On the Number 10

10 in Mathematics
1) The 5th even number = 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
2) The 5th composite number = 4, 6, 8, 9, 10
3) The 4th triangular number = 1, 3, 6, 10
(Sum of the 1st four numbers = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10)
4) The 3rd tetrahedral number = 1, 4, 10
(Sum of the 1st three triangular numbers = 1 + 3 + 6 = 10)
5) The 4th 2-highly polygonal number = 1, 6, 9, 10, 12, 15, 16, 21, 28
6) The 10th Harshad number = 10
(a positive integer which is divisible by the sum of its digits, i.e., 10/1 = 10)
7) Product of the 1st even & 3rd odd numbers = 2 x 5 = 10
8) Product of the 1st & 3rd prime numbers = 2 x 5 = 10
9) Product of the 3rd & 5th Fibonacci numbers = 2 x 5 = 10
10) Sum of the 1st three prime numbers = 2 + 3 + 5 = 10
11) Sum of the 3rd, 4th, 5th Fibonacci numbers = 2 + 3 + 5 = 10
12) Sum of the 1st & 3rd square numbers = 12 + 32 = 1 + 9 = 10
13) Sum of the 1st & 4th even numbers = 2 + 8 = 10
14) Sum of the 2nd & 4th odd numbers = 3 + 7 = 10
15) Sum of the 2nd & 3rd Mersenne numbers, (2n - 1): 3 + 7 = 10
16) Sum of the 2nd & 3rd even numbers = 4 + 6 = 10
17) Sum of the 3rd odd & 3rd prime numbers = 5 + 5 = 10
18) Square of 10 = 102 = 100
19) Cube of 10 = 103 = 1000
20) Square root of 10 = 3.16227766
21) Cube root of 10 = 2.15443469
22) ln 10 = 2.302585093 (natural log to the base e)
23) log 10 = 1(logarithm to the base 10)
24) Sin 10o = 0.173648177
Cos 10o = 0.984807753
Tan 10o = 0.17632698
25) 1/10 expressed as a decimal = 0.1
26) Factorial 10 = 10!
= 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 x 7 x 8 x 9 x 10 = 3,628,800
27) 10th coupled exponential = 1010 = 10,000,000,000 (ten billion)
28) The 10th digit of pi = 5 (3.1415926535)
29) The 49th & 50th digits of pi = 10
30) The 231st & 232nd digits of phi = 10
31) The 195th & 196th digits of e = 10

e = 2.7182818284 5904523536 0287471352 6624977572 4709369995
        9574966967 6277240766 3035354759 4571382178 5251664274
        2746639193 2003059921 8174135966 2904357290 0334295260
        5956307381 3232862794 3490763233 8298807531 9525101901

