 40; which in a year later was decommissioned.
120) Texas Farm to Market Road 40 (FM 40)is located in Lubbock and Crosby counties. It runs from FM 1729 to FM 651. There are concurrencies with FM 378 and SH 207. FM 40 was designated on April 29, 1942 from US 62 and US 82 at Lubbock to Acuff. On December 29, 1949 the road was extended east to FM 1526, replacing it. On April 1, 1958 the road was extended to FM 651, replacing FM 1308 and FM 1309 and creating concurrencies with FM 122 (now SH 207) and FM 378. On June 30, 1995 the section from US 62 to FM 1729 was transferred to UR 40.
121) King's Highway 40
ran for 91.8 km (57.0 miles)
in Southern Ontario, Canada
from 1934-present
Southern Terminus: Hwy 401 (Exit #90)— Chatham;
Northern Terminus: Hwy 402 (Exit #6)— Sarnia;
Towns Served: Chatham, Wallaceburg & Sarnia.
122) Israel Highway 40 is a north-south intercity road in Israel.
At 294 km long (183 miles), it is the second longest highway
in Israel, after Highway 90. The highway runs from Kfar Saba
in the center of Israel to the Arabah in the south, serving as
a main connection between central Israel and Be'er Sheva.
123) Italy's 40-story Palazzo Lombardia in Milan was named the Best Tall Building
in Europe by the Chicago-based Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.
This 529 feet tall skyscraper is the main seat of the government of Lombardy.
It is located in the Centro Direzionale di Milano ("Directional Centre of Milan")
district, north-west of the city centre. It was first inaugurated on 22 January 2010,
and officially completed on 21 March 2010. After its completion, the Lombardia
was briefly the tallest skyscraper both in Milan and in Italy. It lost its supremacy
to Unicredit Tower (also located in Milan) in 2011. Palazzo Lombardia was designed
by Pei Cobb Freed & Partners, winners of an international design competition in 2004.
Photo Source: Palazzo Lombardia (pinterest.com)
124) Market Center, formerly known as the Standard Oil Buildings and later the Chevron
Towers, is a complex comprising two skyscrapers at 555-575 Market Street in the
Financial District of downtown San Francisco, California. It served as headquarters
of the Chevron Corporation until 2001. 575 Market Street is a 40-story, 175 m (574 ft)
building completed in 1975, the taller of the two towers. 555 Market Street is
the shorter tower at 95 m (312 ft) with 22 stories, and was completed in 1964.
The two buildings are surrounded by small ornamental plazas. Both buildings
are terra cotta over a granite base. Photo Source: Market Center (wikipedia.org)
150) Houston Weslayan Tower is the tallest apartment building in Houston. The tallest rental
tower built since 1995 is the 37-story One Park Place in downtown Houston. PM Realty
has started construction on the new high-rise, a rental building for the very well-heeled
that will soar 40 stories. The project, named 2929 Weslayan, is at the northeast corner of
Weslayan and West Alabama. River Oaks neighborhood & upscale Highland Village
shopping center are nearby. Baltimore-based RTKL designed the Weslayan building.
The inspiration, the firm said, came from "the flow & sophistication of an evening gown."
The effect is created through balconies that seem to taper as they move up the building.
The tower's 254 units will average 1,500 square feet. Many will have three bedrooms.
Price range for apartments: $2344-$4825/month. Project was completed in Spring 2015.
Photo Source: Houston Weslayan Tower (houstonchronicle.com)
151) One Nationwide Plaza is a 40-story skyscraper in Columbus, Ohio that serves
as the corporate office headquarters of Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company.
It is part of the complex of buildings known as Nationwide Plaza. Nationwide
outgrew its famous 246 Building by the 1970s and work began on a new
headquarters for the company. In 1977, the 146 meters (485 ft) building was
completed. The building is located at the corner of N. High Street and what is
now Nationwide Blvd. on the northern edge of downtown Columbus, Ohio.
The building was designed by Brubaker/Brandt and Harrison & Abramovitz.
The façade is dark vertical steel ribs bordered by white limestone ends.
Photo Source: One Nationwide Plaza (wikipedia.org)
152) 40th Street: Lowery Street (Elevated) Subway Station
40th Street-Lowery Street is a local station on the IRT Flushing Line of
the New York City Subway. It has one center exit/entrance with dual fare
control and therefore, no free transfer directions, although the station's
layout could allow one. It is served by the 7 train at all times. In 1998,
the name "Lowery", a former name for 40th Street in 1917 at the time
of construction, was removed from the station and maps, but was
restored in 2004 as part of a historical move. The 1999 artwork
featured at the station is called Q is for Queens by Yumi Heo.
Photo Source: 40th Street NYC Subway (wikimapia.org)
153) West 40th Street / Nikola Tesla Corner
Nikola Tesla Street Corner on West 40th Street and 6th Avenue, Manhattan, New York.
West 40th Street / Nikola Tesla Corner (teslasociety.com)
154) NY Limo - New York Airport Transportation is located at 90 Broadway, New York, NY 10005
It provides New York limo service in the New York City area. Phone: (800) 273-4281
155) Forbes Inc. is located at 90 Fifth Avenue # 7, New York, NY 10011, Phone: (212) 366-8900
In January 2010, Forbes sold its headquarter building on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan to New York University.
Forbes will continue to occupy the space under a five year sale-leaseback arrangement.
Forbes Magazine is located at 60 Fifth Avenue, New York, Phone: (800) 295-0893.
156) 90 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016 is located between 39th and 40th Streets on the west side of Park Avenue.
It is the Manhattan address of Computech (Software Company), Golf Channel (Cable Company), Motley Fool (Financial Services), and Starr Foundation (Cultural Philanthropy) among many others.
157) 90th Street Pharmacy is located at 1260 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10128 (Map)
158) Legendale Hotel Beijing is located at #90-92 Jinbao Street, Dongcheng District Beijing, PRC 100005; Phone: (86-10) 8511-3388. Occupying a prime position in the heart of Beijing, the 390-room hotel is within walking distance of Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City and Drum and Bell Towers. Inspired by the palatial architecture of Southern Europe, Beijing Hotel's exterior is reminiscent of a 19th century building in downtown Paris. (Lobby view)
159) Building 90 is the home of Stanford's Department of Philsophy, located at 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305
160) Building 90 is a Bus Stop at Lawrence-Berkeley National Lab (Map). It is located at the upper northwest of the Berkeley Lab campus on Chamberlain Road. 12 Nobel Laureates have worked here.
161) 90 Mile Desert is a limestone area in South Australia and Victoria (Map, Satellite View, Survey Report).

