On the Number 85

85 in Mathematics
1) The 43rd odd number = 85
2) The 61st composite number = 85
3) The 5th octahedral number: 1, 6, 19, 44, 85
4) The 5th decagonal number: 1, 10, 27, 52, 85
5) The 5th Smith number: 4, 22, 27, 58, 85
6) The 7th Centered square number: 1, 5, 13, 25, 41, 61, 85
7) The 8th Centered triangular number: 1, 4, 10, 19, 31, 46, 64, 85
8) Sum of the 2nd & 9th square numbers = 4 + 81 = 85
9) Sum of the 6th & 7th square numbers = 36 + 49 = 85
10) Sum of the 1st & 23rd prime numbers = 2 + 83 = 85
11) Sum of the 22nd odd & 21st even numbers = 43 + 42 = 85
Sum of the 14th prime & 8th abundant number = 43 + 42 = 85
Sum of the 12th lucky & 8th abundant number = 43 + 42 = 85
12) Sum of the 6th prime numbers & 15th abundant number = 13 + 72 = 85
13) Sum of the 23rd & 34th composite numbers = 35 + 50 = 85
14) Sum of the 4th cubic & 6th triangular numbers = 64 + 21 = 85
15) Sum of the 6th, 7th & 8th triangular numbers = 21 + 28 + 36 = 85
16) Sum of the 15th even & 8th triangular numbers = 30 + 55 = 85
17) Sum of the 4th through 13th numbers = 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10 + 11 + 12 + 13 = 85
18) Product of the 3rd & 7th prime numbers = 5 x 17 = 85
19) 132 + 842 = 852 (169 + 7056 = 7225)
20) 85 is the side of a Primitive Pythagorean Triangle 13-84-85.
It also on the side of another Primitive Pythagorean Triangle 36-77-85.
There are only 16 primitive triplets with hypotenuse less than 100:
(3, 4,5), (5, 12, 13), (8, 15, 17), (7, 24, 25), (20, 21, 29), (12, 35, 37),
(9, 40, 41), (28, 45, 53), (11, 60, 61), (33, 56, 65), (16, 63, 65),
(48, 55, 73), (36, 77, 85), (13, 84, 85), (39, 80, 89), and (65, 72, 97)
21) The 1st & 2nd digits in the 6th perfect number = 85
8589869056
22) 85 appears in the 6th, 7th, and 14th pairs of amicable numbers:
6) 10744 & 10856, 7) 12285 & 14595, 14) 100485 & 124155
23) Square root of 85 = 9.219544457
24) Cube root of 85 = 4.396829672
25) ln 85 = 4.442651257 (natural log to the base e)
26) log 85 = 1.929418926 (logarithm to the base 10)
27) Sin 85o = 0.996194698
Cos 85o = 0.087155742
Tan 85o = 11.4300523
28) 1/85 expressed as a decimal = 0.0117647
29) The 90th & 91st digits of e = 85

e = 2.7182818284 5904523536 0287471352 6624977572 4709369995
9574966967 6277240766 3035354759 4571382178 5251664274
2746639193 2003059921 8174135966 2904357290 0334295260
5956307381 3232862794 3490763233 8298807531 9525101901
1573834187 9307021540 8914993488 4167509244 7614606680

(Note: The 99th-108th digits of e = 7427466391 is the first 10-digit prime in
consecutive digits of e. This is the answer to the Google Billboard question
that may lead to a job opportunity at Google.com, San Jose Mercury News, 7-10-2004)
30) The 171st & 172nd digits of pi, π = 85
The 255th & 256th digits of pi, π = 85
3.141592653589793238462643383279502884197
31) The 293rd & 294th digits of phi, φ = 85
The 336th & 337th digits of phi, φ = 85
Phi or φ = 1.61803398874989484820 is a transcendental number,
also called the Golden Ratio (or Golden number).
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) first called it the sectio aurea,
(Latin for the golden section) and related it to human anatomy.
Ratios may be found in the Pyramids of Giza & the Greek Parthenon.
32) Binary number for 85 = 01010101
(Decimal & Binary Equivalence; Program for conversion)
33) ASCII value for 085 = U
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
34) Hexadecimal number for 85 = 55
(Hexadecimal # & ASCII Code Chart)
35) Octal number for 85 = 125
(Octal #, Hexadecimal #, & ASCII Code Chart)
36) The Greek-based numeric prefix octacontakaipenta- means 85.
37) The octacontakaipentagon is a plain figure with 85 straight sides.
38) The octacontakaipentahedron is a solid figure with 85 planar faces.
39) The Latin-based numeric prefix quinoctoginta- means 85.
40) The noun and adjective quinoctogintennary means "a group of 85 or a period of 85 years".
41) The noun and adjective quinoctogintennial means "an 85th year anniversary".
42) The Roman numeral for 85 is LXXXV.
43) Ba Shí Wu (8, 10, 5 is the Chinese ideograph for 85.
44) (60, 20, 5) is the Babylonian number for 85
Georges Ifrah, From One to Zero: A Universal History of Numbers,
Penguin Books, New York (1987), pp. 326-327
45) 85 in different languages:
Dutch: tachtig-vijf, French: quatre-vingt-cinq, German: achtzig-fünf, Hungarian: nyolcvan-öt,
Italian: ottanta-cinque, Spanish: ochenta-cinco, Swahili: themanini-tano, Swedish: åttio-fem
85 in Science
46) Atomic Number of Astatine (At) = 85 (85 protons & 85 electrons); Atomic weight = 210.
Astatine is a halogen and possibly accumulates in the thyroid like iodine.
It is radioactive and essentially unavailable in nature. It is not possible
to make other than in a nuclear reactor. The longest-lived isotope, 210At,
has a half-life of 8.3 hours. All the other 20 isotopes of At are radioactive.
47) Atomic Weight of Rubidium (Rb) = 85 (85.4678)
Rubidium can be liquid at ambient temperature, its melting point is about 40oC.
It is a soft, silvery-white metallic element of the alkali metals group (Group 1).
It is one of the most most electropositive and alkaline elements. It ignites
spontaneously in air and reacts violently with water, setting fire to the liberated
hydrogen. As so with all the other alkali metals, it forms amalgams with mercury.
It alloys with gold, caesium, sodium, and potassium. It colors a flame yellowish-violet.