(Note: The 99th-108th digits of e = 7427466391 is the first 10-digit prime in
consecutive digits of e. This is the answer to the Google Billboard question
that may lead to a job opportunity at Google.com, San Jose Mercury News, 7-10-2004)
32) 10 is the base of our decimal system.
33) The binary number 0010 = 2; The binary number 1010 =
(1x23) + (0x22) + (1x21) + (0x20) = 8 + 0 + 2 + 0 = 10
34) Binary number for 10 = 00001010
(Decimal & Binary Equivalence; Program for conversion)
35) ASCII value for 10 = LF
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
36) Hexadecimal number for 10 = 0A
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
37) Octal number for 10 = 012
(Octal #, Hexadecimal #, & ASCII Code Chart)
38) The Greek-based numeric prefix deca- means 10.
39) The Latin-based numeric prefix deci- means 10.
40) The adjective "decennial" means "recurring every 10 years."
41) The noun "decimo (10mo)" means "a book with leaves
printed on one tenth of the printer sheet".
42) The verb, adjective, adverb, and noun "decuple" means "multiply by 10".
43) The adjective and noun "denary" means "10th in order or importance".
The adjective "denary" means "having 10 parts".
44) X is the Roman numeral for 10.
45) Shí is the Chinese word for 10, and resembles a cross.
46) is the Babylonian number for 10.
47) is the Mayan number for 10.
48) Deca- means 10 (Latin, Greek: deka)
Decade is a period of 10 years.
49) 10 in different languages:
Dutch: tien, French: dix, German: zehn, Hungarian: tiz,
Italian: dieci, Spanish: diez, Swahili: kuma, Swedish: tio
10 in Science
54) A Decagon is a polygon with 10 angles and 10 sides.
The interior angle of a decagon = 144o.
55) Number of faces & edges in a tetrahedron = 4 + 6 = 10
Number of edges & vertices in a tetrahedron = 6 + 4 = 10
(Platonic solids)
56) Atomic Number of Neon (Ne) = 10 (10 protons & 10 electrons).
Neon is a very inert element and forms an unstable hydrate. In a vacuum
discharge tube, neon glows reddish orange. Of all the rare gases,
the discharge of neon is the most intense at ordinary voltages
and currents. It is present in the atmosphere as 1 part in 65000.
57) Number of amino acids in the hypothalamic hormone, Gonadotropin-releasing factor = 10.
It acts on gonadotrope to release luteinizing hormone & follicle-stimulating hormone.
Sequence: (human) pyroGlu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-Gly-Leu-Arg-Pro-Gly
58) The 10th amino acid in the 141-residue alpha-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Valine (V)
The 10th amino acid in the 146-residue beta-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Alanine (A)
Single-Letter Amino Acid Code
Alpha-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
Beta-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
59) Number of fingers in primates = 10
60) Number of toes in the human feet = 10
61) The Passion Flower
(Passiflora) has 10 petals. In 1609 in Rome,
Emmanuel de Villegas, a Mexican friar, first reported this
flower with sketches to Jacomo Bosio, who associated
it with Christ's crucifixion (hence Passion Flower):
The outer ten petals: the 10 disciples at the Crucifixion.
72 radial filaments within the petals: the crown of thorns.
The spiraled tendrils: the whip of Christ's scourging.
The 5 stamens represents Christ's five wounds.
The top 3 stigma represent the three nails.
( Passion flower film; Passion flower art)
10 in Mythology & History
70) Tin wedding anniversary celebrates 10 years of marriage
71) The 10th day of the year = January 10
(Born on January 10, 1910: Galina Ulanova,
Bolshoi Ballerina, NY Times Obituary)
72) J is the 10th letter of the English alphabet .
73) Yod is the 10th letter (and smallest)
of the Hebrew alphabet,
and means "open hand".
74) Kappa (K) is the 10th letter of the Greek alphabet,
meaning purity, with numeric value of 20,
75) Ray (Raa') is the 10th letter of the Arabic alphabet,
and looks like a giant comma (,).
76) "The number ten signifies perfection; for to the number seven
which embraces all created things, is added the trinity of the Creator."
Augustine of Hippo (354-430), Manichaean Heresy (392), p. 107
77) 10 is considered a perfect number because it's the summit
of the nine single digit numbers, as well as the lowest of
the double digit numbers. It is a combination of 1 & 0—
the binary basis of computer technology. Philosophically it is
a symbol of the Manifest & Unmanifest, or Oneness & Emptiness.
78) In the song The Twelve Days of Christmas,
"on the 10th day of Christmas,
my true love gave to me 10 lords a-leaping"
79) 10th President
of the United States
is John Tyler (1790-1862)
who served (1841-1845).
Tyler was on the 10¢ stamp
(Scott# 815) issued on Sept. 14, 1938
in the Presidential Series.
80) 10th State to enter the Union is Virginia (June 25, 1788)
81) At Age 10:
Wolfgang A. Mozart (1756-1791) stays briefly in Lausanne (1766) and a local journal
    says "In young Mozart, the sensitiveness and the precision of his ear are
    so great that discordant, shrill, or too loud notes bring tears to his eyes."
Claude Debussy (1862-1918) enters the Paris Conservatoire (Oct. 22, 1872) after
    the competitive entry examination. His home life is poor and insecure—
    his father is a drifter, and his mother has an aversion to children, so that
    Debussy is brought up by an aunt. He does well at the Conservatoire,
    and begins composing in his late teens. He writes Claire de Lune at age 27.
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) is sent to boarding school (1802), and for the first time
    he plays with other boys, as his family consists of four younger sisters. Though
    pushed around at school, he has a mystical revelation at 11, that in his life
    he should choose only the pure and the lovely.
John Betjeman (1906-1984), British poet, shows his poems to his schoolteacher (1916),
    but the latter offers no encouragement. The teacher is T. S. Eliot.
    In 1969, he was knighted, and was made England's Poet Laureate in 1972.
Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977), British film actor: His mother is taken away to a mental
    institution (1899), and Chaplin returns home to a bare room which contains
    "a half-filled packet of tea, 3 halfpence, some keys, & several pawn tickets."
Shirley Temple (born April 23, 1928), American film actress and diplomat, stars in 3 films:
    Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, Little Miss Broadway, & Just Around the Corner (1938).
David Livingstone (1813-1873), Scottish doctor and missionary, leaves school, and is sent
    to work in a cotton factory, as a "piercer" (1823). With his first earnings, he buys
    Ruddiman's Rudiments of Latin. He explored Africa & discovered Victoria Falls (1854).
Arthur Ashe (1943-1993), American tennis player, is invited to the home of Robert Walter Johnson,
    a black M.D. who organizes tennis camps for promising blacks. At 14, Ashe wins in his
    age group at the ATA National Championship. At 25, he wins the U.S. Open (1968).
    At 32, Ashe defeats Jimmy Connors & wins the singles title at Wimbledon (1975)
[Sources: World Almanac Book of Who (1980); Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982); Web Links]
82) Stanford Bronze Plaque 10
is on the ground 14 yards to the right of
Stanford University's Memorial Church.
It is dedicated to the Class of 1910.
The first graduating class at Stanford was 1892.
In 1980, Stanford Provost Don Kennedy strolled
around the Inner Quad and calculated that it
would take 512 years for the bronze class plaques
embedded in the walkways to circle the entire
area ending with the Class of 2403.
(Photo by Peter Y. Chou, April 2005)
10 in Sports and Games
99) In Bowling, 10 pins
are arranged in a
triangular pattern.
Candlepin Bowling
100) Decathlon is a 10-event athletic contest:
(100-meter, 400-meter, and 1500-meter runs,
110-meter high hurdles, javelin & discus throws,
shot put, pole vault, high jump, and long jump)
101) In the Olympics, the highest score for a gymnastic event is 10
(Nadia Comaneci 1976, Mary Lou Retton 1984)
102) Baseball's 10th All-Star Game was played at the Polo Grounds,
New York, NY, on july 6, 1942.
The American League beat the National League 3-1. Lou Boudreau's homer,
followed by Henrich's double and York's homer in the first, carried the
American League to an easy victory. Owen's pinch-hit homer in the 8th
spoiled the shutout.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 258
(The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 2765)
103) Baseball's 10th World Series (1913): Philadelphia Athletics defeats New York Giants 4-1
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 307
(The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 2640)
160) 10th Wimbledon Men's Tennis:
Willie Renshaw beats Herbert Lawford (6-0, 5-7, 6-3, 6-4) in 1886.
161) 10th Wimbledon Women's Tennis:
Lottie Dod beats B. Bingley Hillyard (6-8, 6-1, 6-4) in 1893.
162) 10th Kentucky Derby was won by Buchanan in 2:40
with Jockey Isaac Murphy aboard (May 16, 1884).
163) 10th Preakness Stakes was won by Vanguard in 2:44
with Jockey T. Costello aboard (May 27, 1882).
164) 10th Belmont Stakes was won by Algerine in 2:40
with Jockey William Donohue aboard (June 10, 1876).
165) 10th U.S. Golf Open: William Anderson shoots a 303
at Glenview Club, Illinois (July 9, 1904)
10 in Postage Stamps, Coins, & Collectibles
Mercury U.S. currency:
One dime = 10 cents
Barber Dime (1892-1916)
Mercury Dime (1916-1945)
Roosevlet Dime (1946-present)
176) Hamilton U.S. currency:
$10 bill: Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804),
First Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795)
10¢ Postage Stamps of the United States:

George Washington
(Scott# 2, July 1, 1847)

Eagle & Shield
(Scott# 116, April 1, 1869)

Thomas Jefferson
(Scott# 161, Aug. 2, 1873)

Columbus Presenting Natives
(Scott# 237, Jan. 2, 1893)

(Scott# 290, June 17, 1898)

Pan-American Exposition
(Scott# 299, May 1, 1901)
10¢ Airmail Stamps of the United States:

Planes & U.S. Map
(Scott# C7, Feb. 13, 1926)

Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis
(Scott# C10, June 18, 1927)

Twin-motored Transport
(Scott# C27, Aug.15, 1941)

Pan American Union Building
(Scott# C34, Aug. 30, 1947)

75th Anniversay of UPU
(Scott# C42, Nov. 18, 1949)

Liberty Bell
(Scott# C57, Apr. 22, 1960)
10¢ Parcel Post & Registry Stamps of the United States:

Parcel Post: 10¢ Steamship & Mail
(Scott# Q6, Dec. 9, 1912)

Parcel Post: 10¢ Postage Due
(Scott# JQ4, Dec. 12, 1912)

Registry: 10¢ Eagle
(Scott# F1, Dec. 1, 1911)
10¢ Special Delivery Stamps of the United States:

10¢ Running Messenger
(Scott# E1, Oct. 1, 1885)

10¢ Merry Widow
(Scott# E7, Dec. 12, 1908)

10¢ Messenger & Motorcycle
(Scott# E12, July 12, 1922)
10¢ Newspaper Stamps & Postage Due Stamps of the United States:

Benjamin Franklin
(Scott# PR2, 1865)

Freedom Statue
(Scott# PR15, 1875)

Registry: 10¢ Eagle
(Scott# F1, Dec. 1, 1911)
181) Postage Stamps with Denominations of 10 (Scott Catalogue # cited)
Note: Stamps were downloaded from the web or scanned and
resized in same proportion as originals. Some stamps were retouched
in Adobe Photoshop for brightness & contrast, centering or perforations.