90 in Sports & Games
162) Baseball's 90th World Series (1993): Toronto Blue Jays beats Philadelphia Phillies 4-2
In Game 1, Jays scored 3 runs in 7th as Al Leiter defeats Schilling's Phillies 8-5.
In Game 2, Eisenreich's 3-run homer helps Mulholland beat Stewart's Blue Jays 6-4.
In Game 3, Molitor's 3 RBIs help Blue Jays' Hentgen defeats Jackson's Phillies 10-3.
In Game 4, Highest-scoring game in playoff history: Blue Jays defeats Phillies 15-14.
  Wasted was Milt Thompson's 5 RBIs & Lenny Dykstra's double and two homers.
In Game 5, Phillies Curt Schilling beats Blue Jays' Juan Guzman with 5-hitter 2-0.
In Game 6, Blue Jays' Joe Carter hits three-run homer in 9th to beat Phillies 8-6.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 433
Joe Carter on cover of Sports Illustrated, Volume 79, Issue 18, November 1, 1993
163)

Baseball Diamond
90 Feet Between Bases in Baseball:
1st Base, 2nd Base, 3rd Base, Home Plate
make up the Baseball diamond where the game of baseball is played. The four bases form a 90-foot square. Although the "points" of the bases are 90 feet apart, the physical distance between each successive pair of base markers is closer to 88 feet. Home plate is a five-sided slab of whitened rubber where the batter faces the pitcher 60 feet & 6 inches away to hit the ball.