48) Inorganic compounds whose molecular weight is 85:
Gallium mono-oxide, GaO = 85.72
Manganese phosphide, MnP = 85.91
Sodium nitrate, NaNO3 = 85.01
49) Inorganic compounds that melt at ±85oC:
Carbon selenosulfide, CSSe, MP = -85oC
Hydrazine sulfate, N2H4•½H2SO4, MP = 85oC
50) Organic compounds whose molecular weight is 85:
Acetone cyanohydrin, (CH3)2C(OH)-CN, MW = 85.10
Hydroxybutyric nitrile (γ), HO-(CH2)3-CN, MW = 85.10
Piperidine, CH2(CH2)4NH, MW = 85.15
Thiazole, C3H3NS, MW = 85.12
51) Organic compounds that melt at 85oC:
Allyl urea, C3H5-NH-CO-NH2, MP = 85oC
Benzoyl carbinol, C6H5CO-CH2OH, MP = 85-86oC
Benzyl diphenyl (p), C6H5CH2-C6H4-C6H5, MP = 85oC
Dibenzyl acetic acid, (C6H5CH2)2=CHCOOH, MP = 85-86oC
Dichloro-quinoline (5,6), C9H5NCl2, MP = 85oC
Dimethyl amino-phenol (m), (CH3)2N-C6H4-CH, MP = 85oC
Diphenyl carbamine chloride, (C6H5)2N-CO-Cl, MP = 85-86oC
Guaiacol carbonate, (CH3O-C6H4O)2CO, MP = 85-86oC
Indoxyl, HN-CH=C(OH)-C6H4, MP = 85oC
Nitro formaldehyde-phenyl hydrazone, C6H5NH-N=CH-NO2, MP = 85-86oC
Penta-chlorobenzene, Cl5C6H, MP = 85-86oC
Tribromo-aniline (2,4,5), Br3C6H2-NH2, MP = 85-86oC
Xylyl hydrazine, (CH3)2C6H3-NH-NH2, MP = 85oC
[Norbert A. Lange, Handbook of Chemistry, Sandusky, Ohio (1952)]
52) 85th amino acid in the 141-residue alpha-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Alanine (A)
85th amino acid in the 146-residue beta-chain of Human Hemoglobin is Phenylalanine (F)
Single-Letter Amino Acid Code
Alpha-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
LSHCLLVTLAAHLPAEFTPAVHASLDKFLASVSTVLTSKYR
Beta-chain sequence of human hemoglobin:
VHLTPEEKSAVTALWGKVNVDEVGGEALGRLLVVYPWTQRFFESFGDLST
PDAVMGNPKVKAHGKKVLGAFSDGLAHLDNLKGTFATLSELHCDKLHVDP
ENFRLLGNVLVCVLAHHFGKEFTPPVQAAYQKVVAGVANALAHKYH
53) The 85th amino acid in the 153-residue sequence of sperm whale myoglobin
is Glutamic Acid (E) [A.B. Edmundson, Nature 205, 883-887 (1965)]
54) The 85th amino acid in the 124-residue enzyme Bovine Ribonuclease is Arginine (R)
It is next to Cysteine-84 and Glutamic Acid-86. Cys-84 forms a disulfide S-S bond with Cys-26.
[C. H. W. Hirs, S. Moore, and W. H. Stein, J. Biol. Chem. 235, 633 (1960)]
55) There are 85 residues in the high potential iron-sulfur protein
from the sulfur purple bacteria Chromatium vinosum. The 85th residue
at the C-terminal is Glycine (Gly). The protein's formula weight is 9254.
There are four Cysteine residues: Cys43-Cys46 and Cys63-Cys77.
[Karl Dus, Siv Tedro, & Robert G. Bartsch, J. Biol. Chem. 248, 7318-7331 (1973)]
X-ray 3-D Structure: α-Helix at 12-16, 28-31; Twisted β-sheet at 48-73; 17 Hairpin turns
[Charles W. Carter, et. al., J. Biol. Chem., 249, 4212-4225 (1974)]
56) In an article on "Hierarchy and Protein Folding", George Rose uses azurin,
a protein of 85 residues as a model for protein folding.
57) There are 85 amino acids (residues 3-87) in Immunity Protein of Colicin E7
and 60 water molecules in the current model from the 1.8-A crystal structure studies.
[Kin-Fu Chak, et. al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 93, 6437-6432 (1996)]
58) β-turn frequency in 29 proteins:
Glysine (Gly): f(i+1) = 0.085
Arginine (Arg): f(i+3) = 0.085
[from Table VIII (p. 71) of P.Y. Chou & G.D. Fasman,
Advances in Enzymology 47, 45-148 (1978)]
"Tight Turns": Jane S. Richardson, The Anatomy & Taxonomy of Protein Structure
59) Messier M85 is the northernmost member of the Virgo Cluster in Messier's catalog, and thus situated in constellation Coma Berenices. It was discovered on March 4, 1781 by Pierre Méchain. His report of this discovery caused Charles Messier to investigate this nebulous object and this whole celestial region. On March 18, 1781, he cataloged it as M85, together with seven own discoveries of that night in the same area in the sky, all of them also member galaxies of the Virgo Cluster, and globular cluster M92.
60) NGC 85 is a galaxy in the constellation Andromeda (Image)
61) Asteroid 85 Io was discovered on September 19, 1865 by C. H. F. Peters,
and named after Io, a lover of Zeus in Greek mythology.
Io (eye'-oh) is a large, dark Main belt asteroid of the C spectral class.
It has a period of 4.32 years (1578 days) and diameter of 178 km (110 miles).
Photometric Observation and Modelling of the Asteroid 85 Io
62) McDonnell F-85 "Goblin" was a USAF's fighter plane. The XF-85 plane
is located at the Strategic Air Command Museum, Ashland, Nebraska
and at the United States Air Force Museum in Wright-Patterson, Ohio.
63) T-85 IIAP Main Battle Tank is a is a variant of Chinese T-85 main battle tanks
with some improvements to existing systems and introduction of latest systems and weaponry.
The original T-85 were manufactured at China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO).
Pakistan is manufacturing these tanks at Heavy Industries Taxila under Chinese license.
With a maximum combat range over 600 km, it can strike deep into enemy territory.
64) E85 is an alcohol fuel mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline, by volume ethanol derived from crops (bioethanol) is a biofuel. E85 as a fuel is widely used in Sweden and is becoming increasingly common in the U.S., mainly in the Midwest where corn is a major crop and is the primary source for ethanol fuel production.
65) Giant of Battles Rose:
Class: Hybrid Perpetual
Bloom: Medium red, strong fragrance
Blooms in flushes throughout the season.
85 petals
Height of 24" (60 cm)
Bred in France (1846) by Guillot and by Nérard.
Parentage: Seedling of Gloire des Rosomanes
85 in Mythology & History
66) Paper 85 of The Urantia Book (1924) is titled "The Origins of Worship".
Topics covered include the Worship of stones and hills, Worship of plants and trees,
Worship of animals, Worship of the elements, Worship of the heavenly bodies,
Worship of man, and The adjutants of worship and wisdom.
67) The 85th day of the year (non-leap year) = March 26
[American poet, Robert Frost (1874-1963) was born on March 26, 1874.
British poet, A. E. Housman (1859-1936) born March 26, 1859;
American mythologist, Joseph Campbell (1904-1987), born March 26, 1904;
American playwright, Tennessee Williams (1911-1983) born March 26, 1911.]
68) The 85th day of the year (leap year) = March 25
[Hungarian pianist and composer, Bela Bartok (1881-1945) was born on March 25, 1881.
Patron Saint of Italy, Saint Catherine of Siena (1347-1380) born March 25, 1347;
Italian conductor, Arturo Toscanini (1867-1957), born March 25, 1867;
British film director Sir David Lean (1908-1991) born March 25, 1908.]]
69) 85 B.C.
• First Mithridatic War— Lucius Cornelius Sulla (138 BC-78 BC) again
defeats Archelaus in the decisive Battle of Orchomenus.
Marcus Junius Brutus (85 BC-42 BC), conspirer in the murder of Julius Caesar, was born.
70) 85 A.D.
• Spanish poet Martial (40-102 AD), publishes a collection of pithy, satirical epigrams.
• Roman forces under Agricola defeat Caledonians & circumnavigate British Isles.
• The Roman Emperor Domitian repulses a Dacian invasion of Moesia.
— John B. Teeple, Timelines of World History (2002), p. 83
71) At Age 85:
Anna Mary Robertson, aka "Grandma" Moses (1860-1961), has her painting
"The Old Checkered Inn in Summer" featured in the background of a national advertising
campaign for the young women's lip gloss "PRIMITIVE RED' by Du Barry cosmetics (1946).
In observance of the her 100th birthday, she has an exhibit "My Life's History"
(September 12, 1960) at the IBM Gallery. It circulated for one year by the
Smithsonian Institution and presented at museums in the United States.
Arturo Toscanini (1867-1957), Italian musician and conductor, conducts his last
performance of Beethoven's 9th Symphony, with the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1952).
He was renowned for his brilliant intensity, his restless perfectionism, his
phenomenal ear for orchestral detail and sonority, and his photographic memory
which gave him extraordinary command over a vast repertoire of orchestral and
operatic works, and allowed him to correct errors in orchestral parts unnoticed
by his colleagues for decades. Toscanini retired at age 87. Of the first movement
of Beethoven's Eroica, Toscanini said, "To some it is Napoleon, to some it is a
philosophical struggle. To me it is allegro con brio."