Austria #460—
Hochosterwitz, Carinthia
10 groschen
Dark green
Issued 1945-1946
Set of 27 values
Austrian sceneries
(Scott #455-481)
Austria #522—
Styria, Salzkammergut
10 groschen
Deep blue
Issued 1948-1952
Set of 37 values
Austrian costumes
(Scott #520-556)
China #230—
Junk Boat
Dark blue
Issued 1914
1sr Peking Printing
Set of 19 values
(Scott #221-239)
China #273—
Temple of Heaven, Peking
Issued Oct. 10, 1923
to commemorate the adoption
of the Constitution, 1923
Set of 4 values
(Scott #270-273)
Germany #739—
10 pfennigs
Dull lilac
Jan. 27, 1956
to commemorate
the 200th anniversary
of Mozart's birth
Germany #740—
Heinrich Heine
10 pfennigs
Olive green black
Feb. 17, 1956
to commemorate
the centenary
of the death of
Heine, poet
Panama #C106—
Don Quixote
attacking windmill
10 centavos
Purple & black
Nov. 15, 1948
to commemorate
the 400th anniversary of
Cervantes's birth, Set 2 values (Scott #C105-C106)
Spain #288—
Don Quixote
attacking windmill
10 centimos
Orange red
May 1, 1905,
to commemorate
300th anniversary of Don Quixote, Set of 10 values (Scott #287-296)
10 in Books & Quotes
185) Graham Greene's The Tenth Man is a short novel written in 1944 when he was under
a two-year contract to MGM. It was forgotten in the MGM's archives until 1983.
It's the story of 30 Frenchmen in a German prison camp and every 10th man
was to be shot. The prisoners draw lots from 30 pieces of paper, three of which had
a cross drawn on it, and folded each piece and placed them in a shoe. Louis Chavel,
a rich lawyer draws the "death slip" and offers all his worldly possessions to anyone
who will take his place. One, for the sake of his family agrees. Later, when Chavel
was released, he visits anonymously the family who possess his money, he himself
now with nothing but his life.
Graham Greene (1904-1991), The Tenth Man
The Bodley Head & Anthony Blond, London, 1985, pp. 11, 47-48
186) The Tenth Victim (1966) is a novelization by Robert Sheckley (USA),
based on a script by Tonina Guerra and others for the Italian-made film of the
same title (1965 directed by Elio Petri), which in turn was based on Sheckey's
short soty "Seventh Victim". Humorous action-adventure stuff set in a future
society of legalized death-duels, a world of declared "hunters" and "victims".
(David Pringle, The Ultimate Guide to Science Fiction,
2nd Edition, Scolar Press, Aldershot, UK, 1990, p. 366-367
187) Volume 10 of Time Magazine (1st issue: March 3, 1923)
runs from July 4, 1927, X, No. 1 (Cover: Giuseppe Mario Bellanca)
to December 26, 1927, X, No. 26 (Cover: Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin)
Geraldine Farrar on Time cover, Vol. X, No. 23 (Dec. 5, 1927)
Knute Rockne on Time cover, Vol. X, No. 19 (Nov. 7, 1927)
William Randolph Hearst on Time cover, Vol. X, No. 7 (Aug. 15, 1927)
188) Volume 10 of Life Magazine (1st issue: Nov. 23, 1936)
runs from Jan. 6, 1941, X, No. 1 (Cover: Katherine Hepburn)
to June 30, 1950, X, No. 26 (Cover: Madame Chiang Kai-shek)
Harvard University on Life cover, Vol. X, No. 18 (May 5, 1941)
10 in Art, Music, Film
10 in the Bible
250) 10th word of the King James Version of Genesis = earth
"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth"
251) In the 10th Psalm, King David asks God to punish the wicked:
Why do You stand afar off, O Lord?
Why do You hide in times of trouble?
The wicked in his pride persecutes the poor; let them be caught
    in the plots which they have devised.
Arise, O Lord! O God, lift up Your hand! Do not forget the humble.

Psalms 10.1-2, 12
252) King David sang praises to the Lord
"upon an instrument of 10 strings":
"Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery;
upon the harp with a solemn sound."
(Psalms, 92.3)
"I will sing a new song unto thee, O God: upon a psaltery
and an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises unto thee."

(Psalms, 144.7)
253) Moses received the 10 Commandments from God after
40 days & nights on Mt. Sinai. (Exodus 20.3-17)
254) Noah waited 10 months for the water to recede after the Flood.
"And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month:
in the tenth month, on the first day of the month,
were the tops of the mountains seen." (Genesis 8.5)
255) Number of chapters in the Ezra (Old Testament)= 10
256) Number of chapters in the Esther (Old Testament)= 10
("seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace
to all his seed." Esther X.3)
257) 10th Book of Enoch Archangel Uriel warns Noah about Flood:
“a deluge is about to come upon the whole earth,
and will destroy all that is on it. Escape so that your
seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world...
The works of righteousness and truth shall be planted in truth and
joy for evermore. And then shall all the righteous escape, and shall
live till they beget thousands of children, and all the days of
their youth and their old age shall they complete in peace.”