Wrigley Field, Chicago
164) 90 minutes is the duration of British Football. The game is divided in two periods of 45 minutes each, known as halves. Each half runs continuously, meaning that the clock is not stopped when the ball is out of play. The first modern set of rules for the code were established in 1863. With over 40,000 association football clubs, England has more clubs than any other country. England's Premier League (founded 1992) is the world's most watched association football league, with 20 teams playing 38 matches each.
165) Tim Raines (1983) ranks in 35th place with 90 stolen bases in a season.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 2310
166) Wayne Granger (1969), Mike Marshall (1979), & Kent Tekulve rank
in 7th place among pitchers with 90 games pitched in a season.
The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990), p. 35
167) Joe DiMaggio got 91 hits during his 56-game hitting streak.
His 40th hit was on June 14, 1941 (27th consecutive-hit game)
when he doubled off Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians.
His 40th consective hit game was on June 28, 1941 with hits off
Johhny Babich & Lum Harris of Philadelphia Athletics.
168) Rickey Henderson had his 40th stolen base (2nd base)
in the 1st inning against Bob Ojeda of Boston Red Sox
on May 22, 1982 in his season stolen base record of 130 in 1982.
169) Tommy Holmes, baseball outfielder (1942-1952)
ranks 4th for batters hardest to strike out— 40.9 at bats per strike out.
[Top 3: Joe Sewell (62.6), Lloyd Waner (44.9), Nellie Fox (42.7)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 30
170) Ralph Kiner, Fred McGriff, and Carlos Delgado,
rank 23rd for most career games with multiple home runs— 40.
[Top 3: Babe Ruth (72), Barry Bonds (69), Sammy Sosa (68)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 47
171) Tris Speaker, baseball center fielder (1907-1928)
ranks 6th for most career inside-the-park home runs— 40.
[Top 4: Jesse Burkett (55), Sam Crawford (52), Ty Cobb & Tommy Leach (49)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 48
172) Willie McCovey baseball first baseman (1959-1980) ranks
6th for most intentional walks in a season, since 1955— 40.
[Top 3: Barry Bonds (120), Barry Bonds (68), Barry Bonds (61)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 135
173) Ty Cobb (1905-1928) ranks 6th for most consecutive games with a hit— 40.
[Top 3: Joe DiMaggio (56), Willie Keeler (44), Pete Rose (44)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 147
174) 40 Home Runs & 40 Stolen Bases in a Season—
Jose Canseco (1988): 42 Homers, 40 Stolen Bases;
Barry Bonds (1996): 42 Homers, 40 Stolen Bases.
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 150
175) Roy Campanella, baseball catcher for Brooklyn Dodgers (1948-1957),
ranks 3rd for most home runs by a catcher in a season— 40 (1953).
Mike Piazza also hit 40 homers in a season (1997 & 1999)
[1st: Javy Lopez (42 in 2003), 2nd: Todd Hundley (41 in 1996)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 166
176) Ryne Sandberg (1981-1997) ranks 3rd for most home runs
by a second baseman in a season— 40 (1990).
[Top 2: Roger Hornsby (42 in 1922), Davey Johnson 42 in 1973)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 167
177) Ed Walsh of Chicago White Sox (1904-1916) ranks 2nd for
most wins in a season, since 1893— 40. [1st: Jack Chesbro (41 in 1904)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 234
178) Joe McGinnity baseball pitcher (1899-1908)
ranks 1st in most hit batters in a season 40 (1900)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 262
179) Wayne Granger of Cincinnati Reds (1969) & Kent Tekulve of Philadelphia Phillies (1987)
rank 6th for the most games pitched in relief in a season— 90.
[Top 3: Mike Marshall (106), Kent Tekulve (94), Salomon Torres (94)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 250
180) Cy Young of Boston Red Sox (1901) & Deacon Philippe of Pittsburgh Pirates (1903)
rank 22nd for fewest walks per 9 innings in a season since 1893— 0.90.
[Top 3: Carlos Silva (0.43), Christy Mathewson (0.62), Babe Adams (0.62)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 256
181) Joe Oeschger of Boston Braves ranks 2nd for most batters faced by
one pitcher in an extra-inning game— 90 (26 innings on May 1, 1920
ending in 1-1 tie with Brooklyn Dodgers (longest game in history)
[1st: Leon Cadore (96), 3rd: Jack Coombs (89), Bob Smith (89)]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 281
182) Curtis Martin (1995-2005) and Eric Dickerson (1983-1993) ranked in 12th place
with career rushing touchdowns of 90 in the NFL (Rushing Leaders)
"NFL Leading Lifetime Rushers", World Almanac 2010, p. 906.
183) Phil Simms of New York Giants (1987), Brad Johnson of Washington Redskins (1999),
and Johnny Unitas of Baltimore Colts (1958) ranked in 214th place with
single-season passer rating of 90.0 in the NFL (Quarterback Leaders)
"NFL Leading Single-Season Passer Rating", World Almanac 2010, p. 906.
184) Leroy Kelly (1964-1973) and Charley Taylor (1964-1977) ranked in 31st place
with career touchdowns of 90 in the NFL (Touchdown Leaders)
185) Chuck Williams of San Diego Conquistadors (1973-74)
ranks first for the most games played90 in an ABA season.
[2nd: Charles Williams, Pittsburgh Pipers, 88 games (1970-71)]
186) Mehmet Okur of Utah Jazz (2008-2009) ranks sixth
for 3-point field goal percentage 44.6% with 90 goals
made in 202 attempts in the 2008-2009 NBA season.
[1st: Anthony Morrow, Golden State, 46.7% 86 made/184 attempts]
NBA Statistics Leaders, 2008-09, World Almanac 2010, p. 939.
187) Jan Zelezny of Czech Republic won the 2000 Olympics Gold
in javelin throw with 90.17 meters. He has made 52 throws
over 90 meters, more than all other javelin throwers combined (32).
Zelezny holds the world record, at 98.48 meters (323 ft, 1 in) set in 1996.
Summer Olympic Champions, World Almanac 2010, p. 868
188) 40th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Gerald Patterson
(2-6, 6-3, 6-2, 6-4) on July 3, 1920.
189) 40th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Lilí de Álvarez
(6-3, 6-0) on July 2, 1927.
190) 40th Kentucky Derby was won by Old Rosebud in 2.03.40
with Jockey John McCabe aboard (May 9, 1914).
191) 40th Preakness Stakes was won by Rhine Maiden in 1:58
with Jockey Douglas Hoffman aboard (May 17, 1915).
192) 40th Belmont Stakes was won by Burgomaster in 2:20
with Jockey Lucien Lyne aboard (May 30, 1906).
193) 40th U.S. Golf Open: Tony Manero shoots a 282 to win
at Baltusrol Golf Club in Springfield, New Jersey (June 6, 1936)
87) Football Players with Uniform #40

Gale Sayers #40
Chicago Bears
(1965-1971)

Elroy Hirsch #40
Los Angeles Rams
(1949-1957)

Joe Morrison #40
New York Giants
(1959-1972)

Mike Alstott #40
Tampa Bay Buccaneers
(1996-2007)