(Toscanini postage stamps: Italy, Israel, USA)
W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) publishes his 184th & 185th articles in periodicals:
"On Having My Portrait Painted" and "Credo of a Story Teller" (1959).
Maugham died in Nice, France on December 16, 1965 at age 91.
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology, completes his autobiography Memories, Dreams, Reflections & Man and His Symbols in his 85th year. He dies seven weeks before his 86th birthday. Jung has a dream about his death, on returning to Bollingen, his home on the edge of the lake at Zurich— "He saw the 'other Bollingen' bathed in a glow of light, and a voice told him that it was now completed and ready for habitation. Then far below he saw a mother wolverine teaching her child to dive and swim in a stretch of water." To him, the "other Bollingen" is his future home; mother nature will teach him the new ways of life there. One of his biographers, Barbara Hannah, attends his funeral and writes: "When I stood by his infinitely peaceful and yet very remote dead body, I could only say 'thank you' again and again. And that is how I still feel toward this life which was lived so fully and that we were privileged to know: a profound and boundless gratitude."
Joan Miró (1893-1983), Catalan-Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramist,
moves back to Spain (1978) after the death of Franco. At age 85, Miró
is active as ever, doing a sculpture for Chicago, murals for Barcelona,
and a tapestry for Washington's National Gallery of Art.
Harold Macmillan (1894-1986), Prime Minister of United Kingdom (1957-1963) gives
the main speech at the annual conference (Feb. 10, 1979) of the Young Conservatives.
George Meany (1894-1980), American labor leader, served as President of the AFL
(American Federation of Labor)from 1952 to 1955, and then, following its merger
with the CIO (Congress of Industrial Organizations) in the latter year, as president
of the united AFL-CIO from 1955 to 1979. He retires from the 14-million-member
federation of labor in 1979. Meany is famous for having said toward the end
of his tenure that he had "never walked a picket line in his life."
Karl Böhm (1894-1981), Austrian orchestral and operatic conductor,
continues as the star conductor of the Salzburg Festival
and conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra.
Daniel K. Ludwig (1897-1992, American shipping magnate and billionaire, continues
with the development of his three million acre estate on the Amazon River (1978).
At a cost of \$1 billion he has cleared 200,000 acres, and had a complete instant
wood pulp plant towed on barges from Japan. At the height of his career, Ludwig
owned and operated complement of some 60 vessels. Throughout his business life,
Ludwig maintained a low profile, and his name rarely appeared in the media
prompting a 1986 book by Jerry Shields titled The Invisible Billionaire: Daniel Ludwig.
Harold A. Scheraga (born Oct. 18, 1921),
American physical chemist of proteins and macromolecules,
Cornell University Todd Professor Emeritus in Chemistry
is still active (2006) doing both experimental and theoretical
research on protein structure folding & the mechanism of action
of thrombin on fibrinogen (an important reaction in the blood
clotting process). Scheraga has published over 1170 scientific
articles, and is an active editorial & advisory board member
of nine scientific journals. He continues to give seminars
both at Cornell and around the world. In 2005, he received
a Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Gdansk.
One of Scheraga's latest paper is with M. Khalili & A. Liwo,
"Kinetic studies of folding of the B-domain of Staphylococcal Protein A
with Molecular Dynamics and a United-Residue (UNRES) Model
of Polypeptide Chains" in Journal of Molecular Biology 355, 536 (2006).
[Sources: Jeremy Baker, Tolstoy's Bicycle (1982), pp. 501-502;
World Almanac Book of Who (1980); Wikipedia Web Links: Grandma Moses,
Arturo Toscanini, W. Somerset Maugham, Carl Gustav Jung, Joan Miró,
Harold Macmillan, George Meany, Karl Böhm, Daniel Ludwig; & H.A. Scheraga]
72) Stanford Bronze Plaque 85 on the ground to the right of Stanford's Memorial Church is dedicated to the Class of 1985. It is located near Building 70 for Buddhist Studies & Religious Studies. Geographically it is at the southwest corner of the Main Quad. The first graduating class at Stanford was 1892. In 1980, Stanford Provost Don Kennedy strolled around the Inner Quad and calculated that it would take 512 years for the bronze class plaques embedded in the walkways to circle the entire area ending with the Class of 2403.
85 in Geography
73) Cities located at 85o longitude:
Katmandu, Nepal: 85o 12' E longitude & 27o 42' N latitude
Grand Rapids, Michigan: 85o 40' W longitude & 42o 58' N latitude
Louisville, Kentucky: 85o 46' W longitude & 38o 15' N latitude
74) 850 is the code for international direct dial phone calls to North Korea.
(852: Hong Kong; 853: Macau; 855: Cambodia; 856: Laos)
75) 85 is used as the country ISBN code for books from Brazil.
76) E85 is an European highway in Eastern Europe. Cities traversed include Klaipeda, Lithuania, Bucharest, Romania, Svilengrad, Bulgaria to Alexandroupolis, Greece.
77) E85 Highway Sign: The National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition has initiated discussions with the Federal Highway Administration regarding the location of signs on major highways to direct drivers of E85 vehicles to the nearest E85 fueling station.
78) I-85 is a 664-mile interstate highway
running through Alabama (79 miles),
Georgia (178 miles), South Carolina (107 miles),
North Carolina (233 miles), & Virginia (67 miles).
Southern End: Montgomery, Alabama at I-65.
Northern End: Petersburg, Virginia, at I-95.
Major cities along the route: Atlanta, GA;
Charlotte, Greensboro, Durham, NC
79) U.S. Highway 85
is a north-south United States highway
that runs for 1,479 miles (2,380 km)
near Fortuna, North Dakota
(North Terminus)
to the Mexican border
in El Paso, Texas
(South Terminus).
80) California State Route 85, commonly known in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, as Highway 85, is a North-South highway which connects Mountain View and southern San Jose. Also referred to as the West Valley Freeway, it provides an alternative to U.S. Highway 101, bypassing downtown San Jose and instead passing through Cupertino, Saratoga, Campbell, Los Gatos, and the Almaden Valley. The highway intersects with Interstate 280, Highway 17, and Highway 87. Total length of Highway 85 is 23.7 miles. This highway began on July 1, 1964. (Map; Photos)
81) King's Highway 85
runs for 9.8 km (6.1 miles)
from 1934-1981 & 2003-present
Southern Terminus:
Highway 7 in Kitchener;