Book of Enoch X.2-3, 16-17 (circa 105 B.C.-64 B.C.)
258) Christ's parable of the 10 virgins (5 wise & 5 foolish) in
Matthew 25.1-13 symbolizes our 5 inner & outer senses.
259) Christ healed 10 lepers in a village, but only one turned back
to thank him and with a loud voice glorified God. (Luke 17.12)
260) Chapter 10 of Mohammed's Holy Koran is titled "Jonah"
Alif Lam Ra. These are the verses of the wise Book.
He it is Who made the sun a shining brightness and
    the moon a light, and ordained for it mansions that you
    might know the computation of years and the reckoning.
Their cry in it shall be: Glory to Thee, O Allah!
    and their greeting in it shall be: Peace;
    and the lastof their cry shall be: Praise
    tbe to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
And Allah invites to the abode of peace and
    guides whom He pleases into the right path.
Mohammed, Holy Koran 10.1, 10.5, 10.10, 10.25 (7th century AD)
(translated from by M.H. Shakir, Koran: Jonah, 1983)
261) 10th hexagram of the I Ching: Lü / Treading (Conduct)
Heaven above, the lake below:
The image of TREADING.
Thus the superior man discriminates
    between high and low,
And thereby fortifies the thinking of the people.
262) Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, Verse 10:
Can you grasp your soul and not let it go
can you let your breath be as soft as a babe
can you polish your mind mirror free of dust
can you serve and govern without effort
can you be the female at heaven's gate
can you illumine the world with no-mind
bring forth life and nourish them
bring forth life and possess them not
possess them and yet control them not
such is called the mysterious virtue.
(revised translations by D.C. Lau, 1963 & Red Pine, 1996)
263) The Pythagoreans considered 10 as the perfect number
since it is the sum of the tetraktys: 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10.
It contained all the geometric forms, being the sum of 1 (point),
2 (line), 3 (plane), and 4 (solid). Pythagoras regarded 10
as "the nature of number, because all men count up to 10,
and when they reach it, revert again to unity." This reversion
may be conceived as the revolution of a wheel.
(F.M. Cornford, From Religion to Philosophy (1957) p. 208)
o o
o o o
o o o o

1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10
The 10 Opposites
of Pythagoras:
1) Limited & Unlimited
2) Odd & Even
3) One & Many
4) Right & Left
5) Male & Female
6) Rest & Motion
7) Straight & Curved
8) Light & Darkness
9) Good & Evil
10) Square & Oblong
According to this theory,
the primary constituents of things
are of a dissimilar and opposite
nature; a bond was therefore
necessary to unite them, and
cause them to be productive.
This bond of the elements is harmony.
Eduard Zeller (1814-1908),
History of Greek Philosophy (1881),
Vol. I, pp. 381-383
265) Chapter 10 in the Bhagavad Gita
(Krishna reveals to Arjuna his divine glory):
Hear again mighty Arjuna, hear the glory of my Word again.
I speak for thy good, because your heart finds joy in me.
To those who are ever in harmony, and who worship me with love,
I give the Yoga of vision and with this they come to me.
Bhagavad Gita 10.1, 10.10 (circa 400 BC)
(translated by Juan Mascaró, Penguin, 1962, pp. 84-85)
266) 10th Discourse of Valmiki's Yoga Vasishtha:
True worship consists in inward meditation alone,
and in no outer form of worship; therefore, apply
your mind to the adoration of the universal Spirit
by meditating within yourself

Valmiki (c. 750 AD), Yoga Vasishtha, 10.11
The World Within the Mind (4th edition)
(translated by Hari Prasad Shastri, Shanti Sadan, London, 1969, p. 56)
267) Section 10 of Hui Hai's Zen Teaching on Sudden Illumination:
Q: When you said that wisdom is the function, what did you mean by wisdom?
A: The knowledge that by realizing the voidness of all opposites, deliverance is
assured and that, without this realization, you will never gain deliverance.
This is what we call 'wisdom' or 'knowing wrong from right'. Another name
for it is 'knowing the function of the substance' Concerning the unreality of
opposites, it is the wisdom inherent in the 'substance' which makes it known
that to realize their voidness means liberation and that there can be no more
doubt about it. This is what we mean by 'function'. In speaking thus of the
unreality of opposites, we refer to the nonexistence of relativities such as 'is'
and 'is not', 'good' and 'evil', 'love' and 'aversion', and so on.

