On the Number 45

45 in Mathematics
1) The 23rd odd number = 45
2) The 9th triangular number = 45
3) The 5th hexagonal number = 1, 6, 15, 28, 45
4) The 21st Harshad number = 45
5) The 30th composite numbers = 45
6) Sum of the 1st & 14th prime numbers= 2 + 43 = 45
7) Sum of the 3rd & 6th square numbers = 9 + 36 = 45
8) Sum of the 11th odd & 12th even numbers = 21 + 24 = 45
9) Sum of the 12th odd & 11th even numbers = 23 + 22 = 45
10) Sum of the 12th & 14th composite numbers = 21 + 24 = 45
11) Sum of the 3rd, 7th, & 9th prime numbers = 5 + 17 + 23 = 45
12) Sum of 4th, 6th, 9th Fibonacci numbers = 3 + 8 + 34 = 45
(Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci, 1170-1250)
13) 3 x 3 x 5 = 45
14) 3 x 15 = 45
15) 5 x 9 = 45
16) 45 appears in 7th pair of amicable numbers;
12285 and 14595
17) 45 appears in 11th pair of amicable numbers;
67095 and 71145
18) Mystic Rose of 45 lines
drawn by placing 10 marks around
a circle & joining the marks together
— Richard Phillips
Numbers: Facts, figures and fiction (1994), p. 41
19) Isoceles Right Triangle
with 45 degrees
in the two acute angles
adding to 180o
Source of image: byjus.com
20) Magic Square
with rows, columns,
diagonals adding to 45
— Derrick Niederman,
Number Freak: From 1 to 200—:
Hidden Language of Numbers Revealed
(2009), p. 137
Source of image: bbc.com
21) Square root of 45 = 6.708203932
22) Cube root of 45 = 3.556893304
23) ln 45 = 3.80666249 (natural log to the base e)
24) log 45 = 1.65321514 (logarithm to the base 10)
25) Sin 45o = 0.7071
Cos 45o = 0.7071
Tan 45o = 1.000
26) 1/45 expressed as a decimal = 0.022222222
27) The 10th & 11th digits of e = 45
The 14th & 15th digits of e = 45
The 81st & 82nd digits of e = 45
e = 2.7182818284 5904523536 0287471352 6624977572 4709369995
        9574966967 6277240766 3035354759 4571382178 5251664274
        2746639193 2003059921 8174135966 2904357290 0334295260
(Note: The 99th-108th digits of e = 7427466391 is the first 10-digit prime in
consecutive digits of e. This is the answer to the Google Billboard question
that may lead to a job opportunity at Google.com, San Jose Mercury News, 7-10-2004)
28) The 60th & 61th digits of pi, π = 45
The 157th & 158th digits of pi, π = 45
The 251st & 252nd digits of pi, π = 45
3.1415926535897932384626433832795028841971693993751058209749445923078164062862089986280348253421170679
   8214808651328230664709384460955058223172535940812848111745028410270193852110555964462294895493038196
   4428810975665933446128475648233786783165271201909145648566923460348610454326648213393607260249141273
29) The 21st & 22nd digits of phi, φ = 45
Phi or φ = 1.61803 39887 49894 84820 45868 34365 63811 77203 09179 80576
                      28621 35448 62270 52604 62818 90244 97072 07204 18939 11374
                      84754 08807 53868 91752 12663 38622 23536 93179 31800 60766
                      72635 44333 89086 59593 95829 05638 32266 13199 28290 26788
1.61803398874989484820 is an irrational number,
also called the Golden Ratio (or Golden number).
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) first called it the sectio aurea,
(Latin for the golden section) and related it to human anatomy.
Ratios may be found in the Pyramids of Giza & the Greek Parthenon.
30) Binary number for 45 = 101101
(Decimal & Binary Equivalence; Program for conversion)
31) ASCII value for 45 is =
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
32) Hexadecimal number for 45 = 2D
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
33) Octal number for 45 = 055
(Octal #, Hexadecimal #, & ASCII Code Chart)
34) The Greek-based numeric prefix tetracontakaipenta- means 45.
35) The tetracontakaipentagon is a polygon with 45 straight sides.
36) The tetracontakaipentahedron is a solid polyhedron with 45 planar faces.
37) The Latin Quadraginta quinque means 45.
38) The Latin-based numeric prefix quadrage- means 40.
A person who is from 40 to 49 years old is a quadragenarian.
39) The Roman numeral for 45 is XLV.
40) Sì Shí Wu (4, 10, 5) is the Chinese ideograph for 45.
41) is the Babylonian number for 45.
Georges Ifrah, From One to Zero: A Universal History of Numbers,
Penguin Books, New York (1987), pp. 326-327
42) 45 is expressed in Hebrew as Mem He
Hebrew alphabet has numerical equivalence.
In Hebrew Gematria 45 means "force, might, energetically".
#45 means "father of strength"
43) 45 in different languages:
Dutch: vijfenveertig, French: quarante-cinq, German: fünfundvierzig, Hungarian: negyvenöt,
Italian: quarantacinque, Spanish: cuarentay cinco, Swedish: fyrtiofem, Turkish: kirk bes
44) 45 x 45 = 2025 (3 years from now 2022);
44 x 44 = 1936 (89 years past from 2025);
46 x 46 = 2116 (91 years future from 2025).

45 in Science & Technology

45) Atomic Number of Rhodium (Rh) = 45 (45 protons & 45 electrons); Atomic weight = 102.9
It is a very rare, silvery-white, hard, corrosion-resistant, and chemically inert
transition metal. It is a noble metal and a member of the platinum group.
It has only one naturally occurring isotope, 103Rh. Naturally occurring rhodium
is usually found as a free metal, as an alloy with similar metals, and rarely as
a chemical compound in minerals such as bowieite and rhodplumsite. It is one
of the rarest and most valuable precious metals.
46) Compounds with molecular weight = 45:
Carbon Dioxide, 13C16O2, MW = 44.993
Hydrocarboxyl radical, CHO2, MW = 45.0174
Nitrous oxide, 14N15NO, MW = 45.0026
Cyanogen fluoride, CFN, MW = 45.0158
47) 45th amino acid in the 141-residue alpha-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Histidine (H)
45th amino acid in the 146-residue beta-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Serine (S)
Single-Letter Amino Acid Code
Alpha-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
VLSPADKTNVKAAWGKVGAHAGEYGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHFDLSH
GSAQVKGHGKKVADALTNAVAHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVNFKL
LSHCLLVTLAAHLPAEFTPAVHASLDKFLASVSTVLTSKYR
Beta-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
VHLTPEEKSAVTALWGKVNVDEVGGEALGRLLVVYPWTQRFFESFGDLST
PDAVMGNPKVKAHGKKVLGAFSDGLAHLDNLKGTFATLSELHCDKLHVDP
ENFRLLGNVLVCVLAHHFGKEFTPPVQAAYQKVVAGVANALAHKYH
48) The 45th amino acid in the 153-residue sequence of sperm whale myoglobin
is Arginine (R). It is next to Aspartic Acid-44 & Phenylalanine-46.
Arginine-45 is adjacent to the 6th residue of the 7-residues C-helix.
[A.B. Edmundson, Nature 205, 883-887 (1965)]
Richard E. Dickerson & Irving Geis, Structure and Action of Proteins (1969), p. 52
49) The 45th amino acid in the 124-residue enzyme Bovine Ribonuclease
is Threonine (T). It is next to Asparagine-44 and Phenylalanine-46.
[C. H. W. Hirs, S. Moore, and W. H. Stein, J. Biol. Chem. 238, 228 (1963)]
50) "A 45-Amino-Acid Scaffold Mined from the PDB for High-Affinity Ligand Engineering"
Max A Kruziki, et. al., Chem Biol., Vol. 22, 946-956 (2015)
51) "The First 45 Amino Acids of SopA Are Necessary for InvB Binding and SPI-1 Secretion",
Wendy Higashide & Daoguo Zhou, Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 188, 2411-2420 (2006)
52) "The roles of amino acid residues at positions 43 and 45 in microsomal
contents and enzymatic functions of rat CYP2D1 and CYP2D2"
,
Shizuo Narimatsu, et. al., Biochem Biophys Res Commun, Vol. 324, 627-633 (2004)
53) "Role of the Amino Acid 45 Residue in Reduced Folate Carrier Function
and Ion-Dependent Transport as Characterized by Site-Directed Mutagenesis"
,
Rongbao Zhao, et. al., Molecular Pharmacology, Vol. 57, 317-323 (2000)
54) "A 45 amino acid residue domain necessary and sufficient for proteolytic
cleavage of the MAP1B polyprotein precursor"
,
Martin Tögel, et. al., FEBS Letters, Vol. 451, 15-18 (1999)
55) Messier M45 also known as The Pleiades, The Seven Sisters,
and other names by different cultures, is an asterism and an
open star cluster containing middle-aged, hot B-type stars in
the north-west of the constellation Taurus. At a distance of
about 444 light years, it is among the nearest star clusters to
Earth. It is nearest Messier object to Earth, and is the most
obvious cluster to the naked eye at night. It will survive for
about another 250 million years, after which it will disperse
due to gravitational interactions with its galactic neighborhood.
56) NGC 45 is a low surface brightness spiral galaxy in the equatorial constellation of Cetus.
It was discovered on 11 November 1835 by the English astronomer John Herschel.
The galaxy is located at a distance of 22 million light years and is receding with
a heliocentric radial velocity of 466 km/s. It is located in the vicinity of the
Sculptor Group, but is most likely a background galaxy. (Digital Sky Survey Image)
57) Asteroid 45 Eugeniae is a large asteroid of the asteroid belt. It is famed as one of the first asteroids to be
found to have a moon orbiting it. It was also the second triple asteroid to be discovered, after 87 Sylvia.
It has a mass of 5.8 x 10 kg. It has a period of 4.49 years (1638 days) with dimension of 232x193x161 km.
58) Firecatcher F-45 is a single-turboprop aircraft designed for aerial firefighting, air freight and commuter airline. It is financed by UK start-up Arcus Fire, designed by New Zealand firm Flight Structures and built by NZ's Pacific Aerospace. First flight planned for 2023 & first delivery for 2024. Air tanker is designed to carry 1,190 US gallons of water or fire retardant. Passenger model will have a full stand-up cabin seating 19 people. Cruise at speeds of 220 mph and have a range of 1,151 miles. Photo Source: Firecatcher F-45 (wikipedia.org);
59) North American B-45 Tornado Bomber was an early American jet-powered bomber designed and manufactured by aircraft company North American Aviation. It has the distinction of being the first operational jet bomber to enter service with United States Air Force (USAF), as well as being the first multiengine jet bomber in the world to be refueled in midair. First flight (3-17-1947); retired 1959; 143 built. During the Korean
War (1950), B-45 proved its value both as a bomber and as a reconnaissance aircraft.
Photo Source: B-45c Tornado Bomber (wikimedia.org).
60) C-45 Indiana Wing: The Beech SNB is a US Navy/Marine variant of the civilian Model 18 Twin Beech. Over half of the 10,000 produced from 1937 and 1970 were for to the US Military. Military variants include C-45, AT-7, AT-11, SNB, F-2, and JRB. Uses included light transport, photo-reconnaissance, and navigation, bombing, and gunnery training. Twin Beech aircraft survive today after serving post-military as relative inexpensive, reliable light cargo aircraft. Length 34 ft 2 in Height: 9 ft 8 in; Wingspan: 47 ft 8 in;
Range: 1,200 miles. Photo Source: C-45 Indiana Wing (commemorativeairforce.org)
61) McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk is a highly modified version of the British BAE Systems Hawk land-based training jet aircraft. Manufactured by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) and British Aerospace (now BAE Systems), the T-45 is used by the United States Navy as an aircraft carrier-capable trainer. Produced; 1988-2009; Number built: 221; Crew: 2; Length: 39 ft 4 in; Wingspan: 30 ft 9.75 in; Height: 13 ft 6 in; Gross weight: 12,750 lb; Fuel capacity: 432 US gallons; Maximum speed: 625 mph; Range: 810 miles.
Photo Source: T-45 Goshawk (orbxdirect.com).
62) Learjet 45 aircraft is a mid-size business jet aircraft produced by the Learjet Division of Bombardier Aerospace. The Model 45 was the first all-new design since the original Learjet, and significantly altered the Learjet line. Through its four primary variants—
the original Model 45, the Model 45XR, Model 40 and Model 40XR— it was the Learjet Division's principal product from the 1990s until introduction of the Model 75 variant in 2012. Produced: 1995-2012; Number built: 642; Capacity: 9 passengers; Length: 58 ft 0 in; Maximum speed: 533 mph; Range: 1,968 miles. Photo Source: Learjet 45 (wikipedia.org)
63) USS S-45 was a third-group (S-42) S-class submarine of the United States Navy. Her keel was laid down on 29 December 1920 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation's Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts. She was launched on 26 June 1923 sponsored by Mrs. Charles Hibbard, and delivered and commissioned on 31 March 1925 with Lieutenant Edwin F. Cochrane in command. Length: 225 ft 3 in; Beam: 20 ft 8 in; Speed: 14.5 knots (16.7 mph). Complement: 42 officers and men; Service in World War II.
Photo Source: SS S-45 Submarine (wikipedia.org)
64) The T-45 was a Soviet WWII light tank project, meant as a stop-gap measure until the
T-70 could enter production. It was based on the lesser T-60, but with a new gun, turret and engine. While the T-45 didn't have any glaring deficiencies and was superior to the T-60. Factory #37 installed the 45mm gun, a new turret, and increase the armor thickness of the hull. This became known as the T-45. Mass: 7 tons; Length: 14 ft 2 in.; Width: 7 ft 7 in; Height: 5 ft 9 in; Crew: 2; Speed 23 mph.
Photo Source: T-45 Russian Tank (worldoftanks.com).
65) DRG Class 45 Locomotive: German Class 45 steam locomotives were standard locomotives (Einheitslokomotiven) designed by the Deutsche Reichsbahn for hauling goods trains. The Class 45 engines were the most powerful steam locomotives ever operated in Germany. They were built between 1936 and 1937 by the firm of Henschel. Number(s): 45 001-45 028; Quantity: 28; Retired: 1946-1968; Length: 84 ft 1.75 in; Driving wheel diameter: 5 ft 3 in; Service weight: 123.5 long tons;; Top speed: 56 mph.
Photo Source: DRG Class 45 Locomotive (wikipedia.org).
66) The British Rail Class 45 or Sulzer Type 4 were diesel locomotives built by British Railways' Derby and Crewe Works between 1960 and 1962. Along with the similar
Class 44 and 46 locomotives, they became known as Peaks. The Class 45s became the main traction on the Midland Main Line from 1962, and their introduction allowed considerable acceleration of the previous steam-powered service. Build date: 1960-1962; Total produced: 127; Length 67 ft 11 in; Width: 8 ft 10.5 in; Height: 12 ft 10 in; Loco weight: 133 long tons; Maximum speed: 90 mph.
Photo Source: British Rail Class 45 (fineartamerica.com)
67) Engine 45 of Chicago Fire Department is located at 4602 S. Cottage Grove, Chicago, Illinois. Chicago Fire Department is the 3rd largest in the U.S, after New York & California. It was established on August 2, 1858, with 5143 employees. There were 739,867 calls in 2013. There are 98 stations. Engine 45-Ambulance 57 is in the 1st District and is the 5th Battalion. The Logo of Engine 45 & Ambulance 57 has a fiery skull head with cap. "Get Down" & "Get Dirty" are slogans in the logo.
Photo Source: Fire Engine 45 ()chicagoareafire.com)
68) Nascar 45John Andretti driving a Dodge "Tire Kingdom" in the 2007 Pepsi 400 at Daytona International Speedway (July 7, 2007) with Nascar 45. In 2007, Andretti
drove four races for Petty Enterprises in the No. 45 car, where he filled in for
Kyle Petty, who was working as a broadcaster for Turner Network Television's
race coverage. John Andretti finished 28th while Jamie McMurray won the race.
In 1997 Pepsi 400 at Daytona when John Andretti won for Cale Yarborough,
he drove the No. 98 RCA Ford. Photo Source: Nascar 45 (twitter.com)
69) Lagonda 4.5 Litre M 45 Sports Tourer (1933)— Lagonda is a British luxury car brand established in 1906, by American-born Wilbur Gunn (1859-1920), a former opera singer. A new model for 1933 was the 16-80 using a two-litre Crossley engine with preselector gearbox from 1934. In 1938 the car was fitted with a later & rarer LG6 Sanction 1V engine, which was a Meadows 4.5 liter engine that was developed by W. O. Bentley during his stint at Lagonda. The company has been owned by Aston Martin since 1947. Photo Source: M45 Touer (classic-trader.com)
70) Colt 45 Revolver (1872)— The .45 Colt, also referred to as .45 Colt Government,
.45 Long Colt, .45 LC, is a rimmed straight-walled handgun cartridge dating to 1872.
It was originally a black-powder revolver round developed for Colt Single Action
Army revolver. This cartridge was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1873 and served
as an official US military handgun cartridge for 14 years. Cost of gun is $549.
Photo Source: Colt 45 Revolver (thehunter.fandom.com)
71) 45 rpm gramophone record: In February 1949, RCA Victor released the first 45 rpm single,
7 inches in diameter with a large center hole. The 45 rpm player included a changing mechanism that allowed multiple disks to be stacked, much as a conventional changer handled 78s. The short playing time of a single 45 rpm side meant that long works, such
as symphonies, had to be released on multiple 45s instead of a single LP, but RCA Victor claimed that the new high-speed changer rendered side breaks so brief as to be inaudible or inconsequential. Early 45 rpm records were made from either vinyl or polystyrene. They had a playing time of eight minutes. The 45-RPM record at left "Love Letters" was owned by Elvis Presley, and is selling for £296.91 Photo Source: Elvis 45-RPM record (presleycollectibles.com)
72) Doris Day Rose: Floribunda
Pure even gold yellow
Blooms with 45 petals
Diameter: 4.5 inches
Height: 3 to 5 feet
Bred in 2015, USA
by Christian Bédard
Parentage: Julie Newmar x Julia Child
(Photo Source: etsy.com)
73) Beverly Rose:
Hybrid Tea
Pink blend
Blooms with 45 petals
Diameter: 3.75 inches
Height: 6 feet 7 inches
Bred in 1999, Germany
by Wilhelm Kordes III
(Photo Source: helpmefind.com)