Northern Terminus:
82) 85th Street/Forest Parkway is a BMT Nassau St./Jamaica Line Subway Station
in Queens, New York City. It is between 75th St./Ekders Lane and
Woodhaven Boulevard stations. It opened on June 11, 1917
83) East 85th Street photographed from Park Avenue in 1938.
84) Mannes College of Music trains and nurtures classical musicians of all ages.
It is located at 150 East 85th Street, New York, NY 10024, Phone: (212) 580-0210
85) Tuntex Sky Tower, is a 85-floor skyscraper located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.
Situated in the downtown Ling Ya district the structure is 347 m (1140 feet) high.
An antenna pushes the building height to 378 m. The building was constructed from
1994 to 1996 and opened in 1997. It is the tallest in Kaohsiung, and was the tallest
in Taiwan until the completion of Taipei 101. (View from T & C Tower)
86) Baiyoke Tower II, situated on the Rajprarop Road in the Ratchathewi district of Bangkok,
Thailand, is the country's tallest building. The building is 309 meters (1,013 ft) tall,
or 328 meters (1,076 ft) tall if its mast is included. It has 85 floors, with a public
observatory on the 77th floor and a 360-degree revolving roof deck on the 84th floor.
Construction on the building ended in 1997, with the antenna being added in 1999.
87) On the 85th floor of the Empire State Building (NYC) are six DTV stations:
WNBC-Channel 28, WPIX-Channel 33, WWOR (UPN)-Channel 38, WABC-Channel 45,
WCBS-Channel 56, and public broadcaster WNET-Channel 61. The 85th floor was
a good location to put both the UHF combiner along with the new L-shaped
5,000 pound high-V combiner, because the 84th floor just below them is a
convenient place to run transmission line across the building to the mooring mast.
88) Vienna's city council and investor Donautrust have unveiled plans to bulid the tallest
office tower in Europe, the DC Twin Towers. One of the two buildings will reach
420 meters in height, 85 floors, breaking several records in european construction.
85 in Sports & Games
89) Baseball's 85th World Series (1988): Los Angeles Dodgers defeats Oakland Athletics 4-1
Injured Kirk Gibson hits a two out, two run pinch homer in the 9th off relief ace
Eckersley to win Game 1 for the Dodgers. Orel Hershiser pitches a 3-hit shutout 3-0
to win Game 2 for Dodgers. Mark McGwire hits 9th inning homer to win Game 3 for
the Athletics. Dodgers win 4-3 on two errors by A's in Game 4. Orel Hershiser pitches
4-hitter to win 5-2 and Series MVP with ERA of 1.00 and two complete win games.
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 424
(The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 2757)
90) Three players are tied for 47th place with 85 stolen bases:
Tom Tucker (1887), Hub Collins (1890), Hugh Duffy (1891).
Total Baseball, 4th Ed., Viking, NY (1995), p. 2310
91) Five pitchers are tied for 24th place with 85 games pitched in a season:
Kent Tekulve (1982), Mitch Williams (1987), Frank Williams (1987),
Matt Capps (2006), and Jon Rauch (2006).
The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 35
92) Bob Stanley is in 13th place with 85 relief wins lifetime:
(#1 Hoyt Wilhelm 124, #2 Lindy McDaniel 119,
#3 Rollie Fingers 107, #4 Goose Gossage #104)
The Baseball Encyclopedia, 8th Edition, Macmillan, NY, 1990, p. 47
93) Joe DiMaggio got 91 hits during his 56-game hitting streak.
His 85th hit occurred on July 13, 1941 (53rd consecutive-hit game)
when he singled off Thorton Lee of the Chicago White Sox.
94) Rickey Henderson had his 85th stolen base (2nd base)
against Mike Morgan of the New York Yankees on July 15, 1982
when he set the season stolen base record of 130 in 1982.
95) Magic Johnson of the L.A. Lakers holds the record for the most assists made— 85,
in a 5-game NBA Playoff Series against the Portland Trailblazers (1985)
The Official NBA Encyclopedia, 3rd Ed. (2000), p. 871
96) The highest field goal percentage for a team in one quarter of the NBA Finals
was 85.0% (17/20) by the Chicago Bulls vs. LA Lakers on June 5, 1991.
The Official NBA Encyclopedia, 3rd Ed. (2000), p. 881
97) Lance Alworth, & Paul Warfield, are tied for 11th place
with 85 career receiving touchdowns in the NFL
at the start of the 2005 season. (Receiving TDs Leaders).
98) Lionel Taylor, wide receiver for the Denver Broncos led the NFL
with 85 receptions in 1965. (Receptions Leaders)
99) Vernon Davis, tight end
of the San Francisco 49ers
wears uniform #85.
6th overall draft of 49ers (2006).
Played for University of Maryland.
Regarded by many as the best pass
catching tight end in college football.
Led Maryland team with 51 receptions
& conference with 871 receiving yards.
100) Uniform #85 is the highest uniform number retired in Major League Baseball.
In 1984, the Cardinals' board of directors retired the number #85 for
August Busch, Jr. (1899-1989), the owner and CEO of the St. Louis Cardinals,
in honor of his age at the time. (Retired Baseball Uniforms)
101) 85th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John Newcombe beats Stan Smith
(6-3, 5-7, 2-6, 6-4, 6-4) on July 3, 1971.
102) 85th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert
(2-6, 6-4, 7-5) on July 7, 1978.
103) 85th Kentucky Derby was won by Tomy Lee in 2:02.2
with Jockey Bill Shoemaker aboard (May 2, 1959).
104) 85th Preakness Stakes was won by Royal Orbit in 1:57
with Jockey William Harmatz aboard (May 16, 1959).
105) 85th Belmont Stakes was won by Native Dancer in 2:28.6
with Jockey Eric Guerin aboard (June 13, 1953).
106) 85th U.S. Golf Open: Andy North shoots a 279
at Oakland Hills Country Club, Michigan (June 16, 1985)
107) Olympics Gold in Men's Javelin Throw:
1956 Egil Danielsen, Norway, 85.70 meters
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 868
108) Olympics Gold in Women's Platform Diving:
1956 Patricia McCormick, United States, 84.85 points
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 873
109) Olympics Gold in Men's Halfpipe Snowboarding:
1998 Gian Simmen, Switzerland, 85.2 points
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 878
110) Baseball: Sherwood Magee, Philadelphia Phillies led
the National League with 85 RBI in 1907.
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2006, p. 886
85 in Collectibles, Coins & Postage Stamps
111)
1985 China Panda Gold Coin,
100 yuan, 1 oz.
Reverse: Temple of Heaven
112) There are 200 cards in Wings: Friend or Foe (Topps 1952)
Card #85 is Viscount: British Turbo-Prop Transport
113) There are 160 cards in World on Wheels (Topps 1953)
Card #85 is "U.S. Army 48 Medium Gun Tank"
114) Postage Stamps with Denominations of 85 (Scott Catalogue # cited)
Note: Stamps were downloaded or scanned & resized in same proportion as originals.
Some stamps were retouched in Adobe Photoshop for centering or perforations.