Hui Hai (circa 788 A.D.),
Zen Teaching on Sudden Illumination, Section 10
(translated by John Blofeld, Rider & Co., London, 1962)
268) Section 10 of Huang Po's
Zen Teaching on the Transmission of Mind:
It is by preventing the rise of conceptual thought that
you will realize Bodhi [wisdom], and, when you do
you will just be realizing the Buddha [Awakened One]
who has always existed in your own Mind!... Therefore
the Buddha said: "I truly attained nothing from
complete, unexcelled Enlightenment."

Huang Po (died 850 A.D.),
Zen Teaching on the Transmission of Mind,
The Chün Chou Record, Section 10
(translated by John Blofeld, Rider & Co., London, 1958, pp. 37-38)
269) Section 10 of Rinzai's Lin-chi Lu:
At the evening's question period th master told his monks: "Sometimes I snatch away
the man but not the environment; sometimes I snatch away the environment but not the man.
Sometimes I snatch away both man and environment; sometimes I snatch away neither man nor
environment." A monk asked: "How do you snatch away the man but not the environment?"
The master said: "Warm sunshine covers the earth with a carpet of brocade. The hair
of the child is white like silken thrread." The monk asked: "How do you snatch away
the environment but not the man?" The master said: "As the king's command reaches
everywhere, the general at the frontier ceases to fight." The monk asked: "How do
you snatch away both man and environment?" The master said: "The provinces of Hei
and Fu are cut off entirely, each alone in its own place." The monk asked: "How do
you neither snatch man nor environment?" The master said: "When the king ascends
the jewel-palace, the peasants in the fields burst into song."

Rinzai Gigen (died Jan. 10, 866 A.D.),
The Zen Teaching of Rinzai, Section 10
(translated from the Chinese by Irmgard Schloegl)
Shambhala, Berkeley, 1976, p. 19
270) Chou Tun-Yi (1017-1073), Penetrating Book of Changes,
Chapter 10: The Will to Learn
“The sage aspires to become Heaven,
the worthy aspires to become a sage.
Yen Yüan did not transfer his anger;
he did not repeat a mistake, and for
three months his mind would be full of benevolence.
If one learns what Yen Yüan learned,
he will become a sage if he reaches the highest degree.”
271) Kakuan's 10 Oxherd Drawings depict the process of Zen enlightenment.
The 10th Drawing shows the sage in the market place,
where the enlightened one is not in a cave enjoying his bliss,
but sharing his wisdom with everyone in everyday life.
272) The 10 Sephiroth of the Kabbala are
the 10 spheres of light from the Tree of Life:
273) Canto 10 of Dante's Paradiso:
(Ascent to the Fourth Heaven, the Sphere of the Sun):
How bright within themselves must be the lights
I saw on entering the Sun, for they
were known to me by splendor, not by color!

And Beatrice began: "Give thanks, give thanks
to Him, the angels' Sun, who, through His grace,
has lifted you to this embodied sun."
— Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), Paradiso 10.40-42, 10.52-54
( Allen Mandelbaum translation, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1984, pp. 86-87)
274) Verse 10 of Drg-Drsya-Viveka ("Seer-Seen Discernment") by Bharati Tirtha (c. 1328-1380):
“ In the state of deep sleep, when the thought of ego disappears
the body also becomes unconscious. The state in which there is
the half manifestation of the ego is called the dream state,
and the full manifestation of the ego is the state of waking.”

(translated by Swami Nikhilananda, Sri Ramakrishna Ashrama, Mysore, 1964, p. 13)
275) 10th Walk of Reveries of the Solitary Walker
by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778):
“ The taste for solitude and contemplation grew up in my heart
along with the expansive and tender feelings which are best able
to nourish it. Noise and turmoil constrain and quench them,
peace and quiet revive and intensify them. I need tranquillity
if I am to love.”

(translated by Peter France, Penguin Books, NY, 1979, p. 154)
276) Hate & Love in 10th Sonnet of William Shakespeare:
For shame! deny that thou bear'st love to any,
    Who for thy self art so unprovident.
Grant, if thou wilt, thou art beloved of many,
    But that thou none lov'st is most evident:
For thou art so possessed with murderous hate,
    That 'gainst thy self thou stick'st not to conspire,
Seeking that beauteous roof to ruinate
    Which to repair should be thy chief desire.
O! change thy thought, that I may change my mind:
    Shall hate be fairer lodged than gentle love?
Be, as thy presence is, gracious and kind,
    Or to thyself at least kind-hearted prove:
        Make thee another self for love of me,
        That beauty still may live in thine or thee.

William Shakespeare (1564-1616), Sonnets X, Commentary
277) 10th Poem of Emily Dickinson:
My wheel is in the dark!
I cannot see a spoke
Yet know its dripping feet
Go round and round.

My foot is on the Tide!
An unfrequented road—
Yet have all roads
A clearing at the end—

Some have resigned the Loom—
Some in the busy tomb
Find quaint employ—

Some with new— stately feet—
Pass royal through the gate—
Flinging the problem back
At you and I!