Pat Tillman #40
Arizona Cardinals
(1998-2001)
Gale Sayers (b. May 30, 1943): It took 23 years for the Chicago Bears to officially retire the number 40 of their spectacular running back and return specialist. It was a blur seeing the number, with the elusive Sayers cutting, darting, and zig-zagging through would-be tacklers during the most spectacular seven-year career on record. He played college football for University of Kansas and was nicknamed the "Kansas Comet". He played his entire pro career for the Bears. Sayers is a member of both the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the College Football Hall of Fame. He was NFL Rookie of the Year (1965) and NFL Comeback Player of the Year (1969). He wasy 5x First-team All Pro (1965-1969). His career NFL statistics— Rushing yards: 4956; Rushing average: 5.0; Rushing touchdowns: 39; Return yards: 3172; Return touchdowns: 8.
Elroy Hirsch (June 17, 1923-Jan. 28, 2004): It was those legs— those "crazy legs". He was a big play waiting to happen, whether running or catching the ball for powerful LA Rams teams in the 1950s. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1967 and the College Football Hall of Fame in 1974. He was also named to the all-time All-Pro team selected in 1968 and to the National Football League (NFL) 1950s All-Decade Team. 3x Pro Bowl (1951-1953), NFL champion (1951), NFL receiving yards leader (1951). NFL career statistics— Receptions; 387; Receiving yards: 7029; Receiving touchdowns: 60.
Joe Morrison (August 21, 1937-Feb. 5, 1989): The New York Giants' "Mr. Vesatility from 1959-1972 played six positions well enough to get his uniform number 40 retired. Morrison served as the head football coach at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga from 1973 to 1979, at the University of New Mexico from 1980 to 1982, and at the University of South Carolina from 1983 to 1988, compiling a career college football coach record of 101-72-7. Morrison is 3rd on the Giants' team record for receptions, with 395 catches, from seven different quarterbacks; over his career his plays gained 4,993 yards.
Mike Alstott (b. December 21, 1973): Tampa Bay Buccaneers fans appreciate the big fullback, one of the best clock-eaters in the game. He was Super Bowl champion (XXXVII) with Bucs beating Oakland Raiders 48-21 (Jan. 26, 2003). Alstott was 6x Pro Bowl (1997-2002). NFL career statistics— Rushing attempts: 1359; Rushing yards: 5088; Average: 3.7; Rushing touchdowns: 58.
Pat Tillman (Nov. 6, 1976-April 22, 2004): Arizona Cardinals safety gave up his lucrative NFL career to fight for his country, died in Spring 2004 while serving in Afghanistan with the U.S. Army Rangers. NFL honored Tillman in its games of Sept. 19-20, 2004. Players on all 32 teams wore the helmet decal, and Tillman's former team, the Cardinals retired his uniform #40. NFL career statistics (1998-2001): Tackles 238; Interceptions: 3; Sacks: 2.5; Forced fumbles: 1.
Reference: Sporting News, Best By Number: Who Wore What With Distinction (2006), pp. 126-127; Photo Sources: Richard Dent (muthead.com);
Elroy Hirsch (wikipedia.org); Joe Morrison (tradingcarddb.com); Mike Alstott (givemiketheball.tripod.com); Pat Tillman (qatarday.com)
88) Baseball & Basketball Players with Uniform #40

Danny Murtaugh #40
Pittsburgh (1957-1964)
(1967, 1970-71, 1973-76)

Don Wilson #40
Houston Astros
(1966-1974)

Rick Sutcliffe #40
LA Dodger (1976-1981)
(1959-1972)

Shawn Kemp #40
Seattle SuperSonics
(1989-1997)