45 in Mythology & History

74) 45th Wedding Anniversary Gift is Sapphire. The name sapphire is derived from Latin
"saphirus" and Greek "sapheiros", both of which mean blue. This precious gemstone,
a variety of the mineral corundum, consisting of aluminium oxide (Al2O3) with trace
amounts of elements such as iron, titanium, chromium, vanadium, or magnesium.
Sapphire is the birthstone for September. An Italian superstition holds that sapphires
are amulets against eye problems, and melancholy.
75) Paper 45 of The Urantia Book (1924) is titled "The Local System Administration".
Topics covered include Transitional Culture Worlds, The System Sovereign, The System Government,
The Four & Twenty Counselors, Material Sons, Adamic Training of Ascenders, Melchizedek Schools.
76) The 45th day of the year = February 14
Italian painter, poet, philosopher, Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472), born February 14, 1404;
Irish-American author & journalist Frank Harris (1855-1931), born February 14, 1855;
American actor John Barrymore (1882-1942), born February 14, 1882;
American comedian Jack Benny (1894-1974), born February 14, 1894;
American actress Thelma Ritter (1902-1969), born February 14, 1902;
American sportscaster Mel Allen (1913-1996), born February 14, 1913;
American football coach Woody Hayes (1913-1987), born February 14, 1913;
American chemist Herbert A. Hauptman (1917-2011), born February 14, 1917;
American actress Florence Henderson, (1934-2016), born February 14, 1934;
American journalist Carl Bernstein, born February 14, 1944
77) 45 B.C.
• A Julian Calendar of 365.25 days is introduced on January 1, 45 BC,
    by Julius Caesar. He has commisioned the Greek astronomer-mathematician
    Sosigenes of Alexandria to reform the calendar. The first day of the year
    falls on January 1 under the new calendar.
Julius Caesar (100 BC-44 BC) adopts his great-nephew
    Gaius Octavius (Octavian) as his son.
— James Trager, The People's Chronology, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, NY, 1979, p. 32
78) 45 A.D.
Servius Sulpicius Galba becomes the leader of Legio III Augusta
Claudius (10 BC-54 AD) expels the Jews from Rome.
Paul the Apostle (5 AD-67 AD) and Barnabas journeyed to Jerusalem
    to deliver financial support from the Antioch community during a famine.
Statius (5 AD-96 AD), Greco-Roman poet was born
    He was a guide in the Purgatory section of Dante's Divine Comedy.
Fact-Index.com & Wikipedia AD 45
79) Utah is a state in the Mountain West subregion of the Western U.S.
Utah is a landlocked U.S. state bordered to its east by Colorado,
to its northeast by Wyoming, to its north by Idaho, to its south by
Arizona, and to its west by Nevada. Utah also touches a corner of
New Mexico in the southeast. Of the fifty U.S. states, Utah is the
13th-largest by area; with a population over three million. Utah
has highest total birth rate and accordingly, youngest population
of any U.S. state. Mormons are the largest religious group in Utah.
Utah was the 45th State admitted to the Union on January 4, 1896.
80) Donald Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician,
media personality, and businessman who served as the 45th
President of the United States
from 2017 to 2021. He entered 2016
presidential race as a Republican & was elected in an upset victory
over Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton while losing the popular
vote, becoming the first U.S. president with no prior military or
government service. Trump lost the 2020 presidential election to
Joe Biden but refused to concede. On January 6, 2021, Trump urged
his supporters to march to the Capitol, which hundreds then attacked,
resulting in multiple deaths and interrupting the electoral vote count.
Trump is the only federal officeholder in American history to have
been impeached twice. Photo Source: Donald Trump (wikimedia.org)
81) At Age 45:
Plato (428 BC-347 BC) was an Athenian philosopher during
the Classical period in Ancient Greece, founder of the Platonist
school of thought and the Academy, the first institution of higher
learning in the Western world. At age 45, he wrote The Symposium
(383 BC), a treatise on love. He is continuosly productive throughout
his life. In his youth attached himself to the leading philosopher,
Socrates, until the latter's death at 70. In Plato's book on cosmology,
Timaeus, he writes about the Platonic Lambda, "soul of the universe".
Photo Source: Plato by Raphael in "School of Athens" (greatminds.tv)

Julius Caesar (100 BC-44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman.
A member of the First Triumvirate, Caesar led the Roman armies
in the Gallic Wars before defeating his political rival Pompey in a
civil war, and subsequently became dictator of Rome from 49 BC
until his assassination in 44 BC. He played a critical role in the
events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise
of the Roman Empire. He invaded Britain (55 BC and 54 BC) at
age 45, landing on the coast of Kent. Second invasion consisted
of 628 ships, five legions and 2,000 cavalry. British warlord
Cassivellaunus surrendered. Photo Source: Julius Caesar (mentalfloss.com)

Kublai Khan (1215-1294) was the fifth khagan-emperor of
the Mongol Empire, reigning from 1260 to 1294, although
after division of the empire this was a nominal position.
He also founded the Yuan dynasty of China in 1271, and
ruled as first Yuan emperor. At age 45 (1260), he becomes
the Great Khan, or Chief, at Shang-tu, "Xanadu". He now
becomes most enlightened & conciliatory of the Mongol
rulers.of China. Continues in office until his death at 79.
Marco Polo (1254-1324) met Kublai Khan at 17 in 1271,
and stayed 17 years in China as his ambassador.
[Photo Source: Kublai Khan (wikimedia.org)

George Washington (1732-1799), was an American soldier,
statesman, and Founding Father who served as the first
president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. In 1777,
at age 45, he was appointed by the Continental Congress as
commander of the Continental Army. At 45,Washington sets
up winter quarters at Valley Forge at a time when the war
seems indecisive and endless. It was not until 1781 with
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, that revoltionary
forces have triumphed. Photo Source: Washington (wikipedia.org)

William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was an English Romantic poet who, with
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch Romantic Age in English literature
with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798). Wordsworth's magnum opus
is The Prelude, a semi-autobiographical poem of his early years that he revised
a number of times. Wordsworth was Britain's poet laureate (1843-1850).
At age 45 (1815), he publishes first collection of his poems, with a new preface.
His long poem The Excursion was also published in 1815. Wordsworth poem
"Tintern Abbey" (1798) is my favorite. In his book Cosmic Consciousness (1901),
Richard Bucke includes Wordsworth with poets Blake, Dante, and Whitman
who had a transcendental experience. Photo: William Wordsworth (wordsworth.org.uk)

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Beethoven remains one of the most admired composers in the history of
Western music; his works rank amongst the most performed of classical
music repertoire and span the transition from the Classical period to the
Romantic era in classical music. In KDFC's 2021 Classical California
Ultimate Playlist
of 250 polled favorites, four of Beethoven's symphonies
ranked in the top 10— #1: Symphony #9. #3: Symphony #7, #6: Symphony #6,
#7: Symphony #5. At age 45 (1816), Beethoven composed Piano Sonata No. 28
in A major Op. 101
. Photo Source: Beethoven (wikipedia.org)

Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) was a German composer, pianist, and conductor
of the Romantic period. His reputation and status as a composer are such that
he is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach & Ludwig van Beethoven
as one of the "Three Bs" of music. Brahms's Symphony #1 in C minor (1876) was
finished at age 43, though it had been begun in eary 1860s. It bears the influence
of Beethoven's 5th Symphony, as the two works are both in C minor and end in
the struggle towards a C major triumph. The main theme of the finale of the
1st Symphony is also reminiscent of the main theme of Beethoven's Ninth finale.
When premiered in Vienna (1876), it was immediately hailed as "Beethoven's 10th".
Johannes Brahms Notes (love for Clara Schumann). Photo: Brahms (wikimedia.org)

Arthur Sullivan (1842-1900) was an English composer. He is best known for
14 operatic collaborations with dramatist W. S. Gilbert, including H.M.S. Pinafore,
The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado. His works include 24 operas, 11 major
orchestral works, ten choral works and oratorios, two ballets, incidental music
to several plays, & numerous church pieces, songs, and piano & chamber pieces.
His hymns & songs include "Onward, Christian Soldiers" & "The Lost Chord".
Sullivan wrote music for the comic opera The Mikado (1885) at age 43. It opened
on 14 March 1885, in London, where it ran at Savoy Theatre for 672 performances,
the second-longest run for any work of musical theatre and one of the longest runs
of any theatre piece up to that time. Photo Source: Arthur Sullivan (commons.wikimedia.org)

D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930) was an English writer and poet. His collected works
represent, among other things, an extended reflection upon the dehumanising
effects of modernity and industrialisation. Some of the issues Lawrence explores
are sexuality, emotional health, vitality, spontaneity, and instinct. At the time of
his death, his public reputation was that of a pornographer who had wasted his
considerable talents. E. M. Forster, in an obituary notice, challenged this widely
held view, describing him as "the greatest imaginative novelist of our generation."
Later, the literary critic F. R. Leavis championed both his artistic integrity and his
moral seriousness. Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928) was published privately in Italy
when he was age 43, a year before he died. The book was banned in Britain and
was not published openly until 1960 in the UK, and quickly sold 3 million copies.
Poetry on Peace. Photo Source: D.H. Lawrence (gavingillespie.co.uk)

Busby Berkeley (1895-1976) was an American film director and musical choreographer.
Berkeley devised elaborate musical production numbers that often involved complex
geometric patterns. Berkeley's works used large numbers of showgirls and props as
fantasy elements in kaleidoscopic on-screen performances. His Gold Diggers in Paris
(1938) was filmed at age 43. It starred Rudy Vallee and Rosemary Lane in this movie
musical. Other films he directed & choreographed include 42nd Street (1933) with
Ruby Keeler, Footlight Parade (1933) with James Cagney, including "By the Waterfall",
Hollywood Hotel (1937) with Dick Powell, Ziegfeld Girl (1941) with James Stewart,
For Me and My Gal (1942) with Gene Kelly & Judy Garland, Take Me Out to the Ball
Game
(1949) with Frank Sinatra. Photo Source: Busby Berkeley (playbill.com)

Mark Rothko (1903-1970) was an American painter of Lithuanian Jewish descent.
Although Rothko himself refused to adhere to any art movement, he is generally
identified as an abstract expressionist. In 1946, at age 43, Rothko hits on his mature
style of Abstract Expressionism. Up to now, he has been a figurative painter who
is interested in surrealism and in myth. Rothko's 1945 masterpiece, Slow Swirl at the
Edge of the Sea
, illustrates his newfound propensity towards abstraction. Rothko's
transitional "multiform" paintings showed blurred blocks of various colors, devoid
of landscape or human figure. WikiArt has 163 Rothko's works— Untitled (1946) &
Yellow, Cherry, Orange (1947) shows his new style. Photo: Mark Rothko (wikimedia.org)

Katharine Hepburn (1907-2003) was an American actress who was a leading lady
in Hollywood for more than 60 years. She appeared in a range of genres, from
screwball comedy to literary drama, and she received a record (for any gender)
4 Academy Awards for Lead Acting Performances, plus 8 further nominations.
In 1999, Hepburn was named by the American Film Institute the greatest female
star of Classic Hollywood Cinema. She was known for her fierce independence
and spirited personality. Hepburn played in The African Queen (1952) at age 43,
which landed her Best Actress Award and Best Actor Award for her co-star
Humphrey Bogart. She had a 26 years love affair with Spencer Tracy through
nine movies together. Photo Source: Katharine Hepburn (commons.wikimedia.org)

William Golding (1911-1993) was a British novelist, playwright, & poet.
Best known for his debut novel Lord of the Flies (1954) written at age 43,
he would go on to publish another eleven novels in his lifetime. In 1980,
he was awarded the Booker Prize for Rites of Passage, the first novel in
what became his sea trilogy, To the Ends of the Earth. He was awarded
the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1983 "for his novels which, with the
perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality
of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today." In 2008,
The Times ranked Golding 3rd on their list of "The 50 greatest British writers
since 1945"
. Prof. Dupuy screened Peter Brooks Lord of the Flies (1963) on 4-13-2009.
Photo Source: William Golding (commons.wikimedia.org)

Alec Guinness (1914-2000) was an English actor. After an early career on the stage,
collaborated 6 times with director David Lean: Herbert Pocket in Great Expectations (1946),
Fagin in Oliver Twist (1948), Colonel Nicholson in The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957)
at age 43, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, Prince Faisal in
Lawrence of Arabia (1962), General Yevgraf Zhivago in Doctor Zhivago (1965), and
Professor Godbole in A Passage to India (1984). He also portrayed Obi-Wan Kenobi
in George Lucas's original Star Wars trilogy; for the original film, he was nominated
for Best Supporting Actor at the 50th Academy Awards. In 1959 he was knighted by
Elizabeth II for services to the arts. He received the Academy Honorary Award for
lifetime achievement in 1980. Guinness appeared in 9 films that featured in BFI's
100 greatest British films of the 20th century. Photo Source: Alec Guinness (fruugo.se)

John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) was an American politician who served as the
35th U.S. President from January 1961 until his assassination on 11-22-1963.
Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his work
as president concerned relations with the Soviet Union & Cuba. A Democrat,
Kennedy represented Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives &
Senate prior to becoming president. Kennedy became the youngest person
elected to the presidency (1960) at age 43, though Theodore Roosevelt was
a year younger at 42 when he assumed the office after William McKinley's
assassination (1901). Kennedy's 1366-word Inaugural Address is considered
among the best presidential inaugural speeches in American history.
Photo Source: John F. Kennedy (commons.wikimedia.org)

Helen Gurley Brown (1922-2012) was an American author, publisher, & businesswoman.
She was the editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan magazine for 32 years. In 1962, Brown's book
Sex and the Single Girl was published in 28 countries, and stayed on the bestseller lists for
over a year. In 1965, at age 43, Brown became editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan, then a literary
magazine famed for high-toned content, and reinvented it as a magazine for modern single
career-woman. In the 1960s, Brown was an outspoken advocate of women's sexual freedom
and sought to provide women with role models in her magazine. She claimed that women
could have it all— "love, sex, and money". As a result of her advocacy, glamorous, fashion-
focused women were sometimes called "Cosmo Girls". Photo: Helen Gurley Brown (cnn.com)

Cesar Chavez (1927-1993) was an American labor leader, community organizer,
& Latino American civil rights activist. Along with Dolores Huerta, he co-founded
the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), later renamed the United Farm
Workers (UFW) union. Cesar Chavez & UFWOC win grape boycott (1970) at age 43
against California grape growers. He became an icon for organized labor and leftist
politics, as well as for Hispanic American community; he posthumously became
a "folk saint" among Mexican Americans. His birthday, March 31, is a federal
commemorative holiday (Cesar Chavez Day) in several U.S. states, while many
schools, streets, and parks are named after him, and in 1994, he posthumously
received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Chavez undertook "spiritual fasts"
to achieve his goal. U.S. 3781 is a 37¢ postage stamp honoring Cesar Chavez
(issued 4-23-2003). Chavez Poster. Photo Source: Cesar Chavez (bloggingbishop.com)

Warren Beatty (born 3-30-1937) is an American actor and filmmaker. He has been
nominated for fourteen Academy Awards— four for Best Actor, four for Best Picture,
two for Best Director, three for Original Screenplay, and one for Adapted Screenplay—
winning Best Director for Reds (1981) at age 43. Beatty is the only person to have been
nominated for acting in, directing, writing, and producing the same film, and he did
so twice: first for Heaven Can Wait (with Buck Henry as co-director), and again with
Reds. Director and collaborator Arthur Penn described Beatty as "the perfect producer",
adding, "He makes everyone demand the best of themselves. Warren stays with a
picture through editing, mixing and scoring. He plain works harder than anyone
else I have ever seen." Beatty was the producer of Bonnie and Clyde (1987) where he
acted with Faye Dunaway. The $2.5 million budget grossed $70 million. He is 3 years
younger than her sister, actress
Shirley MacLaine. Photo Source: Warren Beatty (eonline.com)

[Sources: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), pp. 318-328; and Wikipedia Web Links.]

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was a German composer and pianist. He was a
crucial figure in the transition between the classical and romantic eras in classical
music and is considered to be one of the greatest composers of all time. During his
life, he composed 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, one violin concerto, 32 piano
sonatas, 16 string quartets, 2 masses, and opera Fidelio. His Symphony #7 premiered
on December 8, 1813 with Beethoven himself conducting in Vienna at age 43. It was
very well received, such that the audience demanded the Allegretto movement be
encored immediately. Have 120 pages honoring Beethoven on my web site
Music Quotes, Eroica Symphony #3, 5th Symphony, Beethoven's Religious Beliefs,
Schulz's Beethoven. Image: Beethoven (1815) by Joseph Willibrord Mähler (commons.wikimedia.org)

Harold A. Scheraga (born Oct. 18, 1921), American physical chemist of proteins and
macromolecules, Cornell University Todd Professor Emeritus in Chemistry is still active
at age 98 (2020), doing both experimental & theoretical research on protein structure folding. Scheraga has published over 1300 scientific articles, and is an active editorial & advisory board member of nine scientific journals. In 2005, he received a Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Gdansk. "My 65 years in protein chemistry" [Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics 48, 117-177 (May 2015)] published at age 94. "A Conversation with Harold A. Scheraga" is an Oral History Project of Cornell's Department of Chemistry with extended interviews with senior faculty members. Scheraga shares his life's journey, professional interests and reflections about his department and its nurturing environment. (Web). Scheraga's book Protein Structure was published by Academic Press (1961) at age 39. He had 9 publications in 1964 at age 43, three with T. Ooi on ribonuclease [Biochemistry 3, 1209-1213 (1964)], and with George Némethy on Hydrophobic Bonding [J. Chem. Phys. 41, 680 (1964]. He was Chairman of Cornell's Chemistry Department (1960-1967), when I chose him as my Ph.D. advisor in physical chemistry & mentor (1963-1970), where 40 scientists worked in his research laboratory