 France B66-B67— 30 centimes + 55 centimes Winged Victory of Samothrace 30c Blue Green 55c Red Issued August 1937 Surtax of 1.65 franc for the benefit of the Louvre Museum Set of 2 values (Scott #B66-B67) Louvre Card postmarked 10-16-1937 Afars & Issas #C101— 85 francs Gypsum (Petrified Wood) Multicolored Issued Oct. 25, 1974 Lake Assal & Rocks Set of 3 values (Scott #C99-C101) Austria #B289— 70 gr + 15 groschen Physician using microscope Dark brown Issued 1954 Surtax for social welfare Set of 6 values (Scott #B288-B293) Chad #C58— 85 francs Battle of Wagram by Horace Vernet Multicolored Issued July 23, 1969 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Napoleon's birth Set of 3 values (Scott #C57-C59) France #1012— 85 centimes City Hall & Rodin's Burghers of Calais Slate green, slate & red brown Issued Oct. 9, 1961 Set of 7 values (Scott #1007-1013) France #1016— 85 centimes Paul Cezanne The Card Players Black, brown, red & olive Issued Nov. 13, 1961 Set of 4 values (Scott #1014-1017) France #1076— 85 centimes Marc Chagall The Married Couple of the Eiffel Tower Multicolored Issued Nov. 9, 1963 Set of 2 values (Scott #1076-1077) France #C8— 85 centimes Plane over Paris Deep green Issued 1936 Set of 7 values (Scott #C8-C14) French Southern & Antarctic Territories #18— 85 francs King Penguin Greenish blue, orange & black Issued Dec. 15, 1960 Set of 4 values (Scott #16-19) Mali #C1— 85 francs Collage of St. Louis, Senegal; Multicolored Issued Dec. 11, 1959 to commemorate the tercentenary of the founding of St. Louis, Senegal, & opening of the 6th Meeting of the Executive Council of French Community. Mali #35— 85 francs Pegasus & Berne UPU Monument Red brown, yellow & bright green (April 21, 1962) to commemorate 1st anniversary of Mali's admission to the UPU. Mali #8— 85 francs Dentex Dark green Issued 1960 Fish from Mali in natural colors Set of 7 values (Scott #2-8) Somali Coast #109— 85 centimes Somali girl Violet brown & blue green Issued in 1925 Set of 39 values issued 1915-1933 (Scott #80-118) Israel #482— 85 agorot Old Jerusalem by Jacob Steinhardt Black & yellow Issued March 7, 1972 Works by Israeli artists Set of 5 values (Scott #479-483) Israel #432— 85 agorot The Jewish Wedding by Josef Israels Black & multicolored Issued Dec. 22, 1970 Paintings from Tel Aviv Museum Set of 3 values (Scott #432-434) Chad #178— 85 francs Saint Philip Multicolored Issued July 23, 1969 Apostles & Jubilee Year Set of 12 values (Scott #168-179) Japan #C22— 85 yen Plane & Mt. Tsurugi-dake Black Issued Feb. 11, 1952 Set of 6 values (Scott #C19-C24) Upper Volta #O10 85 francs Elephant Dark slate green Issued Feb. 1, 1963 Diamond-shaped Official stamps Set of 10 values (Scott #O1-O10) Upper Volta #C16 85 francs Victorious Athlete Dark red, Prussian green and Dark brown Issued July 1, 1964 for 18th Olympic Games, Tokyo, Oct. 10-25, 1964 Set of 4 values (Scott #C14-C17; C17a SS)
85 in Books & Quotes
115) Quotes on 85:
"Yet, who can help loving the land that has taught us Six hundred
and eighty-five ways to dress eggs?"