Bill Laimbeer #40
Deroit Pistons
(1982-1993)
Danny Murtaugh (Oct.8, 1917-Dec. 2, 1976): He managed Pittsburgh Pirates to 1115 wins and two World Series titles (1960, 1971). Only Fred Clarke can top the win total. He played second baseman for Philadelphia Phillies (1941-1943, 1946), Boston Braves (1947), and Pittsburgh Pirates 48-1951). As a rookie in 1941, he led the National League in stolen bases with 18.Murtaugh's uniform #40 was retired by the Pirates in 1977.
Don Wilson (Feb. 12, 1945-Jan. 5, 1975)): The only pitcher to throw two no-hitters for the Houston Astros was a double-figure winner for 8 straight seasons in the late 1960s and early 1970s. On June 18, 1967, Wilson no-hit the Atlanta Braves 2–0 at the Astrodome. The no-hitter was the first ever pitched either in a domed stadium or on artificial turf. Along the way, he struck out 15 batters, including Hank Aaron for the final out. On May 1, 1969, the day after the Reds' Jim Maloney no-hit the Astros 10-0 at Crosley Field for his second career no-hitter, Wilson returned the favor and no-hit the Reds 4-0 for his second career no-hitter. MLB career statistics— Win-loss record: 104-92; Earned run average: 3.15; Strikeouts: 1283. His uniform #40 was retired by the Houston Astros (4-13-1975).
Rick Sutcliffe (b. June 21, 1956): Wearing #40 for the first time in 1984 after a mid-seaon trade to the Chicago Cubs, he posted a 16-1 record and carried his new team into the playoffs. He played for Los Angeles Dodgers (1976, 1978-1981), Cleveland Indians (1982-1984), Chicago Cubs (1984-1991), Baltimore Orioles (1992-1993), St. Louis Cardinals (1994). Sutcliffe was a three-time All-Star (1983, 1987, 1989). He won the National League Rookie of the Year award in 1979 and the National League Cy Young Award in 1984. Sutcliffe was NL wins leader (1987) and AL ERA leader (1982). MLB career statistics— Win-loss record: 171-139; Earned run average: 4.08; Strikeouts: 1679.
Shawn Kemp (b. November 26, 1969): There haven't been too many NBA power forwards with more natural ability. Kemp played in the NBA for 14 seasons. He was a six-time NBA All-Star and a three-time All-NBA Second Team member. He played for Seattle SuperSonics (1989-1997), Cleveland Cavaliers (1997-2000), Portland Trail Blazers (2000-2002), Orlando Magic (2002-2003).NBA career statistics— Points: 15347; Rebounds: 8834; Blocks: 1279.
Bill Laimbeer (b. May 19, 1957): The biggest, nastiest Bad Boy kept things lively for the Detroit Pistons fans in the 1980s. Laimbeer won back to back NBA Championships in both 1989 and 1990 with the Pistons. He was 4x NBA All-Star (1983-1985, 1987), NBA rebounding leader (1986). NBA career statistics— Points: 13790; Rebounds: 10400; Blocks: 965. His uniform #40 was retired by the Pistons (Feb. 1995).
Reference: Sporting News, Best By Number: Who Wore What With Distinction (2006), pp. 126-127; Photo Sources: Danny Murtaugh (tradingcarddb.com); Don Wilson (astrosdaily.com); Rick Sutcliffe (mlblogsopeningday.files.wordpress.com); Shawn Kemp (warriorsworld.net); Bill Laimbeer (uk.pinterest.com/)
40 in Collectibles, Coins & Postage Stamps
203)
1990 China Panda Gold Coin,
100 yuan, 1 oz.
Obverse: Panda & Bamboo
Reverse: Temple of Heaven
204) There are 200 cards in Wings: Friend or Foe (Topps 1952)
Card #90 is F-89 Scorpion, U.S. Air Force Jet Interceptor
205) There are 160 cards in World on Wheels (Topps 1953)
Card #90 is Ford 1915, Fire Chief's Runabout
206) There are 100 Marvel Value Stamps
issued 1974-1976 in Marvel Comic Books
Stamp #90 Hercules comes from
Buscema Unpublished Model Sheet
Artist: John Busceema
Comic Issues containing this stamp:
Frankenstein #14, January 1975, p. 19
Marvel Team-Up #19, March 1974, p. 19
Marvel Team-Up #24, August 1974
207) United States Postage Stamps with 90¢ denominations
Note: Stamps were downloaded from United States Postage Stamps By Year
Perforated versions of these stamps are shown in Pictorial Treasury of U.S. Stamps
(Editor Elena Marzulla), Collectors Institute, Ltd., Omaha, Nebraska (1974)

U.S. #39
90¢ blue
George Washington
by John Trumbull
(1792) detail from
Washington at Trenton
(Yale University
Art Gallery,
New Haven, CT)
Issued Sept. 11, 1860
U.S. #72
90¢ blue,
George Washington
by John Trumbull
(1792) detail from
Washington at Trenton
(Yale University
Art Gallery,
New Haven, CT)
Issued Nov. 27, 1861
U.S. #122
90¢ carmine & black
Abraham Lincoln
Issued May 10, 1869
set of 11 values
(Scott #112-122)
U.S. #144
90¢ carmine
Commodore
Oliver H. Perry
after statue bust
by William Walcutt
Issued April 12, 1870
Set of 7 values
(Scott #134-144)
U.S. #218
90¢ purple
Commodore
Oliver H. Perry
after statue bust
by William Walcutt
Issued Feb. 28, 1888
Set of 10 values
(Scott #209-218)
U.S. #144
90¢ carmine
Commodore
Oliver H. Perry
after statue bust
by William Walcutt
Issued Feb. 22, 1890
Set of 11 values
(Scott #219-229)
208) Foreign Postage Stamps with 90 denominations
Note: Stamps were downloaded or scanned & resized in same proportion as originals.
Some stamps were retouched in Adobe Photoshop for centering or perforations.

Austria #536
90 groschen
brown violet
Central Styria costume
issued 1949 depicting
regional Austria costumes
Set of 37 values
(Scott #520-556)
Brazil #3
90 reis
black
Bull's Eye
first Brazilian stamps
Issued August 1, 1843
Set of 3 values
(Scott #1-3)
China #C5
90 cents
Olive green & black
Curtiss "Jenny"
over Great Wall
Issued July 1, 1921
Bar of Republic flag
on tail of airplane
Set of 5 values
(Scott #C1-5)
China #C5
90 cents
Olive green & black
Curtiss "Jenny"
over Great Wall
Issued July 1, 1921
Nationalist Sun
emblem on plane's tail
Set of 5 values
(Scott #C6-10)
Egypt #C23
90 milliemes
orange &
blue green
Airplane over
Giza Pyramids
Issued 1933
Airpost 193-1938
Set of 21 values
(Scott #C5-C25)
Egypt #C94
90 milliemes
brown carmine
St. Catherine Monastery,
Mt. Sinai
Issued 1960
Un ited Arab Republic
Set of 4 values
(Scott #C91-C94)
France #330
90 centimes
copper red
René Descartes
by Frans Hals
Issued June 1937
to commemorate the 3rd
centenary of Descartes'
Discours de la Méthode
Error: "sur la Méthode"
France #331
90 centimes
copper red
René Descartes
by Frans Hals
Issued June 1937
to commemorate the 3rd
centenary of Descartes'
Discours de la Méthode
Corrected: "de la Méthode"
Liechtenstein #234
90 reppen
olive bistre
Man by Bernhard Strigel
Oil Paintings in
Liechtenstein Museum
Issued March 15, 1949
Set of 9 values
(Scott #227-235)
Monaco B24
65 + 35 centimes
Pierre & Marie Curie
Issued Nov. 15, 1938
surtax to International Union
for control of cancer
Set of 2 values
(Scott #B24-B25)
40 in Books & Quotes
126) Quotes on 87:
"Four score and seven years ago our fore fathers
    brought forth on this continent a new nation"