45 in Geography

77) In geography, the latitude of a location on the Earth is the angular distance of that location south or north of the Equator. The latitude is an angle, and is usually measured in degrees (marked with o). The equator has a latitude of 0o. The North Pole has a latitude of 90o north (written 90o N or +90o). The South Pole has a latitude of 90o south (written 90o S or -90o).
78) Cities located at 43o west longitude:
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 43o 12' W longitude & 22o 55' S latitude
Juiz de Fora, Brazil: 43o 21' W longitude & 21o 46' S latitude
79) Cities located at 43o north latitude:
Milwaukee, WI, USA: 43o 03' N latitude & 87o 57' W longitude
Sapporo, Japan: 43o04 N latitude & 141o 21' E longitude
Vladivostok, Russia: 43o 08' N latitude & 131o 54' E longitude
Rochester, NY, USA: 43o10 N latitude & 77o 37' E longitude
Concord, NH, USA: 43o 12' N latitude & 71o 32' W longitude
Marseille, France: 43o 18' N latitude & 5o 22' E longitude
Sioux Falls, SD, USA: 43o 32' N latitude & 96o 43' W longitude
Florence, Italy: 43o 47' N latitude & 11o 15' E longitude
80) 43 is used as the country code for telephones in Austria.
81) European Route E43 is an E-road going from Bellinzona
in Switzerland over Chur, Switzerland and Ulm, Germany
to Würzburg, Germany. Length: 319,4 miles;
North end: Würzburg, Germany; South end:
Bellinzona, Switzerland.
82) I-43 (Interstate 43) is a 191.55-mile-long Interstate Highway located entirely within U.S. state
of Wisconsin, connecting I-39/I-90 in Beloit with Milwaukee & I-41, U.S. Highway 41 (US 41)
and US 141 in Green Bay. Wisconsin Highway 32 (WIS 32) runs concurrently with I-43 in two
sections and US 41, US 45, I-94, I-894, US 10, WIS 57, and WIS 42 overlap I-43 once each. There
are no auxiliary or business routes connected to I-43; however, as of late 2015 there is a signed
alternate route in Milwaukee County.
83) California State Route 43 is a north-south state highway in the U.S. State of California,
routed along the southern San Joaquin Valley between SR 119 southwest of Bakersfield
and SR 99 in Selma. SR 43 runs roughly parallel to SR 99, connecting the towns
of Shafter, Wasco, Corcoran, Hanford, and Selma. It is 98 miles long. SR 43 is part
of the California Freeway and Expressway System, and except for a portion near
SR 46, is not part of the National Highway System.
84) Louisiana Highway 43 is a state highway located in southeastern Louisiana.
It runs 44.38 miles (71.42 km) in a north-south direction from LA 42 west of
Springfield to the Mississippi state line north of Easleyville, where it continues
as Mississippi Highway 568 (MS 568). LA 43 was designated in the 1955
Louisiana Highway renumbering from portions of former State Route 46
and State Route 37.
85) King's Highway 43 is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario.
was a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. On January 1, 1998,
the entire route was transferred to the county that each section resided in, resulting in the current
designations of Lanark County Road 43, Leeds and Grenville Road 43 and Stormont, Dundas and
Glengarry Road 43. Highway 43 ran parallel to and between Highway 401 and Highway 417 from
Highway 7 in Perth to Highway 34 in Alexandria, passing through several small towns along the
way. At 154.2 km (95.8 miles), it is the longest highway in Ontario to be decommissioned entirely
during the mass transfer of Highways in 1997 and 1998.
86) Japan National Route 43 is a national highway of Japan
connecting Nishinari-ku, Osaka, and Nada-ku, Kobe.
It 18.77 miles (30.2 km) long. Constructed: April 1, 1965;
Major cities: Nishinomiya, Amagasaki, Ashiya
Photo Source: Japan Route 43 (commons.wikimedia.org)
87) New Zeaand State Highway 43 also called the Forgotten World Highway,
is a road that runs 148 km from Stratford in Taranaki to Taumarunui in the
King Country. It contains the only unsealed portion of the New Zealand
state highway network. Length: 92 miles; East End: SH 4
at Taumarunui; West End: SH 3 at Stratford.
88) National Highway 43 (NH 43) is a primary national highway in India.
It traverses from Gulganj in Madhya Pradesh, through Chhattisgarh
and terminates at Chaibasa in Jharkhand. This national highway is
1,062.5 km (660.2 miles) long. Before renumbering of national
highways NH-6 was variously numbered as old national
highways 78, 23 & 33. West end: Gulganj, Madhya Pradesh;
East end: Chaibasa, Jharkhand.
89) 43-story Ibis Hotel (88 S.W. 10th Street, Miami) will be built by Brazil
developer Galwan on Brickell's 'chicken lot' The hotel is expected to
carry the Ibis flag, a budget brand of Accor Hotels of France. It will
rise 43 stories, with 520 rooms, including seven levels of parking
and three levels of amenity and restaurant space. Galwan bought
the 22,770-square-foot property across from Mary Brickell Village
in early 2015, and expect to complete construction by 2018.
Photo Source: Ibis Hotel (thenextmiami.com)
90) Park Tower at Transbay is a 43-story, 605-foot (184 m) office skyscraper
under construction in San Francisco, CA. The tower will be located on
Block 5 of the San Francisco Transbay development plan at the corner
of Beale & Howard Streets, near the Transbay Transit Center. The tower
will contain 743,000 square feet of office space. The entire office space
has been leased by Facebook. Construction started October 2015, and
estimated completion in late 2018. MetLife is taking a 95% ownership
stake in the project, worth US$345 million. Photo: Park Tower (wikipedia.org)
91) 29-26 Northern Boulevard, Long Island City: Construction is now
16 floors above street level on the 43-story, 467-unit mixed-use
building under development at 29-26 Northern Boulevard, in
the Queens Plaza section of Long Island City. The tower will
encompass 500,302 square feet and rise 481 feet to the top of its
bulkhead. There will be 11,372 square feet of retail space on the
cellar through second floors, followed by 467 apartments across
the 2nd through 41st floors. Stephen B. Jacobs Group is the architect.
Photo Source: 29-26 Northern Boulevard, Long Island City (newyorkyimby.com)
92) East 43rd Street Sign, New York City
1st Ave: United Nations Headquarters; 2nd Ave: 320 Ford Foundation Building
& The Cloisters Apts; Lexington Ave: Chrysler Building, Grand Central Terminal,
& Graybar Building; Madison Ave: Sperry & Hutchinson Building at 330 Madison Ave
(16-24 East 43rd St) is the home of S&H Green Stamps. The Kahn & Jacobs building dates
to 1964; it replaced the Manhattan Hotel, where Sigmund Freud stayed in August 1909
on his only visit to the U.S. Photo Source: East 43rd Street Sign NYC (streeteasy.com)
93) West 43rd Street, New York City
Hudson River: Pier 83, 12th Ave: Chinese Consulate (520 12th Ave, W 43rd St.);
11th Ave: New York Public Library Annex (51 West 43rd St) houses old newspapers;
10th Ave: Westside Theatre (207 W. 43rd St.); 7th Ave: Reuters Building (3 Times Square
on 7th Ave between 42nd & 43rd St.); NY Times Building (One Times Square, at 7th Ave
between 42nd & 43d St.) completed in 1904, displayed world's first illuminated news ticker
(dubbed the "Motogram") circles the building. Photo: West 43rd Street, NYC (flatironcomm.com)
94) Playland at 43rd Avenue is located at 1360 43rd Ave, San Francisco, CA 94122.
It is a Community Garden and Skateboard Park; Hours: 9:00 am-6:00 pm.
Playland opened in May 2006. It is an inclusive space for families, youth,
and seniors, with opportunities for gardening, exercising, gathering with
neighbors every day or at special events, and it includes a wide variety of
play opportunities. Photo Source: Playland at 43rd Avenue (facebook.com)
95) MIT Building NE43 Virtual Tour is not actually on MIT property, but is leased by MIT for the use
of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (AI Lab), the Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS),
and the Leg Laboratory. Its actual address is 545 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139.
96) Microsoft Building 43 is located at 15580 NE 31st Street, Redmond 98052, WA.
It is part of the Redmond Main Microsoft Campus & also part of Augusta Campus.
97) 43rd Street Theatre is located at 42-16 Greenpoint Avenue, Sunnyside, NY 11104. It first opened
in 1938 and survived until around 1950, its last few years under the management of the Springer
circuit, which took over some of Century's lesser theatres. The building still survives, currently
with a Halal Chinese Restaurant occupying what was once the theatre's entrance. The auditorium
was totally gutted and serves as a warehouse for Nelson's Christmas Decorations, which is the
corner store in that retail block. Nelson's does Internet business and through a mail order catalog.
98) 43 Rue Cler, Paris is an apartment on lively cobblestone street
effectively preserves the ambience of Paris of old and is home
to countless small shops. It is near the Eiffel Tower, 75007 Paris.
It was buit in 1910 and has five floors, with 21 rooms. Total area
833 square meters. "École Militaire" is the nearest metro station.
Photo Source: 43 Rue Cler, Paris (meilleursagents.com)
99) 43 Up On the Roof is at 4 rue Danton, 75006 Paris
in the Latin Quarter. It is located on the 9th floor
of the Holiday Inn Hotel. Great place to watch
the sunset and great view of Eiffel Tower and
Paris skyline. Only 5 minutes walk to Notre
Dame Cathedral
and the Odéon Theatre.
Photo Source: 43 Up on the Roof, Paris (tripadvisor.com)
100) 43 City Trades depicted on the stained
glass windows of Chartres Cathedral.
Cited by William Harston's
The Book of Numbers (1997), p. 94
Web Source: Chartres Cathedral:
Medieval Stained Glass

"Baker selling loaves of bread"
Photo Source: Chartres Window: Baker (medievalart.org.uk)
101) Stanford Bronze Plaque 43 on the ground to the right of
Stanford's Memorial Church, is 16 paces from front door
of Building 60 (classrooms of Physics Learning Center).
It is dedicated to the Class of 1943. The first graduating
class at Stanford was 1892. In 1980, Stanford Provost
Don Kennedy strolled around the Inner Quad and
calculated that it would take 512 years for the bronze
class plaques embedded in the walkways to circle
the entire area ending with the Class of 2403.
45 in Sports & Games
102) Baseball's 43rd World Series (1946): St. Louis Cardinals (NL) beats Boston Red Sox (AL) 4-3
This was Red Sox's first appearance in a World Series since their championship of 1918.
(Dates: Oct. 6-15, 1946).Game 1: Boston 3 St. Louis 2; Game 2: St. Louis 3 Boston 0;
Game 3: Boston 4 St. Louis 0; Game 4: St. Louis 12 Boston 3 (Slaughter, Kurowski, & Garagiola
each had 4 hits as Cardinals tied a Series record with 20 hits); Game 5: Boston 6 St. Louis 3;
Game 6: St. Louis 4 Boston 1; Game 7: St. Louis 4 Boston 3 (After Harry Walker walloped a hit
over Johnny Pesky's head into left-center field in the 8th inning, Enos Slaughter raced home
from first base with the winning run. Brecheen won his 3rd victory of the World Series.
— Joseph L. Reichler (Ed.) The Baseball Encyclopedia, 7th Ed., Macmillian, NY (1988), p. 2759.
Photo Source: 1946 World Series Program (fineartamerica.com)
103) NFL's 43rd Super Bowl (2009): Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC) beats Arizona Cardinals (NFC)
27-23 at Raymond James Stadium, Tampa, Florida. With 2:37 remaining, and Arizona
leading 23-20, the Steelers marched 78 yards to score on wide receiver Santonio Holmes'
6-yard game- winning touchdown catch with 35 seconds left. Holmes, who caught 9 passes for 131 yards and a touchdown, including 4 receptions for 73 yards on that final game-winning drive, was named Super Bowl MVP. Photo Source: Super Bowl XLIII (wikipedia.org)
104) 43rd NBA Finals (1990) was the championship round of the 1989-90 National Basketball Association (NBA) season, and conclusion of the season's playoffs. Eastern Conference champion Detroit Pistons defeated Western Conference champion Portland Trail Blazers 4-1. This was the first NBA Finals since 1979 not to involve either the Los Angeles Lakers or the Boston Celtics. Pistons became just the third franchise in NBA history to win back-to-back championships, joining the Lakers & Celtics. Piston's Isiah Thomas was awarded Finals MVP. He had scored 33, 23, 21, 32 and 29 points, respectively, in the five games. From three-point range he had made 11 of 16 shots. For the series, he had averaged 27.6 points, 8.0 assists,
and 5.2 rebounds. Photo Source: 1990 NBA Finals Logo (wikipedia.org)
105) Even though the Stanley Cup Finals was first awarded in 1893, it did not become official
until 1914 Stanley Cups Finals. So the 43rd NHL Finals is the 1957 Stanley Cup Finals.
It was contested by the defending champion Montreal Canadiens and the Boston Bruins.
The Canadiens were making their seventh consecutive Final appearance, while Boston was making their first appearance since their 1953 loss to Montreal. The Canadiens would win the series 4-1, for their second straight Cup victory. Dates: April 6-16, 1957.
Rocket Richard scored four times in game one, including three in the second period, to tie Ted Lindsay's record,
set in 1955 for a winning Detroit team. Jacques Plante held the Bruins to just six goals in the five games, four of
which were scored by Fleming Mackell. Photo Source: 1957 NHL Champions (hockeygods.com)
106) Most Home Runs Hit in Same Game by Teammates: 43 by Ernie Banks and Ron Santo
[#1: 75 by Hank Aaron & Eddie Matthews #2: 73 by Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig,
#3: 68 by Willie Mays & Willie McCovey]
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 45
107) Most Career Games with Multiple Home Runs: 43 by Dave Kingman
(#1: 72 by Babe Ruth; #2: 69 by Barry Bonds)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 47
108) Most Career Inside the Park Home Runs: 43 Honus Wagne (1st 55: Jesse Burkett)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 48
109) Joe DiMaggio got 91 hits during his 56-game hitting streak.
His 43rd consective hit game was on July 1, 1941 with hit
off Mickey Harris & Mike Ryba of Boston Red Sox.
110) Rickey Henderson had his 43rd stolen base (2nd base)
in the 7th inning against Bob McClure of Milwaukee Brewers
on May 26, 1982 in his season stolen base record of 130 in 1982.
111) Highest On Base Percentage in a Season by a Switch-hitter
.430: Lu Blue, AL, Chicago, 1931
Lance Berkman, NL, Houston 2001 (19th)
(1st: Mickey Mantle .512)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 108
112) 40 Home Runs & 200 Hits in a Season
Chuck Klein, Philadelphia Phillies (1929): 43 Homers, 219 Hits;
Al Rosen, Cleveland Indians (1953): 43 Homers, 201 Hits;
Albert Pujols, St. Louis Cardinals (2003): 43 Homers, 2212 Hits;
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 153
113) Most Home Runs by a Center Fielder in a Season
43: Gorman Thomas, Milwaukee Brewers 1979 (15th)
(#1: Hack Wilson 56, Chicago Cubs 1920)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 169
114) Most Home Runs by a Center Fielder in a Season
43: Hank Aaron, Milwaukee Brewers 1966 (18th)
(#1: Sammy Sosa, Chicago Cubs 1998)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 169
115) Most Home Runs by a Designated Hitter in a Season
43: David Ortizn, Boston Red Sox (2nd)
(#1: David Ortiz, Boston Red Sox 2006)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 170
116) Most Career Shutouts by a Pitcher
43:
Milt Pappas (37th rank)
(#1: Walter Johnson 110, #2: Grover Cleveland Alexander 90)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 205
117) Fewest Walks per 9 Innings in a Season, since 1893
0.43:
Carlos Silva, Minnesota Twins (2005) (1st rank)
Lyle Spatz (Ed.), The SABR Baseball List & Record Book (2007), p. 256
118) 5th widest victory margin in College Football Bowl Games
43— Miami-Florida beats Texas 46-3 in 1991 Cotton Bowl.
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 36.
119) Most Points Scored in NCAA Football
3rd highest: 43Jim Brown, Syracuse vs. Colgate (Nov. 18, 1956)
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 48.
120) 5th Longest Run from Scrimmage in Super Bowl
43 yardsJohn Riggins, Washington Redskins vs, Miami Dolphins in 1983 Super Bowl XVII
(#1 Willie Parker runs 75 yards as Pittsburg beats Seattle in Super Bowl XL, 2006)
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 57.
121) 3rd Highest Scoring Average in NCAA Single Season
43.8 by Pete Maravich, Louisiana State (1968, 1139 points)
(#1 Pete Maravich, Louisiana State, 1970, 44.5 avg, 1381 points;
#2 Pete Maravich, Louisiana State, 1969, 44.2 avg)
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 86.
122) 3rd Most Points Scored in NHL Playoff in Single Season
43 by Wayne Gretzky, Edmonton Oilers, 1988, 19 games, 12 goals
(#1 47 points, Wayne Gretzky, Edmonton, 1985, 18 games, 17 goals)
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 120
123) Fastest run in 400 meters Olympics
43.49 seconds, by Michael Johnson, in 1996 Olympics, Atlanta, GA
(Wayde van Niekerk holds record of 43.03 seconds at 2016 Olympic Games)
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 184.
124) 2nd Most Rebounds in NCAA Single Basketball Game
43 by Charles Slack, Marshall vs. Morris Harvey (1-12-1954)
(#1 51, Bill Chambers, William Mary vs Virginia, 2-14-1953)
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 158.
125) 3rd Most Points in One Game of NCAA Women's Basketball Playoffs
43 by Barbara Kennedy, Clemson vs Penn State (3-12-1982, 1st round)
Mike Meserole, The Ultimate Book of Sports Lists 1998
DK Publishing, Inc. New York, 1997, p. 94.
126) 43rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Johnston beats Frank Hunter
(6-0, 6-3, 6-1) on July 7, 1923.
127) 43rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Elizabeth Ryan
(6-2, 6-2) on July 4, 1930.
128) 43rd Kentucky Derby was won by Omar Khayyam in 2.04.60
with Jockey Charles Borel aboard (May 12, 1917).
129) 43rd Preakness Stakes was won by War Cloud in 1:53.6
with Jockey Johnny Loftus aboard (May 15, 1918).
130) 43rd Belmont Stakes was won by Joe Madden in 2:21.6
with Jockey Eddie Dugan aboard (June 2, 1909).
131) 43rd U.S. Golf Open: Byron Nelson shoots a 284 after two
playoff rounds to prevail against Craig Wood and Denny Shute
at Philadelphia Country Club in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania (June 12, 1939)
132) 43 Best by Number: Who Wore What with Distinction
Kings and heroes want to go out in a blaze of glory. King Richard Petty simply went
out in a blaze. In his final NASCAR appearance, Petty parked his flaming No. 43 car
next to a fire truck & watched helplessy as it was extinguished. Though he eventually
finished the race, there was no Hollywood ending for a career that reads like a movie
script. No. 43 was chosen because dad's car was 42. It's easy to see why they called
him King. Those 200 wins and staus as NASCAR's first $1 million career winner might
have something to do with it, too. Reference: Sporting News, Best By Number: Who Wore What With Distinction (2006), p. 132;
Photo Source: Petty's 43 Nascar (pixels.com)
133) Baseball & Football Players with Uniform #43

Dennis Eckersley #43
Oakland Athletics
(1987-1995)

Ken Forsch #43
Houston Astros
(1970-1980)

Mel Harder #43
Cleveland Indians
Coach (1948-1961)

Cliff Harris #43
Dallas Cowboys
(1970-1979)

Carl Lockhart #43
New York Giants
(1965-1975)
Dennis Eckersley (b. Oct. 3, 1954): nicknamed "Eck", is an American former professional baseball pitcher. Between 1975 and 1998, he pitched in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cleveland Indians, Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs, Oakland Athletics, and St. Louis Cardinals. Eckersley had success as a starter, but gained his greatest fame as a closer, becoming the first of two pitchers in MLB history to have both a 20-win season and a 50-save season in a career. He is the pitcher who gave up a dramatic walk-off home run (a phrase Eckersley coined) to the injured Kirk Gibson in Game 1 of 1988 World Series, Elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004, his first year of eligibility.
Ken Forsch (b. Sept. 8, 1946): is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. Forsch was selected by the Houston Astros in the 18th round (399th overall) of the 1968 MLB amateur draft. He pitched for the Astros (1970-1980)
and California Angels (1981-1984 and 1986), after being traded by the Astros. He was selected to the All-Star
Game in 1976 and 1981. During his 16-year career, Forsch compiled 114 wins, 1,047 strikeouts, and a 3.37 ERA.
On April 7, 1979, Forsch no-hit the Atlanta Braves 6-0 at the Astrodome. His brother Bob Forsch (1950-2011),
who also pitched for the Astros (1988-1989), hurled two no-hitters while with St. Louis Cardinals, making
them the only set of brothers to pitch no-hit no-run games in MLB history.
Mel Harder (1909-2002): nicknamed "Chief", was an American right-handed starting pitcher, coach and manager in Major League Baseball, who played his entire career with the Cleveland Indians. He spent 36 seasons overall with the Indians, as a player from 1928 to 1947 and as one of the game's most highly regarded pitching coaches from 1948 to 1963. He set franchise records for wins (223), games started (433) and innings pitched (3426 1/3) which were later broken by Bob Feller, and still holds the club record of 582 career games pitched; he was among American League's career leaders in wins (9th), games (8th) and starts (10th) when he retired. He was also an excellent fielder, leading AL pitchers in putouts four times, then a record. Although Harder wore #18 winning
223 games with the Indians (1928-1947), he wore #43 uniform as Cleveland Indians' coach. Taught Early Wynn
breaking ball & changeup, & Herb Score curve ball (1955). Cleveland retired his pitching uniform #18 (7-28-1990).
Cliff Harris (b. Nov. 12, 1948): is a former professional American football safety who played for Dallas Cowboys
of the National Football League (NFL) for 10 seasons. A Pro Football Hall of Famer, he appeared in 5 Super Bowls
and was selected to six consecutive Pro Bowls. Harris retired at 31 to focus on his work within the oil business.
The fearless Cowboys safety earned six Pro-Bowl citations, two Super Bowl rings and distinction as a member of
NFL All-Decade Team in the 1970s. Had 29 career interceptions for 281 yards. Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2020.
Carl "Spider" Lockhart (April 6, 1943-July 9, 1986): was an American football defensive back in the National Football League for the New York Giants. He was a two-time Pro Bowler. Lockhart played college football
at North Texas State University and was drafted in the thirteenth round of the 1965 NFL Draft. He was a
Pro Bowl free safety a second time in 1968, leading the league in defensive touchdowns. Spider intercepted
41 passes in his career & recovered 16 fumbles during his 145 games played. Lockhart also returned 328
punts and was famous for rarely calling for a fair catch.
Reference: Sporting News, Best By Number: Who Wore What With Distinction (2006), pp. 132-133;
Photo Sources: Dennis Eckersley (photos.com); Ken Forsch (notinhalloffame.com); Mel Harder (outlet.historicimages.com);
Cliff Harris (wikimedia.org); Carl Lockhart (footballcardgallery.com)
134) Basketball & Football Players with Uniform #43

Brad Daughterty #43
Cleveland Cavaliers
(1986-1994)

Jack Sikma #43
Seattle SuperSonics
(1977-1986)

Craig Kilborn #43
Montana State
(1981-1984)

Don Perkins #43
Dallas Cowboys
(1961-1968)
Brad Daugherty (b. Oct. 19, 1965) is an American retired basketball player, analyst, and co-owner of NASCAR Cup Series team JTG Daugherty Racing. He played college basketball for the North Carolina Tar Heels and professionally with the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). Daugherty averaged nineteen points and ten rebounds per game over eight seasons in the NBA and retired as the Cavaliers all-time leading scorer (10,389 points) and rebounder (5,227). Daugherty's all time-leading scorer record stood until March 21, 2008, when LeBron James broke it. His #43 jersey, a number he picked as a tribute to NASCAR legend Richard Petty (whom Daugherty lists as his favorite sportsman) was retired by the Cavaliers on March 1, 1997.
Jack Sikma (b. Nov. 14, 1955) is an American retired basketball center. He was a seven-time NBA All-Star with the Seattle SuperSonics, who drafted him in the first round with the eighth overall pick of the 1977 NBA draft. In 1979, he won an NBA championship with Seattle. Sikma finished his playing career with the Milwaukee Bucks. He was elected to the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame in 2019.
Craig Kilborn (b. Aug. 24, 1962) is an American comedian, sports and political commentator, actor, and television host. He was the first host of The Daily Show, a former anchor on ESPN's SportsCenter, and Tom Snyder's successor on CBS' The Late Late Show. On June 28, 2010, he launched The Kilborn File after a six-year absence from television. The Kilborn File aired on some Fox stations during a six-week trial run. In comedy, he is known for his deadpan delivery. After graduation from Hastings High School, he accepted a scholarship to play for Montana State University, where he earned dual bachelor's degrees in theater arts and media in 1984. With his 6 ft 5 in. height, he excelled in basketball in high school and college wearing uniform # 43.
Don Perkins (b. March 4, 1938) is a former American football fullback in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at the University of New Mexico. This six-time Pro Bowler can't match th flashy rushing totals of New Agers Emmitt Smith and Tony Dorsett, but he can claim distinction as the first Cowboys back to run for 6000 yards (1961-1968). He was NFL Rookie of the Year (1961), with 6217 rushing yards, average 4.1, and 42 touchdowns. Reference: Sporting News, Best By Number: Who Wore What With Distinction (2006), pp. 128-129;
Photo Sources: Brad Daugherty (pinterest.at); (pinterest.at); Jack Sikma (); Craig Kilborn (factceleb.com); Don Perkins (picclick.com).