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)
Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson
(edited by Thomas H. Johnson, 1955)
278) Verse 10 in Jack Kerouac's Sutra,
Scripture of the Golden Eternity (1960):

This world is the movie of what everything is,
it is one movie, made of the same stuff throughout,
belonging to nobody, which is what everything is.

Jack Kerouac (1922-1969)
The Scripture of the Golden Eternity
Totem/Corinth Book, NY, 1970, p. 21
279) Chapter 10 of Franklin Merell-Wolff's Pathways through to Space (1936):
is titled "Seek Me First"
The joy is not the end-in-itself to be sought.
Seek Me first, and then My Knowledge and My Joy will also be thine.
Seek Me for My own sake and not for any ulterior motive.
I and I alone am the worthy end of all endeavor.
So lay down all for Me, and My Wealth will be thy wealth,
My Power thy power, My Joy thy joy, My Wisdom thy wisdom.
This universe is but a part of My Treasure, and it, with vastly
greater Riches, shall be the portion of the Inheritance of all
those who come to Me.
Long have ye lingered in the desert of Ignorance.
I desire not thy continued suffering.
Come unto Me. The Way is not so hard.

Franklin Merrell-Wolff (1887-1985)
Pathways through to Space
Chapter X: "How to Understand Mystic Writings"
(2nd Edition, Julian Press, NY, 1973, p. 24)
280) Aphorism 10 of Franklin Merrell-Wolff's Consciousness Without an Object (1973):

Consciousness of absence of objects is Nirvana.

Commentaries: Etymologically, "Nirvana" means "blown-out", and this, in turn,
carries the popular connotation of annihilation. It is true that it does mean annihilation
in a sense, but it is the annihilation of a phase or way of consciousness,
not of the principle of consciousness, as such. A careful study of the Buddhist canon
reveals quite clearly that Gautama Buddha never meant by "Nirvana" the destruction
of the principle of consciousness, but only of consciousness operating in a certain way.
    As employed in the present aphorism, "Nirvana" means that state of consciousness
wherein the self does not stand in the relation to objects such that the self is to be
contrasted to, and aware of, objects. Only one part of the meaning of "Nirvana" is suggested
in this aphorism, i.e., that "Nirvana" designates the consciousness wherein there is absence
of objects. Yet the subject to consciousness is not here supposed annulled in the deeper sense.
Something of this quality of consciousness, but generally not in its purity, is to be found
even in western mysticism. It is revealed in the expressions of the mystics, wherein they
report realization of identity between themselves and content of consciousness. This content
is so often mixed with an objective meaning that the mystical states in question must be
judged as not pure, but rather, a blend of a degree of the Nirvanic State with the typical
consciousness of the universe of objects. Yet always, with the mystic, there is an ineffable
substratum that he never succeeds in more than suggesting in his expression... All our language,
as such, is based upon the subject-object relationship cannot be truly represented through
language built upon that base. Therefore, the expressions of the mystics must be regarded
as symbols, rather than as concepts that mean what they are defined to mean and no more.
    The pure Nirvanic State of Consciousness is a Void, a Darkness, and a Silence,
from the standpoint of relative or subject-object consciousness. But taken on its own
level it is an extremely rich state of consciousness that is anything but empty.
It cannot be conceived, but must be realized directly to be known.