  — Abraham Lincoln, Opening line of Gettysburg Address (1863)
"During my eighty-seven years, I have witnessed a whole succession of technological revolutions.
But none of them has done away with the need for character in the individual or the ability to think."
  — Bernard Baruch (1870-1965)
127) 87th Precinct is a series of police procedural novels and stories (1956-2005) written by
Ed McBain. The series is based on the work of the police detectives of the 87th Precinct
in Isola, a fictional city based on the New York City borough of Manhattan.
128) Guitar Presents 87 Superstar Guitar Sounds on a Stompbox Budget by Eric Mangum & Dean Stubbs was published by Cherry Lane Music (1995). Effects setups for Hendrix, Van Halen, Smashing Pumpkins, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Pantera, Metallica, Soundgarden.
129) Bollingen Series LXXXVII is Collected Poems
by Saint-John Perse (1887-1975)
translated by W. H. Auden
Princeton University Press, NJ 1971, 682 pp.
[Stanford: PQ2623.E386.A23.1971]
130) Volume 87 of Time Magazine (1st issue: March 3, 1923)
runs from January 7, 1966, LXXXVII, No. 1
(Cover: General Westmoreland, Man of the Year)
to June 24, 1966, LXXXVII, No. 25 (Cover: Senator Jacob Javits)
Artur Rubinstein on Time cover, Vol. LXXXVII, No. 8 (Feb. 25 1966)
"Is God Dead?" on Time cover, Vol. LXXXVII, No. 14 (April 8, 1966)
Juan Marichal on Time cover, Vol. LXXXVII, No. 23 (June 10, 1966)
131) Volume 88 of the Dictionary of Literary Biography
is titled "Canadian Writers, 1920-1959, Second Series"
Edited by W. H. New, Gale Research, Detroit, 1989
DLB 88 is a companion to DLB 68 devoted to Canadian writers who use English or French
as their main language of artistic expression.
under every bed and along the English coast. This volume of 76 writers includes