45 in Collectibles, Coins & Postage Stamps

135) 1943 Coins in U.S. Currency: Washington Quarter 25¢, Mercury Dime 10¢, Jefferson Nickel 5¢, Lincoln Penny 1¢




Note: Wartime composition of the Jefferson Nickel: 56% copper, 35% silver, 9% Manganese;
Due to the shortage of copper, 1943 Lincoln Penny were made 99% steel with a thin layer of Zinc.
Image sources: Washington Quarter (usacoinbook.com; ; Mercury Dime (usacoinbook.com );
Jefferson Nickel (usacoinbook.com); Lincoln Penny (usacoinbook.com)
136) 1943 U.S. Walking Liberty Half Dollar
Obverse: Lady Liberty walking, holding branches, sunrise ahead
Reverse: Bald Eagle rising from a mountaintop perch
U.S. 1943 Walking Liberty Half Dollar was a silver 50-cent piece
or half dollar coin issued by the U.S. Mint from 1916 to 1947.
Designed by Adolph A. Weinman. Obverse resembles Oscar Roty's "Sower" design for French coins. Art historian Cornelius Vermeule regarded Walking Liberty half dollar to be "one of the greatest United States coins— if not of the world". American Silver Eagle (1986-present) uses Weinman's original "Walkimg Liberty" design. Image source: Walking Liberty Half Dollar (usacoinbook.com)
137) 1843 U.S. Seated Liberty Silver Half-Dollar
Obverse: Seated Liberty with 13 Stars & Coinage Year
Reverse: Bald Eagle with Olive Branches & Arrows
U.S. 1842 Liberty Seated Dollars were designed by U.S. Mint engraver
Christian Gobrecht who also designed the Half-Dollar. Silver dollars
were struck from 1840-1873. 3,844,000 of the 1843 Half-Dollars were
minted with No Motto. $1,138 for uncirculated coins.
Image source: 1843 Half-Dollar (usacoinbook.com)
138) 1843 U.S. Braided Hair Large Cent
Obverse: Lady Liberty with Braided Hair & Coinage Year
Reverse: One Cent surrrounded by Olive Branches
U.S. 1843 Braided Hair Lady Liberty was designed by U.S. Mint engraver
Christian Gobrecht. Coin was 100% copper with diameter of 28.5 mm
(1.12 inch). 1843 Braided Hair Large Cent (Penny) features a smaller
and petite liberty head on the obverse & large letters on the reverse side.
Image source: 1843 Braided Hair Large Cent (usacoinbook.com)
139) 1843 New Brunswick Ship Half Penny,
Obverse: Queen Victoria; Reverse: Clipper Ship
New Brunswick, which was originally part of Nova Scotia, was established
as a separate colony in 1784. By 1840s its population & trade had expanded
to the point where there was a real need for a local currency, and in 1843 the legislature issued copper penny and halfpenny tokens. British authorities
ordered to abandon its plans immediately, but the coins (dated 1843) were
in circulation. Image source: 1843 Half-Penny (coinsandcanada.com)
140) 1843 Spain 8 Maravedis Isabella
Obverse: Queen Isabella II facing right divides 8 M value
Reverse: Central oval with 3 fleurs-de-lis, lion in two quarters,
castle in two quarters, divided by a swirl shape
Denomination: 8 maravedis; Composition: Copper
Diameter: 28 mm; Thickness: 2 mm; Price: $14.40
Image source: 1843 Spain Isabella (catawiki.com); Reverse: ebay.com
141) 1843 Peru Limae 8 Real
Obverse: Lady Liberty with Spear & Shield
Reverse: 1843 Date, 8 Real, Perus's Coat of arms: Holm oak civic crown
on top; Seal has Vicuna at left & Cinchona tree at right; Cornucopia
with coins at bottom; Palm leaves on legt & Laurel leaves on right;
Early Republic coin, Silver, Multicolored surface tone with lots of
underlying luster. A hint of rub on the nose of Liberty. Price: $349.31
Image source: 1843 Peru Limae 8 Real (vcoins.com; & coinfactswiki.com)
142) 1843 Vienna Medal
This 1843 Medal Forrer is made of gold.
Obverse: Salvator Mundi (World Savior), Portrait of Jesus Christ
Reverse: Double-headed eagle on top (Austria-Hungary symbol)
with scenic view of Vienna. On the bottom is Austria's flag of
red-white-red stripes at left and a Swiss flag of a white cross
at the right. At the center is an oval with inscription: "MVNVS
REIPUBLICIE VIENENSIS" Image source: 1843 Gold Medal (pcgs.com)
143) There are 100 Marvel Value Stamps
issued 1974-1976 in Marvel Comic Books
Stamp #43 The Enchantress
from Avengers #7
Artist: Jack Kirby
Comic Issues containing this stamp:
Captain America #172, April 1974
Jungle Action #11, September 1974, p. 19
Marvel Team-Up #28, December 1974, p. 19
144) There are 200 cards in Wings: Friend or Foe (Topps 1952)
Card #43 is Hastings, British Military Transport
145) There are 160 cards in World on Wheels (Topps 1953)
Card #43 is Twin Tanker, American Hot Rod
146) There are 135 cards in Look 'n See (Topps 1952)
Card #43 is Eleanor Roosevelt (U.N. Delegate) (Source)
147) There are 156 cards in Scoop (Topps 1954)
Card #43 is Normandie Capsizes (February 9, 1942)
148) There are 64 cards in Firefighters (Bowman 1953)
Card #43 is 1925 Triple Combination (Source)
149) There are 80 cards in Flags of the World (Topps 1956)
Card #43 is Iraq
150) There are 48 cards in Antique Autos (Bowman 1953)
Card #43 is Simplex
(Back of card with 3-D drawing viewed with 3-D glasses in gum packs)
151) There are 80 cards in Davy Crockett (Topps 1956, orange back)
Card #43 is Congressman Crockett
152) United States Postage Stamps with 43¢ denominations
U.S. First class mail postage rate: 41¢ (5-14-2007 to 5-11-2008),
42¢ (5-12-2008 to 5-10-2009), 44¢ (5-11-2009 to 1-21-2012).
No 43¢ postage stamps were issued by the United States.
Note: Stamps were downloaded from the web; Click on stamp for their source.

153) Foreign Postage Stamps with 43 denomination:

Canada 1170, 43¢
Lynx (Lynx canadensis)
(issued Jan. 18, 1988)

Canada 1197, 43¢
Figure Skating
(issued Feb. 18, 1988)

Canada 1223, 43¢
Madonna & Child
(issued Oct. 27, 1988)

Canada 1359, 43¢
Flag over Field
(issued Dec. 30, 1992)

Canada 1358, 43¢
Queen Elizabeth II
(issued Dec. 30, 1992)

Australia 1119, 43¢
Skateboarding
(issued Aug. 27, 1990)

Australia 1199, 43¢
Australian Flag
(issued Jan. 10, 1991)

Australia 1203, 43¢
Black Swan
(issued Feb. 14, 1991)

Australia 1211, 43¢
Hawk Moth
(issued April 11, 1991)

Australia 1212, 43¢
Cotton Harlequin Bug
(issued April 11, 1991)

Australia 1227, 43¢
Ethel Turner: Seven Little Australians
(issued Oct. 10, 1991)

Australia 1232, 43¢
Infant Jesus
(issued Nov. 1, 1991)

Australia 1193, 43¢
Thinking of You
(issued Sept. 3, 1990)

Australia 1192, 43¢
The Blue Dress
(issued 9-3-1990)

Australia 1197, 43¢
Adelaide Town Hall
(issued Oct. 31, 1990)

Australia 1195, 43¢
Koala & Baby
(issued Oct. 31, 1990)

Australia 1204, 43¢
Black-necked Stork
(issued Feb. 14, 1991)

Austra;ia 1210, 43¢
Queen Elizabeth II
(issued April 11, 1991)

Austra;ia 1215b, 43¢
150 Years Photography
(issued May 13, 1991)

Austra;ia 1218, 43¢
Radio: Talent Show
(issued June 13, 1991)

Austra;ia 1222, 43¢
Pet Dogs
(issued July 25, 1991)

Austra;ia 1223, 43¢
> Domestic Cat
(issued July 25, 1991)

Argentina 823, 43 pesos
Industry
(issued May 24, 1965)

Cyprus 1202, 0.43 Euro
Spring & Butterfly
(issued March 12, 2014)

Spain 3562, 0.43 Euro
Tulip
(issued April 1, 2008)

Spain 3643
Aurresku
(6-4-2009)

Spain 3644, 0.43 Euro
Muñeira Dance
(issued July 22, 2009)

Spain 3639, 0.43 Euro
Isa Dance
(issued April 27, 2009)

Spain 3640, 0.43 Euro
Mateixa Dance
(issued May 14,2009)

Spain 3641, 0.43 Euro
Bolero Dance
(issued May 14,2009)

Spain 3642, 0.43 Euro
Rueda Dance
(issued June 4, 2009)

Spain 3645, 0.43 Euro
Fandango Dance
(issued July 22, 2009)

Spain 3646, 0.43 Euro
Candil Dance
(issued Sept. 14, 2009)

Spain 3647, 0.43 Euro
Seguidillas Dance
(issued Sept. 14, 2009)

Spain 3649, 0.43 Euro
Sevillanas Dance
(issued April 27, 2009)

Spain 3650, 0.43 Euro
La Jota Dance
(issued Oct. 15, 2009)
Note: Postage stamps with 43 denomination were found on the web. Consulted 2020 Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volumes 1A-6B (Los Altos Library) for Scott Catalogue #s. The stamps shown above were all downloaded from the web using Google Images & eBay searches. Click on catalogue #s for image source where the stamp appears.
Some stamps were retouched in Adobe Photoshop for centering and perforations with black background added.
The dates of issue were found in Scott Catalogues as well as the Scott Catalogue #s. Click on stamp to enlarge.

45 in Books & Quotes
154) Quotes on 43:
Find myself £43 worse than I was the last month...
chiefly arisen from my laying -out in clothes for myself
and wife; viz., for her about £12, and for myself £55.

Samuel Pepys (1633-1703)
    Diary (October 31, 1663)

This Spring-morn I am forty-three years old;
In prime of life, perfection of estate
Bodily, mental, nay, material too,—
My whole of worldly fortunes reach their height.

Robert Browning (1812-1889)
    "Red Cotton Nightcap Country" (1873)

She may very well pass for forty-three
In the dusk with a light behind her.

W.S. Gilbert (1836-1911)
    Trial By Jury, "The Judge's Song", lines 23-24 (1875)

She looked her full forty-three years,
and the little, brown, insignificant looking girl,
whom every one had negleced as a child, had developed
into a grand, stately, graceful-looking woman.

Charlotte M. Yonge (1823-1901)
    Cameos, Chapter XXXI (1879)
155) He was a man of forty-five,
Forty-five! In five more
years fifty. Then sixty— then
seventy— then it was finished.
My God— and one still was
so unestablished!
D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930), The Rainbow (1915)
Cited in 100 Years (Wisdom from Famous Writers on Every Year of Your Life),
Joshua Prager (selections) & Milton Glaser (visualizations),
W.W. Norton & Co., New York, 2016
156) Bollingen Series XLIII is Ibn Khaldûn's
The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History (1377);
(Princeton University Press, NJ, 1967)
157) Volume 43 of Time Magazine runs from
January 3, 1944, XLIII, No. 1 George Marshall, Man of the Year)
to June 26, 1944, XLIII, No. 26 (Admiral Spruance)
Jimmy Durante (1-24-1944, XLIII.4)
King George VI (3-6-1944, XLIII.10)
Dr. Vannevar Bush (4-3-1944, XLIII.14)
Lt. Gen. Omar Bradley (5-1-1944, XLIII.18)
Dr. Alexander Fleming (5-15-1944, XLIII.20)
Charles DeGaulle (5-29-1944, XLIII.22)
General Dwight Eisenhower (6-19-1944, XLIII.25)
Photo Source: General George Marshall (time.com)
158) Volume 43 of Dictionary of Literary Biography is titled "American Newspaper
Journalists, 1690-1872" published by Gale Research, Detroit, 544 pages
From the 1690 banning of America's first newspaper after one issue until
the American Revolution, publishers struggled to exercise their right to
print the social, political and economic debates of the day without restraint.
In post-Revolutionary debates over the adoption of the Constitution, states'
rights and the Reconstruction issues that followed the Civil War, newspapers
have continued to serve as a forum for popular (and unpopular) expression.
66 pioneers who created the American press and contributed to its evolution
from a position of complete subjection to authority in the late 17th century to
political & economic independence by the end of the 19th century are profiled
in this DLB volume. 66 entries include: Samuel Adams, Henry Ward Beecher,
James Gordon Bennett, Cassius Marcellus Clay, Frederick Douglass, Benjamin
Franklin, Horace Greeley, Sara Jane Clarke Lippincott, Thomas Paine,
Anne Royall, James Watson Webb and John Peter Zenger.
159) Books with 43 in the Title

Michael Biddick
43 Wine Regions (2018)

Alan Battersby
East 43rd Street (2001)

Mitsutoshi Shimabukuro
Toriko, Vol. 43 (2018)

Hiro Mashima
Fairy Tail 43 (2014)

Antonia Fraser (Ed.) (2015)
43 Writers on Reading
Click on book cover for source of photo image
160) Books, CDs, DVDs with 43 in the Title

Tite Kubo
Bleach: 43 (2012)

Sonia Day (2010)
43 Fun Things to Grow

Kate Perry, et. al.
NOW 43 Audio CD (2012)

Rick Steves (2005)
All 43 Shows DVD

Emma Stone, et. al.
Movie 43 DVD (2013)
Click on book cover for source of photo image

45 in Art, Music, & Film
161)
Krishna Print 43
shows a close up of the
beautiful face of Lord Krishna,
the highest object of meditation.
Darshan Art Gallery featuring 122 paintings
of Lord Krishna. Source: Krishna (stephen-knapp.com)
162) Woodblock Print 43 of 100 Views of Edo (1856-1858)
by Japanese painter & printmaker Ando Hiroshige (1797-1858) is titled
"Nihonbashi & Edobashi Bridge" (1857). Notes from Brooklyn Museum:
This print is the first of the summer designs in the series, and like the
first part of the spring group it depicts Nihonbashi, the famous bridge
at the center of downtown Edo. The fish in the bucket at the lower right
represents the famous "first bonito"— a type of tuna— that signified
the beginning of summer. Fishermen competed annually to bring the
earliest catch of the bonito schools to the Edo market, knowing that
they could command outrageous prices. The appeal lay less in the
taste of the fish than in its rarity.
163)
No. 43 (MAUVE) (1960) by Mark Rothko (1903-1970)
is an oil painting on canvas 91.5" x 69.5"); Collection of Alice Lawrence.
Through its shadowy veils of color, Rothko's majestic painting No. 43
(MAUVE) succeeds in evoking both this crepuscular atmosphere and
resonant emotional affect that the artist so highly valued. The nocturnal
palette of No. 43 (MAUVE) evokes a sense of the unfathomable. The dark
central passages that float against the canvas can at times seem to recede
inward, suggesting the infinite space of a void.
Source: No. 43 (MAUVE) (alaintruong.com)
164) SP2 #43 (2017) is a 36"x96" acrylic painting on canvas
by contemporary Canadian artist Peter Triantos.
The painting shows splashes of red, blue, yellow
streaks streaming like turbulent ocean waves.
Photo Source: SP2 #43 (petertriantos.com)
165) Johann Sebastian Bach's Church Cantata #43 (BWV 43)
"God goes up with jubilation" was composed composed it in Leipzig
for the Feast of the Ascension and first performed it on 30 May 1726.
It begins with a quotation from Psalm 47
The cantata is festively scored for four vocal soloists
(soprano, alto, tenor and bass), a four-part choir,
three trumpets, timpani, two oboes, two violins,
viola and basso continuo.
166) Joseph Haydn's Symphony #43 in E-flat major major (1771).
Since the 19th century it has been referred to by the subtitle
"Mercury". It is scored for two oboes, bassoon, two horns
nd strings. The work is in four movements: Allegro,
Adagio in Ab major, Menuet & Trio, Allegro.
H. C. Robbins Landon describes the slow movement
"as a chamber symphony opens with muted strings".
It is the only movement of any of Haydn's symphonies
to be in the key of A♭ major.
167) Beethoven's Opus #43 is The Creatures of Prometheus,
a ballet composed in 1801 following the libretto of
Salvatore Viganò. It premiered on 28 March 1801
at the Burgtheater in Vienna and was given 28
performances. It was premiered in New York
at the Park Theatre on 14 June 1808. It is the
only full length ballet by Beethoven. Prometheus
stole fire from Zeus to give to mankind as well as
teach them art, music, and science (YouTube)
168) Frederic Chopin's Opus #43
is Tarantelle in A-flat major.
It is a short piano piece in
tarantella form, written in
June 1841 and published
in October 1841. It takes
about 3 minutes to play.
(YouTube: Artur Rubinstein)
Image Source: Chopin Op. 43 (allmusic.com)
169) Johannes Brahms' Opus 43 is Four Songs (Lieder)
for voice and piano were composed
between 1857 and 1864, and first
published in 1868. Average duration
of the whole set is 15 minutes.
Image Source: Brahms Op. 43 (amazon.com)
170) Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Opus #43
is Orchestral Suite No. 1. Written in 1878-1879.
It was premiered on December 20, 1879 at a
Russian Musical Society concert in Moscow,
conducted by Nikolai Rubinstein. The piece
is dedicated to Tchaikovsky's patroness,
Nadezhda von Meck. (YouTube)
Image Source: Tchaikovsky Op. 43 (deezer.com)
171) Sergei Rachmaninoff's Opus #43
is Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini. The work was written
at his summer home, the Villa Senar in Switzerland,
according to the score, from July 3 to August 18, 1934.
The piece is scored for solo piano and piccolo, 2 flutes,
2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets in Bb, 2 bassoons,
4 horns in F, 2 trumpets in C, 3 trombones, tuba,
timpani, triangle, snare drum, cymbals, bass drum,
glockenspiel, harp and strings. (YouTube)
Image Source: Rachmaninoff Op. 43 (gb.napster.com)
172) Jean Sibelius's Opus #43
is Symphony #2 in D major.
It was started in winter 1901
in Rapallo, Italy, shortly after
the successful premiere of the popular
Finlandia, and finished in 1902 in Finland.
Sibelius said, "My second symphony is a
confession of the soul." (YouTube: Ormandy)
Image Source: Sibelius Op. 43 (discogs.com)
173) Hymn 43 is a song by British progressive rock group Jethro Tull.
It is off their Aqualung album and was released as a single by
Reprise Records (3-19-1971). The song reached No. 91 on the
Billboard Hot 100. Songwriter Ian Anderson described song
as "a blues for Jesus, about the gory, glory seekers who use
his name as an excuse for a lot of unsavoury things. Lyrics
"Hymn 43"
: "Our Father high in heaven, smile down upon
your son / Who is busy with his money games— his women
and his gun / Oh Jesus save me." Image: Hymn 43 (wikipedia.org)
174) Room 43 aka Passport to Shame is a 1958 British drama film directed by Alvin Rakoff, written by Patrick Alexander and starring Diana Dors and Herbert Lom. It's about a French girl getting mixed up in a life of prostitution, "This was not a low budget film," said director Alvin Rakoff, "this was a lowest budget film." When the lighting cut-out during a key scene, the filming had to continue. The film itself is remarkable for the introduction of new talent. Michael Caine in a role so small he is not credited. He had, like Sean Connery and others, previously worked as walk-ons with the director. Jackie Collins, later an acclaimed novelist and the sister of Joan, played one of many prostitutes. Joan Sims appeared, also un-credited.
175) Movie 43 is a 2013 American anthology comedy film co-directed and produced by
Peter Farrelly, and written by Rocky Russo and Jeremy Sosenko among others.
The film features fourteen different storylines, each one by a different director.
The film took almost a decade to get into production as most studios rejected
the script, which was eventually picked up by Relativity Media for $6 million.
Released on 1-25-2013, Movie 43 was panned by critics, with Richard Roeper
calling it "the Citizen Kane of awful", joining others who labeled it as one of
the worst films of all time. Film won 3 awards at the 34th Golden Raspberry
Awards, including Worst Picture. Cast include Dennis Quaid, Greg Kinnear,
Common, Charlie Saxton, Will Sasso, Odessa Rae, and Seth MacFariane.
176) 43rd Academy Awards were presented on April 15, 1971, at the Dorothy
Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, to honor the best films of 1970. Awards
presentation, hosting duties were handled by 34 "Friends of Oscar". During
this ceremony that George C. Scott became first actor to reject an Oscar.
Best Picture: Patton (Frank McCarthy, producer);
Best Director: Franklin J. Schaffner for Patton;
Best Actor: George C. Scott for Patton (Declined);
Best Actress: Glenda Jackson for Women in Love
Best Supporting Actor: John Mills for Ryan's Daughter;
Best Supporting Actress:: Helen Hayes for Airport;
Best Special Effects: A. D. Flowers for Tora! Tora! Tora!.