— Thomas Moore (1779-1852)
"There is natural ignorance and there is artificial ignorance.
I should say at the present moment the artificial ignorance is about 85%."

— Ezra Pound (1828-1905)
"One day Kathy Kelly cut through the barbed wire at one of the missile silos.
There she was— all 85 pounds of her— on this missile site. She starts
planting some corn next to it. Of course, she put up a sign."

— Studs Terkel (born 1912)
"The U.N. acts as the world's conscience, and over 85% of the work that is done
by the United Nations is in the social, economic, educational and cultural fields."

— Shirley Temple (born 1928)
116) The 85 Ways to Tie a Tie by Thomas Fink & Yong Mao
is subtitled "the science and aesthetics of tie knots".
The book grew out of two articles [Nature, 398, 31 (1999);
Physics A, 276, 109 (2000)] in which the authors introduced
a mathematical respresentation of tie knots and proved that, with a conventional
necktie, there are exactly 85 possible ways to tie it. Of these, only 13 are
sufficiently handsome or different from each other to be worn. These include
the four traditional knots— the four-in-hand, the Nicky (a derivative of the
Pratt knot), the half-Windsor and the Windsor, and several unknown varieties.
117) Eighty-five Years of Irish History, 1800-1885
by William J. O'Neill Daunt (1807-1894)
Ward and Downey, London, 1888
New edition to which a supplementary chapter
is added, bringing down the narrative to 1887
[Stanford Auxliary: 941.58.D24]
118) The George Washington Atlas. A Collection of Eighty-five Maps
by Lawrence Martin (1880-1955)
George Washington Bicentennial Commission, Washington D.C., 1932
28 maps were made by George Washington, 7 used and annotated by him,
8 made at his direction, or for his use or otherwise associated with him,
and 42 new maps concerning his activities in peace and war.
[Stanford Auxliary: 973.41.W311MT.F]
119) The Eighty-five Days: Story of the Battle of the Scheldt
by Reginald William Thompson
Ballantine Books, New York, 1957
World War, 1939-1945 Campaigns, Scheldt River
[Stanford: D763.N42S361957]
120) The Eighty-Five Siddhas by Toni Schmid
Statens Etnografiska Museum, Stockholm, 1958
Reports on the Sino-Swedish Expedition (1927-1935) to the north-western provinces
of China under the leadership of Dr. Sven Hedin for Buddhist studies.
[Stanford Auxliary: 508.51.S617SECT.8V.7]
121) Eighty-five Poems; selected by the author by Louis MacNeice (1907-1963)
Oxford University Press, New York, 1959
[Stanford Auxliary: 821.7.M161O]
122) Ajanta murals; an album of eighty-five reproductions in colour.
Illustrated text by Ingrid Aall, Photos by S. G. Tiwari, Edited by A. Ghosh
Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi, 1967
Mural paintings, Buddhist art and Cave temples in India
[Stanford Art: ND2827.G5F]
123) The Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, 1891-1976:
a brief account of the first eighty-five years
by Eric Hutchinson
(1977) includes list of faculty members and portraits and list of graduates.
[Stanford: QD47.5.C23.S7]
124) 85 Days: The Last Campaign of Robert Kennedy by Jules Witcover
Putnam, NY, 1969, (William Morrow, Reprint Ed., 1988) is a complete and
comprehensive account of the ill-fated 1968 Presidential campaign of RFK.
125) 85 Acres on Route 83 (1998) by Kurt Knebusch (Editor)
is a book of poetry inspired by the Secrest Arboretum in Wooster, Ohio.
126) 85 Engaging Movement Activities by Phyllis S Weikart & Elizabeth B. Carlton
is an activity book (2002) for K-6 students. It provides a rich source of ideas
for challenging and enjoyable movement experiences for classroom teachers.
127) Frommer's Europe from \$85 a Day, 46th Edition (2004) is a book guide
to travel in style on a budget. You'll find inexpensive accommodations that
don't skimp on comfort. Affordable restaurants where locals go for a good meal.
128) 85 Million Dollar Tips for Financial Advisors by Maribeth Kuzmeski,
one valuable tip at a time. This handy book will help you attract and retain the best clients.
129) Number 85 is a 50 part humour-orientated comic book series
distributed online issue by issue. It's written by Gemma Bright & Tammy Holliday.
The characters live at number 85 in the kookiest block of flats in Britain.
130) Bollingen Series LXXXV is Selected Works of Miguel de Unamuno
Vol. 3: Our Lord Don Quixote
Vol. 4: The Tragic Sense of Life
by Miguel de Unamuno (1864-1936)
(edited & annotated by Anthony Kerrigan)
Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1976
[Stanford: PQ6639.N3.A25]
131) Volume 85 of Time Magazine (1st issue: March 3, 1923)
runs from Jan. 1, 1965, LXXXV, No. 1
(Cover: President Lyndon B. Johnson, Man of the Year)
to June 25, 1965, LXXXV No. 26 (Cover: McGeorge Bundy)
Actress Jeanne Moreau on Time cover, Vol. LXXXV, No. 10 (March 5, 1965)
Computer in Society on Time cover, Vol. LXXXV, No. 14 (April 2, 1965)
World According to Peanuts on Time cover, Vol. LXXXV, No. 15 (April 9, 1965)
132) Volume 85 of the Dictionary of Literary Biography
is titled "Austrian Fiction Writers After 1914"
James Hardin & Donald G. Daviau (Eds.), Gale Research, Detroit, 1989
DLB 85 covers Austrian writers whose first published works appeared
after the outbreak of World War I— an event that, especially for Austria,
marked the close of an era: by the end of the War, the vast, powerful, and
diverse Austro-Hungarian Empire of some 50 million people had been
reduced to fewer than 8 million. Among the 34 writers covered in this volume
are the poets Friederike Mayröcker and Erika Mitterer, the dramatist
Ödön von Horvath. Others include Ingeborg Bachmann, Thomas Bernhard,
Hermann Broch, Elias Canetti, Peter Handke, and Joseph Roth.
133) Volume 85 of the Shakespearean Criticism
covers the Criticism of William Shakespeare's
Plays and Poetry, from the First Published Appraisals to Current Evaluations
Michelle Lee (Project Editor), Thomson Gale, Farmington Hills, MI, 2005
Volume 85 covers these Shakespearean plays— Henry VI, Parts 1, 2, 3,
Julius Caesar, Titus Andronicus, and Twelfth Night.
Volume 1 of this series was edited by Laurie Lanzen Harris (1984).
134) Volume 85 of the Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism
covers the following writers: Caradoc Evans, Eric Gill, Herman Mankeiwicz,
Florence Nightingale, Rudolf Otto, and Allen Upward.
Jennifer Baise (Ed.), The Gale Group, Farmington Hills, MI, 1999
135) Volume 85 of the Contemporary Literary Criticism
covers the following writers: Maria Campbell, Douglas Coupland, Federico Fellini,
Frank Herbert, Irving Howe, Masizi Kunene, Bernard Malamud, N. Scott Momaday,
Sharon Olds, Wendy Rose, Randy Shilts, and Mario Vargas Llosa.
Christopher Giroux (Ed.), Gale Research Inc., Detroit, 1995
85 in Art, Music, & Film
136) Krishna Print 85 shows "A close-up of Lord Krishna with his flute"
from the Krishna Darshan Art Gallery featuring 122 paintings of Lord Krishna.
137) Woodblock Print 85
of 100 Views of Edo (1856-1858)
by Japanese painter & printmaker
Ando Hiroshige (1797-1858) is titled
"Distant View of Akasaka Reservoir from Kinokuni Slope"
showing a row of samurai marching by a lake reservoir
with crowded huts and foliage in the distance.
138) Pansa Sunavee's paintings 85 x 85 cm. acrylic on canvas:
Free Wave; Light of Spirit.
139) Johann Sebastian Bach's Church Cantata #85 was first performed April 15, 1725, Easter II.
Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass, 4 voices, 2 oboes, cello piccolo, strings, basso continuo.
(Ich bin ein guter Hirt)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 1 (1980), p. 820]
140) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's K #85 is Miserere in A minor (short sacred works)
Composed in Bologna, July-August 1770
Scoring: Alto, Tenor, Bass, with bass instrument
Last 3 verses incorrectly attributed to J. André in one manuscript.
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 12 (1980), p. 727]
141) Joseph Haydn's Symphony #85 "The Queen" in B flat Major (1785)
flute, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, & strings
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 8 (1980), p. 373]
142) Beethoven's Opus #85 is Christus am Oelberge [The Mount of Olives] (Choral Works with Orchestra)
Scoring: F.X. Huber, Oratorio, Soprano, Tenor, Bass, 4 voices, orchestra.
(Composed 1803, revised 1804; Published Leipzig 1811).
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 2 (1980), p. 403]
Notes on Beethoven's Eroica Symphony
143) Felix Mendelssohn's Opus #85 is Lieder ohne Worte, vii (piano solo) (published Bonn, 1850)
F, A minor, June 9, 1834; E flat, D, May 6, 1845;
A major, May 7, 1845; B flat, May 1, 1841
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 12 (1980), p. 154]
144) Frederic Chopin's Piano Solo #85 is Mazurka in A flat
(composed July 1834; published in Warsaw, 1930)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 4 (1980), p. 308]
145) Robert Schumann's Opus #85 is "12 vierhändige Klavierstücke für kleine und grosse Kinder"
"Twelve Pieces for Little and Big Children" (composed 1849; published 1850)
1. Geburtstagsmarsch, 2. Bärentanz, 3. Gartenmelodie, 4. Beim Kränzewinden,
5. Kroatenmarsch, 6. Trauer, 7. Turniermarsch, 8. Reigen, 9. Am Springbrunnen,
10. Versteckens, 11. Gespenstermärchen, 12. Abendlied.
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 16 (1980), p. 866]
146) Johannes Brahms' Opus #85 is Six Songs (Composed 1878);
1. Sommerabend (B flat), 2. Mondenschein (B flat), 3. Mädchenlied (a)
4. Ade! (b), 5. Frühlinglied (G), 6. In Waldeseinsamkeit (B)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 3 (1980), pp. 183-184]
More Notes on Johannes Brahms
147) Jean Sibelius's Opus #85 is Five Pieces for Piano (composed 1916)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 17 (1980), p. 289]
More Notes on Jean Sibelius
148) Sergei Prokofiev's Opus #85 is Zdravitsa [Hail to Stalin], Chorus, orchestra (1939)
[New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, Vol. 15 (1980), p. 299]
149) "Nineteen Hundred And Eighty Five Lyrics" is a song by Paul McCartney
from his album Band On The Run
On No One Left Alive In 1985, Will Ever Do
She May Be Right
She May Be Fine
She May Get Love But She Won't Get Mine
'Cos I Got You
Oh I Oh I
Well I Just Can't Enough Of That Sweet Stuff

Interlude

On My Mama Said The Time Would Come
When I Would Find Myself In Love With You
I Didn't Think I Never Dreamed
That I Would Be Around To See It All Come True
Woh I Oh I
Well I Just Can't Get Enough Of That Sweet Stuff