90 in Art, Music, & Film
132)
Krishna Print 40 shows "The Divine Couple,
Sri Sri Radha and Krishna, in the pastime of
playing a game while seemingly oblivious
to the approaching storm" from Krishna
Darshan Art Gallery featuring 122 paintings
of Lord Krishna.
133) Woodblock Print 40 of 100 Views of Edo (1856-1858)
by Japanese painter & printmaker Ando Hiroshige (1797-1858) is titled
"Basho's Hermitage and Camellia Hill on the Kanda Aqueduct at Sekiguchi"
showing pine trees by the aqueduct with Zen Buddhist temple to the right,
where the haiku poet Matsuo Basho (1644-1694) lived briefly in the 1670s.
Notes from Brooklyn Museum: In the early 18th century, some disciples
of Basho established a memorial mound to him within the hermitage
precinct. Later Basho Hall, containing images of the poet and his major
followers, was built nearby.
134) Explosion (2009)
is a 88 x 88 cm (35"x35")
landscape oil painting
by the Israeli artist
Ron Gang
The painting shows
"explosion" of vegetation
flowering in the Spring.
135) Eighty-seven.net is the music and design alter ego of
Irish freelance designer and musician Paddy Duke. The web site
offers graphic design in posters and music related collaborations.
136) Johann Sebastian Bach's Church Cantata #88 was first performed July 21, 1726, Trinity V.
Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass, 4 voices, 2 horns, 2 oboes d'amore, oboe da caccia,
strings, basso continuo. (Siehe, ich will viel Fischer aussenden)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 1 (1980), p. 820]
137) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's K #88 is Fra cento affani (One hundred affani),
an aria in Artaserse (Libretto by by Pietro Metastasio)
Composed 266 measures long in Milan, February or March 1770.
Synopsis: Arbace's father Artabano has handed him the bloody sword with
which Artabano has slain King Serse, father of Arbace's beloved Mandane.
Aria is Arbace's heroic meditation on Mandane's sorrow & Artabano's treachery.
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 12 (1980), p. 730]
138) Joseph Haydn's Symphony #88 in G major (1787)
flute, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, and strings
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 8 (1980), p. 373]
139) Beethoven's Opus #88 is a song Das Glück der Freundschaft
Text incipit: "Der lebt ein Leben wonniglich"
("He lives a life blissfully")
(Composed 1803, Published in Vienna 1803).
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 2 (1980), p. 405]
140) Franz Schubert's D #88 is for male voices (2 tenors & bass)
Canon "Verschwunden sind die Schmerzen"
(Composed November 15. 1813; Published 1892)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 16 (1980), p. 781]
141) Felix Mendelssohn's Opus #88 is Six Choruses mixed voices—
1) Neujahrslied (J.P. Hebel), Aug. 8, 1844; 2) Der Glückliche (Eichendorff) June 20, 1843;
3) Hirtenlied (Uhland), June 14, 1839; 4) Die Waldvögelein (Schütz), June 19, 1843;
5) Deutschland (E. Geibel), 1839-1843; 6) Derwandernde Musikant (Eichendorff), March 10, 1840 (recordings) [New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 12 (1980), p. 155]
142) Frederic Chopin's Piano Solo #88 is Andante spianato in G major,
Op. #22 (composed 1834; published 1836)
composed as introduction to Polonaise #58 (Op. 22) in E flat
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 4 (1980), p. 307]
143) Robert Schumann's Opus #88 is chamber music Phantasiestücke (violin, viola, piano)
1) Romanze, 2) Humoreske, 3) Duett, 4) Finale (composed 1842; published 1850)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 16 (1980), p. 856]
144) Johannes Brahms' Opus #88 is Quintet #1 in F major
(2 violins, 2 violas, cello) (Composed 1882);
Published 1883, First performed Frankfurt am Main, Dec. 28, 1882.
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 3 (1980), p. 174]
More Notes on Johannes Brahms
145) Jean Sibelius's Opus #88 is Six Songs (composed 1917)
Blåsippan [The anemone] (F.M. Franzén), De bägge rosorna [The two roses] (Franzén),
Hvitsippan [The star-flower] (Franzén), Sippan [The primrose] (Runeberg),
Törnet [The thorn] (Runeberg), Blommans öde [The flower's destiny] (Runeberg).
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 17 (1980), p. 288]
Notes on Jean Sibelius
146) Sergei Prokofiev's Opus #88 is Symphonic March in B flat
Composed 1941, unpublished
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 15 (1980), p. 299]
147) The Eighty-Seven Years of Doc Cheatham is an album with 14 tracks released in 1993.
It features the jazz trumpeter, singer, and bandleader Adolphus Anthony Cheatham
(1905-1997) better known as Doc Cheatham. He continued playing until two days
before his death, eleven days shy of his 92nd birthday. Tracks on the album
includes "That's My Home", "Love You Madly", "Blues in My Heart", "Sleep".
148) Giuseppe Verdi composed 87 hours of music.
149) David Bowie's song "87 and Cry" is from his CD album Never Let Me Down (1987).
The lyrics to the first stanza of the song:
It's just a one dollar secret
A lover's secrets in the UK
Torn apart in the UK
In the dribble of May-Day
'87 and Cry
'87 and Cry
And there's nothing inside
And there's nothing in mind
And only you
Rocket on thru the sky
It couldn't be done without dogs
It couldn't be once without us
'87 and Cry
'87 and Cry
150) Ed McBain's 87th Precinct: Lightning was a NBC television film (1995) starring
Randy Quaid and directed by Bruce Paltrow. This was followed by NBC films
87th Precinct: Ice (1996) and 87th Precinct: Heatwave (1997).
40 in the Bible
179) 40 occurs in the Bible 100 times and 40th (fortieth) is cited 3 times:
And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the Lord,
and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of
the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month. And Aaron was 123 years old
when he died in mount Hor.
.
Numbers, 33.38-39
And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day
of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all
that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them;
.
Deuteronomy, 1:3
Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even among the Hebronites, according to
the generations of his fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were
sought for, and there were found among them mighty men of valour at Jazer of Gilead.
.
I. Chronicles, 26:31
The Complete Concordance to the Bible (New King James Version)
Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN (1983), p. 325
180) 40th word of the King James Version of the Bible's Old Testament Genesis = And
1: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2: And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
    And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3: And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
    And the evening and the morning were the first day.
    — Genesis I:1-3 (translated 1611)
181) In the 40th Psalm, Prophet David prays to God for help:
  4. Blessed is that man that makes the LORD his trust,
      and respects not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
  8. I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.
11. Withhold not thou thy tender mercies from me, O LORD:
      let thy lovingkindness and thy truth continually preserve me.
13. Be pleased, O LORD, to deliver me: O LORD, make haste to help me.
16. Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee: let such
      as love thy salvation say continually, The LORD be magnified.
17. But I am poor and needy; yet the Lord thinks upon me:
      thou art my help and my deliverer; make no tarrying, O my God.
      — Psalms 40:4-17 (1048 BC),
182) 40th Book of Enoch describes Enoch's vision of the four Archangels:
1. And after that I saw thousands of thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand,
    I saw a multitude beyond number and reckoning, who stood before the Lord of Spirits.
2. And on the four sides of the Lord of Spirits I saw four presences, different from
    those that sleep not, and I learnt their names: for the angel that went with me
    made known to me their names, and showed me all the hidden things.
3. And I heard the voices of those four presences as they uttered praises before the Lord of glory.
4. The first voice blesses the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.
5. And the second voice I heard blessing the Elect One
    and the elect ones who hang upon the Lord of Spirits.
6. And the third voice I heard pray and intercede for those who dwell
    on the earth and supplicate in the name of the Lord of Spirits.
7. And I heard the fourth voice fending off the Satans and forbidding them
    to come before the Lord of Spirits to accuse them who dwell on the earth.
8. After that I asked the angel of peace who went with me, who showed me
    everything that is hidden: 'Who are these four presences which I have
    seen and whose words I have heard and written down?'
9. And he said to me: 'This first is Michael, the merciful and long-suffering:
    and the second, who is set over all the diseases and all the wounds of children
    of men, is Raphael: and the third, who is set over all the powers, is Gabriel:
    and the fourth, who is set over the repentance unto hope of those who inherit
    eternal life, is named Phanuel.' And these are the four angels of the Lord of
    Spirits and the four voices I heard in those days.
Book of Enoch, XL.1-9 (circa 105 B.C.-64 B.C.)
     translated by R. H. Charles, S.P.C.K., London, 1917, p. 60
183) 40th Saying of Gospel of Thomas:
Jesus said, "A grapevine has been planted apart from the Father.
Since it is not strong, it will be pulled up by its root and will perish."