45 in the Bible
177) 43 occurs in the Bible 3 times:
These are the families of the Reubenites:
and they that were numbered of the were 43,730.
Numbers, 26.7 (1452 BC)
The children of Kirjatharim, Cephirah, and Beeroth, 743.
Ezra, 2:25 (536 BC)
The men of Kirjathjearim, Cephirah, and Beeroth, 743.
Nehemiah, 7:29 (536 BC)
The Complete Concordance to the Bible (New King James Version)
Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN (1983), p. 325
178) 43rd word of the King James Version of the Bible's Old Testament Genesis = Let
1: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2: And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
    And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3: And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
    And the evening and the morning were the first day.
    — Genesis I:1-3 (translated 1611)
179) In the 43rd Psalm, Prophet David promises to serve God joyfully:
  1. Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation:
      O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.
  3. O send out thy light and thy truth: let them lead me;
      let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles.
  4. Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God my exceeding joy:
      yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O God my God.
  5. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me?
      hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.
      — Psalms 43 (1023 BC),
180) Isaiah: Ch. 43: The Lord comforts the church with his promises (912 BC)
43:1 But now thus saith the Lord that created thee, O Jacob,
and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed
thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine.
43:2 When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and
through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest
through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
43:15 I am the Lord, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King.
43:19 Behold, I will do a new thing; now it shall spring forth; shall ye not know it?
I will even make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.
181) Jeremiah: Ch. 43: Johanan carries Jeremiah into Egypt (588 BC)
43:1 And it came to pass, that when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking unto
all the people all the words of the Lord their God, for which the Lord their God
had sent him to them, even all these words,
43:12 And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn
them, and carry them away captives: and he shall array himself with the land of Egypt,
as a shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace.
182) Ezekiel: Ch. 43: The glory of God returns to the temple (574 BC)
43:1 Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east:
43:2 And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east:
and his voice was like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory.
43:4 And the glory of the Lord came into the house by the way of the gate
whose prospect is toward the east.
43:5 So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court;
and, behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house.
43:26 Seven days shall they purge the altar and purify it;
and they shall consecrate themselves
183) 43rd Book of Enoch describes Astronomical secrets revealed:
1. And I saw other lightnings and the stars of heaven, and I saw how
    He called them all by their names and they hearkened unto Him.m
2. And I saw how they are weighed in a righteous balance according
    to their proportions of light: (I saw) the width of their spaces and the
    day of their appearing, and how their revolution produces lightning:
    and (I saw) their revolution according to the number of the angels,
    and (how) they keep faith with each other.
3. And I asked the angel who went with me who showed me
    what was hidden: 'What are these?
4. And he said to me: 'The Lord of Spirits hath showed thee their parabolic
    meaning (lit. 'their parable'): these are the names of the holy who dwell
    on the earth and believe in the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.'

Book of Enoch, XLIII.1-9 (circa 105 B.C.-64 B.C.)
     translated by R. H. Charles, S.P.C.K., London, 1917, p. 62
184) 43rd Saying of Gospel of Thomas:
His disciples said to him, "Who are you to say these things to us?"
"You don't understand who I am from what I say to you.
Rather, you have become like the Judeans, for they love the tree
but hate its fruit, or they love the fruit but hate the tree."

Gospel of Thomas Saying #43 (114 sayings of Jesus, circa 150 A.D.)
     (trans. Marvin Meyer, 1992; adapted by Elaine Pagels, Beyond Belief, p. 238)
185) Chapter 43 of Pistis Sophia (circa 150 A.D.):
When then Jesus had said this, he said unto his disciples: "Who hath ears to hear, let him hear."
Mary started forward again, stepped into the midst, placed herself by Philip and said unto Jesus:
"My Lord, my in-dweller of light hath ears, and I am ready to hear with my power, and I have
understood the word which thou hast spoken. Now, therefore, my Lord, hearken that I may
discourse in openness, thou who hast said unto us: 'Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.'
  1. Light of my salvation, I sing praise unto thee in the region of the height and again in the chaos.
  3. For my power is filled up with darkness, and my light hath gone down into the chaos.
  4. I am myself become as the rulers of the chaos, who are gone into the darknesses below;
      I am become as a material body, which hath no one in the height who will save it.
11. Will they not utter the mystery of thy name in the chaos?
13. But I have sung praises unto thee, O Light, and my repentance will reach unto thee in the height.
14. Let thy light come upon me,
15. For they have taken my light, and I am in pain on account of the Light from the time
      when I was emanated. And when I had looked into the height to the Light, then I looked
      down below at the light-power in the chaos; I rose up and went down.

Pistis Sophia, Chapter 43
     ((Translated by Violet MacDermott, Edited by Carl Schmidt,
     (Nag Hammadi Studies, IX: Pistis Sophia, E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1978, pp. 59-61)
186) In Chapter 43 of The Aquarian Gospel, Jesus and Ashbina visit Babylon;
The two masters remain in company seven days. Jesus arrives in Nazareth.
His mother gives a feast in his honour. He tells them of his journeys
  1. The ruined Babylon was near, and Jesus and the sage went
      through her gates and walked among her fallen palaces.
  5. And Jesus lifted up his hand and said, Behold the grandeur of the works of man!
  6. The king of Babylon destroyed the temple of the Lord in old Jerusalem; he burned
      the holy city, bound in chains my people and my kin, and brought them here as slaves.
  7. But retribution comes; for whatsoever men shall do to other men
      the righteous Judge will do to them.
  8. The sun of Babylon has gone down; the songs of pleasure
      will be heard no more within her walls.
11. Then Jesus spoke and said, Behold this monument of folly and of shame.
12. Man tried to shake the very throne of God, and he assayed to build a tower
      to reach to heaven, when, lo, his very speech was snatched away,
      because in lofty words he boasted of his power.
17. Then Jesus went his way, and after many days he crossed the Jordan
      to his native land. At once he sought his home in Nazareth.
      have all been cured, these waters will be just as powerful for me.
18. His mother's heart was filled with joy; she made a feast for him,
      inviting all her kindred and her friends.
21. And Jesus called aside his mother and her sister, Miriam,
      iand told them of his journey to the East.
22. He told them of the lessons he had learned, and of the works
      that he had done. To others he told not the story of his life.
The Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ, Chapter 43
     Transcribed from the Akashic Records by Levi H. Dowling
     DeVorss & Co., Santa Monica, CA, 1908, Reset 1964, pp. 82-83

45 in Books on Philosophy and Religion
187)

Book of the Dead cover
Chapter 43
for preventing a man's decapitation in the God's Domain
in The Papyrus of Ani, Egyptian Book of the Dead:
"I am a Great One, the son of a Great One,
I am a flame, the son of a flame, to whom
was given his head after it had been cut off.
The head of Osiris shall not be taken from him,
and my head shall not be taken from me.
I am knit together, just and young,
for I indeed am Osiris, the Lord of Eternity."
Egyptian Book of the Dead: Book of Going Forth by Day
    Complete Papyrus of Ani, Chapter 43, Plate 17 (circa 1250 B.C.)
    (translated by Raymond Faulkner), Chronicle Books, San Francisco, 1994
    Image Sources:: Book Cover (wisdomportal.com)
188) Hymn 43 in Book 3 of the Rig Veda is a song to Indra, the God of Strength:
1. MOUNTED upon thy chariot-seat approach us: thine is the Soma-draught from days aforetime.
    Loose for the sacred grass thy dear companions. These men who bring oblation call thee hither.
2. Come our true Friend, passing by many people; come with thy two Bay Steeds to our devotions;.
    For these our hymns are calling thee, O Indra, hymns formed for praise, soliciting thy friendship.
3. Pleased, with thy Bay Steeds, Indra, God, come quickly to this our sacrifice that heightens worship;
    For with my thoughts, presenting oil to feed thee, I call thee to the feast of sweet libations.
6. Yoked to thy chariot, led thy tall Bays, Indra, companions of thy banquet, bear thee hither,,
    Who from of old press to heaven's farthest limits, the Bull's impetuous and well-groomed Horses.
7. Drink of the strong pressed out by strong ones, Indra, that which the Falcon brought thee when thou longedst;
    In whose wild joy thou stirrest up the people, in whose wild joy thou didst unbar the cow-stalls.
8. Call we on Indra, Makhavan, auspicious, best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered;
    The Strong, who listens, who gives aid in battles, who slays the Vṛtras, wins and gathers riches.
Rig Veda Book 3, 43.1-3. 6-8 (circa 1500 B.C.)
189) 43rd Hexagram of the I Ching: Kuai/Break-through (Resoluteness) (1000 B.C.)
Upper Trigram: Tui, The Joyous, Lake
Lower Trigram: Ch'ien, The Creative, Heaven
THE JUDGMENT:
Break-through: One must resolutely make
the matter known at the court of the king.
It must be announced truthfully. Danger.
It is necessary to notify one's own city.
It does not further to resort to arms.
It furthers one to undertake something.
THE IMAGE:
The lake has risen up to heaven:
the image of Break-Through.
Thus the superior man
dispenses riches downward
and refrains from resting on his virtue.
I Ching: The Book of Changes, Wilhelm/Baynes translation,
Princeton University Press, 3rd Ed., 1968, pp. 166-167
Image Source:: Hexagram 43 (psychic-revelation.com)
190)
Lao Tzu (604-517 BC), Tao Te Ching, Verse 43:

The gentlest thing in the world
overcomes the hardest thing in the world.
That which has no substance
enters where there is no space.
This shows the value of non-action.
Teaching without words,
performing without actions:
that is the Master's way.

— translated by Stephen Mitchell
    Tao Te Ching, Harper Perennial, N.Y. (1994)

Lao Tzu
(604 B.C.-517 B.C.)
Chinese silk painting
from British Museum
191) Lao Tzu (604-517 BC), Hua Hu Ching Verse 43:
In ancient times, people lived holistic lives. They didn't overemphasize the intellect,
but integrated mind, body, and spirit in all things. This allowed them to become masters
of knowledge rather than victims of concepts. If a new invention appeared, they looked for
the troubles it might cause as well as the shortcuts it offered. They valued old ways that
had been proven effective, and they valued new ways if they could be proven effective.
If you want to stop being confused, then emulate these ancient folk: join your body,
mind, and spirit in all you do. Choose food, clothing, and shelter that accords with
nature. Rely on your own body for transportation. Allow your work and your
recreation to be one and the same. Do exercise that develops your whole being
and nor just your body. Listen to music that bridges the three spheres of your being.
Choose leaders for their virtue rather than their wealth or power. Serve others and
cultivate yourself simultaneously. Understand that true growth comes from meeting
and solving the problems of life in a way that is harmonizing to yourself and to others.
If you can follow these simple old ways, you will be continually renewed.

(translated by Brian Walker, Hua Hu Ching: Unknown Teachings of Lao Tzu,
Harper San Francisco 1992)
192)
Confucius (551 BC-479 BC), Confucian Analects, Book 14, Chapter 43
43:1 Tsze=chang said, "What is meant when the Shu says
that Kao-tsung, while observing the usual impeerial mourning,
was for three years without speaking?"
43:2 The Master said, "Why must Kao-tsung be referred to as
an example of this? The ancients all did so. When the sovereign
died, the officers all attended to their several duties, taking
instructins from the prime minister for three years."
Confucius (551 BC-479 BC), Confucian Analects, 14:43
translated by James Legge (1893); Hong Kong Edition (1962), p. 130
Note: A. Charles Muller lists above in Confucian Analects 14:40

China #741 Confucius
(issued 8-27-1946)
193) Verse 43 of Pythagoras's Golden Verses:
If in this examination thou find that thou hast
done amiss, reprimand thyself severely for it.

Pythagoras (580-500 B.C.), Golden Verses, Verse 43
(translated by A.E.A., Collectanea Hermetica, Vol. V, 1894)
reprinted in Percy Bullock, The Dream of Scipio, Aquarian Press,
Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, UK, 1983, p. 55
194) Aphorism 43 of Symbols of Pythagoras:
Coelestibus, imparia sacrificato; inferis vero paria.
Sacrifice an odd number to the Celestial Gods,
and to the Infernal an even number. — Dacier
Odd numbers cannot be halved and so were considered
the most perfect; even numbers could be equally divided.
Deity was typified by Unity, and Matter by the Dyad.
Pythagoras (580-500 B.C.), Symbols of Pythagoras
(translated by Sapere Aude, Collectanea Hermetica, Vol. V, 1894)
reprinted in Percy Bullock, The Dream of Scipio, Aquarian Press,
Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, UK, 1983, p. 78
195) Fragment 43 of Heraclitus (540 B.C.-480 B.C.):
Soul is the vaporization out of which everything
else is derived; moreover it is the least corporeal
of things and is in ceaseless flux, for the moving
world can only be known by what is in motion.

— Philip Wheelwright, Heraclitus,
Athenum, New York (1964), p. 58
Originally published by Princton University Press, 1959
Romania #1442, 10 Bani stamp honoring 2500th anniversary
of birth of Heraclitus of Ephesus (issued October 25, 1961)
Image Source: Heraclitus Romanian Stamp (stampsoftheworld.co.uk)
196) Section 43 of Plato's Philebus— Socrates to Protarchus on pleasure & pain:
You are perfectly right. But I expect you are going to tell me
that we are assured by the wise that one of these processes
must always be going on in us, since all thing are always
flowing up and down (43a). Great changes cause us pains
and pleasures, but moderate and small ones cause
no pain or pleasure whatsoever.
(43c).
Plato (428-348 BC), Philebus 43a, 43c (360 BC)
(trans. R. Hackforth), Edited by Edith Hamilton & Huntington Cairns,
Plato: The Collected Dialogues, Bollingen Series LXXI,
Princeton University Press, 1961, pp. 1123-1124
197) Section 43 of Plato's Timaeus— Timaeus to Socrates on the creator of the universe:
Create a very great and mighty movement; uniting with
the ever-flowing stream in stirring up and violently shaking
the courses of the soul... the three double intervals [between 1, 2, 4, 8]
and the three triple intervals [between 1, 3, 9, 27], together with
the mean terms and connecting links which are expressed by the ratios
3:2 and 4:3 and of 9:8— these, although they cannot be wholly undone
except by him who created them... the revolutions of the soul

Plato (428-348 BC), Timaeus 43de (360 BC)
(trans. Benjamin Jowett), Edited by Edith Hamilton & Huntington Cairns,
Plato: The Collected Dialogues, Bollingen Series LXXI,
Princeton University Press, 1961, p. 1172
198) 43rd Verse of Buddha's Dhammapada: Canto III— The Mind
Neither father nor mother, nor any other kindred,
can confer greater benefit than does the well-directed mind.

Dhammapada Verse 43 (240 B.C.)
(translated by Harischandra Kaviratna, Dhammapada: Wisdom of the Buddha, 1980)
199) 43rd Verse of Chapter 2 of Bhagavad Gita
(Krishna's lecture to Arjuna on karma yoga):
Their soul is warped with selfish desires, and their heaven
is a selfish desire. They have prayers for pleasures and power,
the reward of which is earthly rebirth.
(2:43)
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2, Verse 43
(Translated by Juan Mascaro, Penguin Books, 1962, p. 52)
200) 43rd Verse of Chapter 3 of Bhagavad Gita
(Krishna's lecture to Arjuna on karma yoga):
Know Him therefore who is above reason; and let his peace give thee peace.
Be a warrior and kill desire, the powerful enemy of the soul.
(3:43)
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2, Verse 43
(Translated by Juan Mascaro, Penguin Books, 1962, p. 60)
201) 43rd Verse of Chapter 11 of Bhagavad Gita
(Krishna's lecture to Arjuna on karma yoga):
Father of all. Master supreme. Power supreme in all the worlds.
Who is like thee? Who is beyond thee?
(11:43)
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2, Verse 43
(Translated by Juan Mascaro, Penguin Books, 1962, p. 93)
202) 43rd Verse of Chapter 18 of Bhagavad Gita
(Krishna's lecture to Arjuna on renunciation & surrender):
These are the words of a Kshatriya: a heroic mind, inner fire, constancy,
resourcefulness, courage in battle, generosity and noble leadership. (18:43)
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18, Verse 43
(Translated by Juan Mascaro, Penguin Books, 1962, p. 119)
203) 43rd Verse in Chapter 18 of Ashtavakra Gita
(Sage Ashtavakra's dialogue with King Janaka):
Those of dull intellect meditate upon the Atman as
Pure and One-without-a-second, but they do not realize It.
Through delusion they remain unhappy as long as they live.

Ashtavakra Gita Chapter 18, Verse 43 (circa 400 B.C.)
Translated by Swami Chinmayananda (1972), pp. 303-304
Online translation by John Henry Richards (2015)
204) 43rd Aphroism Patanjali's Yoga Sutra:
Distinctive (wordless) thought-transformation is that in which
the mind shines out as the object alone on the cessation of memory,
and is as it were devoid of its own nature.

Patanjali (circa 200 B.C.), Yoga Sutra I.43: Aphroism 43 (circa 200 B.C.)
translated by Rama Prasada, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi, 1998, p. 71
205) 43rd Aphroism in Book 4 of Marcus Aurelius's Meditations:
Time is a river, the restless flow of all created things. One thing no
sooner comes in sight than it is hurried past and another is borne along,
only to be swept away in its turn.
43rd Aphroism in Book 6:
Does the sun think to do the rain's work? Or Asclepius that of Demeter?
And how is it with the stars? Are they not all different, yet all work in
concert to the one end?
43rd Aphroism in Book 8: To each his own
felicity. For me, soundness of my sovereign faculty, reason; no shrinking
from mankind and is vicissitudes; the ability to survey and accept all
things with a kindly eye, and to deal with them according to their deserts.

Marcus Aurelius (121-180), Meditations
4:43, 6:43, 8:43: Aphroism 43 (circa 161-180)
translated by Maxwell Staniforth, Penguin Books,
Baltimore, MD, 1964, pp. 73, 101, 130
Image Source: Marcus Aurelius (rationalwalk.com)
206) 43rd Trigraph of the Ling Ch'i Ching: Ch'iang Sheng/ Strongly Flourishing.
Strongly Flourishing
The image of being sustained by the masses.
Three yang at the pinnacle of flourishing.
Ch'ien (Heaven) * Northwest.
Oracle:
The masses flourish and are moreover strong,
already having become rich and prosperous.
If they are employed to establish achievements,
no one will be able to withstand them.
Verse:
Having crossed a dangerous bridge, the hundred affairs are settled.
Why overly trouble yourself about hardship and difficulty?
The flood dragons gain their desire, flourishing the clouds and rain,
Once you ascend to the celestial realm, nothing is ordinary!
—Tung-fang Shuo,
Ling Ch'i Ching (circa 222-419)
(trans. Ralph D. Sawyer & Mei-Chün Lee Sawyer, 1995, p. 115)
207) Text 43 of On Prayer: 153 Texts
of Evagrios the Solitary (345-399 AD)
Conscious awareness of prayer is concentration
accompanied by reverence, compunction and distress
of soul as it confesses its sins with inward sorrow.