150) Life's Been Good by The Eagles—
 I have a mansion Forget the price Ain't never been there They tell me it's nice I live in hotels Tear out the walls I have accountants Pay for it all They say I'm crazy but I have a good time I'm just looking for clues at the scene of the crime Life's been good to me so far My Maserati Does one eighty-five I lost my license Now I don't drive I have a limo Ride in the back I lock the doors In case I'm attacked I'm making records My fans they can't wait They write me letters Tell me I'm great So I got me an office Gold records on the wall ust leave a message Maybe I'll call Lucky I'm sane after all I've been through (Everybody sing) I'm cool (He's cool) I can't complain but sometimes I still do Life's been good to me so far I go to parties Sometimes until four It's hard to leave When you can't find the door It's tough to handle This fortune and fame Everybody's so different I haven't changed They say I'm lazy but it takes all my time (Everybody sing) Oh yeah (Oh yeah) I keep on going guess I'll never know why Life's been good to me so far baby, inside the Sad Cafe.
85th Ranking in Lists
151) 98.5WNCX, Cleveland's Classic Rock radio station has ranked the Top 98 LP albums
The Cream's Disraeli Gears (1967) was selected as the 85th Greatest LP.
(#1. Pink Floyd, "Dark Side of the Moon", #2. "Led Zepplin 4", #3. Beatles, "White Album")
152) Rolling Stone Magazine's poll of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time
has named Patsy Cline's Crazy (1961) as the 85th Greatest Song.
(#1. Bob Dylan "Like a Rolling Stone", #2. Rolling Stones "Satisfaction", #3. John Lennon "Imagine")
153) In the KDFC 2006 Top #100 Classical All-Star Music Poll,
Elgar's Enigma Variations was selected as the 85th most popular musical piece
(Musical Piece #84: Grieg, Holberg Suite; #86: Dvorak, Song to the Moon)
(Top pieces: Beethoven's Symphony #9, Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto #2,
Beethoven's Symphony #6 Pastoral;
Top composers: Beethoven, Mozart, Bach;
Top performers: Yo Yo Ma, Itzhak Perlman, James Galway)
154) Leo McCarey's Duck Soup (1933) was selected
as the 85th best film in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (1998).
Plot: Rufus T. Firefly (Groucho Marx) is named dictator of bankrupt Freedonia
and declares war on neighboring Sylvania over the love of wealthy Mrs. Teasdale
(Margaret Dumont). Harpo Marx, Chico Marx, Zeppo Marx also starred in this film.
155) Dinner at Eight (1933) was selected as the 85th funniest film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Laughs (2000).
Directed by George Cukor, the film starred Jean Harlow, Marie Dresler,
Billie Burke, John Barrymore, Lionel Barrymore, and Wallace Beery.
156) Dracula (1931) was selected as the 85th best thriller film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills (2001).
Directed by Tod Browning, based on Bram Stoker's novel & Hamilton Deane's play,
the film starred Bela Lugosi, Helen Chandler, and David Manners.
157) Love Is a Many Splendid Thing (1955) was selected as the 85th best love stories film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Passions (2002). Directed by Henry King,
the film starred William Holden and Jennifer Jones.
158) "Come What May" from the film Moulin Rouge (2001)
was selected as the 85th best song in AFI 100 Years... 100 Songs (2004).
Directed by Baz Luhrmann; Music & Lyrics: David Baerwald.
The film starred Nicole Kidman, Ewan McGregor, John Leguizamo, Jim Broadbent.
Songs performed by Nicole Kidman & Ewan McGregor.
159) "My precious" from the film The Lord of the Rings: Two Towers (2002)
was selected as the 85th greatest movie quotes
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes (2005).
Directed by Peter Jackson, the film starred Sean Astin, Cate Blanchett, Andy Serkis.
160) What's Love Got to Do with It (1993) was selected as the 85th most inspiring film
in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers (2006). Directed by Brian Gibson, the film starred
Angela Bassett, Rae'Ven Larrymore Kelly, Laurence Fishburne, Khandi Alexander.
A film about the singer Tina Turner and how she rose to stardom with her
abusive husband Ike Turner and how she gained the courage to break free.
161) In the book Sporting News Selects Baseball's 100 Greatest Players (1998),
Dizzy Dean of the St. Louis Cardinals was ranked the 85th best baseball player of all time.
(#1 Babe Ruth; #2 Willie Mays; #3 Ty Cobb; #4 Walter Johnson)
162) In the book Sporting News Selects Football's 100 Greatest Players (1999),
Charley Taylor of the Washington Redskins was ranked
the 85th best football player of all time.
(#1 Jim Brown; #2 Jerry Rice; #3 Joe Montana; #4 Lawrence Taylor)
163) In the book 1,000 Years, 1,000 People: Ranking the Men and Women Who Shaped the Millennium
by Agnes Hooper Gottlieb, Henry Gottlieb, Barbar Bowers, Brent Bowers (1998),
Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian inventor of linear perspective, was ranked
the 85th most influential person of the millennium 1001-2000.
(#1 Johannes Gutenberg; #2 Columbus; #3 Martin Luther; #4 Galileo)
164) Montgomery County Public Library (Rockville, MD)
was ranked as the 85th largest library (2,583,225 volumes)
in a listing of "The 100 Largest Libraries in the United States" (1999).
(#1 Library of Congress; #2 Harvard University;
#3 New York Public Library; #4 Yale University)
2004 Listing: #85 Temple University (2,900,832 volumes)
(#1 Library of Congress; #2 Harvard University; #3 Boston Public Library; #4 Yale University)
165) In Martin Seymour-Smith's book The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written:
The History of Thought from Ancient Times to Today
(1998),
Martin Buber's I and Thou (1923)
was listed as the 85th book in chronological order
among the 100 most influential books in the history of thought.
166) In Henry Miller's The Books in My Life (1969), A. P. Sinnett's
Esoteric Buddhism was listed as the 85th book in author alphabetical order
among the 100 most influential books that Henry Miller has read.
167) In The Internet Top 100 Science Fiction/Fantasy List (July 6, 2003)
A Canticle for Leibowitz by Walter M. Miller was ranked
as the 85th most popular book.
(#1 George R. Martin, A Song of Ice & Fire; #2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Lord of the Rings; #3 Lois M. Bujold, Vorkosigan Series)
168) Berlin, Germany was ranked as the 85th most populous city (3,337,000)
in Top 100 Cities of the World— ranked by population.
(#1 Tokyo, Japan; #2 Mexico City, Mexico; #3 Mumbai, India; #4 Sáo Paulo, Brazil)
169) Bulgaria was ranked as the 85th most populous country (8,155,828)
in Top 100 Countries of the World— ranked by population.
(#1 China; #2 India; #3 United States; #4 Indonesia; #5 Brazil)
170) "Been" was ranked as the 85th most used English word
in The First 100 Most Commonly Used English Words from
The Reading Teacher's Book of Lists (4th Ed., 2000)
by Edward Bernard Fry, Jacqueline E. Kress, & Dona Lee Fountoukidis
(#1 the, #2 of, #3 and, #4 a, #5 to, #6 in, #7 is, #8 you, #9 that, #10 it)
In a survey of The 500 Most Commonly Used Words in English
"most" was ranked as the 85th most commonly used English word.
171) In The Modern Library 100 Best Novels (2003).
Board's List 85th best novel: Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim
(#1 James Joyce, Ulysses; #2 F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby)
Reader's List 85th best novel: Thomas Pynchon's V.
(#1 Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged; #2 L. Ron Hubbard, Dianetics)
172) In The Modern Library 100 Best Nonfiction (2003).
Board's List 85th best nonfiction: Beryl Markham's West with the Night
(#1 Henry Adams, Education of Henry Adams; #2 William James, Varieties of Religious Experience)
Reader's List 85th best nonfiction: Avital Ronell's The Telephone Book
(#1 Ayn Rand, Virtue of Selfishness; #2 Ayn Rand, The Fountainhead)
173) 85th best-loved novel is Arundhati Roy's The God Of Small Things
in BBC's Big Read: Top 100 (April 2003).
(#1 JRR Tolkien, Lord of the Rings; #2 Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice)
is Louis P. Benezet's The World War and What was Behind It
in Project Gutenberg's Top 100 (10-6-2006).
(#1 Notebooks of Leonardo; #2 Project Gutenberg "10K" DVD,
#3 Sun Tzu, Art of War; #4 Charles A. Beard, History of the United States)
175) Lemony Snicket's The Beatrice Letters (A Series of Unfortunate Events)
was the 85th most popular book
in Amazon.com's Top 100 Sellers (Oct. 6, 2006)
#84 Rick Warren, The Purpose-driven Life: What on Earth Am I Here For?
#86 MThe Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition
[#1 Bob Woodward, State of Denial: Bush at War, Part III]
176) Panama was ranked as the 85th country favored by tourists
with 214,000 visitors in Tourist Arrivals
(#1 France; #2 United States; #3 Spain; #4 Italy; #5 Hungary)
George Thomas Kurian, The Illustrated Book of World Rankings,
Sharpe Reference, Armonk, NY, 1997, p. 211
177) The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States
public corporations as measured by gross revenue.
In 2006, the 85th Ranking was St. Paul Travelers Cos.
with revenue of \$24,365 million
(#84: HCA; #86: News Corp.)
(#1 Exxon Mobil; #2 Wal-Mart Stores; #3 General Motors; #4 Chevron; #5 Ford Motors)
178) MSNBC was ranked as the 85th most popular web site
in Web 100: Top 100 by web100.com
(#1 CNET; #2 Shutterfly; #3 ESPN.com; #4 National Geographic Online)
85 in the Bible
179) 85 occurs in the Bible four times and twice as part of other numbers:
And now, behold, the Lord hath kept me alive, as he said, these 45 years,
even since the Lord spake this word unto Moses, while the children of Israel
wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day 85 years old
.
Joshua, 14.18
And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests.
And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and
slew on that day 85 persons that did wear a linen ephod
.
I Samuel, 22.18
And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out,
and smote in the camp of the Assyrians 185,000: and when they
arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses
.
II. Kings, 19.35
Then the angel of the Lord went forth, and smote in the camp
of the Assyrians 185,000: and when they arose early
in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses
.
Isaiah, 37.36
The Complete Concordance to the Bible (New King James Version)
Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN (1983), p. 250
180) 85th word of the King James Version of the Bible's Old Testament Genesis = morning
1: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2: And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3: And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
4: And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
5: And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night.
And the evening and the morning were the first day.
— Genesis I.1-5 (translated 1611)
181) In the 85th Psalm, the prophet longs for the communion of the sanctuary:
6. Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee?
7. Show us thy mercy, O Lord, and grant us thy salvation.
8. I will hear what God the Lord will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people,
and to his saints: but let them not turn again to folly.
9. Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land.
10. Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.
11. Truth shall spring out of the earth; and righteousness shall look down from heaven.
12. Yea, the Lord shall give that which is good; and our land shall yield her increase.
13. Righteousness shall go before him; and shall set us in the way of his steps.
Psalms 85.6-13 (1048 BC),
182) 85th Book of Enoch describes the Second Dream-Vision of Enoch told to Methuselah:
1. And after this I saw another dream, and I will show the whole dream to thee, my son.
2. And Enoch lifted up (his voice) and spake to his son Methuselah: 'To thee, my son,
will I speak: hear my words— incline thine ear to the dream-vision of thy father.
3. Before I took thy mother Edna, I saw in a vision on my bed, and behold a bull came
forth from the earth, and that bull was white; and after it came forth a heifer, and
along with this (latter) came forth two bulls, one of them black and the other red.
4. And that black bull gored the red one and pursued him over the earth,
and thereupon I could no longer see that red bull.
5. But that black bull grew and that heifer went with him, and I saw that
many oxen proceeded from him which resembled and followed him.
6. And that cow, that first one, went from the presence of that first bull
in order to seek that red one, but found him not, and lamented
with a great lamentation over him and sought him.
7. And I looked till that first bull came to her and quieted her,
and from that time onward she cried no more.
8. And after that she bore another white bull, and after him she bore many bulls and black cows.
9. And I saw in my sleep that white bull likewise grow and become a great white bull,
and from Him proceeded many white bulls, and they resembled him. And they began
to beget many white bulls, which resembled them, one following the other, (even) many.
Book of Enoch, LXXXV.1-9 (circa 105 B.C.-64 B.C.)
translated by R. H. Charles, S.P.C.K., London, 1917, p. 114
183) 85th Saying of Gospel of Thomas:
Jesus said, "Adam came from great power and great wealth,
but he was not worthy of you. For had he been worthy,
he would not have tasted death."