Gospel of Thomas Saying #40 (114 sayings of Jesus, circa 150 A.D.)
     (trans. Marvin Meyer, 1992; adapted by Elaine Pagels, Beyond Belief, p. 238)
184) Chapter 40 of Pistis Sophia (circa 150 A.D.):
John answered (Jesus) and said: "My Lord and Saviour, concerning this repentance which Pistis Sophia
has uttered, thy light-power which was in David, hath prophesied aforetime in the 101st Psalm
:
  6. I am become as a pelican in the desert; I am become as a screech-owl in the house.
  7. I have passed the night watching; I am become as a sparrow alone on the roof.
  9. For I have eaten ashes instead of my bread and mixed my drink with tears,
11. My days have declined as a shadow, and I am dried up as the grass,
12. But thou, O Lord, thou endures for ever, and thy remembrance unto the generation of generations.
17. He hath regarded the prayer of the humble and has not despised their supplication.
21. This, my Lord, is the solution of the mystery of the repentance which Pistis Sophia hath uttered.
Pistis Sophia, Chapter 40
     ((Translated by Violet MacDermott, Edited by Carl Schmidt,
     (Nag Hammadi Studies, IX: Pistis Sophia, E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1978, pp. 54-55)
185) In Chapter 40 of The Aquarian Gospel, Jesus teaches the magians. Explains the Silence and
how to enter it. Kaspar extols the wisdom of Jesus. Jesus teaches in the groves of Cyrus.
  1. Now, in the early morning Jesus came again to teach and heal. A light not
      comprehended shown about, as though some mighty spirit overshadowed him.
  3. And Jesus said, There is a Silence where the soul may meet its God, and there the fount of
      wisdom is, and all who enter are immersed in light, and filled with wisdom, love and power.
  5. And Jesus said, The Silence is not circumscribed; is not a place
      closed in with wall, or rocky steeps, nor guarded by the sword of man.
  9. And when life's heavy load is pressing hard, it is far better
      to go out and seek a quiet place to pray and meditate.
10. The Silence is the kingdom of the soul which is not seen by human eyes.
12. If you would find this Silence of the soul you must yourself prepare the way.
      None but the pure in heart may enter here.
13. And when they asked why God permitted Herod to imprison John, he said,
14. Your human will must be absorbed by the divine;
      then you will come into a consciousness of holiness.
15. You are in the Holy Place, and you will see upon a living shrine the candle of the Lord aflame.
22. And in the Ark, the magic wand of prophecy lies waiting for your hand;
      it is the key to all the hidden meanings of the present, future, past.
25. Now Kaspar heard the Hebrew master speak and he exclaimed,
      Behold, the wisdom of the gods has come to men!
26. And Jesus went his way, and in the sacred groves of Cyrus,
      where the multitudes were met, he taught and healed the sick.
The Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ, Chapter 40
     Transcribed from the Akashic Records by Levi H. Dowling
     DeVorss & Co., Santa Monica, CA, 1908, Reset 1964, p. 128
157) Numerology: words whose letters add up to 40

BODHISATTVA = 2 + 6 + 4 + 8 + 9 + 1 + 1 + 2 + 2 + 4 + 1 = 40

INDIGO = 9 + 5 + 4 + 9 + 7 + 6 = 40

PRINCESS = 7 + 9 + 9 + 5 + 3 + 5 + 1 + 1 = 40

TORTOISE = 2 + 6 + 9 + 2 + 6 + 9 + 1 + 5 = 40

UNICORN = 3+ 5 + 9 + 3 + 6 + 9 + 5 = 40

VICTORY = 4 + 9 + 3 + 2 + 6 + 9 + 7 = 40

VINEGAR = 4 + 9 + 5 + 5 + 7 + 1 + 9 = 40

FIRE LAKE = (6 + 9 + 9 + 5) + (3 + 1 + 2 + 5) = 29 + 11 = 40 (Hexagram 38 of I Ching)

ROUND TABLE = (9 + 6 + 3 + 5 + 4) + (2 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 5) = 27 + 13 = 40

SOCRATES SWAN = (1 + 6 + 3 + 9 + 1 + 2 + 5 + 1) + (1 + 5 + 1 + 5) = 28 + 12 = 40 (Phaedo 84e-85b)

WHITE JADE = (6 + 9 + 9 + 5) + (3 + 1 + 2 + 5) = 29 + 11 = 40

ZIG-ZAG = (8 + 9 + 7) + (8+ 1 + 7) = 24 + 16 = 40


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