The Philokalia (4th-15th century AD),
translated by F.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, & Kallistos Ware,
Faber & Faber, London, 1979, pp. 60-61)
208) Text 43 of On Those who Think that They are Made Righteous by Works: 226 Texts
of Saint Mark the Ascetic (early 5th century AD)
If we are under an obligation to perform daily all the good
actions of which our nature is capable, what do we have
left over to give to God in repayment for our past sins.

The Philokalia (4th-15th century AD),
translated by F.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, & Kallistos Ware,
Faber & Faber, London, 1979, p. 129)
209) Text 43 of On Watchfulness and Holiness
of Saint Hesychios the Priest (circa 7th century AD)
Just as a child, young and guileless, delights in seeing a conjuror and in his innocence
follows him about, so our soul, simple and good because created thus by its Master,
delights in the delusive provocations of the devil. Once deceived it pursues something
sinister as though it were good, just as a dove is lured away by the enemy of her children.
In this way its thoughts become entwined in the fantasy provoked by the devil, whether this
happens to be a beautiful woman's face or some other thing forbidden by the commandments
of Christ. Then, seeking to contrive some means through which it can actually attain
what attracts it, the soul assents to the provocation and, to its own condemnation,
turns this unlawful mental fantasy into a concrete action by means of the body.
The Philokalia (4th-15th century AD),
translated by F.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, & Kallistos Ware,
Faber & Faber, London, 1979, pp. 169-170)
210) Text 43 of On Spiritual Knowledge and Discrimination: 100 Texts
of Saint Diadochos of Photiki (400-486 AD)
Those pursuing the spiritual way should train themselves to hate all uncontrolled desires
until this hatred becomes habitual. With regard to self-control in eating, we must never feel
loathing for any kind of food, for to do so is abominable and utterly demonic. It is emphatically
not because any kind of food is bad in itself that we refrain from it. But by not eating too much
or too richly we can to some extent keep in check the excitable parts of our body. In addition
we can give to the poor what remains over, for this is the mark of sincere love.

The Philokalia (4th-15th century AD),
translated by F.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, & Kallistos Ware,
Faber & Faber, London, 1979, p. 266) Full Text; Google Text
211) Text 43 of For the Encouragement of the Monks in India who had Written to Him: 100 Texts
of Saint John of Karpathos (circa 680 AD)
Do not forget what St Paul says: 'I fear lest, after preaching to others, I myself should be cast away'
(1 Cor. 9: 27); 'Let anyone who thinks he stands firm take care lest he fall' (1 Cor. 10:12); 'You, who
are spiritual... look to yourself, in case you also are tempted' (Gal. 6:1). Remember how Solomon,
after receiving so much grace, turned aside to wickedness (cf. 1 Kgs. 1 1 : 1-8); remember how
St. Peter unexpectedly denied his Lord. If you allow yourself to forget all this, you will grow
over-confident because of your spiritual knowledge; you will become boastful about your way
of life and complacent because of your many years of strict asceticism, and so will give way to
pride. Do not become puffed up, my brother, but continue in fear until your last breath, even
though you should live as long as Moses. Pray in these words: 'Lord, cast me not off in the
time of my old age; forsake me not when my strength fails; God my Savior, my praise shall
be continually of Thee' (cf. Ps. 71 :6, 9).

The Philokalia (4th-15th century AD),
translated by F.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, & Kallistos Ware,
Faber & Faber, London, 1979, p. 307)
212) Text 43 of On the Character of Men: 170 Texts
of Saint Anthony of Egypt (251-356 AD)
The man of intelligence, being deeply concerned for participation in the divine and union
with it, will never become engrossed with anything earthly or base, but has his intellect
always turned towards the heavenly and eternal. And he knows it is God's will that
man should be saved, this divine will being the cause of all that is good and the source
of the eternal blessings granted to men.

The Philokalia (4th-15th century AD),
translated by F.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, & Kallistos Ware,
Faber & Faber, London, 1979, p. 335)
213) 43rd Verse of Chapter 3 in Lankavatara Sutra:
My Prajna has nothing to do with the two vehicles, it excludes
the world of being; that of the Sravakas evolves from their
attachment to the world of beings; the Tathagata's Prajna
is spotless because of its being in accord with Mind-only.

The Lankavatara Sutra (before 443 AD)
(translated from the Sanskrit by D. T. Suzuki, 1932, pp. 26, 136-137)
214) Names of Allah: 43rd name is At-Raqeeb: The Watcher, The Watchful,
The One that nothing is absent from Him. Hence it's meaning
is related to the attribute of Knowledge.
215) Chapter 43 of Mohammed's Holy Koran is titled "Ornaments of Gold"
[43.1] Ha Mim.
[43.2] I swear by the Book that makes things clear:.
[43.3] Surely We have made it an Arabic Quran that you may understand..
[43.4] And surely it is in the original of the Book with Us, truly elevated, full of wisdom..
[43.9] And if you should ask them, Who created the heavens and the earth?
they would most certainly say: The Mighty, the Knowing One, has created them;.
[43.14] And surely to our Lord we must return..
[43.27] Save Him Who created me, for surely He will guide me..
[43.43] Therefore hold fast to that which has been revealed to you; surely you are on the right path..
[43.64] Surely Allah is my Lord and your Lord, therefore serve Him; this is the right path:.
[43.70] Enter the garden, you and your wives; you shall be made happy..
[43.82] Glory to the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of power, from what they describe..
[43.84] And He it is Who is God in the heavens and God in the earth; and He is the Wise, the Knowing..
[43.89] So turn away from them and say, Peace, for they shall soon come to know..
— Mohammed, Holy Koran Chapter 43 (7th century AD)
(translated by M. H. Shakir, Koran, 1983)
216) 43rd Verse of Chapter 5 in Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara:
Whoever, having been enlightened, commences to act, ought to think
of nothing else. Insofar as this can be accomplished it is by means
of applying one's entire being.

Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara: Entering the Path of Enlightenment
V.43 (Guarding of Total Awareness: Samprajanyaraksana) (circa 700 AD)
(translated by Marion L. Matics, Macmillan, London, 1970, p. 166)
217) 43rd Verse of Chapter 7 in Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara:
His sword and my body are the double means of making sorrow.
The sword is seized by him, the body by me: Against which is one angry?

Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara: Entering the Path of Enlightenment
VI.43 (Perfection of Patience: Ksanti-paramita) (circa 700 AD)
(translated by Marion L. Matics, Macmillan, London, 1970, p. 177)
218) 43rd Verse of Chapter 7 in Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara:
but wherever turns the desire if the evil-doer for happiness, there,
because of his evils, he is smitten with swords of sorrow.

Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara: Entering the Path of Enlightenment
VII.43 (Perfection of Strength: Virya-paramita) (circa 700 AD)
(translated by Marion L. Matics, Macmillan, London, 1970, p. 190)
219) 43rd Verse of Chapter 9 in Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara:
Whatever reasons make them respected, apply these to the Mahayana.
If the truth of that which is valid to both of us depends upon anyone
else, then the Vedas, and the like, are true.

Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara: Entering the Path of Enlightenment
IX.43 (Perfection of Wisdom: Prajña-paramita) (circa 700 AD)
(translated by Marion L. Matics, Macmillan, London, 1970, p. 215)
220) 43rd Verse of Chapter 10 in Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara:
May the monks (bhiksus) be those who attain discrimination
and zeal for the discipline (siksa). May they meditate
with thoughts skillful and freed from all distraction.

Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara: Entering the Path of Enlightenment
X.43 (Consummation: Parinamana) (circa 700 AD)
(translated by Marion L. Matics, Macmillan, London, 1970, p. 231)
221) Record 43 of Rinzai, aka Linji Yixuan (died 866):
a. The master asked a monk: Where do you come from?
The monk gave a Katsu. The master folded his arms and told him
to sit down. The monk hesitated. Then the master hit him.
b. The master saw a monk coming. He raised his Hossu (fly whisk).
The monk bowed. The master hit him.
c. Again, he saw a monk coming and again raised his Hossu.
The monk did not know what to do. The master hit him.
Rinzai (d. 866), The Zen Teaching of Rinzai
translated with notes by Irmgard Schloegl,
Shambhala, Berkeley, 1976, p. 66
Image Source: Rinzai (greatthoughtstreasury.com)

Rinzai
222)
Koan 43 of Joshu aka Chao-Chou (778-897):
Someone asked: "To be devoid of discriminative knowledge—
what is it like?
Joshu said, "What are you talking about?"
Note The monk is implying tha "discriminative knowledge"
is the opposite of enlightenment or wisdom [prajna].
Joshu avoids the trap of discriminating between the two.
Chao-Chou (778-897), Radical Zen: The Sayings of Joshu
translated with commentary by Yoel Hoffman,
Autumn Press, Brookline, Massachusetts, 1978, p. 28

Joshu
223)
Record 43 of The Wan Ling Record of Zen Master Huang Po
Q: You say that our original nature and the act of seeing into it are one
and the same. This can only be so if that nature is totally undifferentiated. Pray
explain how it is that even allowing that there are no real objects for us to perceive,
nevertheless we do in fact see what is near to us and are unable to see what is far away.
A: This is due to a misunderstanding arising from your own delusions. You cannot
argue that the Universal Nature does in fact contain real objects on the grounds
that 'no real objects to be perceived' would only be true if there were nothing of
the kind we CALL perceptible. The nature of the Absolute is neither perceptible
nor imperceptible; and with phenomena it is just the same. But to one who has
discovered his real nature, how can there be anywhere or anything separate
from it? Thus, the six forms of life arising from the four kinds of birth, together
with the great world-systems of the universe with their rivers and mountains,
are ALL of one pure substance with our own nature. Therefore it is said:
'The perception of a phenomenon is the perception of the Universal Nature,
since phenomena and Mind are one and the same.' It is only because you
cling to outward forms that you come to 'see', 'hear', 'feel' and 'know'
things as individual entities. True perception is beyond your powers
so long as you indulge in these.
    By such means you will fall among the followers of the usual Mahayana
and Theravadin doctrines who rely upon deep PERCEPTION to arrive at a true
understanding. Therefore they see what is near and fail to se what is far away,
but no one on the right path thinks thus. I assure you there is no 'inner' or 'outer',
or 'near' or 'far'. The fundamental nature of all phenomena is close beside you,
but you do not SEE even that; yet you still go on talking of our inability to see
what is far away. What meaning can this sort of talk possibly have?
Huang Po (d. 850)
The Zen Teaching of Huang Po (On the Transmission of Mind)
Translated by John Blofeld, Grove Press, New York, 1958, pp. 118-119
Image Source: Huang Po (1sphere1people.com

Huang Po
224)
Chapter XLIII How Brother Corrado converted a young friar
who was disturbing the monastery
    Brother Corrado da Offida, admirable and zealous follower of
evangelical poverty and of the Rule of St. Francis, led such a religious life
and obtained such merit with God that both in his life and in his death
he was honored by Christ with many miracles.
    Once when still a stranger, he came to the shelter of Offida,
and was begged by the friars in the name of God and charity
to admonish a young friar who was acting so childishly and in so
disordered a manner that he upset both the young & old of that monastery,
    Brother Corrado, out of compassion for that young man
and in answer to the friars' request, called the young man aside and in
perfect charity spoke to him so persuasively and with such holy counsel
that by divine grace he forthwith changed in his habits from a child to
a wise old man. He became benign and solicitous and devout and
peaceful and humble a student of every virtuous practice. Just as
formerly the entire monastery had been troubled by him, so now
everyone was content and comforted by him, and everyone loved
him greatly. But as if pleased God, a few days after this change,
the young man died, bringing grief to the friars.
Saint Francis of Assisi (1181-1226)
The Little Flowers of St. Francis and Other Franciscan Writings
Translation by Serge Hughes, Mentor-Omega Book, New York, 1964, pp. 126-127


225) Case 43 of Mumonkan: Shuzan's Shippei
Shuzan Osho held up a shippei [staff of office] before his disciples
and said, "You monks! If you call this a shippei, you oppose its reality,
If you do not call it a shippei, you ignore the fact. Tell me, you monks,
what will you call it?
Mumon's Comment:
If you call it a shippei, you oppose its reality. If you do not call it a shippei,,
you ignore the fact. Words are not available; silence is not available.
Now, tell me quickly, what is it?
Mumon's Verse:
Holding up the shippei,
He takes life, he gives life.
Opposing and ignoring interweave.
Even Buddha and patriarchs beg for their lives.

Mumon Ekai; (1183-1260), Mumonkan, 43
(translated by Katsuki Sekida, Two Zen Classics, 1977, pp. 124-125)
226) Case 43 of Hekiganroku: Tozan's "No Cold or Heat"
Engo's Introduction: The words which command the universe are obeyed throughout
the ages. The spirit able to quell the tiger amazes even thousands of the holy ones.
His words are matchless, his spirit prevails everywhere. If you want to go through
with your advanced training, you must enter the great master's forge. Tell me,
who could ever show such spirit? See the following.

Main Subject: A monk said to Tozan, "Cold and heat descend upon us. How can
we avoid them?" Tozan said, "Why don't you go where there is no cold or heat?"
The monk said, "Where is the place where there is no cold or heat?"
Tozan said, "When cold, let it be so cold that it kills you;
when hot, let it be so hot that it kills you.

Setcho's Verse:
A helping hand, but still a thousand-fathom cliff;
Sho and Hen; no arbitrary distinction here.
The ancient emerald palace shines in the bright moonlight.
Clever Kanro climbs the steps— and finds it empty.
Setcho (980-1052), Hekiganroku, 43 (Blue Cliff Records)
(translated by Katsuki Sekida, Two Zen Classics, 1977, pp. 265-266)
227) Chang Tsai (1020-1077), Correcting Youthful Ignorance, Section 43:
If one investigates principle to the utmost and fully develops his nature,
then his nature will be in accord with the Principle of Heaven (Nature).
only life, death, and longevity and brevity of life are due to the material
force and cannot be changed... This is why a man of great virtue (sage ruler)
always receives the Mandate of Heaven (T'ien-ming). He is in accord
with the easy and simple Principle of Heaven and Earth, and occupies the
central position in the universe. What is meant by the Principle of Heaven
is the principle which can make the hearts of all people happy and give
free expression to the will of the whole world. As it can make the world
happy and free in their expression, the world will all turn to him.
(Wing-Tsit Chan, A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy, 1963, p. 512)
228) Ch'eng Hao (1032-1085), Selected Sayings, "On Understanding
the Nature of Jen (Humanity)" Section 43:
"Heaven and earth have their fixed positions and yet the system of Change
operates in them. Why not say man operates in them? Because man is also
a thing. If we say spirit operates in them, people would look for it only in
spiritual beings. It is also all right to say principle or sincerity operates
in them. Change is purposely mentioned in order that people may silently
remember it and realize for themselves.

(Wing-Tsit Chan, A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy, 1963, p. 537)
229) Ch'eng I (1033-1107), Selected Sayings, Section 43:
Question: What about people who devote all their effort to seriousness in order
to straighten the internal life but make no effort to square the external life?
Answer: What one has inside will necessarily be shown outside. Only worry that
the internal life is not straightened. If it is straightened, then the external life
will necessarily be square.
(Wing-Tsit Chan, A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy, 1963, p. 560)
230) Section 43 of Chu Hsi's Chin-ssu lu:
Master I-Ch'uan [Ch'eng I] said:
The trouble of the student is that his thoughts
are confused and that his mind in not calm
or tranquil. This is a common defect.
He only needs to make up his mind.
After that things will be all right.

Chu Hsi (1130-1200), Reflections on Things at Hand (Chin-ssu lu)
Chapter IV: Preserving One's Mind & Nourshing One's Nature
translated by Wing-Tsit Chan, Columbia University Press, NY, 1967, p. 141
231)
Koan 43 of Master Kido's Every End Exposed
Dim-eyed, Deaf, and Dumb
Never in all his life had Master Shinken had an attendant. A certain
Buddhist scholar asked him, "Your Reverend is advanced in years now.
Why don't you take on a young monk to attend you?" Shinken said,
"If you know of anyone who is dim-eyed, deaf, and dumb, get him
for me." The scholar was speechless.
Master Kido
I can do the sweeping for you.
Master Hakuin
Of what use are the blind?
Plain Saying
I am nothing but a clumsy blockhead, but please feel free to use me.

Kido Chigu
(1185-1269)
aka Xutang Zhiyu
NOTE: Seeing, hearing, and speaking are indispensable for the management
of daily affairs, but it is through these very faculties that "defilement" enters.
There is nothing wrong with the senses themselves; it is only their misuse
that concerns Shinken. He is thus not looking for a saintly, pure person
but for a perfectly simple one. Kido's comment and the plain saying
suggest the simplicity of mind Shinken is seeking. The defiant attitude
of Hakuin's substitute phrase seems to miss the point.
Master Kido (1189-1269), Koan 43,
Every End Exposed (100 Koans
of Master Kido with the Answers of Hakuin-Zen)
Translated with Commentary by Yoel Hoffman,
Autumn Press, Brookline, MA, 1977, p. 66
Image Source: Kido (terebess.hu)
232)
Letter 43 (De anima: On the Soul) of Letters of Marsilio Ficino:
Marsilio Ficino to Bessarion, the Greek, Cardinal of Sabina: greetings.
You are well aware, venerable father, that when our Plato discoursed
on beauty in the Phaedrus with such insight and at such length, it was
beauty of soul he sought from God, which he called wisdom and most
precious gold. When this gold was given to Plato by God, it shone in
him most brilliantly because he was so pure in heart.
    Although this great brilliance is revealed n his words and writings,
yet the treasure became enveloped by darkness in the mind,
and difficult to see, as if covered with a cloak of earth. It lay hidden
from any man who did not have eyes like a lynx. For this reason some
men of narrow learning were once deceived by the outer crust and, since
they could not penetrate to the core, they despised the hidden treasure.
    But when that gold was put into the workshop first of Plotinus then
of Porphyry, Iamblichus, and Proclus, the earth was removed by the
searching test of fire, and the gold so some that it filled the whole world
again with marvelous splendor. But some night owls, it seems were upset
by such bright rays of light, and not only despised the sacred treasure of
our Plato, as some had before, but sinfully even began to abuse it, which
    But Bessarion, the light of the Academy swiftly applied an effective
medicine for these dim and feeble eyes, so that the gold would be not
only pure and shining, but malleable for the hands and harmless to
the sight. This Plato foretold; he said to King Dionysius that a time
would come after many generations, when the mysteries of theology
would be purified by penetrating discussion, as gold is purified by fire.
This time has come indeed. Bessarion! May the spirit of Plato, we, and
all his followers rejoice at this exceedingly! Farewell.
Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), Letter to Bessarion, the Greek
Meditations on the Soul: Selected Letters of Marsilio Ficino,
Inner Traditions, Rochester, VT, 1996, pp. 82-83

Marsilio Ficino
(1433-1499)
233)
Section 43 of Wang Yang Ming's Instructions for Practical Living:
Since Confucius was willing to serve under Duke Ch'e, it must have been
that Ch'e had wholeheartedly trusted Confucius with all the affairs of the
state and listened to his advice, that the Sage, with his eminent virtue and
perfect sincerity, had influenced and transformed him...
According to the Confucian doctrine that the ruler should be a true ruler,
the minister a true minister, the father a true father, and the son a true son,
the names would be correct and language would be in accord with the truth
of things, and then in one stroke one would be able to govern the world.
The meaning of Confucius' doctrine of the rectificatio of names is perhaps this.

Wang Yang Ming (1472-1529),
Instructions for Practical Living or Ch'uan-hsi lu (1518), I.43
translated by Wing-tsit Chan,
Columbia University Press, NY, 1963, pp. 37-38

Wang Yang Ming
Harvard Fogg Museum
234)
Page 43 of The Book of Angelus Silesius (1976):
Eternity is time,
Time, eternity.
To see the two as opposites
is mind's perversity.