Gospel of Thomas Saying #85 (114 sayings of Jesus, circa 150 A.D.)
(trans. Marvin Meyer, 1992; adapted by Elaine Pagels, Beyond Belief, p. 238)
184) Chapter 85 of Pistis Sophia (circa 150 A.D.):
It came to pass then, when Jesus had finished speaking these words unto his disciples,
that Mary Magdalene started forward and said: "My Lord, be not wroth with me
if I question thee, because we question thee concerning all with precision."
And Jesus answered and said unto Mary: "Question concerning what thou desires
to question, and I will reveal it unto thee in openness without similitude,
and all concerning which thou questions, I will say unto thee with precision
and certainty. I will perfect you in all power and all fulnesses, from the
interior of the interiors to the exterior of the exteriors, from that Ineffable
to the darkness of darknesses, so that ye shall be called 'the fulnesses perfected
in all gnosis.' Now, therefore, Mary, question concerning what thou may question,
and I will reveal it to thee with great joy and great exultation."
Mary again questions Jesus. It came to pass then, when Mary had heard the Saviour
say these words, that she rejoiced in exceedingly great joy and exulted, and said:
"My Lord, will then the men of the world who have received the mysteries of the Light,
be superior to the emanations of the Treasury in thy kingdom? For I have heard thee say:
If I lead you into the region of those who have received the mysteries of the Light,
then will the region of the emanations of the Light-land count for you as a speck
of dust because of the great distance in which it is distant from it, and because
of the great light in which it is,'— that is the Light-land is the Treasury,
the region of the emanations,— will therefore then, my Lord, the men who have
received the mysteries, be superior to the Light-land and superior to those
emanations in the kingdom of the Light?"
Pistis Sophia, Chapter 85
(Translated by Violet MacDermott, Edited by Carl Schmidt,
Nag Hammadi Studies, IX: Pistis Sophia, E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1978, pp. 190-193)
185) In Chapter 85 of The Aquarian Gospel, John, the harbinger, censures Herod for his wickedness.
Herod sends him to prison in Machaerus. Jesus tells why God permitted the imprisonment of John.
3. The city of Tiberius, upon the shores of Galilee, was Herod's home.
8. The followers of John were warned to speak not of the trial and imprisonment of John.
11. When it was known that John had been imprisoned by the tetrarch court,
the friends of Jesus thought it best that he should not remain in Galilee.
12. But Jesus said, I have no need of fear; my time has not yet come;
no man can stay me till my work is done.
13. And when they asked why God permitted Herod to imprison John, he said,
14. Behold yon stalk of grain to perfectness, it is of no more worth;
it falls, becoming part of earth again from which it came.
15. John is a stalk of golden wheat; he brought unto maturity the richest grain
of all the earth; his work is done.
16. If he had said another word it might have marred the symmetry of what is now a noble life.
17. And when my work is done the rulers will do unto me what they have done to John, and more.
18. All these events are part of God's own plan. The innocent will suffer while the wicked
are in power; but woe to them who cause the suffering of the innocents.
The Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ, Chapter 85
Transcribed from the Akashic Records by Levi H. Dowling
DeVorss & Co., Santa Monica, CA, 1908, Reset 1964, p. 128

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