Franklin Merrell-Wolff
Franklin Merrell-Wolff (1887-1985),
Philosophy of Consciousness Without an Object
(Reflections on the Nature of Transcendental Consciousness)
(Julian Press, NY, 1973, p. 104, pp. 198-200)
281) Chapter 10 of Wei Wu Wei's Ask the Awakened (1963) is titled "Silence, 2":
Silence, regarded metaphysically, is considerably different from conventional silence,
dualistically defined, silence as one element in a comparison of opposites, silence as
the opposite and complement of noise. The silence which the Maharshi [Ramana] states is
more powerful than speech, a more potent medium of instruction than words, the silence
in which, and by which, occurs the transmission of mind via mind in which the ultimate
doctrine of the Buddha was handed down from patriarch to patriarch according to the
Ch'an Masters, is rather the background of the time-illusion, the interval between
thoughts that is normally imperceptible to divided mind, of infinitesimal duration,
but which is in itself intemporal, of no, or of infinite duration. If we can seize it,
so we are told, and hold it, the mind stays open, and we are awake at last.
    What, then, is it— this metaphysical silence? Clearly it is the
'Buddha-mind' of Ch'an, the 'Witness' of Vedanta, the 'Father' of Christianity,
i.e., whole-mind. The mechanism of dualism seems to be that of the escapement of
a clock, which is also an instrument for recording time. One half momentarily stops
the flow of time, and then the other, tic-toc, tic-toc. so does each half of split-mind,
tic-toc, tic-toc, and the interval between each tick is pure movement, the background,
the intemporal reality which, measured by each alternative tick, becomes time as we
know it. And the tic-toc, the alternative stopage, is the comparison of opposites,
the activity of split-mind, which we know as thought and mentation.
    We can now see why every one of the awakened tells us ad nauseam that
all we need to do is to arrest the movement of thought in order to know whole-mind and
find ourselves awake. It explains also why wu or satori is always precipitated
by a sudden sound, anything from a clap of thunder to the snapping of a twig, or, indeed, any
other sensory perception whatever. Such perception momentarily arrests the eternal tic-toc
of thought and, the subject being ripe, whole-mind takes possession and is no longer split.
    That the awakened continue to know divided mind, in communicating with those
who remain identified, is evident, but for them that condition is the abnormal, and the
state of whole-mind the normal, instead of the contrary as with the rest of us. But it is
surely an error to suppose that we do not know whole-mind in our daily life— for the
the consciousness that is aware of our having thought is certainly that, a consciousness
that is ever awake, is always present, and that alone is 'real'.
Wei Wu Wei (1895-1986), Ask the Awakened (1963), pp. 21-22
282) Wei Wu Wei's The Tenth Man is a Buddhist metaphysical book by an enlightened Irish sage.
It contains 100 short contemplative pieces to arouse the reader to cosmic awakening.
In Chapter 81, he tells The 'Tenth Man' Story how ten monks went on a pilgrimage
and one became lost while crossing a river in flood. (
complete story)
Wei Wu Wei (1895-1986),
The Tenth Man: The Great Joke Which Made Lazarus Laugh
Hong Kong University Press, 1966, pp. 178-179 (Archives)

Paul Brunton (1898-1981),
Notebooks of Paul Brunton,
XV, Paras #10
from various chapters
Volume 15:
Advanced Contemplation
& The Peace Within You
Larson Publications,
Burdett, NY, 1988,
Part I: pp. 4, 29,
67, 170, 215;
Part II:
pp. 4, 17, 39, 80

Para #10 from Volume 15 of Paul Brunton's
Notebooks: "Advanced Contemplation"—
What it asserts is that the real truth already exists in the pithy core
of man's mind, that it can be seen by anyone who will undo the illusions
which cover it so thickly, the passions which obscure it so agitatedly,
and, above all, the egoism which fears it so greatly. This does not imply
the development of new things: it implies the removal of old ones.
It is concerned with the discovery of what we really are,
not what we shall one day become. (1.10)
Those who use terms or utter phrases which transcend all
meaning delude themselves and mystify others to no purpose.
If the experiences and insights of the Short Path are beyond
intellectual comprehension, and consequently beyond intellectual
communication, the proper way to consider them is in perfect
silence— not in speech or writing. (2.10)
The Long Path covers all the preparatory stages leading up to
but not including the decisive attempts. It is concerned with
the removal of obstructions to the coming of enlightenment,
whereas these attempts, which belong to the Short Path, are
concerned with the conclusive formulae of enlightenment. (4.10)
Now an extraordinary and helpful fact is that by making Mind
the object of our attention, not only does the serenity which
is its nature begin to well up of its own accord but its steady
unchanging character itself helps spontaneously to repel all
disturbing thoughts. (7.10)
God as MIND fills that void. In being deprived first of his ego
and then of his ecstatic emotional union with the Overself,
the mystic who is thereby inwardly reduced to a state of
nothingness comes as near to God's state as he can. However
this does not mean that he comes to God's consciousness. (8.10)

Para #10 from Volume 15 of Paul Brunton's
Notebooks: "The Peace Within You"—
The wisdom of experience teaches us that all things change.
Friendship wanes and realized ambition brings its own new troubles
or disappointments. A fixed and unalterable worldly happiness based
on outward things is sought by many but found by none.(1.10)
It is in the very nature of things that the good should ultimately
triumph over the bad, that the true should dissolve the false.
This understanding should bring him patience. (2.10)
"Independent of" seems a better term than
"detached from" (outside things). (3.10)
It is true peace because he is inwardly at peace
with himself, with his fellow men, and with God. (4.10)
290) Numerology: words whose letters add up to 10

DNA: 4 + 5 + 1 = 10

DO: 4 + 6 = 10

IS: 9 + 1 = 10

JAPA: 1 + 1 + 7 + 1 = 10

LAMB: 3 + 1 + 4 + 2 = 10

LAO: 3 + 1 + 6 = 10

MAN: 4 + 1 + 5 = 10

OAKS: 6 + 1 + 2 + 1 = 10

OM: 6 + 4 = 10

PAT: 7 + 1 + 2 = 10

RA: 9 + 1 = 10

SKY: 1 + 2 + 7 = 10

TAG: 2 + 1 + 7 = 10

UP: 3 + 7 = 10

WE: 5 + 5 = 10

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