Man has two eyes.
One only sees what moves in fleeting time,
the other
what is eternal and divine.
Angelus Silesius (1624-1677),
The Book of Angelus Silesius,
(translated from German by Frederick Franck,
Vintage Books, New York, 1976, p. 43)

Angelus Silesius
aka Johannes Scheffler
235)
43rd Section of Swedenborg's Worlds in Space (1758):
The spirits of Mercury were once seen to the left in a globe, and then
later this stretched out lengthwise to form a roll. I wondered where they
wanted to go, whether it was to this world or somewhere else. Shortly afterwards.
I observed that they were turning to the right and rotating until they approached
the world or planet Venus, at its forward face... From this I was able to infer
that the spirits of Venus who come from that region of the planet agreed with the
spirits of Mercury, since they answer to the memory of material ideas, which agrees
with the memory of non-material ideas to which the spirits of Mercury answer.
Consequently, when they were there, the activity emanating from them was stronger.
Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772), The Worlds in Space, 43
(translated by John Chadwick, Swedenborg Society, London, 1997, p. 44-45)
Image Source: Swedenborg (publicdomainreview.org)

Emanuel Swedenborg
(1688-1772)
236)
Section 43 of Sage Ninomiya's Evening Talks:
"Adaptability"—
In dealing with human affairs, one sometimes has to adapt himself to circumstances.
In other words, one sometimes has to resort to expediency. This is a matter you should
remember. Sages taught us to take up first what is most difficult, but this is a teaching
requiring us, for example, to have wages paid after having disposed of work given us.
It is usual with farmers that when on account of sickness and other obstacles having
occurred to them, tillage and weeding of their fields could not be done in time,
they resume their work by taking up first such fields as are most overgrown with weeds.
In such cases only, however, it is advisable to start by taking up the least weedy field,
leaving those difficult to dispose of to be attended later. This is a very important matter.
If one begins with the most weedy field, it will take much time to finish the work.
Meanwhile weeds will run wild on other less weedy fields, so that they can hardly be
made ready for seeding in time. Accordingly, it is advisable to styart with the least
weedy and easiest field, by preparing oneself not to mind if some of the more difficult
of his fields be run waste. Instead of doing so, if one spends too much time on such fields
as are very difficult to handle, he will incur great losses, because for the sake of a
comparatively small acreage, he will be behind time in attending to his fields as a whole.
Again in bringing wooded land under cultivation, leave stumps of large size untouched
& clear the ground around them. After a few years such stumps will decay by themselves
and may be removed without much labour. On the contrary if one tries to remove them
immediately, much labour is required to little purpose. All things are like this. When one
tries to restore a ruined village or town, he is sure to encounter opposition from some
recalcitrants. Deal with such persons as you do with big stumps. Never mind them, but
ignoring them entirely apply yourself heart & soul to the work you have undertaken,
Sontoku Ninomiya (1787-1856),
Sage Ninomiya's Evening Talks, Section 43
translated by Isoh Yamagata,
The Tokuno Kyokai, Tokyo, 1937, pp. 89-90,

Sontoku Ninomiya
(1787-1856)
237) Aphorism 43 of Franklin Merrell-Wolff's
Philosophy of Consciousness Without an Object (1973)
Ceaseless action is the Universe.

Commentaries: The Universe
or Cosmos is the active phase
or mode of THAT of which
neither Action nor Rest may
be predicated, when
conceived as a totality.


Franklin Merrell-Wolff
Franklin Merrell-Wolff
(1887-1985)
Franklin Merrell-Wolff (1887-1985),
Philosophy of Consciousness Without an Object
(Reflections on the Nature of Transcendental Consciousness)
(Julian Press, NY, 1973, p. 113, p. 247)
238)
Verse 43 in Jack Kerouac's Sutra,
Scripture of the Golden Eternity (1960):
Even in dreams be kind, because anyway
there is no time, no space, no mind.
"It's all not-born," said Bankei of Japan,
whose mother heard this from her son
did what we call "died happy." And even
if she had died unhappy, dying unhappy
is not really dying unhappy, it's the golden
eternity. It's impossible to exist, it's impossible
to be persecuted, it's impossible to miss your reward.
Jack Kerouac (1922-1969)
The Scripture of the Golden Eternity
Totem/Corinth Book, NY, 1970, p. 42
239) Chapter 43 of Wei Wu Wei's Ask the Awakened (1963) is titled "The Gateway":
Perhaps nothing more significant has ever been said than the simple statement of Hui Neng:
'From the beginning not a thing is.' Its greatness, strange to say, has always been recognized,
and we all know it, for it has the simplicity of Truth. But we forget that in that statement reality
also is excluded from being, for it too is a 'thing', a concept, and the word 'real' can be added to
the last word without affecting the meaning of the declaration.
    Have we understood how important it is to realize that there is no such thing as reality in our
universe that reality is not, does not exist for us, for speaking of it as though it were something
leads us astray and confirms us in error, plunging us deeper in the abyss of ignorance.
    All there can be for us is non-reality, and the counterpart of that we can not know. Why?
Obviously because there never was, is not, and never will be anything 'outside' ourselves, any 'thing' at all
or any idea that could exist of itself, in its own right, which would be necessary in order that it should be real.
Nothing objective can be. Even subject cannot be, for, in being recognized as subject, it thereby becomes an object.
    Of course we can speak of Subjectivity, Absolute, Mind Only, pure Consciousness, as symbols, but then symbols
are symbolical of something! In so far as they may be necessary for the communication of ideas we may use these
words as indications, as pointers, and 'reality' also, but we would do well not to forget that Huang Po, after a long
dessertation on 'Mind', ended his discourse by casually pointing out that of course there was not really any such
thing. That surely was the culminating point, the essential, of his dissertation.
    Let us follow his inestimable lead, here as always— for he was one of the greatest
and clearest of awakened teachers; only Non-'reality' is, and it is the Gateway.
Wei Wu Wei (1895-1986), Open Secret (1965), pp. 66-67 (Archive, Ask the Awakened)
240)

        Paul Brunton
          (1898-1981)

Notebooks of Paul Brunton
Volume XVI, Paras #43
from various chapters
Volume 16:
Enlightened Mind,
Divine Mind

Larson Publications
Burdett, NY, 1988,
Part 1:
pp. 8, 36, 82, 155, 195;
Part 2:
pp. 8, 44, 63
Part 3:
p. 9, 19, 29
Part 4:
pp. 8, 26

• Poem: "What a Soap
Box Taught Me
About Sage & Sin"

before my first
meeting with PB
in Montreux
(8-30-1972)
Visit with PB
at his home,
Corseaux sur Vevey
in September 1979
PB Conversation
"Can a Cow Be Self-Realized?" (10-26-78)
Para #43 from Volume 16, Part 1
of Paul Brunton's Enlightened Mind, Divine Mind
Notebooks: "World-Mind in Individual Mind—
    Through the power of the God within the seeker can be led to a higher truth,
or what the Greek thinkers called the Logos can help him to find for himself. (1.43)
    Whereas the glimpse may be a dramatic experience when it first occurs, being
"established" is natural, simple, pleasant but not rapturous, & continuously aware.(2.43)
    There is no democratic equality here. If such a man speaks,
others are entitled only to whisper! (3.43)
    What is the sage's reaction to the cosmos? It is very different from that
of the ignorant who have never asked the question "What am I?" and who may
regard the calm visage of a Yogi as a "frozen face." The sage has no sense of conflict,
no inner division. He has expanded his notion of self until it has embraced the universe
and therefore rightly he may say "the universe is my idea." He may make this strange
utterance because he has so expanded his understanding of mind. Lesser men may
only say "the universe is an idea." (4.43)
    The self-centered neurotic especially, but also various other types, will pressingly
invite you to become involved in his personal affairs. If you accept, you merely
postpone the day when he must learn to handle them for himself. This does not
mean that the wise counsel, the kindly word, may not be dropped here and there,
now and then. But there is always the danger that pressure will be put on you to
repeat yourself constantly, to live in his ego and in his past, present, or future
with your disciple.. (5.43)
Para #43 from Volume 16, Part 2 of Paul Brunton's Notebooks: "World-Idea"—
    Just as we find strife, violence, and evil on the surface of human existence
but divinity, harmony, and peace at its core, so we find cruelty, suffering, and malevolence on the surface of the world's existence but intelligent beneficent
purpose at its core. It is ultimately an expression of God's wisdom, power, and love. (1.43)
    A view of the World which fails or refuses to recognize that the opposites are essential
to it, which accepts its beauty but not its ugliness, is not complete and only half true.(3.43)
    We are not just higher animals and nothing more but are possessed of something
that the other animals do not possess--a self-consciousness which can be developed
until it matures into a thinking power as well as a totally superior kind of
awareness— that of the Overself. (4.43)
Para #43 from Volume 16, Part 3 of Paul Brunton's Notebooks: "World-Mind"—
    God must be found as He is in reality, not as He has been in human imagination.(1.43)     Swami Narayananda said, "God is the Subject of all subjects. In one sense He can
never be known. It being the very Subject of all subjects how can we know it?
To know means to objectify a thing, and the Supreme Subject can never become
an object. In another sense, God is more than known to us. For it is our very Self.
What proof do we want for our very existence?". (2.43)
    The World-Mind is forever attempting to reflect its qualities and attributes
in the universe but its success is forever only a very limited one. (3.43)
Para #43 from Volume 16, Part 4 of Paul Brunton's Notebooks: "The Alone"—
    Mind is the essence of all manifested things as World-Mind
and the Mystery behind unmanifest Nothing. (1.43)
    The mystery of That Which Is baffles not only the comprehension
of the ordinary mind but also that of the philosophic mind. (2.43)
241) "Finish What You Start" is Lesson 43
of Subramuniyaswami's Merging with Siva (1999):
    We are not always sitting down concentrating on a flower in the search for the Self.
Once you have decided that Self Realization is the ultimate goal for you, go on living
your normal life. Everything that you do in life can collectively be channeled toward
the ultimate goal, for what you need is a dynamic will. You need a strong willpower.
Willpower is the channeling of all energies toward one given point for a given length
of time. This will can be brought out from within in everything that we do through the day.
It's a powerful will. It's available to everyone. It is channeling the rarefied energies of the
body, of awareness itself, into attention and concentration upon everything that we do
through the day. How do we cultivate the willpower? What do we mean by will? Will
means that if you're going to complete something, you complete it. Finish that which
you begin. Finish it well, beyond your expectations, no matter how long it takes. If you
are going to do something, do it well, no matter if it is a simple task or a complicated one.
If you're going to read a book and intend to finish the book, then read the book, finish the book, & understand
what it had to offer you, for that was the purpose for reading it. It is not developing a strong will by having
a lot of half-finished jobs. It is not developing a strong will by starting out with a bang on a project and then
fizzling out. These only attach awareness to that which it is aware of and lead us into the distraction of thinking
the external mind is real. Then we forget our inner goal of Self Realization because the subconscious becomes
too ramified with, basically, our being disappointed in ourselves, or the willpower being so diversified, or
awareness being so divided in many different ways that whatever we want to do never works out because
there is not enough will, or shove, or centralization of energy, or awareness is not at attention over the project
enough, to make it come into completion. A tremendous will is needed on the path of Self Realization, of drawing
the forces of energy together, of drawing awareness away from that which it is aware of constantly, of finishing
each job that we begin in the material world, and doing it well, so that we are content within ourselves. Make
everything that you do satisfy the inner scrutiny of your inner being. Do a little more than you think that you
are able to do. That brings forth just a little more will.
Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (1927-2001)
Merging with Siva: Hinduism's Contemporary Metaphysics
Himalayan Academy, Kapaa, Hawaii, 1999, pp. 82-84.
242) Koan 43 of Zen Master Seung Sahn— Zen Master To Sol's Three Gates
1. Cutting ignorance grass and sitting Zen is wishing to see nature.
Then where is your nature now?
2. You already understand nature and pass beyond life and death.
When you die, how will you be reborn?
3. You already have freedom over life and death and also understand
where you return to. When the four elements disperse, where do you go?
Commentary: Coming empty-handed, going empty-handed—
that is human. What are empty hands? Where do these empty hands
come from? Who made this? When thinking appears, everything appears.
If you have no thinking, where will you stay? Put it all down. What are
you doing now? If you are thirsty, go drink cold water.
Seung Sahn (1927-2004),
The Whole World Is A Single Flower
365 Kong-ans for Everyday Life
,
Tuttle, Boston, 1992, p. 36

45 in Poetry & Literature
243) Poem 45 of Su Tung-p'o (1036-1101)
is titled "Overgrown Garden Deserted in Fall" (1074):
Overgrown garden deserted in fall
lonely flowers dark in the evening;
the mountain town is far away—
farther still, here beyond the walls,
What did I come for?
I stay awhile to watch cloudy peaks,
Not finding my hardworking poet friend,
what use is the jug of clear wine I brought?


translated by Burton Watson,
Selected Poems of Su Tung-p'o,
Copper Canyon Press, 1994, p. 63)

Su Tung-p'o
(1036-1101)
244) Verse 43 of Rubáiyát, of Omar Khayyam (1048-1122):
So when that Angel of the darker Drink
At last shall find you by the river-brink,
And, offering his Cup, invite your Soul
Forth to your Lips to quaff— you shall not shrink.
(translated by Edward Fitzgerald, London, 1st Ed. 1859, 2nd Ed. 1868)
245) Verse 43 of Rumi's Daylight
With us, the name of everything
is its outward appearance;
with the Creator,
the name of each thing is its inward reality.
In the eye of Moses, the name of his rod was "staff";
in the eye of the Creator, its name was 'dragon".
In brief, that which we are in the end
is our real name with God.
Jelaluddin Rumi (1207-1273),
Mathnawi, I.1239-40, Rumi Daylight,
(Translated Camille & Kabir Helmminski, 1999, p. 38)

Rumi
(1207-1273)
246)
Chapter 43 of Attar's The Conference of the Birds
is titled "The Valley of Astonishment & Bewilderment"
Man lives in a state of imagination, in a dream; no one
sees things as they are. To him who says to you: 'What shall
I do?' say to him: 'Do not do as you have always done;
do not act as you have always acted.' He who enters the
Valley of Astonishment has enough sorrow for a hundred
worlds. For myself, I am bewildered and gone astray.
Whither shall I direct my steps? Would to God I knew!
But, remember; the groans of men bring down mercy.

Farid al-Din Attar (1145-1221), Conference of the Birds (Mantiq al-tayr) (translated by C. S. Nott,
Shambhala, Boston, 1993, pp. 119-123)

Folio 11r: Conference
of the Birds
Image Source: Folio 11r (commons.wikimedia.org)
247)

Dante's journey in 43rd line of Paradiso:
Fatto avea di là mane e di qua sera
tal foce, e quasi tutto era là bianco
quello emisperio, e l'altra parte nera,
Its entry from that point of the horizon
brought morning there and evening here; almost
all of that hemisphere was white— while ours.
Paradiso I.43-45 (Allen Mandelbaum translation, 1984)
Image Source: Mexico #C308 airmail: Dante (issued 11-23-1965)
honoring the 700th anniversary of Dante's birth (colnect.com)
248) Verse 45 of The Gift: Poems by Hafiz, the Great Sufi Master:
is "Some Fill With Each Good Rain"
There are different wells within you heart.
Some fill with each good rain,
Others are far too deep for that.
In one well
You have just a few precious cups of water,
That "love" is literally something of yourself,
It can grow as slow as a diamond
If it is lost.
Your love
Should never be offered to the mouth of a
Stranger.
Only to someone
Who has the valor and daring
To cut pieces of their soul off with a knife
Then weave them into a blanket
To protect you.
There are different wells within us.
Some fill with each good rain,
Others are far, far too deep
For that.




Hafiz
(1320-1389)
Hafiz (1320-1389)
The Gift: Poems by Hafiz, the Great Sufi Master, Verse 45
translated by Daniel Ladinsky, Penguin Press, NY, 1999, p. 76
249) Line 43 from the Pearl Poet's Pearl: "Wallflower, ginger, gromwell abound"
Quen corne is covern wyth crokes kene.
On huyle ther perle hit trendeled doun
Schadowed this wortes ful schyre and schene
Gilofre, gyngure and gromylyoun,
When corn is cut with sickles keen,
There that pearl rolled into the ground,
Shadowed with plants both bright and clean,
Wallflower, ginger, gromwell abound
Pearl (c. 1370-1400) Lines 40-43
(Ed. Malcolm Andrew & Ronald Waldron, 1987, p. 59)
(This Pearl translation: by Bill Stanton, another by Vernon Eller)
250) Line 43 from the Pearl Poet's Sir Gawain and the Green Knight:
With feasting and fellowship and carefree mirth.
There true men contended in tournaments many,
Joined there in jousting these gentle knights,
Then came to the court for carol-dancing,
For the feast was in force full fifteen days,
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (c. 1375-1400) Lines 40-44
Translated by Marie Borroff, Norton, NY, 2010, p. 4 (Part I)
251)
Poem 43 of Kabir's 100 Poems of Kabir:
I laugh when I hear that the fish in
the water is thirsty;
You do not see that the Real is in
your home, and you wander from
forest to forest listlessly!
Here is the truth! Go where you
will, to Benares or to Mathura;
if you do not find your soul,
the world is unreal to you.
Kabir (1398-1518),
100 Poems of Kabir, Poem XLIII
Translated by Rabindranath Tagore,
assisted by Evelyn Underhill,
Macmillan & Co., London, 1915, p. 50

India #237 Kabir
(issued Oct. 1, 1952)
252) Chapter 43 of Wu Ch'eng-en The Journey to the West:
An evil demon at Black River capture the monk;
The Western Ocean's dragon prince catched the iguana

The Bodhisattva then recited some magic words as she tilted the immaculate
vase to one side; the oceanful of water was retrieved entirely and not half
a drop was left behind. She said to Pilgrim, "Wukong, this monster-spirit is
vanquished, but his unruliness has not been completely eliminated... Go quick;y
now into the cave to rescue your master." (p. 252) The two of them leaped across
the stream and dashed up to the cave entrance. After tying up the horse, they lifted
their weapons together and broke into the cave to exterminate all the fiends. (p. 253)

"The Heart Sutra" said the Tang Monk, "was imparted to me orally by the Crow's Nest
Zen Master of the Pagoda Mountain. It has 54 sentences all in all, 270 characters.
I memorized it at the time and up till now, I have recited it often... The proverb
says, "Success will come when meritorious service is done." (p. 254)
The wind roars like thunder in times of spring,
And growls like a famished tiger on and on!
Crabs, turtles, shrimps, and fishes bow their heads;
Fowl and beast have all lost their nests and lairs.
(p. 256)

The river god said, "Venerable Father, please do not worry and mount your horse.
This humble deity will open up a path for Venerable Father to cross the river."
The master indeed climbed onto the white horse, while Eight Rules held the reins,
Sha Monk poled the luggage, & Pilgrim took up the rear. The river god then exercised
his magic of blocking the water; as the upper reaches of the river were dammed up,
the lower part of the river soon turned dry, and a wide road was thus created.
Master and disciples walked safely to the western shore and, after thanking the
river god, they proceeded to high ground to set out again on their way. (p. 267)

Wu Ch'eng-en


Journey to the West
Volume 2
Wu Ch'eng-en (1500-1582),
The Journey to the West or Hsi-yu chi (1518), Volume 2, Chapter 43
(translated by Anthony C. Yu, University of Chicago Press, 1980, pp. 252-267)
253) "Dark brightness and shadows of betrayed love"
in 43rd Sonnet of William Shakespeare:
When most I wink, then do mine eyes best see,
For all the day they view things unrespected;
But when I sleep, in dreams they look on thee,
And darkly bright, are bright in dark directed.
Then thou, whose shadow shadows doth make bright,
How would thy shadow's form form happy show
To the clear day with thy much clearer light,
When to unseeing eyes thy shade shines so!
How would, I say, mine eyes be blessed made
By looking on thee in the living day,
When in dead night thy fair imperfect shade
Through heavy sleep on sightless eyes doth stay!
    All days are nights to see till I see thee,
    And nights bright days when dreams do show thee me.

William Shakespeare (1564-1616),
Sonnets XLIII, Commentary

Hungary CB3 William Shakespeare
(issued October 16, 1948)
254) 45th Haiku of Basho's Haiku (1678):
what a sprout
a dewdrop seeps down the nodes
of generations of bamboo
Matsuo Basho (1644-1694), Basho: The Complete Haiku, Haiku 45
(translated by Jane Reichhold, Kodansha International, Tokyo, 2008, p. 31)
255)
"Until, the breath of this corporeal frame"
in Line 43 of Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey":
Of all this unintelligible world,
Is lightened:— that serene and blessed mood,
In which the affections gently lead us on,—

Until, the breath of this corporeal frame
And even the motion of our human blood
Almost suspended, we are laid asleep
In body, and become a living soul:
While with an eye made quiet by the power
Of harmony, and the deep power of joy,
We see into the life of things.
William Wordsworth (1770-1850),
"Tintern Abbey" (1798), Lines 40-49

William Wordsworth
by Benjamin R. Haydon
256)
"freed from the fumes of lore" in Line 43
of Goethe's Faust:
Amid thy blessed light could stand,
With spirits through mountain-caverns hover,
Float in thy twilight the meadows over,
And freed from the fumes of lore that swathe me,
To health in thy dewy fountains bathe me!
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832),
Faust (1806), Part I, Act I, Scene 1, Lines 40-44
(translated by Bayard Taylor, 1870,
Modern Library, New York, 1950, p. 16)

Germany B307: Goethe
(issued 8-28-1949)
257) Line 43 of Byron's "The Prisoner of Chillon":
"Which have not seen the sun so rise"
"Which have not seen the sun so rise"
With marks that will not wear away,
Till I have done with this new day,
Which now is painful to these eyes,
Which have not seen the sun so rise.
For years— I cannot count them o'er,
I lost their long and heavy score


Castle of Chillon
Montreux, Switzerland
Lord George Gordon Byron (1788-1824)
"The Prisoner of Chillon" (1816), Lines 40-45
258) "Whose heart had brooded, all that wintry day"
in Line 43 of John Keats' "The Eve of St. Agnes":
Of old romance. These let us wish away,
And turn, sole-thoughted, to one Lady there,
Whose heart had brooded, all that wintry day,
On love, and wing'd St. Agnes' saintly care,
As she had heard old dames full many times declare.
John Keats (1795-1821),
"The Eve of St. Agnes" (1820), Lines 41-45
The Complete Poems of John Keats, Modern Library, NY, 1994, p. 174
259) Chapter 43 of Melville's Moby-Dick (1851):
"Hist! did you hear that noise, Cabaco?"
"Take the bucket, will ye, Archy? what noise d'ye mean?"...
"Say what ye will, shipmate; I've sharp ears."
"Aye, you are the chap, ain't ye, that heard the hum
of the old Quakeress's knitting-needles fifty miles
at sea from Nantucket; you're the chap."
"Grin away; we'll see what turns up. Hark ye, Cabaco,
there is somebody down in the after-hold that has not yet been
seen on deck; and I suspect our old Mogul knows something
of it too. I heard Stubb tell Flask, one morning watch,
that there was something of that sort in the wind."
"Tish! the bucket!"
Herman Melville (1819-1891), Moby-Dick, Chapter 43: Hark!
260) 43rd Poem of Emily Dickinson (1859):
Could live— did live—
Could die— did die—
Could smile upon the whole
Through faith in one he met not,
To introduce his soul.

Could go from scene familiar
To an untraversed spot—
Could contemplate the journey
With unpuzzled heart—

Such trust had one among us,
Among us not today—
We who saw the launching
Never sailed the Bay!

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)
Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson
(edited by Thomas H. Johnson, 1955), p. 25
261) 45th New Poem of Emily Dickinson:
I notice where Death has been introduced,
he frequently calls.

Emily Dickinson (Letter 311, Nov. 1865)
New Poems of Emily Dickinson
(edited by William H. Shurr, University of North Carolin Press, 1993, p. 23)
262) "I see in one the Suez canal" in Line 43
of Walt Whitman's Passage to India (1871):
Passage to India!
Lo soul for thee of tableaus twain,
I see in one the Suez canal initiated, open'd

Walt Whitman (1819-1892)
Passage to India Section 3, Lines 41-43
From Leaves of Grass
The "Death-Bed" Edition, Modern Library,
Random House, Inc., New York, 1993, p. 512)
263)
43rd Verse in Tagore's Gitanjali:
The day was when I did not keep myself in readiness for thee;
and entering my heart unbidden even as one of the common crowd,
unknown to me, my king, thou didst press the signet of eternity
upon many a fleeting moment of my life.

And to-day when by chance I light upon them and see thy signature,
I find they have lain scattered in the dust mixed with the memory
of joys and sorrows of my trivial days forgotten.

Thou didst not turn in contempt from my childish play among dust,
and the steps that I heard in my playroom are the same that are
echoing from star to star.


Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)
Gitanjali: Song Offerings (1912), Verse 43

Rabindranath Tagore
(1861-1941)
264) Line 43 of Rilke's Duino Elegies V [1923]
"not even an hour, a barely measurable time":
Hiersein ist herrlich. Ihr wusstet es, Mädchen, ihr auch,
die ihr scheinbar entbehrtet, versankt—, ihr, in den ärgsten
Gassen der Städte, Schwärende, oder dem Abfall
Offene. Denn eine Stunde war jeder, vielleicht nicht
ganz eine Stunde, ein mit den Massen der Zeit kaum
Messliches zwischen zwei Weilen—, da sie ein Dasein
hatte. Alles. Die Adern voll Dasein.
Truly being here is glorious. Even you knew it,
you girls who seemed to be lost, to go under—, in the filthiest
street of the city, festering there, or wide open
for garbage. For each of you had an hour, or perhaps
not even an hour, a barely measurable time
between two moments—, when you were granted a sense
of being. Everything. Your veins flowed with being.
Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926),
Duino Elegies, VII.39-45
(translated by Stephen Mitchell)
Random House, New York, pp. 188-189)
(Other translations: Edward Snow)
265)
43rd Page of A.E.'s Song and Its Fountains (1932)
Let the dragons of the past
in their caverns sleeping lie.
I am dream-betrayed, and cast
into that old agony.

And an anguish of desire
Burns as in the sunken years.
And the soul sheds drops of fire
All unquenchable by tears.

I who sought on high for calm.
In the Ever-living find
All I was in what I am
Fierce with gentle intertwined.

A.E. aka George William Russell (1867-1935)
Larson Publications, Burdett, New York, 1991, Ch. 5, p. 43
Photo Source: A.E. (wikipedia.org)
266)
43rd Page lines in James Joyce's Finnegans Wake, (9 samples):
these incurable welleslays among those uncarable wellasdays (41.1)
through Sant Iago by his cocklehat, goot Lazar, deliver us!) (41.2)
after a goodnight's rave and rumble and a shinkhams topmorning (41.14)
with his coexes he was not the same man) and his broadawake (41.15)
ears of the subjects of King Saint Finnerty the Festive who, in (41.24)
brick homes of their own and in their flavory fraiseberry beds, (41.25)
Saint Cecily within the liberty of Ceolmore not a thousand or one (41.33)
national leagues, that was, by Griffith's valuation, from the site (41.34)
of the statue of Primewer Glasstone setting a match to the march (41.35)
James Joyce (1882-1941), Finnegans Wake, (1939), p. 43

James Joyce
(1882-1941)
267) Sonnet 43 in Edna St. Vincent Millay's Collected Sonnets (1941)
Still will I harvest beauty where it grows:
In coloured fungus and the spotted fog
Surprised on foods forgotten; in ditch and bog
Filmed brilliant with irregular rainbows
Of rust and oil, where half a city throws
Its empty tins; and in some spongy log
Whence headlong leaps the oozy emerald frog....
And a black pupil in the green scum shows.
Her the inhabiter of divers places
Surmising at all doors, I push them all.
Oh, you that fearful of a creaking hinge
Turn back forevermore with craven faces,
I tell you Beauty bears an ultra fringe
Unguessed of you upon her gossamer shawl!

Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950),
Sonnet 43, Collected Poems,
Harper Perennial, New York, 2011, page 603
Sonnet XLIII from The Harp-Weaver (1923)

Edna St. Vincent Millay
(1892-1950)

195) Poem 45 is "Bezhetsk"
in Anna Akhmatova's Selected Poems (2006)
To earthly solace, heart, be not a prey,
To wife and home do not attach yourself,
Take the bread out of your child's mouth,
And to a stranger give the bread away.

Become the humblest servant to the man
Who was your blackest enemy,
Call by your brother's name the forest wolf,
And do not ask God for anything.

Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966),
Poem 45 (1922), Selected Poems
translated by D.M. Thomas,
Penguin Classics, NY, 2006, p. 52


Anna Akhmatova
(1889-1966)

196) e. e. cummings, 1x1 (1944)
Poem XLV

i think you like"

a strawberry
bang this
blueeyed world(on
which are wintry

handlebars

glued)updives pursued
by its wigglesome whisperful
body and
almost

isn't(grabbed into skies of

grin)"my
flowers"(the humble
man than sunlight
older with ships than

dreams more hands are

offering jonquils)down again
who but zooms
through
one perfectly beautiful bow

"my home ionian isles



e. e. cummings
(1894-1962),
1x1 (1958), "Poem 44"
From E.E. Cummings,
Complete Poems 1904-1962
Edited by George J. Firmage,
Liveright, New York,1991, p. 585
197) e. e. cummings published 95 Poems in 1958 (Norton).
This was the last book of new poems published in Cummings's lifetime.
Poem 44

i love you much(most beautiful darling)

more than anyone on the earth and i
like you better than everything in the sky

—sunlight and singing welcome your coming

although winter may be everywhere
with such a silence and such a darkness
noone can quite begin to guess

(except my life)the true time of year—

and if what calls itself a world should have
the luck to hear such singing(or glimpse such
sunlight as will leap higher than high
through gayer than gayest someone's heart at your each

nearness)everyone certainly would(my
most beautiful darling)believe in nothing but love


95 Poems
e. e. cummings
(1894-1962),
95 Poems (1958), "Poem 45"
From E.E. Cummings,
Complete Poems 1904-1962
Edited by George J. Firmage,
Liveright, New York,1991, p. 717
268) e. e. cummings, 73 Poems (1963)
Poem 45

what time is it?it is by every star
a different time,and each most falsely true;
or so subhuman superminds declare

—not all their times encompass me and you:

when we are never,but forever now
(hosts of eternity;not guests of seem)
believe me,dear,clocks have enough to do

without confusing timelessness and time.

Time cannot children,poets,lovers tell—
measure imagine,mystery,a kiss
—not though mankind would rather know than feel:

mistrusting utterly that timelessness

whose absence would make your whole life and my
(and infinite our)merely to undie

e. e. cummings (1894-1962), 73 Poems (1963), "Poem 45", Liveright, New York, 2003, p. 59;
Complete Poems 1904-1962, Edited by George
J. Firmage, Liveright, New York,1991, p. 817


269) Sonnet 45 in Pablo Neruda's 100 Love Sonnets (1960)
Don't go far off, not even for a day, because—
because— I don't know how to say it: a day is long
and I will be waiting for you, as in an empty station
when the trains are parked off somewhere else, asleep.

Don't leave me, even for an hour, because
then the little drops of anguish will all run together,
the smoke that roams looking for a home will drift
into me, choking my lost heart.

Oh, may your silhouette never dissolve on the beach;
may your eyelids never flutter into the empty distance.
Don't leave me for a second, my dearest,

because in that moment you'll have gone so far
I'll wander mazily over all the earth, asking,
Will you come back? Will you leave me here, dying?

Pablo Neruda
(1904-1973)
Nobel Prize 1971
Love Sonnet XLV, 100 Love Sonnets: Cien Sonetos de Amor
Editorial Losada, Buenos Aires, 1960 (trans. Stephen Tapscott, 1986, p. 97)
270)
Poem 45 of The Collected Poems of Kenneth Koch:
is "The Circus"—
A wind ruffled the surface of the lake
    and slightly rocked the boats.
Red and green fish swam beneath
    the surface of the water...
The soft wind of summer blew
    in the light green trees.
Kenneth Koch, (1925-2002)
The Collected Poems of Kenneth Koch
Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2006, pp. 97-101
(Note: Koch was my Freshman English Professor at Columbia, 1959-60; He wasn't published then,but became a well known poet of the N.Y. School. He taught children to write poetry in NYC; inspired my CPITS teaching)

Kenneth Koch
(1925-2002)
271) Poem 45 in Tomas Tranströmer's The Half-Finished Heaven (1987)
(There are 70 poems in this edition; Poem 45 is "Along the Lines")
Along the Lines
(Far North)

I
Sun glints from the frozen river.
This is the roof of the earthball.
Silence.

I sit on an overturned boat pulled up on shore,
and swallow the silence-potion,
I am slowly turning.

II
A wheel stretches out endlessly, is turning.
The hub is here, is nearly
motionless.

Some movement farther out: tracks in the snow,
words that begin to slide
past building fronts.

There's a hum of traffic from the highway
as well as the silent traffic
of the dead as they return.

Farther out: tragic masks bracing the wind,
the road of accelerations. Still farther away
the rushing

where the last words of love evaporate—
raindrops that creep slowly
down steel wings ...

Profile shouting— empty earphones
clashing against each other—
kamikaze!

III
The frozen river gleams and is silent.
Shadows here are deep
and have no voice.

My steps were explosions in the field
which are now being painted by silence
that paints them over.

— Tomas Tranströmer, The Half-Finished Heaven
Chosen & Translated by Robert Bly
Graywolf Press, Minneapolis 2001, pp. 62-63


Tomas Tranströmer
(1931-2015)
Nobel Prize 2011
272) There are 207 poems in Robert Creeley's Selected Poems, 1945-2005 (2008)
Poem #45 is "The Flower"

I think I grow tensions
like flowers
in a wood where
nobody goes.

Each wound is perfect,
encloses itself in a tiny
imperceptible blossom,
making pain.

Pain is a flower like that one,
like this one,
like that one,
like this one.


Robert Creeley (1926-2005),
Selected Poems, 1945-2005
    University of California Press,
Berkeley, 2008, p. 73

273) There are 284 poems in Robert Bly's Stealing Sugar from the Castle (2013)
Poem #45 is "August Rain"
After a month and a half without rain, at last, in late August,
darkness comes at three in the afternoon, a cheerful thunder
begins, and at last the rain. I set a glass out on a table to measure
the rain, and suddenly buoyant and affectionate go indoors to find my
children. They are upstairs, playing quietly alone in their doll-filled
rooms, hanging pictures, thoughtfully moving "the small things
that make them happy" from one side of the room to another. I feel
triumphant, without need of money, far from the grave. I walk over
the grass, watching the soaked chairs, and the cooled towels, and sit
down on my stoop, dragging a chair out with me. The rain deepens.
It rolls off the porch roof, making a great puddle near me. The bubbles
slide toward the puddle edge, are crowded, and disappear. The black
earth turns blacker, it absorbs the rain needles without a sound. The sky is low, everything
silent, as when parents are angry ... What has failed and been forgiven— the leaves from
last year unable to go on, lying near the foundation, dry under the porch, retreat farther
into the shadow, they give off a faint hum, as of birds' eggs, or the tail of a dog.
Robert Bly (born 12-23-1926)
Stealing Sugar from the Castle: Selected & New Poems 1950-2013
W.W. Norton & Co., New York, p. 71
(2008 Stanford Workshops, Reading)
274) There are 46 poems in Mary Oliver's
Evidence (2009), 45th poem is "The Singular and Cheerful Life"
The singular and cheerful life
of any flower
in anyone's garden
or any still unowned field—

if there are any—
catches me
by the heart,
by its color,

by its obedience
to the holiest of laws:
be alive
until you are not.

Ragweed,
pale violet bull thistle,
morning glories curling
through the field corn;

and those princes of everything green—
the grasses
of which there are truly
an uncountable company,

each
on its singular stem
striving
to rise and ripen.

What, in the earth world,
is there not to be amazed by
and to be steadied by
and to cherish?

Oh, my dear heart,
my own dear heart,
full of hesitations,
questions, choice of directions,

look at the world.
Behold the morning glory,
the meanest flower, the ragweed, the thistle.
Look at the grass.


Mary Oliver
(1935-2019)
Mary Oliver (1935-2019),
    Evidence,
    Beacon Press, Boston, 2009, pp. 71-72
275) There are 229 poems in Kay Ryan's
The Best of It (2010), 43rd poem
GLASS SLIPPERS
Despite the hard luck
of the ugly stepsisters,
most people's feet will fit
into glass slippers.
The arch rises, the heel
tapers, the toes align
in descending order
and the whole thing slides
without talcum powder
into the test slipper.
We can shape to the
dreams of another; we are
eager to yield. It is a
mutual pleasure to the holder
of the slipper and to the
foot held. It is a singular
moment— tender, improbable,
and as yet unclouded by the
problems that hobble the pair
when they discover that
the matching slipper
isn't anywhere, nor does
the bare foot even share
the shape of the other.
When they compare,
the slippered foot makes
the other odder: it looks
like a hoof. So many miracles
don't start far back enough.

Kay Ryan,
US Poet Laureate
2008-2010
Kay Ryan (born 9-21-1945),
    The Best of It (New & Selected Poems),
    Grove Press, NY, 2010, p. 50
    from Flamingo Watching (1994)
    (2010 Stanford Workshops)
276)
In James Richardson's By the Numbers (2010)
the poem "Vectors 3.0: Even More Aphroisms
and Ten-Second Essays"
has 170 aphroisms.

Aphroism 45
Faith is broad.
It's Doubt that's deep.

James Richardson (born 1-1-1950),
    By the Numbers, Copper Canyon Press,
    Port Townsend, WA, 2010, p. 36

James Richardson
277)
There are 173 poems in Jane Hirshfield's
Women in Praise of the Sacred (1994)
(43 Centuries of Spiritual Poetry by Women)
43rd poem is "Merely to Know" by Kojiju (1121-1201),

    Merely to know
The Flawless Moon dwells pure
    In the human heart
Is to find Darkness in the night
Vanished under clearing skies.

(translated by Barbara Newman)

Jane Hirshfield
Jane Hirshfield (born 2-24-1953),
    Editor of Women in Praise of the Sacred
    (43 Centuries of Spiritual Poetry by Women)
    HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 1994, p. 72
278) Numerology: words whose letters add up to 43

HORMONE: 8 + 6 + 9 + 4 + 6 + 5 + 5 = 43

INITIATES: 9 + 5 + 9 + 2 + 9 + 1 + 2 + 5 + 1 = 43

MARIGOLD: 4 + 1 + 9 + 8 + 7 + 6 + 4 + 3 = 43

MONOLITH: 4 + 6 + 5 + 6 + 3 + 9 + 2 + 8 = 43

PITCHER: 7 + 9 + 2 + 3 + 8 + 5 + 9 = 43

PROTEIN: 7 + 9 + 6 + 2 + 5 + 9 + 5 = 43

SUNFLOWER: 1 + 3 + 5 + 6 + 3 + 6 + 5 + 5 + 9 = 43

VIRGIN: 4 + 9 + 9 + 7 + 9 + 5 = 43

WANDERER: 5 + 1 + 5 + 4 + 5 + 9 + 5 + 9 = 43

WEEPING: 5 + 5 + 5 + 7 + 9 + 5 + 7 = 43

BUDDHA TREE: (2 + 3 + 4 + 4 + 8 + 1) + (2 + 9 + 5 + 5) = 22 + 21 = 43

ELEVEN STEPS: (5 + 3 + 5 + 4 + 5 + 5) + (1 + 2 + 5 + 7 + 1) = 27 + 16 = 43

FORTY TWO: (6 + 6 + 9 + 2 + 7) + (2 + 5 + 6) = 30 + 13 = 43

GOLDEN BELL: (7 + 6 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 5) + (2 + 5 + 3 + 3) = 30 + 13 = 43

GRAIL KEY: (7 + 9 + 1 + 9 + 3) + (2 + 5 + 7) = 29 + 14 = 43

KING SALMON: (2 + 9 + 5 + 7) + (1 + 1 + 3 + 4 + 6 + 5) = 23+ 20 = 43

MOON MIND: (4 + 6 + 6 + 5) + (4 + 9 + 5 + 4) = 21 + 22 = 43

PEAR TREE: (7 + 5 +1 + 9) + (2 + 9 + 5 + 5) = 22 + 21 = 43

SPIRAL STAR: (1 + 7 + 9 + 9 + 1 + 3) + (1 + 2 + 1 + 9) = 30 + 13 = 43

STONE TURTLE: (1 + 2 + 6 + 5 + 5) + (2 + 3 + 9 + 2 + 3 + 5) = 19 + 24 = 43

SUMMER AUTUMN: (1 + 3 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 9) + (1 + 3 + 2 + 2 + 4 + 5) = 26 + 17 = 43

VAJRA EYE: (4 + 1 + 1 + 9 + 1) + (5 + 7 + 5) = 26 + 17 = 43

WATER WAVES: (5 + 1 + 2 + 5 + 9) + (5 + 1 + 4 + 5 + 1) = 22 + 21 = 43


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